Maluwa a Orchids Okula: Momwe Mungayambitsire Orchid Kunyumba

Pali njira zingapo zopangira orchid kunyumba. Malingana ndi chikhalidwe ndi liwiro la kukula, njira imodzi kapena njira yoberekera duwa yasankhidwa. Ngakhale kuti, mungathe kuyesa njira zonse za mtundu wa orchid.

Momwe mungakwirire maluwa amaluwa kunyumba

Kubereka kunyumba kumapangidwa ndi mbewu, cuttings, "ana", kugawa chitsamba. Kwa ma orchids ambiri - osakhala ndi pseudobulb, kukula mofulumira komanso ndi tsinde limodzi, kuswana ndi cuttings ndi ana ndi abwino kwambiri.

Ndipo maluwa a orchids - okhala ndi mizu ya mlengalenga ndi mizu yodamtima - ndi mizu ya pseudobulb, zambiri zimapangidwira komanso zimakhala zochepa kwambiri, zikufalitsidwa bwino ndi kugawa shrub.

Pezani mitundu ina ya orchids Cymbidium, Dendrobium, Black Orchid, Venusina nsapato
Popeza ma orchids amabereka bwino, zimapangidwanso kuti zimakhala bwino kuti zikhale bwino - kutentha, kutentha, kunyezimira, kulima maluwa kunyumba kumakhala kovuta kwambiri.

Choncho, lingaliro limene orchid silili lopanda nzeru, limafuna kusamalidwa kovuta, ndipo kubereka kwake kuli kovuta, sikulondola kwenikweni.

Ndikofunikira! Musabzale kapena kudzala orchid mu kugwa ndi nyengo yozizira, komanso nthawi ya maluwa. NthaƔi yabwino yobereketsa ndi yomwe isanayambe kapena pambuyo maluwa. Mu ottshchimshih zomera kwenikweni kuchotsa maluwa mapesi.
Ndi njira yoyenera ndikusankha nthawi yoyenera yobereka, zomera zazing'ono zomwe zazika mizu ndikupereka kukula zimaperekedwa.

Momwe mungafalitsire maluwa mwa kugawa chitsamba

Maluwa akuluakulu amachotsedwa mu mphika ndikugwedeza mopepuka chiyambicho kuchokera ku mizu. Kenaka, musanagawike orchid, mizu yake imadontholedwa kwa mphindi 20 mpaka 30. Kutentha (+ 30-35 ° C) madzi ndi osiyana kwambiri (kudula) zimayambira ndi mizu wina ndi mzake kuti chitsamba chilichonse chikhale chochepa katatu pseudobulb.

Dulani mizu pa mizu yowonongeka ndi malaya ndipo yaniyeni mizu iume kwa nthawi ndithu (maola 2-3). Kenaka tzalani mbande muzitsulo zophikidwa kapena miphika. Nthawi yoyamba - masiku 2-3 olekanitsa zomera samamwe madzi, ndiye kuthirira - mwachizolowezi chojambula chomera.

Ndikofunikira! Musanayambe maluwa a orchid pakugawanitsa chitsamba, onetsetsani kuti chomeracho chili ndi zaka ziwiri. Mpaka zaka izi, ndibwino kuti musabzalidwe duwa.

Kubalanso kwa mizu kumapereka zowonongeka, zomera zatsopano zatsopano zomwe zimasunga zizindikiro zonse za msamba wa mayi.

Kubalana "ana"

Ana amamera omwe amawoneka kuchokera ku "kugona" kwa mizu, peduncle kapena stem. Kubalana kumayambira mizu ana kapena ana akudutsa. Zipatso zoterezi zimakhala mizu yawo yomwe imayamba kumera, koma, powona maonekedwe a ana kapena makanda, samachotsedwa nthawi yomweyo.

Musanadzale duwa ndi ana, ziphuphu zotere zimapatsidwa nthawi yomanga mizu. Izi zimatenga miyezi 5-6, nthawi zina 7-8. Pofuna kumuika, mwana yemwe ali ndi masamba 3-4 ndi mizu 4-5, kutalika kwake komwe kudzakhala masentimita asanu, ndi koyenera. Pamene mizu ikhala nthawi yoyenera - kudula mwanayo. Malo amagawira pa chomera cha mayi ndi pa mwana owazidwa ndi malasha - otsegulidwa kapena owoneka. Pambuyo maola 2-3, mwanayo abzalidwa mu chidebe kapena mphika. Mukhoza kulima mphukira mu nthaka yochepa pang'ono kapena kumangoyambitsa nthaka pa mphika wa mphika.

Mukudziwa? Ana amatha kudziwonekera okha, ndipo mukhoza kuwonekera. Kulimbikitsira ntchito cytokinin paste. Mankhwalawa amachititsa impso kusuntha.

Kodi mungazule bwanji orchid? Kuchokera pamwamba pa chomeracho chimadzazidwa ndi galasi kapena pulasitiki (kuwala kosatayika ndikwangwiro) ndi galasi. Izi zimapangitsa kuti pakhale wowonjezera kutentha kwa mpweya wofunikira.

Amayang'anitsitsa mphukira, nthawi zonse amadula nthaka - kamodzi mu masiku 2-3, komanso kutulutsa "denga"; Ngati chomeracho chikadali chobiriwira, sichiuma ndipo chimayamba kukula m'nthaka, ndiye kuti wowonjezera kutentha amachotsedwa. Ndiyeno samalirani duwa monga mwachizolowezi. Ana amabala bwino ndi ma orchids dendrobium ndipo phalaenopsis imakula mofulumira.

Komanso zimafalitsidwa ndi cuttings: petunia, chrysanthemum, pelargonium azalea, clematis, brugmancia, thuja, laurel, cornel, mabulosi

Cuttings

Kulankhula za momwe mungakhalire ma orchid kunyumba ndi zipatso, dziwani kuti njirayi ilipo. Ndizovuta komanso zowonjezereka kusiyana ndi zomwe zapitazo, koma mitundu yambiri ya orchid imabereka bwino mwa kudula.

Kuyankha funso ngati n'zotheka kukula ndi orchid kuchokera ku tsamba kuti apange cholimba, cholimba, ndithudi n'zotheka. Chokhacho "kuchokera ku tsamba" sichinali cholondola kwambiri - pamwamba pambali kumathamanga ndipo nkhwangwa ya mbewuyo imamangirizidwa.

Mphepete pambaliyi iyenera kukhala ndi 2-3 internodes - idulidwa, ndipo mfundo zochepetsedwa zimagwiritsidwa ndi nkhuni kapena zowonongeka, ndondomekoyi imasungidwa kwa maola 1.5-2 ndikufalikira pamtunda wothira bwino.

Musanayambe maluwa kuchokera ku phesi la phesi, muyenera kuyembekezera mpaka ilo limamasula. Kenaka cuttings amadulidwa 10-14 masentimita aliyense ndi 2-3 dormant masamba, magawo amachiritsidwa ndi malasha, ndipo cuttings amaloledwa kuti aziuma kwa pafupi maola awiri. Ndiye cuttings amaikidwa chimodzimodzi monga kudula mphukira - yopingasa.

Kenaka, zidutswazi zimapanga zinthu zobiriwira - zophimbidwa ndi galasi kapena pulasitiki yowonongeka, filimu ndi kuyang'anitsitsa kutentha kwa wowonjezera kutentha - osati pansi pa 29-30 ° C ndi chinyezi.

Komanso, madzi amamwe madzi tsiku lililonse masiku awiri, pamene akuwombera ndi kuteteza condensate kuchoka mkati. Sizingatheke kudyetsa zomera ndi organic kapena mchere feteleza kamodzi pa masiku khumi ndi awiri.

Mukudziwa? Pali zitsulo zapadera zosiyana siyana ndi chivindikiro cha pulasitiki choonekera komanso mpweya wa maluwa. Amapanga malo abwino kwambiri kuti apange wowonjezera kutentha, choncho amakhala abwino, osati ovuta kuwombera.

Choncho samalani ndi cuttings kuti apange mizu yawo ku impso. Pamene mizu idzakhala yokwana 3-5 masentimita yaitali, mukhoza kugawa phesi ndi kuphuka, kumabzala m'nthaka.

Momwe mungalengeze mbewu za orchid

Mosiyana ndi mitundu yonse ya maluwa a mtundu wa orchid, kufalitsa mbewu sizomera. Iyi ndi njira yobereka yobereka. Ndilolitali kwambiri - zimatenga zaka 4-5 kuti mupeze maluwa omwe amakula maluwa.

Komanso, kunyumba kungakhale kovuta kuchita izi, koma kumbali ina ndizosangalatsa kuyesa. Pochita izi, nyemba zimatsanulidwa muzitsulo zochepa kwambiri pa nthaka yonyowa, nthaka siidakonzedwa pamwamba.

Zowonjezera kutentha ndi kusungunuka nthawi zonse ndi kutentha kumapangidwira kuti mbeu imere - samathiridwa madzi, koma mosamala sprayed ndi madzi otentha.

Ngati zikumera, zikuuluka m'magulu a tsamba loyamba, chosankha chachiwiri chiri mu gawo la tsamba lachiwiri, lachitatu liri mu gawo la tsamba lachinayi.

Pambuyo pake, mbandezo zimaikidwa mu miphika ndikukula mwamba. Monga kunanenedwa, orchid idzakula muzochitika zotero, koma idzaphuka patangopita zaka zingapo.

Kuwonjezera apo, palibe chitsimikizo kuti maluwa omwe amachokerawo adzakhala ofanana kwambiri ndi maluwa a mayi - omwe mbewuzo zinali. Kotero njira iyi yoberekera duwa ndi yosangalatsa, koma siyiwothandiza.

Kubzala orchid kunyumba ndi njira yabwino yowonjezeramo kukongola kwa maluwa okongola awa. Ndipo ngati mukufuna - izi ndizo bizinesi yabwino, chifukwa ma orchids ndi otchuka kwambiri ndipo ali ndi zofuna zogulitsa. Tikukufuna kuti ubale bwino!