Kalanchoe Blossfeld: Momwe mungakulire maluwa

Nthawi zonse m'nyumba iliyonse, malo apadera amaperekedwa kwa maluwa, kuwasamalira, kulima ndi kubereka. Pa nthawi yomweyo, aliyense amasankha zomera zosiyana, kotero kuti nyumbayi ili ndi mitundu iwiri ya maluwa. Pa zomera zosiyanasiyana zapakhomo, Kalanchoe Blossfeld ili ndi malo apadera, omwe akhala akudziwika ndi otchuka m'madera ozungulira dziko lathu kwa zaka zambiri.

Chifukwa cha kudzichepetsa kwake ndi kusintha kwa zinthu zenizeni za kusamalira, sizili zovuta kukula Kalanchoe, koma akatswiri amakulimbikitsani kuti muganizire zenizeni za zomera ndikudziwa mmene mungasamalire Kalanchoe wa Blossfeld, zomwe amakonda pazokonzanso ndi kusamalira.

Kalanchoe Blossfeld: zizindikiro za mitundu

Kalanchoe Blossfelda ndi imodzi mwa zomera zochepa zomwe zimaperekedwa zimaphatikizapo kukongoletsera ndi mankhwala. Dziko lakwawo la maluwa obiriwira ndi madera otentha a Madagascar. Komabe, ngakhale izi, Kalanchoe ya Blossfeld ndi nyumba zopanda ulemu kwambiri zomwe zimakula mosavuta kunyumba. Pakuti izi ndi zokwanira kudziwa zochepa chabe ndi ndondomeko.

Mitengo yam'mwamba monga hamedorea, cactus, dieffenbachia, hippeastrum, chipinda chrysanthemum, tselogina orchid, zonunkhira bwino, bougainvillea, freesia ndi mitengo ya kanjedza zidzakhazikitsa malo osangalatsa komanso osasangalatsa.
Onani za Blossfeld - Kalanchoe ndi masamba akulu, omwe amamasula ang'onoang'ono, kawirikawiri saposa 1 masentimita awiri, tchire maluwa amasonkhana mu maburashi aakulu. Mtundu wa maluwawo ndi wofiira, ndipo pakati pa mitundu yambiriyi mumatha kupeza chikasu, pinki, coral komanso ngakhale malalanje a inflorescences. Kalanchoe Blossfelda imamasula mu nthawi ya kumapeto kwa nyengo yozizira - kuyambira kwa kasupe ndipo ikhoza kutha miyezi iwiri.

Mukudziwa? Chifukwa cha zinthu zamtengo wapatali zomwe zili m'gulu la madzi a Kalanchoe, zomera izi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mwakhama kuchiza ndi cosmetology. Kale lero, njira zowonjezera, mafuta, mavitamini, lotions, masks ndi tonics zimagulitsidwa pa maziko a Kalanchoe. Malingana ndi deta ya data, iliyonse ya iwo inakhala yothandiza kwambiri.

Zinthu zofunika pakukula

Maluwa okongola a Kalanchoe Blossfeld amakhala osasamala ku nyumba, koma kukula, chitukuko ndi maluwa amamveka nthawi zambiri pamene maluwa ali m'nyumba ndi momwe amachitira.

Mukudziwa? Kuwoneka kwa chomeracho kumadalira mwachindunji pa zochitika zapakhomo pakhomo, ndiko kuti, kuunikira, kuthirira, kupanga nthaka ndi feteleza.

Kuunikira

Kalanchoe amatanthauza zomera zomwe zimafunikira dzuwa lonse koma nthawi yomweyo pali zina. Choncho, kuyambira m'mawa mpaka masana, mphika wa maluwa umaloledwa kusungidwa pawindo kapena pamalo ena owala bwino. Komabe, pakadutsa chakudya chamasana Kalanchoe Blossfeld ndifunika kwambiri kuti tisamuke mumthunzi, motero timapanga usiku. Ngati sizingatheke kukonzanso maluwa nthawi zonse, mukhoza kuthetsa vutoli pophimba mphika ndi mpango wowala. Kuunikira kumeneku kwa Kalanchoe Blossfeld ndilofunikira, chifukwa mutatha mdima maluwawo amatha kuzindikira kuwala kwa dzuwa.

Kutentha

Pankhani ya kutentha, zomera zimadzichepetsa komanso zimagonjetsedwa. Zimamveka bwino pa 20 ° C ndi 5 ° C. Izi zimawathandiza kuti azikongoletsa chipinda chirichonse m'nyumba. Koma maluwawo amatha kuuma mwamsanga ndi nthawi zonse pa kutentha kwambiri (25 ° C ndi apamwamba). Zikatero, ndi zofunika kusunthira kapena kuwonjezera voliyumu ndi ulimi wambiri wothirira.

Kutentha kwa mpweya

Ngakhale kuti chomera ichi ndi chotani, zomwe zili m'zipinda zomwe zimakhala ndi chinyezi zimakhala zowononga, chifukwa Kalanchoe amamwa chinyezi chonse ndipo amachipeza mu tsinde, osati muzu. Zambiri zoterezi zimayambitsa kuwonongeka kwa mapangidwe, mapangidwe a nkhungu ndi bowa. Ichi ndichifukwa chake Kalanchoe Blossfeld ndi bwino kusankha malo ochepetsetsa kapena otsika. Komanso, ndi bwino kuika mphika ndi maluwa pamalo omwe overmoistening ndi drafts amachotsedwa.

Nthaka

Pa maluwa a kunyumba iyi, m'pofunika kukonzekera chopatsa thanzi, multicomponent ndi nthaka yomwe kale idalumikizidwa yomwe idzatenge bwino ndi kumasula madzi.

Njira yabwino ndiyi yokonzekera yokonzekera gawo la kukula kwa Kalanchoe Blossfeld. Ndi zofunika kuwonjezera peat, mchenga wa mtsinje, humus, sod ndi masamba omwe ali ofanana mofanana ndi nthaka. Nthaŵi zina, akatswiri amalimbikitsa kupanga makala. Poto ndi dothi liyenera kukhala ndi zowonjezera zadothi, zopangidwa ndi miyala, mapulasitiki odzola kapena njerwa.

Momwe mungabzalitsire kunyumba

Kutchuka kotchuka kwa Kalanchoe Blossfeld kumayambitsa zinthu zambiri, kotero n'zosadabwitsa kuti pafupifupi aliyense akufuna kukhala nacho chomera m'nyumba zawo. Kuti tichite izi, ingogula duwa mu sitolo yapadera, koma anthu ambiri amakonda kufalitsa Kalanchoe pawokha.

Pali njira zingapo zothandizira kubweretsa izi kosatha: cuttings, mbewu ndi tsamba. Njirazi ndizosiyana komanso zenizeni, koma aliyense wa iwo ayenera kuyang'anitsitsa.

Mukudziwa? Malingana ndi akatswiri, Kalanchoe Blossfeld ndi othandiza kwambiri kukhala nawo m'nyumba - zomera zimatha kutenga mphamvu zozizira zamadzimadzi zomwe zimachokera ku magetsi. Ndi bwino kuika mphika wa Kalanchoe pafupi ndi makompyuta kapena TV, chifukwa izi zidzachepetsa kwambiri kufotokoza.

Kubzala kudula

Njira yosavuta yobadwira Kalanchoe Blossfeld imatengedwa kukhala kusonkhanitsa Pachifukwachi, amagwiritsidwa ntchito, osachepera mamita khumi m'kati mwake. N'zotheka kudula phesi ngatili ndi mpeni, kenako masamba onse m'munsi mwa mphukira ayenera kuchotsedwa. Musanabzala pulasitiki m'malo atsopano, iyenera kukhala youma komanso yosungidwa yomwe imafulumira kukula muzu.

Pofuna kuziyika, ndibwino kugwiritsa ntchito mphika wosasunthika ndi ngalande (m'mabowo) m'munsi. Kubzala nthaka ya maluwa iyenera kukhala yathanzi, ili ndi peat, mchenga, feteleza ndi nthaka. Kuzama kwa kubzala cuttings, monga lamulo, sikupitirira 5-6 masentimita, ndi kusanjikiza kwa dziko lapansi mofanana ndi molondola.

Mutabzala chidutswa, ndikofunikira kumupatsa zinthu zabwino kwambiri zothandizira. Kuchita izi, madzi ndi kuika m'chipinda chokhala ndi kutentha nthawi zonse 20-23 ° C. Kubalana ndi cuttings pafupifupi nthawizonse kumapereka zotsatira zabwino.

Njira ya Mbewu

Kalanchoe Blossfeld njira ya seminal kumafuna luso ndi nthawi, komabe, malingana ndi malamulo ndi ndondomeko zimakulolani kuti nthawi zonse mukwaniritse bwino.

Maonekedwe a nthaka yofesa ndi kuberekanso ayenera kukhala ofanana. Kufesa Kalanchoe Blossfeld Mbeu ziyenera kuchitidwa kutentha kutentha mu dothi lisanayambe. Kufesa kuya sikuyenera kupitirira 2-3 masentimita, pamene nthaka pamwamba iyenera kukhala yosalala ndi yosasuka. Mutabzala mbewu, mphika uli ndi mbande iyenera kuikidwa m'chipinda chofunda, kutetezedwa ku zojambulazo.

Mbewu imaberekanso plumeria, blueberries, anyezi a Indian, lisianthus, clivia, adenium, arugula, phiri phulusa (aronia), wakuda-fruited, fennel ndi aglaonema.

Pa nthawi yonse ya kumera, mbewu ziyenera kuthiriridwa nthawi zonse, koma moyenera. Nthawi yomweyo mphukira za Kalanchoe Blossfeld zikukula ndikukhala ndi mphamvu, zimamanga pamwamba kuti zikhale nthambi zingapo. Pambuyo pake, chomeracho chikhoza kuikidwa pamalo osatha.

Kubala zipatso

Kuswana pepala Kalanchoe Blossfelda ikhoza kuchitidwa nthawi iliyonse ya chaka. Kuti tichite zimenezi, m'pofunika kudula masamba akuluakulu a chomera ndikubzala mu mphika wosiyana ndi nthaka yomwe inayikidwa pamenepo. Mu mphika ayenera kukhala wosanjikizana.

Musanabereke Kalanchoe Blossfeld, onetsetsani kuganizira kuti kubereka bwino kumachitika mu gawo laubweya ndi la umuna.

Kalanchoe yodzala masamba imayenera kuyika mwamphamvu chikho kapena galasi. Pakapita masiku angapo, tsambali, monga lamulo, limayamba mizu ndikuyamba kupanga mbewu yonse. Pambuyo pake, tsegulirani pepala, moyenera madzi ndi kuthireni.

Ndizodabwitsa kuti potsata Kalanchoe Blossfeld kusamba masamba kungatchedwe chimodzi mwa zosankhidwa zosankhidwa.

Malamulo oyambirira a chisamaliro, momwe mungamerekere maluwa kunyumba

Mafunso ofunika pokonza nyumba ya Kalanchoe Blossfeld - momwe mungasamalire, madzi, manyowa ndi katatu - zikhale ndi zinthu zina zomwe ziyenera kuonedwa kuti zikukula maluwa oyenera kunyada kwa mwiniwakeyo komanso kuchitira nsanje alendo omwe ali panyumbamo.

Mukudziwa? Maluwa Kalanchoe malinga ndi zikhulupiriro ndi chithumwa cha anthu obadwa pansi pa zizindikiro za Zodiac ya Cancer ndi Taurus.

Momwe mungamwetse maluwa

M'chilimwe, Kalanchoe Blossfeld ayenera kupatsidwa madzi okwanira nthawi zonse, pamene akupewa kuyanika kwa dothi. Madzi ayenera kukhala atangomaliza kutsekeka pamwamba pake. Ndikofunika kwambiri kuti madzi mu mphika asawonongeke - buku lalikulu liyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito ndi mizu ya maluwa, ndipo kuchulukamo kumadutsa m'mabowo otsika m'munsi mwa mphika.

M'nyengo yozizira, kuchepetsa kuthamanga kwa mlingo ndi msinkhu wa kuthirira, kuthirira maluwa monga mwachangu. Kwa ulimi wothirira, ndizofunikira kugwiritsa ntchito madzi ochepetsedwa ndi omwe asanakhazikitsidwe. Izi zimapewa salinization musanafike nthawi ya maluwa.

Ndikofunikira! Pothirira madzi, nkofunika kuonetsetsa kuti chinyezi sichikhalabe pamtunda, chifukwa izi zingathandize kuti matenda a fungal ndi kukula kwa maluwa.

Kudya zakudya

Kalanchoe Blossfelda sagwiritsidwa ntchito ku maluwa apanyumba omwe amadalira kwambiri kudya nthawi zonse. Komabe, pamene vuto la mbeu limayamba kuwonongeka mpaka kufika pokalamba (ukalamba, matenda, tizirombo, kuyanika, etc.), komanso pambuyo podulira nyengo, duwa liyenera kudyetsedwa.

M'masitolo apadera, feteleza a Kalanchoe amakhala malo apadera ndipo amaimiridwa ndi zosiyanasiyana zosiyanasiyana. Ndi bwino kupanga chisankho chofuna feteleza zokoma, zomwe zimakhudzidwa ndi zomera. Pa nthawi yomweyi, ndondomeko ya feteleza imaletsedwa kuchitika m'nyengo yozizira. Izi zili choncho chifukwa chakuti m'nyengo yozizira, mizu ya Kalanchoe Blossfeld imadzaza ndi kukula kwa mbeu ndipo sangathe kuwona mchere womwe umayambitsidwa, chifukwa cha zomwe adzasungira mu nthaka ya maluwa ndikupha maluwa pang'onopang'ono.

Chinsinsi chofunika cha olima maluwa odziwa maluwa ndi chimenecho pamene kudyetsa, theka lachizoloŵezi chimagwiritsidwa ntchito, amasonyeza pa fetereza. Kuchita kwa nthawi yayitali kunatsimikizira kuti kuchepa kwa mlingo ndi kotheka chifukwa cha kukwanira kwa maluwa.

Ndikofunikira! Mukasakaniza, onetsetsani kuti mukuganiza kuti calanchoe imangokhalira kusakaniza feteleza, yomwe idasungunuka m'madzi otentha. Njira yothetsera feteleza yotereyi yakhuta ndipo kenako imagwiritsidwa ntchito ku pulasitiki. Apo ayi, pamwamba kuvala sikuwonetsa zoyenera.

Kukonza malamulo

Kalanchoe Blossfelda, monga maluwa ambiri a kunyumba, zosowa nthawi zonse kudulira mphukira. Ndondomekoyi ndi yofunika kwambiri komanso yofunika kwambiri kwa mitundu yosiyanasiyana yomwe kakhadini yakudulidwa imakhala yovomerezeka.

Pofuna kukonzanso maluwa ndi kuteteza ku matenda ndi tizilombo toononga, mapesi a maluwa ayenera kuchotsedwa kwathunthu, popanda kusiya stumps. Zonse zowonongeka, zouma komanso mphukira zatsopano zimadulidwa. Nthawi zina, mukhoza kuchepetsa pang'ono nsonga za mphukira zazing'ono, zomwe zimathandiza kuti mizu ikhale yovuta komanso ikuwonjezeka.

Kukonza kuli bwino kwambiri nyengo ya chilimwe kenako maluwawo adzathiriridwa ndi kuthiridwa. Pofuna kupanga mphukira kumbali, zomera zimatha kupindika. Zimapangidwa bwino m'chilimwe pamene kalanchoe ili m'ndende zabwino kwambiri ndipo imatha kusintha njirayi. Njirayi ikukuthandizani kupereka Kalanchoe Blossfeld moyenera komanso mawonekedwe osangalatsa kwambiri.

Kuika Flower

Kalanchoe Blossfeld ali ndi kukula kwakukulu, kotero patapita nthaŵi kuika kwake kumakhala kosavomerezeka. Mwamwayi, Kalanchoe, kukopera mutagula chimene chiri chovomerezeka, mwamsanga zimasinthira ku zinthu zatsopano.

Mzu wa chomerachi umakula mofulumira kwambiri kusiyana ndi tsinde, kotero musanalowetse Kalanchoe Blossfeld, muyenera kukonza mphika waukulu ndi kayendedwe ka madzi.

Ndikofunika kuzindikira kuti pa nkhani ya Kalanchoe, kuika ndi kubalana ubwenzi wapamtima Chifukwa chopanda choyenera, kuika nthawi yake, mbewuyo idzaleka kukula. Kalanchoe: Momwe mungasinthire mutagula? Zomwe zimachitika zimachitika m'magulu angapo, zomwe ziyenera kuchitidwa mosamala ndi mantha.

Choyamba, muyenera kuchotsa mwaluso maluwa kuchokera mumphika wakale, kuonetsetsa kuti umphumphu umakhala woyenerera. Pambuyo pake, chomeracho chiyenera kuikidwa mu mphika watsopano, pansi pake pomwe madzi ndi nthaka yosanjikizidwa iyenera kuikidwa. Ndikofunika kuti muyambe kuyeza mizu ya Kalanchoe kuti muwone kukula.

Ndi bwino kudzaza nthaka mu mphika muzitsulo, kuzikakamiza ndi kuthira feteleza pa siteji iliyonse. Chotsatira chake, mizu ya mbeuyo iyenera kumizidwa pansi.

Matenda ndi tizirombo tambirimbiri a Kalanchoe Blossfeld

Flower Kalanchoe Blossfelda, nyumba yosamalira yomwe ili yosavuta komanso yomveka bwino, nthawi zina imawonekera ku matenda ndi kuukira kwa tizirombo. Zomwe zimayambitsa kuwonongeka zingakhale zosiyana, koma kuti zisawathandize kapena kuti zithetse nawo, muyenera kudziwa zomwe zingathe kuopseza.

  • Shchitovka
Ngati panthawi yoyang'aniridwa ndi maluwa amtundu wa tizilombo tating'onoting'ono tomwe timapezeka pamtunda, tikhoza kunena kuti Kalanchoe imakhudzidwa ndi zovuta. Chifukwa cha ntchito yawo, maluwa onse akufalikira mofulumira, matenda opatsirana amapezeka, ndipo maluwa amasiya.

Alonda amachotsa asidi amphasa, chifukwa chake ayenera kutsogoleredwa ndi kumwa mowa pazomera. Pambuyo pake, tizilombo tingachotsedwe ndi nsalu zofewa kapena burashi, kumaliza kuyeretsa ndi kumwa mowa mobwerezabwereza.

Ndi zowonongeka kwakukulu kwa chishango chomwe simungagwiritse ntchito mowa wosayera, koma mankhwala okhwima a maluwa omwe amachokera pa izo, omwe amaperekedwa m'masitolo. Pambuyo pa chithandizo, Kalanchoe Blossfelda akubwezeretsedwa kwathunthu.

  • Aphid
Chilonda chodziwika kwambiri ndi choopsa kwa zomera za mitundu iyi. Zingathe kudziwika mosavuta: pa tsinde ndi masamba, tizilombo tating'onoting'ono tomwe timayang'ana nthawi zonse, zimakhudza njira iliyonse ya moyo wa chomera chifukwa cha kuthetsa kwathunthu kwa kupeza zakudya kwa mzu wa maluwa. Choncho, n'zosadabwitsa kuti kuchokera ku zochita za tizirombo ngati zimenezi Kalanchoe akhoza kufa mosavuta. Musachedwe kuyamba kumenyana ndi nsabwe za m'masamba.

Ngati masamba a Kalanchoe Blossfeld ayamba kuwuma, atembenukira chikasu ndi kutayika mawonekedwe awo, ndipo inflorescences amatha kapena sakuwoneka konse, mukhoza kutsimikiza kuti kugonjetsedwa kwa nsabwe za m'masamba kuli kale kwambiri. Choyamba, malo okhudzidwa ayenera kuchotsedwa mwamsanga, ndipo maluwa onsewo ayenera kusamalidwa kwambiri ndi sopo potaziyamu ndi / kapena mowa.

Ndizofunika kwambiri kuti chomeracho sichilekerera chinyama cha zinthu izi m'nthaka, chifukwa chake chiyenera kubisika asanayambe kukonza.

Kawirikawiri matenda a zomera ndi tizilombo tizilombo timakhala tikugwirizana kuphwanya chisamaliro ndi zikhalidwe za kundende. Pofuna kuteteza kalanchoe pangozi, munthu ayenera kutsatira zotsatira za akatswiri.

Pomalizira, tingathe kuganiza kuti Blossfeld Kalanchoe ndi yabwino kuti kulima kwathu. Chifukwa cha chisangalalo cha chisamaliro ndi kuphweka kodabwitsa Chomeracho chimatchuka kwambiri m'dziko lathu pa zaka ndi chaka chilichonse amakhala wokondedwa m'nyumba zatsopano.