Pinki ya Mikado: Mmene Mungakulire Mitambo ya Imperial

Kukoma, maonekedwe ndi zokolola za m'ma phwetekere oyambirira "Mikado Pinki" adalandira zogwira mtima zoganizira za ogula. Kwa zaka ziwiri zakhalapo, mtundu woterewu unayamikiridwa ndi mapangidwe a ku Ulaya ndipo adapeza dzina losatchulidwa kuti "mfumu". Tiyeni tiganizire mbali za tomato "Mikado pinki" mu makhalidwe ndi chisamaliro.

Matimati "Michesi ya Mikado": khalidwe

Kugulitsa pali mbewu zambiri ndi mbande za tomato zotchedwa "Mikado". Muzogulitsidwa zopangidwa ndi osiyana opanga, phukusi, ndipo, potero, chipatso. Izi zimachitika chifukwa cha chinyengo chofala cha ogula. Chowonadi ndi chakuti kuyambira 2015 mpaka lero, State Registry ili ndi mitundu yosiyana yokha, Mikado Pink. Ife tidzamvetsa chomwe iye ali.

Mukudziwa? Kwa nthawi yaitali, tomato ankaonedwa kuti ndi owopsya ndipo anali ochenjera. Icho chinapitilirapo mu mbiriyakale monga mu malo odyera amodzi a ku America mkuphi anayesera kuti aziwotcha George Washington ndi tomato kwa ndalama.

Kufotokozera za chitsamba

Kuti ovary apange tchire, zimatengera pafupifupi masiku 100. Panthawiyi, pamwamba pa nyengo yokula, mbewu yomwe imatseguka pansi imakhala pafupifupi mamita awiri mu msinkhu. Zitsanzo zina zimakula kufika 2.5 mamita. Zimayambira zimakhala zamphamvu, zimafuna kukanikiza ndi kukanikizapo kukula. Masamba - mdima wobiriwira, kukula kwake. Zipatso zimayambira pa tsamba lachisanu ndi chitatu ndi masamba ena atatu. Pa inflorescence imodzi, kawirikawiri, pafupifupi 8 tomato anayikidwa. Maluwawo ndi osavuta. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana imayesedwa ngati yaying'ono ndipo imalimidwa makamaka mu wowonjezera kutentha.

Tomato amatha kukhala wamkulu palimodzi ndi kutentha. Pofuna kutsegula, tomato awa ndi abwino: Batyana, Honey drop, Maryina Roshcha, Shuttle, Novich.

Kufotokozera za mwanayo

Zipatso zimasiyana mosiyanasiyana ndi minofu wandiweyani zamkati. Kulemera kwa phwetekere imodzi mkati mwa 400 g. Tomato "pinki ya Mikado" panja, malinga ndi kufotokozera, imakhala yofanana kwambiri ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya "Bull's Heart": mawonekedwe ozungulira okhala ndi mbali zomveka pambali, wofiira wofiira kwambiri, kukoma kokoma kokoma. Mkatimo muli zipinda za mbewu za 6-7. Khungu lokonzedwa limalola chipatso kukhalapo kwa nthawi yaitali.

Mukudziwa? Lembani phwetekere yaikulu inakula pa famu ku Wisconsin (USA). Kulemera kwa chipatso chodabwitsa chinali pafupi makilogalamu atatu.

Pereka

Kuchokera ku chomera chimodzi mungathe kusonkhanitsa mbeu za tomato zabwino, kupatsa njira zabwino zaulimi. Makamaka, chiwerengero cha zipatso chimakhudzidwa ndi mtunda pakati pa tchire ndi boma la kutentha. Chomeracho chimafika bwino pa 20+ +25 ° C, koma ngati thermometer ikutsikira ku 16 ° C kutenthedwa ndi pansipa, kuphulika kofulumira kumayamba popanga chiwerengero cha mazira.

Ponena za maonekedwe a tomato pakubzala ndi kusamalira, zomwe alimi onse ayenera kudziwa, tidzakambirana pansipa. Ndipo, ngati muwaganizira, ndiye tsinde lililonse lidzabala tomato zokoma 40.

Kugwiritsa ntchito

Ngakhale kukhala ndi khalidwe labwino la kusunga zipatso, iwo akulimbikitsidwa monga zophikira kuphika saladi ndi zakudya zatsopano. Amayi ambiri omwe adayesetsa kusunga tomato ya mitundu ya michere ya Mikado, powerenga, onani kusintha kwa kukoma kwa chipatso cha mtsuko. Koma pa nthawi yomweyi akukamba za kukwanira kwawo popanga msuzi wa supu, tomato phala, sauces komanso madzi. Koma zakudya zam'chitini zam'chitini zochokera ku tomato wobiriwira zimakhala zovuta kwambiri kusiyana ndi zakucha.

Tomato ikhoza kusankhidwa ndi mchere, kuphatikizapo zonunkhira ndi masamba kapena masamba osiyanasiyana komanso zipatso - tsabola wokoma, kabichi, nkhaka, maapulo, ndi zina zotero. Mungathe kupanga kupanikizana kwa masamba osangalatsa awa!

The mulingo woyenera kwambiri dongosolo la kubzala phwetekere mbande

Mitengo ya tomato yamitundu yonse imafuna kutentha ndi kuwala, kotero amauzidwa kuti asamaye. Mu malo obiriwira, kumene kuli malo ang'onoang'ono, chiganizo ichi chiyenera kuganiziridwa pokonzekera kukwera. Mtunda wokwanira pakati pa ziphuphu ndi pakati pa mizere ndi 50 masentimita. Apo ayi, kukula kwake kumakhala mthunzi wina ndi mzake, danga pakati pa nthaka ndi masamba sadzakhala mpweya wokwanira, womwe posachedwa kutentha kumakhudza maonekedwe a choipitsa. Ndibwino kuika zothandizira mapesi nthawi yomweyo m'mabowo okonzedwera mbande. Kutalika kwa mitengo iyenera kukhala mamita 3.

Mukudziwa? Pofuna kuthamanga kucha kwa tomato, ena amaluwa amachotsa masamba onse pansi ndikupaka tsinde, ndikupanga utoto wochepa wolemera masentimita asanu ndi limodzi.

Thandizo la phwetekere "Pink Pink"

Tomato "Mikado pinki" sakufuna kulima. Kuti zitheke bwino, zomera zimayenera kuonetsetsa kuti nthawi yothira nthaka, kumasula mitengo, kuteteza kukula kwa namsongole, nthawi zonse kumera mizu, komanso nkofunika kuti muyambe kuyendetsa bwino mbewuzo. Koma za zonsezi mu dongosolo.

Kuthirira, kumasula ndi kukwera

Tomato sungakhoze kukhalapo mokwanira mu nthaka youma, imakonda chinyezi. Koma pakuthirira ndikofunikira kuti muyang'ane muyeso komanso kuti musadwale, chifukwa nthawi zambiri chinyezi cha nthaka chimapangitsa kuti zitsamba zithe. Tomato imakula mwamphamvu, imatulutsa zonse zomwe zimafunikira popanga zipatso. Pofuna kupewa izi, mbande ziyenera kuthiriridwa m'mawa zosachepera 2-4 pa sabata. 2-3 masiku mutabzala tomato, nkofunika kumasula pristvolnye mabowo ndikuonetsetsa kuti palibe wandiweyani youma crusts mawonekedwe pambuyo kuthirira. Ndipo pamene mbande imatuluka, patatha masiku 7 mpaka 10, chomera chilichonse chiyenera kubedwa.

Kudzetsa udzu

Pa bedi la phwetekere sayenera kukhala ndi zomera zambiri, makamaka namsongole. Kuwonjezera pa kuti amamwa mankhwala omwe amathandiza kuti atuluke m'nthaka, amakhala ndi tizilombo towononga zomwe zimanyamula mabakiteriya ndi mavairasi. Chifukwa cha malowa, tomato amakhala ovuta kwambiri ku matenda a fungal ndi mabakiteriya. Pamalo otseguka, olima amaluwa amatha kusungunuka, ndipo pamakhala nyengo yotentha bwino ndi bwino kupalira mmera. Kuonjezerapo, njirayi idzaonetsetsa kuti mpweya umaperekedwa ku mizu.

Ndikofunikira! Kumapeto kwa nyengo, pamene kuyatsa kwachilengedwe kumakhala kwa maola 12 kapena 13 okha, mababu owonjezera ayenera kukonzedwa m'malo obiriwira, mwinamwake chitukuko cha tomato chidzasiya, ma inflorescences oyambirira sadzawonekera pa tsamba 7-8 (monga ziyenera kukhalira), koma pa 13.

Kukwera pamwamba kovekedwa

Tomato "Mikado pinki" ndi yovuta kwambiri panthaka, choncho, kuonjezera zokolola zomwe ayenera kudyetsedwa nthawi zonse. Kudyetsa koyamba kumalimbikitsidwa sabata imodzi mutabzala mbande. Pambuyo patsiku kwa masiku 14, njirayi imabwerezedwa. Ndi kukula kochepa kwa tchire ndi kumakhala kosavuta kumanga, pambuyo pa masabata awiri, chakudya chachitatu chololedwa. Monga feteleza pa mabedi a phwetekere amagwiritsa ntchito njira yothetsera manyowa (mu chiƔerengero cha 1:15) kapena mullein (1: 8). Musadwale: Kuvekedwa mowolowa manja kumadzaza ndi zokolola zochepa komanso masamba obiriwira.

Kupanga chitsamba ndi pasynkovanie

Kuti mbeu zisatambasulidwe pa ulusi panthawi yolima, wowona wamaluwa amachotsa masamba awiri apansi pa zimayambira. Chinyengo chimenechi kwa nthawi yaying'ono chimayimitsa kukula kwa tsinde ndipo chimapangitsa kulimbitsa, komanso kukula kwa mphukira. Izi zikachitika, mizu imamangirira.

Pafupifupi mitundu yonse ya tomato imatha kutulutsa mwachangu kwambiri, kumasuka kuchokera ku impso zonse m'munsi mwa tsamba la tsinde la nthambi yaikulu. Izi ndi zoipa, chifukwa zimakula kwambiri, zing'onozing'ono komanso zochepa. Kufulumizitsa kusasitsa kwao kungachitidwe ndi kupina. Ndondomekoyi imakhala ndi kuchotsedwa kwa mphukira yowonjezera kufika 2-3 masentimita. Mwachidule, 2, pazipita zitatu, zimayambira zitsamba 2.

Ndikofunikira! Pofuna kupewa njira yatsopano yopanga malo akutali, tsinde laling'ono, 1 masentimita yaitali, liyenera kusiya.
Kuti mupange chitsamba cha phwetekere, kukanikiza nsonga za mphukira n'kofunika. Njirayi imachepetsa kukula kwake ndipo potero imathandizira kukolola zipatso. Malo omwe opaleshoni yotere ayenera kuchitika amadziwika pakati pa 2-4 inflorescences. Mwa njirayi, polima tomato m'munda, mu nyengo yamvula, kuchotsedwa kwa nsonga kukukonzekera kumayambiriro oyambirira. Kuwonjezera apo, ganizirani kufunikira kochotsa maburashi onse omwe alibe nthawi yoti apange.

Chifukwa chakuti tomato "Mikado pinki" amayenera kukula mu greenhouses ndipo amadziwika ngati wamtali mitundu, pinching ayenera kukhazikitsidwa kumayambiriro kwa August.

Garter pa trellis

Kuphika zomera ku zothandizira ndikofunikira kwambiri, chifukwa pansi pa kulemera kwa chipatso chosalimba chimayambira. Komanso, kusowa mpweya wabwino muzu wa tchire kudzathandizira kuti pakhale phytophthora. Ziribe kanthu zomwe zimayikidwa pobzala mbande. Chinthu chachikulu ndi chakuti pamene mukukula, mumagwirizanitsa chikhalidwe chamtali kwa chithandizo. Pa ntchito ya garter si waya wabwino, chingwe chochepa, ulusi - zonsezi zingasokoneze, ngakhale kuwononga, tsinde. Ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito matepi akuluakulu. Njira ina yowonjezeredwa ndi zipangizo zopangira pulasitiki zomwe zimathandiza kulima.

Chofunika kwambiri cha trellis ndi chakuti chifukwa cha kukolola kwakukulu, nkotheka kulola kuti zimayambira pakati, koma ndizomwe zimayambira pang'onopang'ono, pang'onopang'ono zimamangiriza, ndikuyika zizindikiro zazing'ono.

Ndikofunikira! Kuphulika kwa zipatso zobiriwira kumabwera chifukwa cha kusintha kwakukulu kwa dothi la nthaka. Kuthetsa vutoli kungakhale kochuluka kwambiri nthawi yothirira nthawi yozizira komanso kuphimba zomera ndi chophimba.

Kupewa ndi chitetezo ku tizirombo ndi matenda

Tomato ndi ofunika kwambiri kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi tizirombo. Mitengo imeneyi imayesedwa mosavuta ndi zojambulajambula, zopweteka mochedwa, mitundu yovunda, Alternaria, anthracnose, bakiteriya ndi bulauni banga, kansa ndi zina zotero. Inde, chitetezo chabwino chili mu teknoloji yodziwika bwino ya ulimi ndi kukhazikitsa zinthu zabwino kuti zitukule. Koma ngati chinachake chalakwika, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi fungicides tidzatha kuwombola. Pakati pa otchuka kwambiri: "Maxim", "Kutchuka", "Mzere", "Mzere", "Fundazol", "Hom". Musanabzala mbewu, imakhala yosakanikirana, ndipo mbande imathandizidwa.

Pofuna kuteteza zomera kuti zisawononge kangaude, nyongolotsi, nyongolotsi, ndi whitefly, mankhwala ophera tizilombo toyambitsa matenda amafunika ndi mankhwala a Aktara, Bi 58 - New, komanso kusintha kwa dothi la pamwamba pa malo otentha komanso kutentha kwakukulu kwa mipira ya m'munsi.