Kugwiritsa ntchito zipangizo zamakono kulima "Stanley" ("Stanley"): mitundu yosiyanasiyana, kubzala ndi kusamalira

Kuti mukolole zipatso zabwino, muyenera kusankha mitundu yosiyanasiyana. Pali mitundu yambiri yosangalatsa komanso yotchuka.

Mmodzi wa iwo ndi Stanley Plum ("Stanley") - kufotokoza mwatsatanetsatane za zosiyanasiyana, komanso zofunikira za kukula Mudzapeza mu nkhaniyi.

Mbiri ya mitundu ya mabala "Stanley"

Sakani "Stanley" ikuchokera ku USA. Kumayambiriro kwa zaka za m'ma 1900, pulofesa Richard Wellington adadutsa pulamu lachifransi Pryuno Dagen ndi American Grand Duke. Mu 1926, chifukwa cha kuswana, mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya "Stanley" inapezeka. Mitundu ya "Stanley" inalandira kukoma kwakukulu kuchokera ku maulamu a ku France, komanso kukana maluwa a mitundu yosiyanasiyana kuchokera ku America. Ku Russia, mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya Stanley inabweretsedwa ku Register Register mu 1983. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya maulayi ndi yotchuka padziko lonse lapansi. Ndi "Stanley" yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga ma prunes.

Mukudziwa? Plamu si mtengo wautali. Nthawi yake ya moyo ndi zaka 15 - 60.

Makhalidwe osiyanasiyana

Kodi "Stanley" plum ndi chiyani?

  • mtengo ukhoza kufika mamita atatu. Crohn ochepa, ali ndi mawonekedwe ozungulira. Trunk molunjika, mdima wakuda;
  • Mphukirazo ndizofiira-zofiira, koma zopanda manyazi, zimakhala zosavuta;
  • Masamba ali apakati, okongoletsedwa, ndi nsonga. Iwo ali wowala wobiriwira mtundu, pang'ono concave ndipo ali ndi lotayirira mawonekedwe;
  • limamasula "Stanley" cha m'ma April;
  • maluwa oyera, mamita atatu masentimita. Petals amatseka pang'ono, khala ndi wavy;
  • zipatso zoyamba zikuwoneka kuchokera m'chaka chachinai cha moyo;
  • Zipatso ndi zazikulu, zofiirira zakuda ndi zokuta sera. Maonekedwe a fetus ndi obovate, amachititsa kuti mimba ikhale ndi mimba;
  • khungu la chipatso ndi lochepa kwambiri, losiyana kwambiri ndi zamkati;
  • zamkati ndi zobiriwira, zonunkhira ndi zokoma;
  • mwala wa mawonekedwe ake, uli ndi nkhope, imasiyanitsa ndi zamkati;
  • Stanley amakonda nthaka yochuluka. Akusowa chakudya chobwerezabwereza;
  • amaona kuti ndi yozizira-yolimba, imatha kulekerera chisanu mpaka -34 ° C;
  • Kukaniza kwa chilala kuli kochepa. Ngati palibe ulimi wothirira ukhoza kutaya zipatso;
  • zokolola za maula "Stanley" pamwamba. Amapereka zipatso nthawi zonse. Pafupifupi zipatso za makilogalamu 60 akhoza kukolola ku mtengo umodzi.

Ubwino ndi kuipa kwa zosiyanasiyana

Poganizira zochitika zonse za Stanley plum zosiyanasiyana, wina angathe kuganizira za ubwino ndi kuipa kwake.

Ubwino:

  • zipatso zokoma, zokoma, zapamwamba;
  • chilengedwe chonse cha kupita kwa chipatso;
  • chokolola chachikulu;
  • zabwino yozizira hardiness;
  • zabwino zipatso transportability.
Kuipa:
  • okhudzidwa ndi tizirombo ndi matenda a fungal;
  • kulekerera kwa chilala;
  • zofuna nthaka;
  • kukula msinkhu

Kulima malamulo a stenley plum stenley

Musanabzala mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya Stanley, m'pofunikira kudziwitsa nokha malamulo ena okhutira ndi kukula kwa mtengo.

Madeti ndi kusankha malo omwe angabwerere

Mitundu yamaluwa "Stanley" ndi bwino kubzala m'chaka, asanayambe kuyamwa. Mukamabzala mumitundu yosiyanasiyana mumakhala mizu yoipa. Malo oti mubzalala "Stanley" ayenera kukhala dzuwa komanso otetezedwa bwino kuchokera ku mphepo. Mafuta osiyanasiyana amakonda chinyezi, koma salola kulephera madzi. Choncho, kubzala mtengo m'chigwa sikunakonzedwe. Phula ndi lovuta kwambiri pa nthaka yobereka. Kudzala mtengo mtengo loam, pang'ono zamchere kapena ndale sandstone. Ngati nthaka yayamba, m'pofunika kuyambitsa liming. Malo odyera "Stanley" ayenera kukhala osachepera 9 mita mamita.

Ndikofunikira! Kumalo kumene madzi akuyandikana, tikulimbikitsidwa kuyika njerwa pansi pa dzenje chifukwa chodzala. Zidzathandiza mizu ya mmera kuti ifike pambali ndi kuwateteza kuti asamadziwe ndi kuzizira.

Site kukonzekera ndi mbande kubzala

Chifukwa chodzala mitengo ndi kusamaliranso ma plums muyenera kukonzekera malo. Kuti dothi likhale ndi nthawi yokonza, kukonzekera kwa dzenje kumayamba m'dzinja, isanafike chisanu.

Kukonzekera dzenje kumadalira momwe nthaka imakhalira. Ngati dothi lodzala mtengo wa Stanley ndi lachonde, ndiye kuti dzenje liyenera kukhala lalikulu masentimita 80 ndi 60 cm.Dothi la pamwamba liyenera kuchotsedwa ndi kusakanizidwa ndi humus, kuwona chiwerengero cha 1: 1. pansi.

Ngati dothi lodzala siliri lachonde, kuya kwake kwa dzenje ndi kutalika kwake kukhale masentimita 100. Choyamba muyenera kuchotsa sod, kuwadula ndi kusakaniza ndi ndowa ziwiri za manyowa ndi mtsuko umodzi wa phulusa. Kusakaniza uku kumaikidwa pansi pa dzenje. Kenaka amatenga nthaka yachonde kuchokera kumalo ena ndikudzaza ndi mtunda mpaka theka lakuya.

Musanabzala phokoso la "Stanley" muyenera kuyang'ana mizu yake. Zowonongeka ndi zouma zachotsedwa. Mbeu za Krona zimadula gawo limodzi mwa magawo atatu, motero zimalimbikitsa chitukuko chake.

Njira yobzala achinyamata mbande

Kudzala mitundu yaying'ono ya mitundu ya maula "Stanley" sayansi yapadera sizimafuna. Kufika kumayendetsedwa ndi malamulo ambiri:

  1. Pansi pa dzenje lakutsetseko muyenera kuyendetsa galimoto yothandizira. Kutalika kuyenera kukhala kotere kotero kuti pamwamba pa chithandizocho n'chachepa kwambiri kusiyana ndi mphukira yoyamba ya mtengo wachinyamata.
  2. Pitani madzi okhetsedwa bwino.
  3. Mbewu yachinyamata imayikidwa pafupi ndi mtengo wogwirizana ndi kumangirizidwa.
  4. Mphukira imagawira pamtunda ndikugona ndi nthaka, ndikupondaponda.
  5. Kuchokera mu thunthu kuchepetsa 50 masentimita ndi kuzungulira chopper perekani poyambira. Mitsuko itatu ya madzi imathiridwa mmenemo.
  6. Mulch pristvolny peat ozungulira kapena kompositi.
Ndikofunikira! Ndikofunika kutsatira malo a mizu ya mizu. Ziyenera kukhala zala zitatu pamwamba pa nthaka.

Mutu wa chisamaliro cha nyengo zokhala ndi plums "Stanley"

Kusamalira mitundu ya maula "Stanley" imafunika chaka chonse. M'nyengo yozizira mitengo ayenera kuthiriridwa ndi kudyetsedwa. Kusamalira plums mu kugwa kumaphatikizapo kutentha mitengo, kudulira mwaukhondo. M'nyengo yozizira, muyenera kuyendetsa "kutseka" pa mitengo ikuluikulu ndikugwedeza chisanu kuchokera ku nthambi. Kusamalira mwambo kumapanga ndi kuyera kwa thunthu, kudyetsa ndi kuchiza ndi njira za tizirombo.

Mukudziwa? Masamba owuma kapena atsopano amakhala ndi machiritso. Amaphatikizidwanso m'magulu a tiyi.

Kupewa ndi chitetezo ku tizirombo ndi matenda

Imodzi mwa matenda a phala "Stanley" - moniliosis (imvi zowola). Ndi bowa ndipo amawoneka ngati bulauni. Amakula mofulumira ndipo amadzazidwa ndi "fluff". Pakatikatikatikati kuti mvula isayambe, mitengo isanayambe, mitengo imayenera kuchitidwa ndi fungicide. Ngati maula akudwala, muyenera kuchotsa nthambi zomwe zili ndi kachilombo ndikuwotcha.

Chipatala choopsa cha plums ndi aphid. Tizilombo ting'onoting'ono tawononga mphukira ndi masamba. Pofuna kuteteza chikondi chenicheni cha mtengo ndi nsabwe za m'masamba, mukhoza kudzala marigolds kuzungulira mtengo wa plamu. Amakopeka ndi mbalame zachikazi, omwe ndi adani a nsabwe za m'masamba. Ngati kuwonongeka kuli kovuta, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Kusamba madzi

Plum imakonda chinyezi, koma silingalekerere madzi ochulukirapo. Kusamba kumasowa nthawi zonse - kamodzi pa sabata m'mawa kapena madzulo, pogwiritsa ntchito chidebe cha madzi mumtengo uliwonse. Ngati chilimwe chili, madzi nthawi zambiri. Panthawi yomwe zipatso zimapangidwa ndi kucha, kuthirira kumawonjezeka kasanu. Chofunika kwambiri ndi chakuti dothi lisamaume. Kuthamanga ndi koipa kuposa kuzizira kwambiri.

Ndondomeko yodyetsa

M'chaka chachiwiri cha moyo, mtengo wa plamu uyenera kuyamba kudyetsa:

  1. Patsiku lililonse, mukumba, muyenera kupanga kompositi kapena humus (makilogalamu 10), kuwonjezera superphosphate (100 g) ndi sulfate ya potaziyamu (100 g), urea (30 g) ndi phulusa (400 g).
  2. Zaka zitatu zilizonse feteleza imodzi imagwiritsidwa ntchito kugwa.
  3. Muchinayi - chaka chachisanu cha moyo, pamene mtengo umayamba kubereka zipatso, kukula kwa feteleza kumawonjezeka ndi theka, kupatula phosphorous ndi nayitrogeni.
  4. Kuwombera nthawi zonse pogwiritsira ntchito kompositi kapena peat kumathandiza kusunga chinyezi ndikuteteza kukula kwa mizu.
  5. Pamaso maluwa chitani gawo lotsatira la kudya. Urea ndi potaziyamu sulfate amayamba.
  6. Pa kutsanulira kwa chipatso cha umuna ndi urea ndi nitrophoska.
  7. Pambuyo kukolola pangani chisakanizo cha superphosphate ndi potaziyamu mchere (30 - 40 g).

Kukonzekera bwino ndi korona mapangidwe

Kudulira zidula "khoma" kumathera masika. Mitengo yakale imadulidwa kuti ikule fruiting. Dulani nthambi zouma, matenda ndi zomwe zikukula mkati mwa korona. Kuyamba kudulira kudulira koyamba kumachitika zaka zitatu mpaka zinayi mutabzala mtengo. Njirayi imabwerezedwa zaka zinayi zilizonse.

Mitengo yaying'ono m'chaka choyamba cha moyo imadulidwa, kusiya thunthu la masentimita 60 m'litali. M'nyengo yotentha amawona kukula kwa mtengo. Ngati nthambi zina zikukula molakwika, mu kugwa zimadula ndi kuzichotsa. M'chaka chachiwiri cha moyo, mbande zimadulidwa masentimita 40 pamtengo waukulu. Onetsetsani kuchotsa impso zam'munsi pansi pa kudula. Ma nthambi onse, kupatula m'munsimu, amafupikitsidwa ndi magawo atatu. Mphukira yakumunsi imadulidwa, imasiya kutalika kwa masentimita 7. M'chaka chachitatu cha kulima maula, nthambi zotsikazo zimachotsedwera kwathunthu, ndipo masamba otupa amasiyidwa 6 mpaka 8 zidutswa, kusankha malo amphamvu komanso abwino kwambiri omwe alipo. Mtunda wapatali pakati pa nthambi ndi 10 - 15 masentimita. Pa otsalawo amawombera kuposa masamba anayi. Fomu ya korona mu mawonekedwe a tiers. Mtengo, womwe umadulidwa molondola, uli ndi korona wokhala ndi makina akuluakulu 8 mpaka 10. Iwo ali wogawanika mozungulira kuzungulira thunthu lalikulu.

Kukonzekera nyengo yozizira

Ngakhale kuti nyengo yabwino yozizira ya Stanley, amafunika kuchita zina pofuna kuteteza mtengo.

Pakuti malo ogona a mtengo amagwiritsa ntchito kapron. Zimateteza maula osati kuzizira okha, komanso kuchokera ku makoswe, pamene kulola mpweya ndi chinyontho kudutsa. Ndiponso kuchokera ku makoswe, mungagwiritse ntchito matope apadera m'nyengo yozizira. Mzu wa chisanu umaphimbidwa ndi wosanjikiza wa mulch kuchokera kompositi kapena humus.

Kukolola ndi kusungirako

Kuphuka kwa zipatso za phokoso "Stanley" kumagwa kumapeto kwa August - kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa September. Zosiyanasiyanazi ndizokwanira. Pafupifupi zipatso za makilogalamu 60 akhoza kukolola ku mtengo umodzi. Mbewu imakula pang'onopang'ono. Mukhoza kusonkhanitsa izo kawiri kapena katatu.

Kuti mukolole maula muyenera kusankha tsiku louma. Zipatso zimakololedwa atangomaliza kucha. Ngati kukonzekera kukonzekera, mbeuyo iyenera kukolola masiku asanu m'mbuyomo. Nkhumba zomwe sizimasonkhanitsidwa nthawi, zimakhala zofewa, ndi zokoma zosangalatsa ndipo zimatha. Kusonkhanitsa chipatso muyenera kukonzekera mabokosi kapena madengu.

Yambani kusonkhanitsa mapulogalamu kuchokera kumalekezero a nthambi za m'munsi, ndikuyendetsa pakati. Zipatso ziyenera kuthandizidwa mochepa ngati n'kotheka, kuti asachotse sera. Mtengo wa Stanley uli ndi nkhuni zofooka, choncho sizingavomerezedwe kugwedeza mtengowo ndi kuyendetsa nthambizo. Ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito makwerero ngati zipatso zikukula kwambiri.

Mukudziwa? Kugwiritsa ntchito maula nthawi zonse kumawonjezera chitetezo chokwanira komanso kumathandiza kuti achinyamata azitha kuchepa. Zimathandizanso kuti asayambe matenda oopsa.

Zipatso za mitundu yosiyanasiyana "Stanley" yosungidwa kwa masiku pafupifupi asanu ndi chimodzi mufiriji. Kwa nthawi yaitali yosungirako, mungagwiritse ntchito njira zotsatirazi:

  • Frost. Mafinya ayenera kutsukidwa ndi kuwonongeka kukhala matumba apadera kuti asunge chakudya mufiriji. Mukhoza kusunga chipatso kwa miyezi isanu ndi iwiri. Kumapeto kwa nthawiyi, plums sichikulirakulira, koma zimangokhala zowawa.
  • Kutsegula. Kuchokera pa kalasi ya "Stanley" yopanikizana kwambiri, kupanikizana, jams, compotes. Komanso mungathe kupanga tincture, mowa, vinyo wambiri.
  • Kuphika prunes. Mankhwalawa ayenera kusungidwa pamtunda wotentha wa mchere wosapitirira theka la miniti. Kenaka yambani ndiyikeni mu uvuni pang'ono lotseguka kwa maola atatu pa madigiri 50. Pamene pulasitiki imakhala yozizira kwambiri, imayidwa kwa maola ena asanu pa kutentha kwa madigiri 70. Ndiyeno maora ena anayi pa madigiri 90. Mitengo ya pulasitala imasungidwa pamalo ozizira mu matumba a mapepala, mabokosi a matabwa kapena magalasi.

Kuwonjezera "Stanley" - Chisankho chabwino kwa anthu a chilimwe. Zokolola zapamwamba, nyengo yozizira yovuta, kukanika kwabwino kwa matenda - makhalidwe omwe amachititsa kuti ikamatuluke moposa.