Phwetekere "Bobcat": kufotokozera zosiyanasiyana ndi malamulo odzala ndi kusamalira

Wofesa aliyense angafune kukhala ndi tomato pa chiwembu chimene chingasangalatse ndi kulawa.

Mmodzi mwa mitundu imeneyi waperekedwa ku ndemanga yathu lero.

Phwetekere "Bobcat": ndondomeko ndi zizindikiro

Tiyeni tiwone zomwe zosiyanasiyanazi ndi zodabwitsa komanso zomwe muyenera kuziganizira pamene zakula.

Kufotokozera za chitsamba

Chomeracho ndi cha mitundu yosiyanasiyana. Pa phwetekere "Bobcat" dzina lodziwika bwino ndilo kutalika kwa chitsamba kufika mamita 1.2, chifukwa cha kukula kwake kuti mapiritsi abwino afike. Amawoneka ofunika komanso okongola, ndi nthambi zabwino.

Akatswiri amadziwa kuti mitundu imeneyi ndi ya otchedwa determinant. Izi zikutanthauza kuti kukula kwachangu kumachitika kokha mpaka kuonekera kwa fruiting ovary pamtunda. Pambuyo pake, chitsamba sichitha "kuyendetsa". Burashi yoyamba idzawonekera pambuyo pa 6 - 7 masamba, ndipo pakati pawo ndi ovary adzakhala masamba okwana atatu. Pambuyo pa maonekedwe a ma ovari asanu ndi awiri, kukula kumathera.

Kufotokozera Zipatso

Izi ndi tomato zazikulu, zolemera 250 - 300 g. Maonekedwe awo ndi ofunika kwambiri, opangidwa pang'ono, monga chikhalidwe ichi. Kwa kukhudza chipatsocho ndi chofewa, ndi chowala. Diso likukondwera ndi mtundu wofiira, wopanda masamba obiriwira.

Ndikofunikira! Gulani mbewu zololedwa, ndipo mu shopu lapafupi mukuyenera kusonyeza zolemba zonse za zinthu zotere pa pempho loyamba.
Tomato samataya makhalidwe awo nthawi yonse ya fruiting.

Pereka

Matimati "Bobcat F1", komanso mafotokozedwe ake, amatikonda, poyamba, chifukwa cha zokolola zake.

Kukolola kungachotsedwe patapita masiku 65 mpaka 70 mutatha. Kuchokera pa "1" square "pa malo" kusonkhanitsa osachepera 4 makilogalamu a tomato. Ambiri ali ndi makilogalamu 6, ngakhale ena amaubweretsa ku 8 (koma izi zimakhala zotentha ndi kusamalira mosamala).

Matenda ndi Kutsutsana ndi Tizilombo

Munthu wotchedwa "Dutchman" amadziwika bwino ndi chitetezo chabwino. Matenda amodzi monga Fusarium bowa, fodya kapena verticillus sizowopsa kwa iye. Ngati mupitirizabe kutentha ndi mavitamini, ndiye kuti powdery mildew sichidzawonekera. N'chimodzimodzinso ndi tizirombo. "Bobkaty" kawirikawiri amakhala malo awo okhala. Zoona, aphid yomweyi imatha kutuluka kuchokera ku chomera chosiyana chakumera pafupi. Choncho kuyendera nthawi zonse kumapindulitsa.

Zigawo za kukula

Matimati "Bobcat" unamera m'malo ofunda. M'katikati mwa dzikoli, zimakhala bwino kwambiri kumwera, kumalo obiriwira ndi kumunda.

Mukudziwa? Mbatata yoyamba imene anabweretsa ku Ulaya inakantha aliyense ndi zipatso zake, koma pazifukwa zina ankawoneka ngati woopsa. Tomato "amatsitsidwa" kumapeto kwa zaka za zana la 16, pamene mbewuzo zinayamba kufalikira.
Kwa malo ambiri kumpoto ndi abwino kupatula njira yowonjezera kutentha. Izi zimachokera ku kuti thermophilic wosakanizidwa ndizovuta ponena za kutentha ndi kuwala kowala. Choncho ngakhale filimu yotentha imakhala yosayenera izi, makamaka ngati dera likudziwika mobwerezabwereza chisanu m'mawa.

Mitundu ya mankhwala ndi mitundu

Amaluwa ambiri amalima ndiwo zogulitsa, kotero chidwi chawo mmizere yatsopano ndi chopindulitsa. Monga momwe zimakhalira munthu wanzeru, tiyeni tiwerenge ubwino ndi zovuta zonse zomwe zimasiyanitsa tomato tomato pakukula izi zosiyanasiyana.

Choyamba ife timapereka zifukwa za:

  • Kuwonekera kokongola kwa zipatso zowonongeka
  • Matata aakulu
  • Matenda abwino ndi kutentha kutentha
  • Musamawonongeke panthawi yosungirako yaitali
  • Mukhale ndi zothamanga kwambiri (ngakhale paulendo wautali wothamanga, sangatayike nkhani yawo)
Koma palinso zovuta:

  • Kutchulidwa thermophilic
Ndikofunikira! Ndizotheka kubzala mbewu pansi koma nyengo yozizira. Ndi bwino kuchita "kudzera" mbande.
  • Ndi kuchuluka kwa mbeu yowonjezera ntchito yowonjezera
  • Mufunika kuyang'aniridwa nthawi zonse. Kwa kanyumba kanyumba, kamene kamakhala kamodzi kamodzi pa sabata ndi theka, izi sizingatheke kuti zikhale zofanana. Osachepera pamalonda.
Monga tikuonera, pakali pano pali phindu lina kuposa zoopsa. Choncho, sitepe yotsatira ndikugwira ntchito ndi mbande.

Kukula phwetekere mbande

Ndi kufesa ndi mbande zokha, sipadzakhalanso mavuto. Ntchito izi zimachitika molingana ndi dongosolo la tomato onse.

Dzidziwitse ndi mitundu ina ya phwetekere monga Mikado Pink, Raspberry Giant, Katya, Maryina Roshcha, Shuttle, Black Prince, Honey Honey.
Asanayambe kukwera, mawuwa akuwerengedwera: masiku 65 akutengedwa kuchokera pa tsiku lokonzekera lotuluka pansi. Nthawi yoyenera kuyambitsa mbande idzasiyana m'madera osiyanasiyana. Ngati kumadera akummwera izi zidzakhala "zenera" pakati pa February 20 ndi March 15, ndiye pakati pa gulu lamasamba likusinthidwa kuchokera pa March 15 mpaka April 1. Kwa Mizinda ndi kumpoto, nthawiyi ikuchokera pa 1 mpaka 15 April.

Mukudziwa? Mphika wokhala ndi phwetekere pazenera m'zaka za zana la XIX unali chithunzi choyimira madera athu.
Matimati "Bobcat", monga momwe mawonetsero amasonyezera, sikutanthauza mankhwala ena owonjezera. Kutentha, kuyaka mu uvuni ndi zambiri "chemistry" sikoyenera.

Tiyeni tiyambe kufesa:

  • Lembani chidebe (miphika, matepi kapena makapu) odzazidwa ndi nthaka yothira bwino.
  • Timapanga groove ndi kuya kwa masentimita 1 ndikukhala pakati pa masentimita 3 mpaka 4 pakati pawo.
  • Pakati pa mbewu zokhazo zimayenera kutsata mtunda wa masentimita 1.5 Ngati pali malo okwanira a mbande, mukhoza kutenga zambiri. Kupereta kwapadera kukupatsani mpata wosunga mbande m'mbiya nthawi yaitali osagwiritsa ntchito "malo awo okhala."
  • Kenaka muyenera kudzaza mabowo ndi primer.
  • Ndipo pofuna kusunga chinyezi chofunika, timaphimba pamwambapo ndi filimu kapena galasi, ndikuyiyika pafupi ndi batiri (kuti nthawi zonse + 25-30 ° C).
Musaiwale za kuyendera tsiku ndi tsiku. Samalirani kwambiri nthaka: ngati yothira kwambiri, chotsani kalasi kapena filimu pang'onopang'ono, kuti nthaka iume. Podziwa kuti dothi limauma mwamphamvu kwambiri, liziikani ndi sprayer, ndipo ili molawirira kwambiri kuti muthe kutsanulira ndi ndege yapadera.

Ndikofunikira! Kuwumitsa kwambiri kwa gawo lapansi sikungolandiridwe.
Chofunika kwambiri ndiko kuyatsa bwino. Poyamba, kuwala kwa dzuwa kudzasowa, ndiyeno nyali ya fulorosenti imabwera bwino.

Mphukira idzadutsa m'masiku 10 - 12, kapena mofulumira (zimadalira kutentha).

Fully filimu imachotsedwa pambuyo 1.5-2 milungu. Zisanachitike izi, perekani chidwi kwambiri momwe mungathere. Afufuzeni m'mawa, makamaka dzuwa lisanatuluke, komanso masana: madzulo otentha, kuwala kumatha kuvulaza mbande. Mitengo iliyonse imakhala ndi nthawi yotseka, ndipo khalidwe ili likhoza (ndipo liyenera) kupangidwa. Chitsulo chomwe chikuwoneka kale mphukira chikhoza kutulutsidwa pa khonde kapena kutsegula zenera, ngati chiri kunja kwa 15 mpaka 20 ° C.

Pambuyo pa masabata awiri kapena atatu, mphukira zakula msanga. Zolinga zotero, funsani kavalidwe kake, koma kugulitsidwa komwe kunagulidwa pogwiritsa ntchito Humin kapena biohumus kudzakhala njira. Pa nthawi imeneyi, tenga theka yosonyezedwa pa mlingo woyenera. Manyowa ena amagwiritsidwa ntchito panthawi yomweyo.

Mbewu iliyonse imayenera kuswa. Popeza "Bobcat" - phwetekere ndi zizindikiro zake zimasonyeza kukula kwa chitsamba, ntchito yoteroyo idzakhala yochuluka.

Mukudziwa? Ntho yoyamba ya phwetekere inabwera ku Russia mu 1780. "Zipatso Zochenjera" ngakhale anapatsidwa antchito osiyana ndi chitetezo.
Amachichita pamene mbande zatha kale (pafupifupi masabata awiri atangooneka):

  • Timatenga mphika waukulu wavotolo ndi madzi abwino.
  • Pewani nyembazo ndikuzilekanitsa ndi mchenga (yesetsani kusunga masamba ambiri, ndi bwino kugwira ntchito ndi clod).
  • Mzu waukulu umfupikitsidwa ndi pafupifupi 1/3, mwa kukanikiza mbali yosafunikira.
  • Mu dzenje timapanga fetereza ya phosphate.
  • Sungani nyemba kumalo atsopano, ponyani pang'onopang'ono muzuwo.
  • Rhizome tulo. Pa nthawi imodzimodziyo, dziko lapansi liyenera kutenthedwa mpaka 20 ° C.
Phunzirani zambiri za kukula masamba ena monga anyezi, rocambol, tomato yamatchire, nkhaka za gherkin, adyo, chili, okra, zukini.
Nthawi yoyamba pambuyo pa kukula kwa kusamba kwa mbeu kumatha. Chifukwa cha ichi, ambiri amakana "kuima" msana. Inde, zimakhala zopweteka kwambiri pa chomera, koma njira yathanzi idzagwedezeka kwambiri.

Njira ndi mulingo woyenera kwambiri chiwembu chodzala phwetekere mbande

Mwezi umodzi ndi theka mutabzala, mbande "idzatulutsa" burashi yoyamba. Podziwa izi, muwerenge masabata awiri akutsogolera: ndi nthawi ino yomwe ikufika padera.

Perederzhivat zomera miphika sizothandiza, chifukwa tomato mitundu "Bobkat" pang'ono kutaya zipatso.

Ndikofunikira! Nyamayi yosafunika ya "kutsogolera" m'deralo ndi mbatata. Mitundu iyi ikuyesera "kubala" kuti dothi linali mukulondola kwa tchire.
Musanadzalemo, onetsetsani kuti dothi liri lotentha. Ziyenera kukhala bwino feteleza ndi phulusa kapena kompositi. Komano, kudyetsa kwambiri kudzachititsa tomato "kunenepa". Osati moyipa kuti agwire ndi kuwononga dziko lapansi ndi mkuwa wa sulphate.

Ndondomeko yobzala ndi yosavuta: Zomera 4 - 5 zimawonjezeredwa dropwise pa chigawo chimodzi cha mamita 1, chotsatira "chess". Ndikutanthauza kuti mtunda wa pakati pa tchire suyenera kukhala ochepera 0,5 m. Chikhalidwe chosiyana cha masentimita 40 sichigwira ntchito (Bobcats ali ndi rhizome). Njira yodzala yokha ndi yophweka:

  • Kukumba mabowo omwe amatsanulira pomwepo.
  • Pamene chinyezi chikunyamulidwa, mbande zokhala ndi dothi la earthy zimachotsedwa mosamala ku miphika.
  • Ponyamula mtanda, sapling imasunthira ku malo ake okhazikika. Pogwira ntchitoyi, tsinde lakuya limalowa pang'ono mu dzenje lakuda (masentimita awiri adzakhala okwanira) kulola mizu yowonjezerapo.
  • Zitsimezi zimakhala zovundikidwa ndi dziko lapansi.

Mbali za kusamalira ndi kulima agrotechnics

Pakuti zokolola zabwino zimafunikira chisamaliro. Ma hybrids athu ndi odzichepetsa, koma amafuna nthawi zonse kuchokera kwa eni.

Mukudziwa? Maonekedwe a chipatso ndi lycopene. Zimalepheretsa maonekedwe a maselo a khansa ndikuthandizira njira zowonjezera zopweteka.

Kuthirira ndi kukulitsa

Zomera za zosiyanasiyanazi zimalolera masiku otentha bwino. Zoona, ndi bwino kusunga chinyezi cha nthaka. Yang'anani nyengo - mu chilimwe cha madzi okwanira awiri pa sabata adzakwanira. Ndi mitambo yapamwamba, ulimi wothirira wochuluka nthawi yomweyo ndi wokwanira. Aliyense amadziwa za phindu la mulching. Zida zambiri zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pazinthu izi, choncho tidzanena za iwo mwatsatanetsatane. Mabedi amaphimbidwa:

  • Udzu wouma (njira yosavuta kwambiri, yomwe ili yoyenera kwa zomera zonse ndi malo otseguka). Udzu umakhala pansi pakapita masiku angapo akuwuma (musathamangire kukagwa mwamsanga).
  • Kompositi
  • Udzu wadziko lonse (wosanjikiza wa masentimita 10 pamapeto pake umatha kufika pa 5, kotero mukhoza kuika masentimita 15).
  • Katundu wotchuka wambuyomu adzasunganso chinyezi;
  • Mafilimu oyenerera bwino adzakhala chotchinga kwa tizirombo (ndizosangalatsa kuti tomato ndi bwino kutenga zinthu zofiira).
Awa ndi mitundu yochepa chabe ya mulch, ngakhale kuti iwo ali ochuluka kwambiri. Komabe, ndi mitundu yomwe imayenera kwambiri tomato.

Kukwera pamwamba kovekedwa

Ndi bwino kutero nthawi zonse, milungu iwiri iliyonse. Ngati pazifukwa zina panthawiyi sichisungidwa, ndiye kuti tchire timadyetsedwa katatu pa nyengo. Manyowawa amakhalanso ndi zofunikira zawo. Mwachitsanzo, phosphorus ayenera kukhala ndi potaziyamu yambiri m'malo mwa nayitrogeni. Kupezeka kwa zigawo zikuluzikulu ndizofunikira: boron imafunika ndi zomera zikayamba kuphulika, pomwe kukonzekera magetsi kumakhala koyenera nthawi iliyonse.

Ndikofunikira! 50 g wa superphosphate, 35 g wa potaziyamu kloride ndi 15 g ya ammonium nitrate akhoza kuwonjezeredwa ku chidebe cha madzi 10-lita. Kusakaniza iwo, pangani feteleza wabwino.
Boron yofanana ndi asidi imasokoneza muyeso wa 1 g / 1 l madzi, pambuyo pake mtundu wobiriwira umapulidwa.

Kupaka zovala zapamwamba kumachitika bwino madzulo.

Masking

Kusokoneza kumeneku kungachitidwe nthawi zonse, popanda kulola ana opeza kukula mpaka 3-4 masentimita.

Yoyamba imatsuka mphukira yomwe imawoneka pansi pa maburashi. Ngati mumayimitsa chomeracho mungathe kukhazikitsanso maluwa mosavuta ndi ovary.

Palibe chinyengo chapadera apa: kulumikiza mwanayo ndi zala ziwiri, pang'onopang'ono aziwamasula, kuzikweza kumbali. Dulani mwakuya osati phindu. Ngati ali kale lalikulu, mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito mpeni.

Kuti mupange chitsamba mu mapesi atatu, muyenera kusiya kuthawa kwambiri, komwe kunawonekera pamwamba pa wachiwiri. Pa zimayambira ziwiri, timachita chimodzimodzi, koma timasiya njira yomwe ili pamwamba pa burashi yoyamba. Njirazi siziyenera kuyendetsedwa ndi kutentha, kuti asawononge chitsamba kachiwiri. Mvula yamvula, m'malo mwake, zidzakhala zofunikira kuyeretsa osati masitepe okha, komanso masamba ochepa.

Garter ku chithandizo

Mbande zinakhazikika ndipo zinakula - ndi nthawi yomanga. Mzere wa mita ndi wokwanira, umapangidwira kuya kokwanira masentimita khumi kuchokera pa tsinde.

Mukudziwa? Mbatata yaikulu kwambiri imatengedwa kuti ndi zipatso 2.9-mapaundi zomwe mlimi akuchokera ku Wisconsin.
Chitsamba chikhoza "kugwidwa" ku yopingasa trellis, ndibwino kwambiri pa zokolola. Inde, ndizovuta kwambiri pokonza ndi kuyeretsa.

Ponena za "agrotechnics", miyeso imeneyi imachepetsedwa (katatu pa nyengo) ndikuyeretsanso namsongole. Tsopano mukudziwa zomwe Bobcat ali bwino ndi momwe mungakhalire chokoma, tomato wolemera. Lembani zokolola!