Dongo la Mandarin - ndondomeko ndi zizindikiro za kuswana kunyumba

Aliyense yemwe anawona bakha la mandarin la batala mosakayika amafuna kudziwa dzina la mbalame iyi yokongola. Kawirikawiri amatha kuwona kumalo osungiramo zinyama, komwe mungadziwe zambiri za mtundu wa mbalame ndi bakha la Mandarin, kumene limakhala ndi zomwe ziri zosangalatsa.

Dzina la bakha lokongola kwambiri la mandarin padziko lonse lapansi silinali chifukwa cha zipatso za citrus. Kale ku China, zinkaonedwa kuti ndizolemekezeka kuti zisunge mbalamezi mu dziwe, ndipo chisangalalochi sichinali chotsika mtengo, chokhacho chinalipo kwa olemekezeka okha. Tangerines - awa ndi oimira achinenero cha China, ovekedwa zovala zokongola. Mwa ulemu wawo, mbalame ya Chimandarini inalandira dzina. Amatchedwanso "Bakha lachi China".

Mandarin Duck: kufotokoza mbalame zakutchire

Chimandarini - mbalame yaing'ono, yolemera kuyambira 500 mpaka 800 g, ili ndi kutalika kwa 40 mpaka 50 cm. Dada la Mandarin ndilo la mabakha.

Amuna ammayi omwe ali ndi nyengo yocheperako, yomwe imatha pafupifupi chaka chonse, kuyambira mu September ndi kutha mu July, kuvala chovala chokometsera cha mtundu woyera, chobiriwira, chofiirira, lalanje, chofiira, mtundu wofiira womwe ukhoza kuthamangira wina ndi mzake. Pamutu ndi pamutu, madyerero amapeza ndevu ndi tupi; pamapeto a mapiko, chophimba cha lalanje, chomwe, pamene mapiko aphatikizidwa, amanyamuka. Pambuyo pake amamera m'tchire, momwe mbalame zimaonekera. Mawendo awo ali achikasu, milomo yawo imakhala yofiira.

Amuna omwe ali ndi mimba yoyera, amaoneka ndi minofu pamutu wokongola, monga azimayi ambiri m'chilengedwe, amakhala ndi mtundu wofiirira, wa azitona ndi wa mvi.

Mandarin Duck - Madzi a Madzi, Choncho, imayendayenda bwino, imathamanga mofulumira pa nthaka ndipo imakhala yabwino kwambiri, ntchentche zimatha kusintha.

Mukudziwa? Dongo la Mandarin ndi bakha wokha m'chilengedwe sizimasintha, koma misozi ndi mluzu mopepuka, amakhala m'mitengo yapamwamba ndipo amatha kupanga bwino kwambiri kuchokera kumtunda wautali, sangathe kuphatikizana ndi abakha ena chifukwa cha ma kromosome ang'onoang'ono.

Zochitika pa moyo

Bakha la Chimandarini limakhala pafupi ndi mtsinjewu, limakhala m'magulu ang'onoting'ono, pamene nyengo yobereketsa yadutsa, ingathe kulowetsa gulu la abakha ena. Amakonda kudya chakudya m'mawa komanso dzuwa litalowa, masana amasankha kuyenda, kupuma, m'nkhalango ndi mitengo.

Kodi bakha la mandarin limakhala kuti?

Far East, mtsinje wa Amur, madera a nkhalango a Primorye, Sakhalin - awa ndiwo malo okhala ndi mandarin a mandarin. M'nyengo yozizira amapita ku China, Japan, Taiwan ndi Korea. Iyi ndi mbalame yamabuku ofiira, kusaka komwe sikuletsedwa. Ozilonda amatsogoleredwa ndi momwe mbalame ya ku Mandarin imawonekera ngati: simungathe kusokoneza mafunde oterewa ndi chirichonse. Pamene wamwamuna amaletsa mvula, amadziwika kuti ndi wamkazi, ndipo osaka akhoza kumusokoneza ndi abakha ena.

Ndikofunikira! Chimandarini chilibe nyama imodzi pakati pa adani adziko: marten, nkhandwe, raccoon, squirrel, ngakhale mbalame zodya nyama zowononga zisa zake.
Malo okongola a mbalame - nkhalango pafupi ndi mtsinje, koma ikhoza kukhazikika pamatanthwe omwe ali pafupi ndi mtsinjewo.

Mbalamezi zimakonda kupanga zisa zawo m'mitengo, nthawi zina pamatalika mamita 10. Amakhaka a Mandarin, ngakhale abakha sakhala ndi chisa m'mitengo, adasinthidwa bwino ndi momwe amakhalira, ndipo adaphunzira kulumpha kuchokera kutalika motere popanda kudzivulaza okha. Zinyama zikuluzikulu zimaphunzitsa mwamsanga zidole. Kuti achepetse kugwa, amagwiritsa ntchito mapiko ndi nembanemba pamasaya.

Mukudziwa? Njere zimakonda kupotoza chaka chilichonse pamalo atsopano. Ngakhale kuti maganizo a Chimandarini ndi chizindikiro cha kukhulupirika, amasankha wokondedwa wina pachaka chaka chilichonse.

Makhalidwe abwino a bakha akudyetsa kuthengo

Zachigawo zikuluzikulu za zowonongeka - acorns ndi achule, nsomba, nsomba, nkhono, nyongolotsi. Chifukwa cha luso lapadera lakutsika kumtunda, sakhala ndi zopinga ngati mitengo mumtengo wamtengo wapatali. Dziwani kuti bakha la mandarin ndi mbewu zimadya: m'chilimwe amadyetsa mpunga ndi buckwheat, ndipo amakonda kuuluka ku nyengo yozizira.

Momwe mungakhalire abakha a mandarin

Mu Julayi, atatha kusungunuka, anyamata ndi ofanana ndi akazi. Amapanga ziweto zazikulu ndikubisala m'nkhalango, posankha kusawonetsa. Pamene autumn ikubwera, zovala zazimuna mu chovala chake chokongola ndipo ndi wokonzeka kukopa mkazi, zomwe zidzamupangitsa iye kukhala mbanja chaka chotsatira.

Mu nyengo ya mating, anyamata amawonetsa kuvina kokongola pamadzi, kusamalira akazi komanso kumenyana ndi adani. Bakha, kusankha wokondedwa, amakhala pafupi naye. Pamodzi amasankha malo a chisa, kapena kuti, mkazi amasankha, koma mbuyeyo nthawi zonse amayenda. Monga lamulo, ndi mtengo wopanda mtengo osati pafupi ndi gombe.

Mu April, mbalameyi imakhala ndi mazira 9-12, imodzi tsiku ndi tsiku, ndi kuwaswa. Bambo abambo panthawi ino amabweretsa chakudya.

Mukudziwa? Bakha wamng'ono, mazira ang'onoang'ono adzagona.
Pafupipafupi, anapiye amatha mwezi umodzi, nthawi yozizira izi zikhoza kuchitika kamodzi kapena masiku awiri. Nkhuku zimadumpha kuchoka mu chisa pambuyo pa masiku angapo, ndipo amayi ndi abakha amapita kumalo awo odyetsera. Achinyamata amaonedwa kuti ndi achikulire 40-45 patapita masiku, ataphunzira kudziwuluka okha.

Ndikofunikira! Amakhaka a Mandarin ndi otentha kwambiri: ngati chisanu chimachitika, anawo sangapulumuke.

Zapadera za kusunga abakha a mandarin kunyumba

Mu ukapolo, abakha amakhala kumalo osungiramo ziweto, malo odyetserako ziweto komanso minda yachinsinsi. Iwo sali okonzeka kwambiri za chakudya, kawirikawiri amalekerera pafupi ndi mbalame zina ndi kubereka bwino, ngati ali ndi zifukwa zoyenera.

Kuti chinyama chitukuke bwino, zonsezi zimakhala zofunikira kuti zisamalidwe bwino, zomwe zimakhala chipinda chokwanira bwino komanso kukhalapo kwa gombe.
Kwa anthu a pabanja, nkofunika kupanga malo okhala pafupi ndi malo omwe bakha la mandarin limakhala: mu aviary komwe abakhawo amasungidwa, zimalimbikitsidwa kukhala ndi dziwe, zipilala kapena nthambi zokhalamo. Pa kutentha kwa madigiri 5 kapena apo, iwo amasamutsidwa kupita ku aviary yotentha, madzi mumadziwe akuwotchedwa kuti azisamba tsiku ndi tsiku.

Bokosi la chisa liyenera kuikidwa pa nthambi kapena pamtambo, kuonetsetsa kuti chisawononge malowa. Bokosi liyenera kukhala 0.4 × 0.4 m, kutalika - 0.5 mamita, tray - 0.12 × 0.12 m.

Mu zakudya ayenera kupereka:

  • agologolo wanyama - amarumbo a magazi, daphnia, nkhono, achule, nsomba zazing'ono;
  • amadyera - dandelion, plantain, duckweed, grated masamba, bran;
  • Nkhumba - balere, tirigu, chimanga, mpunga, buckwheat, akhoza kukhala ngati mbewu.
Pa nyengo yoperekera, mapuloteni gawo la zakudya amadzera 1/5 ya chakudya chonse.
Chakudya choyenera bwino chimapangitsa thanzi labwino kukhala wabwino komanso osati ma abakha okha, komanso kwa ena oimira nkhuku: nkhuku, nkhuku ndi zinziri.
M'nyengo yophukira, ambiri omwe angatheke, amafunika kusungidwa, kudyetsa mbalame.

Amuna omwe amakula mu ukapolo amakhala kawirikawiri anapiye abwino, izi ziyenera kuganiziridwa ndi kusungidwa kwa nkhuku yina: tangerine yomwe yakula, ndikofunika kuti imakhala ndi ana ake a nkhuku, kapena nkhuku zina. Ngakhalenso nkhuku kapena abakha omwe ali ndi ana ake aang'ono angakhale mayi wabwino kwa anapiye ngati amayi omwe ali ndi moyo wapadera.

Ndikofunikira! Pachifukwa choopsya, chofungatira chingagwiritsidwe ntchito, koma izi siziri zabwino kwambiri: anapiye ndi amanyazi, opanda amayi akhoza kuwononga kwathunthu ku mantha ndi, potsiriza, ofooka mwa kuponyera ndi kulumpha, amafa chifukwa cha njala.

Ndi amayi abwino, anapiye mu tsiku amachokera ku chisa kupita kumalo odyetsa. Dyetseni iwo ayenera earthworm, magaziworms, daphnia. Pamene anapiye amakhala odziimira, akhoza kumasulidwa ku dziwe, mtsinje ndi malo ena okhalako.

Bakha wokongola kwambiri padziko lapansi Zopereka zosawerengeka za mandarin zimapatsa eni ake chimwemwe chodzikondera okha nthawi zonse. Anthu omwe asankha kuyambitsa Chimandarini m'nyumba zawo, ngakhale zodziwika za zomwe zilipo ndi mtengo wapatali, pamapeto pake amalandira zokondweretsa zokondweretsa pakuwona zizoloŵezi za mbalamezi zokongoletsa zokha.