Kodi ndi ntchito yotani savoy kabichi

Ambiri mwa alendo athu omwe akhala kunja (ku Ulaya, USA, Canada) amadziwa kuti kabichi m'madera odyera ndi malo odyera (m'malo osiyanasiyana, saladi ndi mikate) ndizowonongeka, zonunkhira komanso zonunkhira kuposa zathu. Mfundo apa si luso la ophika, koma kuti iwo amakonda Savoy kabichi pano. Mwamwayi, savoy kabichi si wotchuka kuno, ngakhale ubwino wake ndi waukulu kwambiri moti umayenera kukhala "mfumukazi ya zamasamba".

Mukudziwa? Mtundu wa kabichi, umene unayamba kubzalidwa muching'ono chaching'ono chotchedwa Duchy ku Savoy m'zaka za m'ma 1800, unkatchedwa "Savoy". Ku Italy, kabichi iyi imatchedwa Milanese, Lombardian (Savoy inalowa ku Lombardy). Czech and Poles amatcha French (m'zaka za m'ma 1900. Savoie anakhala gawo la France). Mfumu ya ku France Louis XIV inamukonda kwambiri, ndipo inapatsa dzina lolemekezeka ndi malaya (zitatu cabbages ya kabichi ndi mafosholo awiri). Chaka chilichonse mumzinda wa Udine, anthu a ku Italy amakondwerera tchuthi "sagra" - polemekeza Savoy kabichi, kumene mungathe kulawa zakudya zambirimbiri.

Savoy kabichi: Zakudya, mavitamini ndi mchere

Kwa iwo omwe sakudziwa zomwe Savoy kabichi amawoneka, ziyenera kunenedwa kuti kunja kumakhala kofanana kwambiri ndi mlongo wake - wachizolowezi choyera. Koma pali kusiyana:

  • mutu ndi lotayirira, uli ndi chisokonezo;
  • Masamba ndi ofewa, osakhwima ndi osakanikirana (zolimba zowonjezera palibe);
  • mtundu wobiriwira wobiriwira.

Kusiyana kwakukulu kumagwirizana ndi mavitamini ndi mchere. Savoy kabichi ali ndi zakudya zambiri kuposa mitundu ina yambiri (mwa kuchuluka kwa mapuloteni kuposa chigichi chowiri kawiri). Mu masamba a kabichi ndi awa:

  • mavitamini (thiamine, ascorbic, folic, pantothenic acid, tocopherol, niacin, riboflavin, pyridoxine, methionine, phylloquinone, beta carotene);
  • mchere (iron, calcium, magnesium, zinki, potassium, sulfure, phosphorous, fluorine, ayodini, mkuwa, boron, aluminium, manganese, cobalt, etc.);
  • puloteni;
  • mapuloteni;
  • cellulose, ndi zina;

Izi ziyenera kunenedwa kuti Savoy kabichi yomwe imakhala ndi mankhwala osiyana siyana, yomwe ili ndi 28.2 kcal) imapangitsa kuti masambawa akhale chakudya chamtengo wapatali, chothandiza kwa ana ndi achikulire, amayi omwe ali ndi pakati komanso omwe akulera, omwe amafuna kulemera.

Mukudziwa? Ku Russia, savoy kabichi inayamba m'zaka za m'ma 1900. Chifukwa cha kutchuka kwake kaŵirikaŵiri kumatchedwa kuti sitingakwanitse kuthirira (ngakhale kuti izi ndi zoona zokhazokha - mungathe kuzidya kabichi). Savoy kabichi wodzichepetsa: ndi ozizira zosagonjetsedwa (sizimaundana pa -14 ° С), imakula pa dothi ndi mchere wochuluka (kuyambira zaka za zana la 17 ku Holland idagwiritsidwa ntchito pochotsa dothi).

Kodi ndi kabwino kotani Savoy kwa thupi la munthu?

The zopindulitsa katundu wa savoy kabichi ndi mosavuta kuyamwa ndi thupi ndi chifukwa chake wapadera akupanga:

  • chofunika kwambiri pakulandirira avitaminosis, kuonjezera chitetezo chokwanira, kukhala ndi tonus yabwino (chifukwa cha mavitamini ovuta);
  • kumathandiza kuti ziwalo za m'mimba zikhale motility, zimateteza matenda a m'mimba (chifukwa cha pectin ndi fiber);
  • imayambitsa mphamvu ya magazi, imateteza kukula kwa mtima wamtima (muli potassium ndi magnesium);
  • imabweretsanso mchere wa thupi;
  • imaletsa chitukuko cha zotupa zosautsa ndi zopweteka, zimakula msinkhu (chifukwa cha chilengedwe cha antioxidant glutathione, ascorbigen, sinigrin, etc.);
  • zimakhazikitsa dongosolo la mitsempha;
  • ali ndi phindu pa masomphenya ndi kupanikizika kwa m'mimba;
  • kumalimbikitsa chilakolako ndi njira zamagetsi;
  • imayambitsa makilogalamu, imayambitsa kagayidwe kake ndipo imachotsa "cholesterol" choipa (tartronic acid);
  • ali ndi mphamvu zolimbitsa shuga la magazi;
  • Chotsani chiwindi cha poizoni (chifukwa cha manganese);
  • amapereka thupi ndi kashiamu yowonongeka ndi vitamini D (yofunika kwambiri kwa thupi la mwana).

Kunena zina zomwe zimathandiza Savoy kabichi, ziyenera kutchulidwa madzi ake. Madzi a kabichi amagwiritsidwa ntchito monga mankhwala oletsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda komanso kuteteza kutupa (pochizira zilonda, gastritis, colitis, etc.), monga vitamini kukonzekera. Kwa stomatitis, matenda a periontal, ndi kupweteka, pakamwa pamphuno ndi chisakanizo cha madzi a kabichi ndi madzi (1: 1) akulimbikitsidwa. Mosamala amachotsa madzi a kabichi m'mawa a hangover matenda (250 ml wa madzi wothira 30 g shuga).

Ndikofunikira! Kamichi yokha yomwe ili ndi mannitol shuga mowa (yogwiritsiridwa ntchito monga sweetener) ndi Savoy. Malowa ndi othandiza kwambiri kwa odwala shuga.

Kodi kusankha savoy kabichi pamene kugula

Kugula savoy kabichi, muyenera kutsatira malamulo osavuta:

  • cabbages wa savoy kabichi sayenera kukhala olimba - ayenera kukhala pafupi pafupi pamene atapanikizidwa;
  • sankhani ma cabbages a mawonekedwe ozungulira;
  • Masamba ayenera kukhala opanda kanthu (kuwonongeka, kuvunda, etc.), kukhala wobiriwira wobiriwira (malingana ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana - kuwala kapena mdima). Mbalame zoyera kapena zachikasu, toyimbani a brownish, mphutsi, mababu oyera saloledwa (zizindikiro za tizirombo).

Mukudziwa? Chiyambi cha mawu oti "kabichi" amachokera ku liwu lachilatini "caputum" - "mutu" (pakati pa a Celt, mawu akuti "kapu" amatanthauza mutu). Chiyambi cha chomeracho chokha chimaphimbidwa mwachinsinsi. Chifukwa chofuna kutchedwa malo a malo odyetserako zamasamba Georgia, Spain, Italy ndi Greece.

Ndibwino kusunga savoy kabichi

Pamene kugula angapo mitu ya savoy kabichi kapena muyeso mukatha kuphika gawo la mutu mutsala, funso likubwera momwe mungasunge mwatsopano kwa nthawi ndithu. Ziyenera kunyalidwa m'maganizo kuti Savoy kabichi ndi wosakhwima kuposa woyera kabichi, ndipo izi zimakhala ndi zotsatira zake zoipa - zimataya chinyezi mofulumira.

Kabichi ayenera kuikidwa mu thumba la pulasitiki kapena atakulungidwa ndi kumamatira filimu ndikuyiyika mu chipinda cha masamba cha firiji. Kotero izo zidzasunga mwatsopano kwa masiku 3-4.

Ngati zikutanthauza kuti Savoy kabichi ndi yosungirako, kaya ikhale yozizira kapena ayi, malingaliro amasonyezedwa kuti sikusungidwa kwa nthawi yaitali. Izi siziri zoona. Kabichi, wogula m'sitolo, idzakhala yovuta kupulumutsa mpaka masika. Chifukwa chake ndi chakuti zimadalira zosiyanasiyana. Simungathe kudziwa kuti ndi mtundu uti.

Oyambirira mitundu ya savoy kabichi si abwino kuti asungidwe, ziribe kanthu zomwe mukuzilenga iwo. Kwa nthawi yaitali yosungirako (kuyambira miyezi 4 mpaka 6), pakati-mochedwa ndi mochedwa mitundu ("Uralochka", "Ovasa F1", "Valentina", "Lacemaker", etc.) ndi abwino, omwe amadziwika ndi mdima wobiriwira.

Pakukula kabichi yanu ya savoy kabichi, mudzatha kudzisamalira nokha zosiyana siyana. Pofuna kusungirako kabichi, muyenera:

  • Musamamwe madzi madzulo a kusonkhanitsa, kudula m'nyengo yozizira, nyengo yozizira;
  • sankhani mitu yonse ya kabichi (0,5 makilogalamu) popanda zowola ndi zouma;
  • chepetsa phesi (osaposa 3 cm);
  • malo abwino osungirako: m'chipinda chamdima pa kutentha kwa 0 mpaka +3 ° C pa 90% chinyezi (pansi panthaka);
  • njira yosungiramo (mabokosi a matabwa, m'malo oimitsidwa kapena "piramidi") ziribe kanthu. Chinthu chachikulu ndichokuti pali mtunda wa masentimita angapo pakati pa mitu ya cabbages.

Ndikofunikira! Savoy kabichi akhoza zouma m'nyengo yozizira. Kuyanika (kutentha kwa 50-60 ° C) kumakupatsani kusunga mavitamini ndi minerals onse. Kabichi, wochepetsedwa pang'ono, wouma pamodzi wosanjikiza muwotchi kapena magetsi (ndi kutembenuka). Kabichi wouma udzasintha mtundu wake kuti ukhale wofiira kapena wachikasu (umakhala kuwala pamene waphika). Kabichi zouma bwino zimatha kusunga katundu wake kwa zaka ziwiri.

Kodi kuphika ku savoy kabichi

Kodi tingaphike bwanji ku savoy kabichi? Momwemonso, zonsezi zimapangidwa kuchokera ku zoyera. Savoy kabichi ali ndi kukoma kokoma ndi fungo. Njira zakonzekera ndizosiyana ndi zikhalidwe: Savoy kabichi ndi wachifundo, masamba ndi owonda komanso alibe mitsempha yowona. N'zosavuta kukumba, kupangitsa kukoma kumapweteka, ndipo zakudya zidzatayika. Malamulo ochepa okhudza kuphika:

  • Nthawi yophika (yophika, stew) iyenera kuchepetsedwa ndi mphindi 5-10 (poyerekezera ndi kabichi woyera);
  • pamene akuwotcha, imatenga mafuta mwamphamvu, mu saladi ndi kuvala ndi mazira (ndikofunika kuti musapitirire);
  • musanayambe kuuma, masamba ake akulimbikitsidwa ku blanch (kumunsi kwa mphindi 3-4 m'madzi otentha) ndi kulola kukhetsa;
  • mutadula kabichi, gwirani ntchito kwa mphindi 4 mpaka 5 (izi zidzakulitsa kukoma kwake).

Ponena za ngati n'zotheka kudyetsa kabichi la Savoy, tiyenera kukumbukira kuti pakuzimitsa, ndiwophika kwambiri. Tetezani kabichi kuchokera ku zofewa zidzakuthandizani vinyo wosasa, womwe umalimbikitsidwa kuti uwusule panthawi yopangira.

Ponena za njira zowonjezera za Savoy kabichi, ndizofunikira kuwona ntchito yake yatsopano mu saladi. Chiwerengero cha mapepala apamwamba a ku Italy omwe ali ndi saladi ndi khumi ndi awiri.

Mmodzi wa iwo ali ndi avokosi, tsabola ndi shrimp. Pa saladi, zidutswa ziwiri za tsabola wa Chibulgaria, 200 g wa tomato, 400 g wa savoy kabichi, asanu ndi atatu a nthumba (yophika), soya msuzi, mchere, maolivi, rosemary amafunika. Nkhwangwa imakola msuzi. Lembani rosemary mu mafuta. Dulani kabichi ndi ndiwo zamasamba, sakanizani chirichonse, tsanulirani mafuta, onjezani shrimps.

Kukoma kwa savoy kabichi kumalimbikitsidwa ndi kutsindika ndi zonunkhira (anise, basil, marjoram, ginger, viniga wa basamu, juniper, etc.). Kabichi amapita bwino ndi nsomba zofiira, kirimu wowawasa, tomato ndi nkhaka.

Ndikofunikira! Kuti mupereke thupi ndi mavitamini, minerals ndi zinthu zina zofunika, ndikwanira kuphatikizapo Savoy kabichi muzomwe mumakonda kawiri pa sabata (gwiritsani ntchito 200 g).

Maphikidwe a Savoy kabichi amawoneka mosiyana siyana - amawotchedwa, amawotchedwa, amawotcha, ndipo amapangidwa kukhala burgers, schnitzels, pies, ndi zina zotero.

Pamutu umodzi wa kabichi muyenera kutero: minced ng'ombe ndi nkhumba (250 g aliyense), msuzi, anyezi (zidutswa ziwiri), kaloti (zidutswa ziwiri), mapesi atatu oyera, mafuta, tsabola wakuda, oregano, mchere. Njira yophika:

  • Sungunulani kabichi, sokonezani masamba;
  • Konzani ndiwo zamasamba (kudula anyezi mu zidutswa zisanu ndi zitatu ndikudula pamakhala, udzu winawake wa udzu winawake ndi kaloti zomwe zimadulidwa mu zidutswa zazikulu);
  • Kutentha mafuta mu poto yowonongeka ndi kuthamanga masamba cuttings kwa mphindi zisanu;
  • Vulani masamba, kenani mu chidebe ndi madzi a ayezi. Ikani kuti muume;
  • Dulani nyemba zosakaniza masamba, yachiwiri anyezi. Mwachangu mu mafuta a azitona;
  • Sakanizani chotukuka, thyme ndi oregano ndi nyama yamchere;
  • Manga choyika (supuni) mu masamba a kabichi ndi mawonekedwe a kabichi ma rolls (pindani mu envelopu);
  • kuika masamba akuwotcha mu chotentha chosagwira chidebe, kuika kabichi mipukutu, kutsanulira msuzi, pafupi ndi zojambulazo;
  • Chotsani uvuni ku madigiri 180 ndikuphika kwa mphindi 15-20.

Mukhozanso kugwiritsa ntchito zakudya zopangidwa ndi minced yaiwisi (nthawi yophika idzawonjezeka mpaka mphindi 45-50).

Schnitzels kuchokera ku savoy kabichi ndi otchuka kwambiri. Kuphika ndi kosavuta: wiritsani masamba a kabichi mu mkaka, mpukutu, uvike mu chisakanizo cha dzira lopangidwa ndi nthaka ya walnuts ndi mwachangu.

Chophika chophika phokoso: chiwombankhanga cha msuzi (2 mapake), yai yai (ya mafuta), kabichi, leek, mazira anayi ophika kwambiri, tsamba la bay, 100 ml ya vinyo woyera wouma, mchere. Kukonzekera mbale yomwe mukufuna:

  • chotsani mtanda;
  • konzekerani kudzazidwa (kudula mutu ndi kuziyika m'madzi otentha, kuwonjezera mchere ndi tsamba la bay). Pangani anyezi ndi kabichi, dulani mazira. Fryani anyezi, tsitsani vinyo ndi mphodza kwa mphindi 10. Sakanizani ndi kabichi ndi mazira);
  • tulukani ndi kudula mtanda mu malo. Pindani kudzaza;
  • onetsetsani m'mphepete mwa malo a mtanda, malo papepala lophika ndi burashi ndi dzira;
  • kuphika kwa mphindi 15-20 mpaka kuphika pa sing'anga kutentha.

Zotsutsana ndi ntchito

Savoy kabichi, ngakhale kuti phindu la ntchito yake ndi lodziwika bwino, lingakhale lovulaza. Choyamba, ndikudya mwatsopano, koma nthawi zina mumayenera kusiya kabichi kapena yokazinga. Muyenera kusamala kuti mugwiritse ntchito mankhwalawa kapena kuchotsa ku zakudya za anthu:

  • mu nthawi yopitiliza ntchito (m'mimba mwa ziwalo za m'mimba ndi ziwalo za m'chifuwa);
  • odwala matenda opatsirana, opaleshoni, odwala zilonda zam'mimba;
  • ndi zosavuta za dongosolo la endocrine (chithokomiro gland);
  • ndi urolithiasis.
Mukudziwa? Buku lotchuka lomwe ana "peza "mu kabichi linabwera kuchokera ku Flanders ndi ku France.