Makhalidwe ndi zizindikiro za kukula tomato "Red Guard"

Lero pali chiwerengero chachikulu cha mitundu ya phwetekere.

Zotchuka kwambiri ndi zosiyanasiyana "Red Guard", zomwe zidzakambidwa m'nkhaniyi.

Matimati "Red Guard": mbiri ya kuswana wosakanizidwa

M'madera ambiri a kumpoto, kumene nyengo ya chilimwe ndi yochepa, mpaka posachedwapa panali mavuto ndi kukula tomato.

Mbewu zomwe sizimasinthidwa kuti zizizizira sizinayambe mizu kapena kufa patapita kanthawi kochepa.

Komabe, yankho linapezeka. Mu 2012, abambo a ku Russia ochokera ku Mizinda Yakale anadutsa mitundu yambiri ya mtundu wa "Red Guard" pogwiritsa ntchito njira yowoloka, yomwe idalidwira kubzala m'madera opanda dzuwa ndi kutentha. Chomeracho chimatchedwa dzina lachiwonetsero mofulumira komanso panthawi yomweyo.

Phwetekere "red guard": mitundu yosiyanasiyana

Nthanga ya "Red Guard", kufotokoza za mitundu yosiyanasiyana yomwe idzaperekedwa pansipa, yatchuka kwambiri pakati pa anthu a m'nyengo ya chilimwe ndi obereketsa.

Kufotokozera za chitsamba

Chomeracho chili ndi chitsamba chokwanira bwino, chomwe chimakhala chokwera kwambiri cha masentimita 80, koma izi sizimalepheretsa fruiting. Zipatso zimayikidwa pa burashi - imodzi burashi ili ndi tomato 7-9.

Ndikofunikira! Ndikofunika kuti muyende bwino mapangidwe a chitsamba - mu mitengo itatu. Ngati kutentha kwakukulu kunanenedwa m'chilimwe ndi mapesi 4. Izi zidzakulitsa kwambiri zokolola za mbewu.
Tomato "Red Guard f1" imabereka mwamsanga - mukhoza kuyesa tomato yoyamba mu June khumi, ndipo pofika mwezi wa September zipatso zotsiriza zikukololedwa.

Kufotokozera Zipatso

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana imayimira mtundu waukulu wa zipatso, kulemera kwa chipatso chimodzi ndi 200-230 g. Tomato ali ndi makhalidwe otsatirawa:

  • mtundu wofiira wa chipatso;
  • Zipatso zilizonse zili ndi zipinda zam'mimba 6;
  • tomato ndi zazikulu;
  • iwo amasiyanitsidwa ndi mapira a sugary omwe ali ndi zofiira, opanda mitsempha, ndi minofu.
Zokolola zikhoza kusungidwa kunyumba kwa mwezi umodzi. Zipatso zimalekerera kayendetsedwe ka nthawi yaitali, musati musokoneze.
Phunzirani zambiri za zinthu zomwe zingakuthandizeni kusamalira munda: "Fitodoktor", "Ekosil", "Nemabakt", "Tanos", "Oksihom", "Aktofit", "Ordan", "Kinmiks", "Kemira" .

Pereka

Matimati "Red Guard" ali ndi zokolola zambiri - kuchokera ku chitsamba chimodzi amalandira 4 kg wa tomato. Pambuyo pofesa mbewu, mu masiku 50-70 mungakolole zokolola zoyamba. Kuonjezera zokolola ndikufulumizitsa kukula kwa phwetekere kumalimbikitsidwa kumanga greenhouses kapena mafilimu okhala pogona.

Mukudziwa? Mbewu yaikulu yomwe inasonkhanitsidwa kuchokera ku chitsamba china inali 9 kg. Zipatso zinali zochepetseka kusiyana ndi chiwerengero, koma chiwerengero cha tomato chinadutsa zipatso zambiri.
Kwa nthawi yayitali, tomato samataya kukoma kwawo, choncho amagwiritsidwa ntchito pophika.

Matenda ndi Kutsutsana ndi Tizilombo

Tomato wa Ural kuswana amakula mwangwiro ndipo samakhalanso ndi kachilombo koyambitsa matenda a microflora. Matenda a fungal samawombera mbewu, chifukwa tomato ali ndi chitetezo champhamvu kwa iwo. Matenda ambiri monga fusarium ndi claasosporia sakhalanso oopsa chifukwa cha tchire.

Zilombo za tizirombo tizilombo sizodziwika. Tomato akulimbana ndi ndulu nematodes. Choopsa kwambiri kwa Red Guard ndi butterfly butterfly. Kupezeka kwa mawanga achikasu pa chitsamba kumasonyeza maonekedwe a tizilombo. Machada oyera amapezeka pamunsi mwa tsamba la masamba, lomwe limasonyezanso kuukira kwa whitefly. Anakhudza masamba mwamsanga youma, kupiringa ndi kugwa. Pali kuwonongeka kwa zithunziynthesis, zomwe zimayambitsa kukula kwa chipatso.

Zitangoyamba zizindikiro zowononga tizilombo tayamba kuonekera, nkofunika kulimbana nawo. Kuti muchite izi, masamba akupukuta modzichepetsa ndi madzi asopo. Iyi ndiyo njira yowonongeka yowononga tizilombo. Pakakhala zilonda zamkuntho, nkofunika kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala ophera tizilombo.

Ndikofunikira! Ntchentche ya whitefly imayamba kugwiritsidwa ntchito posamalira zomera ndi kukonzekera komweko. Choncho, pofuna kupewa kupezeka kwa tizirombo, tikulimbikitsidwa kuti tichite mankhwala osiyanasiyana.
Kuwona kutentha koyenera, mungachepetse mwayi wa tizirombo ndi kukula kwa matenda a kuthengo.

Ntchito

Zimakhala zovuta kuchepetsa kutchuka kwa "Red Guard", chifukwa phwetekere yasonkhanitsa ndemanga zabwino kwambiri, yapeza ntchito yaikulu.

Zipatso zili ndi zokoma zokoma, zokonzekera saladi. Pa kuchuluka kwa kupanga, zosiyanasiyana zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mwakhama popanga madzi, ketchup, lecho, ndi zina zowonjezera kuphika.

Onetsetsani mndandanda wa mitundu ina ya phwetekere, monga Mikado Pink, Rampberry Giant, Katya, Maryina Roshcha, Shuttle, Pertsevidny, ndi Black Prince.

Mbali ndi teknoloji yaulimi ya tomato kukula "Red Guard"

Ndikofunika kwambiri kuyandikira kulima phwetekere. Ndibwino, kusamala njira za agrotechnical, mungathe kupeza zokolola zokoma ndi zokoma.

Tomato "Red Guard" ndi kawirikawiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito kutseguka pansi, zabwino zokolola zingapezeke mukakula mu wowonjezera kutentha kapena wowonjezera kutentha. Kugula mbewu kumalimbikitsidwa m'masitolo apadera. Kukula mbande kumachitika mwanjira yamba. Nkofunika kuti musaphonye nthawi yofesa mbewu - ziyenera kuchitika pakati pa mwezi wa March. Pambuyo pa masiku 40-50, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito zokolola mu greenhouses ndi greenhouses. Nthawi yowerengera njirayi ndikatikati mwa May.

Pali malamulo ena omwe ayenera kutsatiridwa mukamadzala tomato:

  • Pa mita imodzi yokhala ya wowonjezera kutentha sayenera kukhala zoposa 3 tchire;
  • pansi pa mafilimu okhala pamtunda umodzi mita akhoza kuikidwa 3-4 baka;
  • Kuti mupeze zokolola zambiri, muyenera kupanga chitsamba chokhala ndi zimayambira zitatu;
  • Pamaso pa kutentha kwakukulu, mbewu sizikula, ndipo kubzala kumachitika nthawi yomweyo.
Mukudziwa? "Red Guard" - imodzi mwa mitundu yochepa ya haibridi, yosavuta kuyambitsa tizirombo ndi matenda.
Ndondomeko ya agrotechnical monga kupaka pamwamba sikungagwiritsidwe ntchito pazinthu zosiyanasiyana. Chomeracho chimayankha bwino feteleza, choncho zidzakwanira kukonzekera chiwembu chabwino kwambiri musanadzalemo. M'nyengo ya autumn, tikulimbikitsidwa kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza kunthaka zofunikira kuti kukula ndi kukula kwa phwetekere.

Nthawi ya zomera iyenera kuphatikizapo feteleza zokha zokha.

"Red Guard" yakula mosavuta, chomera ichi ndi chodzichepetsa pa chisamaliro. Simuyenera kudandaula za kutentha kapena kuchuluka kwa dzuwa - zokolola nthawi zonse ziyenera kukhala zoyenera.

Tomato samasowa garter, chifukwa mphukira si yaikulu. Komanso, sagwedezeka pachimake cha chipatso.

Mitundu ya phwetekere yowonongeka ndiyo njira yabwino kwambiri yopezera madera omwe akusoĊµa kuwala kwa dzuwa komanso nthawi yotentha. Chotsatira chidzakwaniritsa aliyense - chisamaliro chosavuta, kukolola kwakukulu ndi kukoma kokoma!