Phunzirani zonse za chisamaliro choyenera komanso choyenera cha junkie

Chiwombankhanga cha mtundu wofiira wa chiwongoladzanja chofalikira n'chosangalatsa kwa zomera zosatha za munda. Zikuwoneka kuti pamafunika ntchito ndi khama zambiri kuti mukhale ndi zovuta zowonongeka zazomwe zikukulirakulira, koma makamaka chikhalidwe chimakondweretsa ndi kupirira ndi kudzichepetsa. Ili ndi njira yabwino kwa iwo amene akufuna kukhala ndi zochitika pamunda, popanda kuyika zina zowonjezera kwa izo. Chimene makamaka mukufunikira kupereka chithunzithunzi, werengani.

Mukudziwa? Anthu a nkhuni amatchedwa udzu wa pulasitiki, womwe umayamba chifukwa cha khalidwe la mbewu. M'maŵa mutatha masana ozizira mungathe kuwona malingaliro a masamba ake. "misozi". Zimanenedwa kuti mwa njira iyi tsinde limachotsa madzi owonjezera.

Kusankha malo otsetsereka: kuunikira ndi nthaka

Derbennik (Lythrum) - Ichi ndi chikhalidwe chosatha chomwe chimapezeka pafupifupi kulikonse kuthengo, kupatulapo Arctic, otentha ndi madera. Chikhalidwe cha maluwa ndi mitsinje yomwe ili pamphepete mwa nyanja ndi kumphepete mwa mathithi. Chifukwa chake, pakukula chomera kumbuyo kwa malo, ndikofunikira kusankha malo ofanana ndi mthunzi. Zomwe zimatchulidwanso kuti "zithumba" ndi "udzu" zimayimira mitundu iwiri yokha: tsamba la msondodzi (Lythrum salicaria) ndi Lythrum virgatum. Mosasamala kanthu za kusankha, izo zimasinthira ku kutentha kulikonse ndi nthaka. N'zoona kuti dzuŵa limapangika khungu lopangidwa ndi kandulo kamene limataya pang'ono mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya masamba ndi masamba. Choncho Malo abwino odzala adzakhala amvula ndi ofunda.

M'munda, chiwombankhanga chidzamva bwino mu penumbra. Kuti asapangitse kukula kwa mphukira, yomwe imakhala yabwino kwambiri kufika pamtunda wa mamita limodzi ndi hafu, ndibwino kuti ikhale yosatha pa gawo lapansi lopanda kanthu. Sands, loams ndi nthaka zina zouma sizomwe zimabzala.

Ngati pali dambo laling'ono kapena mtsinje mumunda wanu, izi ndi zomwe udzu umafunikira. M'chilimwe, chomeracho chikhoza kumizidwa mu dziwe pamtunda wa masentimita 30, popanda kuopa kuvunda kwa mizu, monga momwe nyengo yotentha imakhalira mosavuta mumtunda wobiriwira komanso ngakhale m'madzi. Chabwino, iwo omwe sanathe kukonzekera chinthu cha madzi pa webusaitiyi, musakhumudwitse - maluwawo adzakhazikika mumunda wa munda wokhazikika, koma adzayenera kulipira malo oweta.

Mukudziwa? M'munda, udzu wosalidwa popanda kubwezeretsedwa ukhoza kukula kwa zaka zambiri.

Kukula mmera phesi

Chikhalidwe chimafalitsidwa ndi kudula mizu, kugawidwa kwa chitsamba ndi njira ya mbewu. Pofuna kupewa mbeu yowonongeka, yomwe imatulutsa mowolowa manja kuchokera pansi pa nthaka, m'pofunika kudulidwa nthawi yake. Kusonkhanitsa mbewu kumapanga mphukira yamphamvu, kuyang'anira kucha kwake. Mwa njira iyi, mudzalandira mbewu zamtengo wapatali, zomwe m'tsogolomu zidzakupatsani mphukira zathanzi zomwe zimatha kukhala maluwa.

Kufesa udzu pogwiritsa ntchito njira ya mbewu kumagwiritsidwa ntchito kwa mitundu ya zomera, ikhoza kuchitidwa mwachindunji pansi kapena mmera. Taganizirani za mitundu yosiyanasiyana yamakono opanga ulimi.

Kufesa pa mbande

Gadfly amakula bwino kuchokera ku mbewu yowonongeka ndi yathanzi. Kubzala kumachitika mu March, ndikuyika mbewuzo patali masentimita 5 kuchokera wina ndi mnzake. Kuchokera pamwamba kumabisala ndi dziko lapansi ndikupopera madzi nthawi zonse. Kuti apeze wowonjezera kutentha, zomwe zidzalimbikitsa kutuluka kwa mphukira, "bedi" liyenera kukhala ndi filimu kapena galasi ndipo chidebe chiyenera kuikidwa m'chipinda momwe kutentha kumakhala pakati pa 15-18 ° C. Mphukira yoyamba idzawoneka masiku 25. Masamba atatu atayamba kuphuka, mbewuyo ikhoza kuphulika. Alimi ena akudutsa njirazi, kubzala mbewu imodzi pamodzi pamapiritsi a peat, omwe amaikidwa mu makapu apulasitiki ndipo amadzaza ndi chigawo chachiwiri chachiwiri chokhazikika.

Young mapesi amawopa ozizira, choncho tikulimbikitsidwa kuti tibweretse ku nthaka yotseguka pamene masiku otentha amabwera. Mbewu ya lobum imabzalidwa pamalo omwe amasankhidwa molingana ndi kufotokozera, kusunga mtunda pakati pa mphukira mkatikati mwa masentimita 30. Mafupa a Bright pa zitsanzo zotere zidzawonekera chaka choyamba.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati ali m'nthaka zilipo Nitrojeni zambiri, udzu wa udzu ukhoza kuwuluka.

Kufesa mbewu mwachindunji pansi

Mosiyana ndi njira ya mmera, kubzala mbewu pamtunda sikunalimbikidwe kasupe, koma mosemphana - nthawi yozizira yopusa, bwino mu October. Izi zatsimikiziridwa kuti zokololazo zikugwiritsidwa ntchito. Ngakhale kumera kumakhalabe, ngakhale mbewu zimabzalidwa nthawi yomweyo chisanu chimasungunuka. Komabe, muzochitika zonse ziwirizi, nthawi yamaluwa imayembekezera kokha chaka chachitatu cha moyo wa chomera. Musanadzalemo thumba la zinyalala pamalo otseguka, chapamwamba chapamwamba chiyenera kusungunuka bwino.kenaka perekani nyemba pamtunda wa masentimita 40 kuchokera kwa wina ndi mzake ndikuziphimba ndi gawo lochepa la gawo lapansi. Ikhoza kupopedwa kuchokera ku botolo la kutsitsi. Mabedi amadzala ndi pulasitiki kapena amamangidwa ndi zogwiriziridwa ndi galasi. Pazifukwa zabwino, mbande zidzawoneka masiku 20-30. Koma sizingalimbikitse kuti mutsegule nthawi yomweyo: dikirani mpaka mapesi ali amphamvu, pang'onopang'ono akugwiritsanso ntchito nyengo yatsopano.

Zomera zina zokongoletsera kumunda wamunda zimayambitsidwa ndi njira ya mbeu: statice, gypsophila, swimsuit, Japanese spiraeus, karyopteris, veronica.

Kubalana kwa Idiot pogawanitsa chitsamba

Ngati mukufuna kubzala osati mitundu, koma mitundu yawo, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito njira zamasamba. Kugwiritsiridwa ntchito kawirikawiri ndigawikana kwa rhizome. Zitsanzo zakale za cravat zimakhala ndi mizu yamphamvu ya lignified. Choncho, kuti muwasiyanitse ndi zovulaza zazing'ono kuthengo, dzikani nokha ndi fosholo kapena nkhwangwa. Ndikofunika kupuma, kufika pamzu, ndi kusuntha kwakukulu kuti muchotse gawo la kukula kofunidwa, kenaka muike mdzenje. Ntchitoyi ikuchitika posankha nthawi mu April ndi kumayambiriro kwa May. Amaluwa ena amamvetsa zomwe zimachitika kumapeto kwa dzuŵa, pamene akugogomezera kufunika kwa kompositi ya nthaka ndikulemekeza mtunda wa mamita pakati pa zomera.

Mukudziwa? Gadfly ndi chomera chabwino kwambiri cha uchi. Uchi umene umapezeka kuchokera mmenemo umachiritsa katundu ndipo umasiyana ndi mtundu wa amber, fungo losangalatsa ndi kukoma kwake.

Mayendedwe a Derby Care

Chinthu chachikulu cha chiwonongeko ndi kuphweka kwa kulima, kupirira, kudzichepetsa komanso kupirira. Maluwawo amafunikira chisamaliro chachikhalidwe, kuti akhale ndi nthaka yonyowa, manyowa, kudulira ndi kuchotsa namsongole. Palibe chifukwa chokhalira kulira udzu, kubwezeretsa kapena kugawa. Njirazi ndi zofunika pamene makatani okhwima amasiya kukongoletsa ndikukula kupitirira malo omwe apatsidwa.

Kuthirira

Iyi ndi nthawi yofunikira kwambiri pakulima mitundu yonse ya phesi la phesi ndi chitsa, monga udzu sungakhoze kukula mu chilala. Nthawi ina maluwawo amamenyana pazifukwa zotere kuti apulumuke, koma ngati simukumupatsa malipiro oyenera, adzafa. Pofuna kupewa izi, pokhala ndi mvula yaitali, chitsambachi chiyenera kuthiriridwa, kuteteza clod yadothi kuti isawume. Kuthirira kumakhala koyenera komanso kokwanira. Koma ngati mphika ukukula pafupi ndi gombe, ndiye palibe chifukwa chake.

Kupalira ndi Kukulitsa

Namsongole, kuphatikizapo kusokoneza kwabwino, ndi malo abwino kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, komanso timakopa tizilombo ndikuyamwitsa zinthu zothandiza m'nthaka. Choncho, ndikofunika kuchotsa zomera zotere nthawi, kumasula nthaka. Izi zidzathandiza kuti mpweya uzilowera ku mizu ndipo sizidzalola kuti dziko lapansi likhale lopangidwa. Komabe, pofuna kuteteza dothi losanjikiza la nthaka kuti lisamavutike komanso osamasula chinyezi chofunika ndi chingwecho, kasupe kuzungulira mapesi akulimbikitsidwa kuti mwakachetechete muzitsulola peat kapena kompositi.

Mukudziwa? Msolo wodzazidwa ndi masamba a udzu wodzalira udzaonetsetsa bata ndi tulo tofa nato.

Feteleza

Kupaka pamwamba kumalimbikitsa kupititsa patsogolo magawo omwe ali ndi zinthu zothandiza. Feteleza imagwiritsidwa ntchito pachaka kumayambiriro kwa masika. Pachifukwa ichi, palibe chifukwa chogwiritsira ntchito makina, zimakwanira kuti zisamalire mtundu wabwino wa peat (zomwe tazitchula pamwambapa). Iyo imafalikira mwamsanga mutangokwera ndi kusintha kamodzi pachaka. Pofuna kukonza thumba loyambirira ku maluwa, limakhala ndi feteleza ndi minda iliyonse yamaluwa. Izi zidzakhumudwitsa mapangidwe atsopano a maluwa.

Ndikofunika kuti musapitirire ndi mankhwala a nitrojeni, chifukwa kuwonjezeka kwa zinyama, monga nthawi zina, sizikuchitika, ndipo mbewuyo idzafa.

Kudulira

Kusuta tsitsi kumaso sikufuna nzeru zina ndi chidziwitso. M'nyengo yophukira, itatha maluwa ndi chida chakuthwa, zimayambira zonse zimachotsedwa kotero kuti kufesa ndi kusasaka kwa mbeu kunja kwa malo opatsidwa sikuchitika. Mdulidwe uyenera kukhala pansi. Olima ena amachoka ku zotchedwa makutu a inflorescences owuma, omwe amawoneka okongola kumalo otsegulira kumbuyo motsatira maziko a asters ndi chrysanthemums. Pachifukwa ichi, mbali yonse yomwe ili pamwamba pa chitsamba imadulidwa mu kasupe poyembekeza mphukira zazing'ono. Ngati mukulimbana ndi mawonekedwe a zomangamanga, mungayesetse kupereka chomera chomwe chinakonzedwa m'chilimwe. Koma izi zimakhala zojambula kale, zomwe sizowoneka m'minda ya chikhalidwe.

Ndikofunikira! Pamene kumera kulira udzu umafalikira mofulumira, kumakhala m'madera ambiri.

Matenda ndi Kutsutsana ndi Tizilombo

Derbennik sachita mantha ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi matenda osiyanasiyana. Koma pafupi ndi maluwa, nthawi zambiri amavutika ndi nsabwe za m'masamba, zomwe ziri pambali mwa masamba ndi zimayambira, zomwe zimalepheretsanso kuti zomera zisamangidwe bwino. Kuwonjezera apo, tizilombo timayamba kufalikira ku maluwa ena mu flowerbed, omwe amatsatiridwa ndi matenda akuluakulu a fungal ndi mabakiteriya. Tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizitha kuwononga nsabwe za m'masamba. Zotsatira zabwino zimapatsidwa mankhwala "Aktara", "New Bi-58 New."

Zima hardiness slut

Kwa nyengo yozizira, ngakhale tchire tating'ono sitifunikira malo ogona. Iwo sayenera kutsuka masamba owuma kapena kubwera ndi njira zina zotetezera kwambiri kuzizira. Derbennik mosalekerera amalekerera chisanu ndikumasinthasintha bwino ndi zochitika za pakati pa nyengo ya nyengo.

Kusakaniza ndi zomera zina

Derbennik m'makonzedwe a mundawo amawoneka okongola paliponse komanso mumagulu onse. Nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito pobisa mipanda kapena malo ena osasamala. Mipando ikuluikulu yozungulira ya chomera imakhala bwino ndi irises, catnies, meadowsweet, daylilies ndi camelines. Gawo lakumtunda la chitsamba, mukhoza kuphimba tchire masewera kapena cuffs zofewa. Kuoneka kokongola ndi kukwera komodzi derbennik. Ikhoza kuikidwa pakhomo la munda kapena pafupi ndi dziwe, komanso mtsinje, kapena kwinakwake pamtunda wa rockaria. Anthu ena okonda zachilendo amapangidwa ndi dervennik, vatochnika, oregano, echinacea, valerian, thyme, motero amapanga munda wa gulugufe pa malo ake. Ndipotu maluwa onsewa ndi okongola kwambiri kwa iwo. Mitengo ya Derben imatha kubzalidwa m'munda wa apothecary, kumene golide, timbewu, lovage, motherwort, bergenia, sorelo, monarda, chamomile ya mankhwala idzakhala pamodzi.

Mukudziwa? Dzina lopusitsa limachokera ku masamba omwe ali ngati msondodzi.

Kugwiritsira ntchito Derbum mu mankhwala achikhalidwe

Derbennik, kuwonjezera pa zokongola kwambiri, akuchiritsa katundu. Pofuna kuchiritsa, udzu wouma misozi umadziwika ndi mankhwala ndipo umagwiritsidwa ntchito monga hemostatic, sedative and anesthetic. Kukonzekera mankhwala, zipangizo zam'madzi ndi masamba zimakololedwa panthawi ya maluwa, ndipo mizu ikumbidwa mu kugwa. Kuchokera pa tiyiyiyi tiyi amawedzeredwa, akupera zouma za mbeu, komanso tinctures ndi decoctions.

Mwachitsanzo, pochiza matenda amanjenje amalangizidwa kulowetsedwa kwa supuni imodzi ya zipangizo ndi kapu ya madzi otentha. Zosakaniza zonse zimakhala pa moto wochepa kwa mphindi pafupifupi zisanu, ndiye kuumirira ola limodzi. Komabe, musanagwiritse ntchito derbennik musaiwale kuti mufunsane ndi akatswiri.