Mmene mungakulire "chimphona cha rasipiberi", kubzala ndi kusamalira tomato m'munda

Nyamayi zosiyanasiyana "Raspberry Giant" ndi otchuka chifukwa cha kukoma kwake ndi kukula kwake. Amagonjetsa wamaluwa ndi mtundu wake wokondweretsa, kukoma ndi zipatso.

M'nkhani ino tidzakambirana momwe tingamerekere phwetekere "Raspberry Giant", kufotokozera zosiyanasiyana ndi mbali za chisamaliro.

"Chimphona cha rasipiberi": kufotokozera ndi makhalidwe a zosiyanasiyana

Phwetekere "Rasipiberi Kwambiri" - ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana, yomwe kulima sikukufuna kulamulira kukula, choncho, sikungakhale kofunikira kufotokoza mfundo za kukula. Mosiyana ndi shtambovyh mitundu ya tomato, chitsamba ku "chimphona chachikulu" cha kukula kwakukulu. Tsinde ndi lamphamvu, lolimba, lopangidwa ndi masamba, ndipo limakhala lamasentimita 50 mpaka 100 mmwamba, limakula mpaka masentimita makumi asanu ndi awiri (70 cm) pafupipafupi. Maburashi a phwetekere ali ofanana ndi mawonekedwe, mwina mwina 12 pa chitsamba.

Tomato amatha kukhala wamkulu palimodzi ndi kutentha. Pofuna kutsegula, tomato awa ndi abwino: Batyana, Honey drop, Maryina Roshcha, Shuttle, Novich.

Mizu yayamba bwino, ndipo kukula sikukulirakulira. Masamba ndi aakulu, mofanana mofanana ndi tomato ambiri, mdima wobiriwira. Malingana ndi mawonekedwe, iwo amakwinya, opanda pubescence.

Mukudziwa? Tomato okha ndi pinki, kawirikawiri mtundu wawo umakhala wofanana ndi woumba, chifukwa izi zimakhala ndi dzina lake.
"Raspberry Giant" ili ndi mtundu wochepa wa inflorescence, woyamba amapangidwa pamwamba pa tsamba 5-6, ndipo pambuyo pake amapita kale ndi masamba awiri. Maluwa nthawi zambiri 7-8 zidutswa, musawachotse iwo. Tsinde la phwetekere lili ndi mgwirizano, waukulu kwambiri zipatso zazitsamba ndi zabwino kwambiri.

Rasipiberi Yaikulu Yamatenda - mitundu yoyamba kucha. Pamene akhwima, sagwedezeka. Mbeu ya phwetekere ndi yaing'ono kwambiri. Chokolola choyamba chikhoza kusonkhanitsidwa kale masiku 90 kuchokera pamene mphukira yaikulu idayamba. Ndi mita imodzi ya masentimita mukhoza kusonkhanitsa kuchokera ku 18 kg ya zipatso, chitsamba chimodzi chimabweretsa pafupifupi makilogalamu 6. Kuwopsa kwa matenda opatsirana ndi ochepa, mwachitsanzo, mochedwa kuchepa phwetekere alibe nthawi yodwala, chifukwa mbewu imakololedwa kutentha kusanafike.

Kusankhidwa kwa mbewu

Posankha mbewu, muyenera kuyambira pa zifukwa zingapo. Nthawi zonse fotokozerani zochitika zomwe zosiyanasiyana zomwe mumakonda zimakula, chifukwa zobiriwira zimakula bwino ngati zibzala m'mwamba. Onaninso malo omwe mukukula, kumadera ozizira a m'deralo, sankhani mitundu yozizira. Mukamagula mbeu iliyonse, kuphatikizapo phwetekere "Raspberry Giant", onetsetsani kuti mumadziwa kuti ndi zosiyana siyana kuti mupeze mtundu umene mukufunikira, chifukwa mtundu uliwonse uli ndi kukoma kwake, kulemera kwake, kukula kwake ndi cholinga chake.

Mmene mungabzala "Rasipiberi Yaikulu"

Kukula mitundu yosiyanasiyana "Khungu la Khungu", liyenera kulipira ndi kusamala kwambiri ngati mukufuna kupeza zokolola zabwino kuchokera ku chomera. Musanadzalemo, nkofunika kukonzekera mbewu, dothi ndikufesa mbewu za phwetekere molondola.

Kukonzekera Mbewu

Kuchokera pokonzekera bwino mbeu za phwetekere zimadalira kwambiri pa kulima kwake. Choyamba, muyenera kusankha mbewu yathanzi, osati yoonongeka. Pambuyo pake, onetsetsani kuti mumawagwiritsa ntchito mankhwalawa pang'onopang'ono potassium permanganate kwa maola awiri. Pambuyo pake, mutsegulire mbewu m'madzi ofunda. Lembani mbeu mu kukula njira asanadzalemo.

Kukonzekera kwa dothi

Pofuna kukula bwino, nthaka iyenera kukhala yachonde, yopindula ndi mpweya ndi otsika mu acidity. Dothi la sandy kapena loamy ndiloyenera kwambiri kukula kwa tomato.

Momwe mungabzalitsire mbewu za "Khungu lamoto"

Nyamayi "Rasipiberi Yaikulu" sizimasiyana kwambiri ndi mitundu ina muzitsulo zake zowalima; choncho, mbewu zimabzalidwa mu March. Pa ichi muyenera kukonzekera bokosi la matabwa ndi gawo lapansi. Dziko lapansi ndi kusakanikirana mu magawo ofanana. Humus ndi yabwino kwambiri kuti ikhale yopanda pake. 30 g wa superphosphate ndi galasi la phulusa amawonjezeranso ngati feteleza. Mukamabzala mbeu mu bokosi, ikanizani pamwamba ndi masentimita 8 mm padziko lapansi. Pambuyo pake, onanizani kupyolera mu sieve ndi njira yochepa ya potaziyamu permanganate. Bokosi la mbewu likuyikidwa bwino pawindo pa dzuwa. Patsiku lililonse masiku awiri muyenera kuyang'ana nthaka kuti chinyezi. Ngati nthaka yayuma, tsitsani madzi ofunda pamwamba pa mbeu. Pambuyo masiku 7 mutha kuwona mphukira yoyamba.

Kukula phwetekere: momwe mungasamalire mbande

Mbande analimbikitsa kudyetsa masiku 14 alionse. Pochita izi, sakanizani 20 g wa superphosphate mu 10 malita a madzi. Pamene mphukira ikukula, amafunika kuikidwa m'magawo osiyana. M'nyengo yotentha, zimalimbikitsidwa kuika mbande pamsewu, kuti zomera zazing'ono zisinthe.

Ndikofunikira! Pankhaniyi, mulimonsemo, musayesedwe maluwa mwachindunji, kopanda apo mbewu zimangotentha.

Nthawi komanso momwe mungabzalidwe mbande pansi

Zomera zimabzala kumayambiriro kwa June. Nthawi yamadzulo ya tsiku ndi yabwino kwambiri pa bizinesi ili, kotero pali mwayi waukulu kuti zomera zivomerezedwe. Mmbuluwo wakumbidwa pa bayonet ya fosholo. Mtunda pakati pa mabowo uyenera kukhala osachepera 90 masentimita. Monga kuvala pamwamba, humus ikhoza kuwonjezeredwa kwa okonzeka bwino.

Zopindulitsa kwambiri za tomato zidzakhala: zukini, nkhaka, kaloti, kabichi, katsabola, parsley.

Ndikofunikira! Pofuna kuteteza "chimphona cha rasipiberi" kuchokera ku chisanu, phunzirani mosamala malongosoledwe anu osiyanasiyana ndikukonzekera kukulunga pulasitiki ndi nyama. Ngati ndi kotheka, pezani mbande kuti muteteze zomera kuchokera kuzizira.

Kusamalira bwino mitundu

Kusamalira "Gipiberi Yaikulu" ndi lophweka, koma liyenera kuchitidwa moyenera. Chovala choyenera, kuvala, tomato ndizofunikira zonse zokhudza kusamalira mbewu.

Matimati wa phwetekere

Ngakhale tomato wa "Raspberry Giant" zosiyanasiyana zimakula mpaka mamita kutalika, m'pofunika kuti apange garter. Ndibwino kuti muzitha kukhazikitsa mitengoyo mutangobzala mbande, mwinamwake mizu ya zomera ingasokonezeke. Mwamsanga pamene tsinde la phwetekere likuyamba kugwedeza kumbali, iwo ayenera kumangirizidwa.

Malamulo odyetsa ndi kuthirira

Kudyetsa koyamba kumachitika patatha sabata mutabzala mbande. Masamba a chaka chatha akuyenerera izi. Pewani nthaka pozungulira tomato nawo, ndipo kumapeto kwa July iwo adzavunda, ndipo tomato adzapeza zakudya zofunikira. Kudyetsa kungatheke ndi yankho la manyowa. Kusamba madzi akufunika tomato pamene nthaka yayuma. Kuthirira kumakhala kochuluka.

Matimati "Rasipiberi Wopambana": zoyenera ndi zovuta za zosiyanasiyana

Nyamayi "Chokudya cha Rasipiberi" chili ndi ubwino wambiri: zipatso zazikulu ndi zokoma, zokolola zambiri, kuvuta koyambirira, kuwonetsera. Onse omwe anabzala phwetekere, adanena kuti analibe zolakwa. Pakati pa kuzizira kapena chithandizo cha kutentha, zothandiza zimatayika. Chinthu chokha chimene chingadziƔike sichikondweretsa phwetekere, - "Chinjoka cha rasipiberi" si njira yabwino yosungiraPopeza chinthu chachikulu cha mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi kukula kwa zipatso. Nthawi zina matenda amtunduwu amapezeka.

Tsopano inu mukudziwa zonse za "Raspberry Giant" phwetekere ndipo mukhoza kuyesetsa kulikulitsa pa chiwembu chanu. Monga mukuonera m'nkhaniyo, palibe luso lapadera lofunikira pa izi. Koma phwetekere "Rasipberry Giant" ili ndi ndemanga zabwino pakati pa wamaluwa, ndipo kukoma kwa zipatso zake kudzakondweretsa inu.