Kabichi Kale: mndandanda wa mitundu

Nutritionists adayamikira ndiwo zamasamba zotchedwa Kale kabichi, zomwe zimakonda kwambiri kudziko lina ndipo nthawi zambiri zimatchedwa "zakuthengo" kapena "zowonongeka", "braungol" kapena "grunkol". Mbewu ya Leaf Brassica oleracea var. Sabellica ndi wa kabichi banja munda zomera. Poyerekeza ndi ziphuphu za Brussels ndi broccoli, mankhwalawa samapezeka kawirikawiri m'mabwalo odyera, koma chaka chilichonse kubzala kwake kukuwonjezeka kwambiri pakati pa nyengo ya chilimwe, makamaka chifukwa cha chisanu chokhazikika (mpaka -15 ° C) komanso chothandiza cha mbewu.

Mbali zazikulu za maonekedwe a masamba:

  • kusowa kwa mutu wamba;
  • Kukhalapo kwa tsinde lalifupi (kumawoneka ngati saladi);
  • Masamba a lacy amakhala ndi zobiriwira, burgundy kapena lilac shades.
Mukudziwa? Ndi kuchuluka kwa kashiamu, masambawa ndi abwino kuposa mkaka wa ng'ombe. Ndipo chiwerengero cha mapuloteni akhoza kukhala a analogue kwambiri a nyama mbale.

Kale Red

Makolo onse okongola kabichi mitundu ku America amatchedwa "wofiira Russian kabichi". Mbewu za masamba zimadzaza ndi anthocyanins, calcium, magnesium ndi mavitamini A, C, E, K. Kuwonjezera apo, kabichi wofiira Kale ndi kachilendo koonjezera wa antioxidants.

Mapepala ake ali ngati misonkhano yowonongeka. Kukongoletsa kabichi wosakanizidwa ntchito kukongoletsa m'munda kapena mabedi mabedi. Miyezi 2.5 ndi yokwanira kukwanira masamba onse ofiira. Mitundu imeneyi imatengedwa kuti ndi imodzi mwa mitundu yosalala kwambiri, chifukwa imatsutsana ndi madigiri 18 a chisanu. Ndi kuchepa kwa kutentha kwa mpweya, mthunzi umasintha. Mtundu wofiirira wobiriwira mpaka mtundu wa lilac.

Mbeu zowonongeka zimakula bwino pamtunda. Pambuyo pa chiyambi choyamba, onjezerani 2% feteleza kuti muthe mphukira. Nthawi yoyenera kufesa ndi 1.5 miyezi isanayambe kubzala mbewu.

Kale Green

Kale wobiriwira kabichi wosakanizidwa, mu machiritso ake katundu ndi kukoma ndi ofanana ndi kale zosiyana. Malingaliro amalekerera kuzizira kwachisanu ndi chaka chachiwiri cha kucha kumabweretsa zabwino zokolola. Zachilengedwe zimachepetsa cholesterol choopsa m'magazi, normalizes tsamba la m'mimba. Chifukwa cha kukoma kokoma, kabichi wobiriwira Kale ikhoza kukhala chinthu chofunika kwambiri cha msuzi wobiriwira kapena saladi ndi ndiwo zamasamba ndi masamba, komanso mbale zina kuchokera mndandanda wa zakudya.

Kale Siberia

Panthawi ina, obereketsa amatha kupeza fruiting kabichi wosakaniza masamba panthawi yozizira kwambiri (mpaka -150 ° C). Mitundu imeneyi imakhala yofala kwambiri ku Netherlands ndi m'mayiko ena ozizira.

Chomeracho chimagonjetsedwa ndi kuzizira, zosagonjetsedwa ndi tizilombo toononga. M'malo otsekemera a Ural ndi a Siberia, mitundu ya Siberia ya kale kabichi imapsa kwa masiku pafupifupi 80. Nyengo za chilimwe zimalimbikitsa kukula kwa zamoyo mothandizidwa ndi mbande kuti zikolole bwino. Chomera chodabwitsa chamaluwa chamaluwa si chochepa mu kulawa kwa mitundu ina. Ndi kumayambiriro kwa chisanu kabichi masamba kukhala tastier, kwambiri wachifundo ndi wokoma kwambiri.

Ndikofunikira! Mu December, mutha kukolola mbewu za masamba ndi masamba osakhwima. Mukamabzala mbeu za Siberia kabichi Kale mukakhala ndi chipinda, ndibwino kuti mukhale ndi nthawi yokwanira yochita masabata asanu ndi asanu ndi awiri asanafike chisanu.

Kale Woyamba

Kukula mofulumira. Kabichi wosakanizidwa ndibwino ndi nyama ndi masamba ena muzakotentha. Amapereka kukoma kwa premium ndi fungo kumalo odyera osiyanasiyana. Zakudya zopatsa potaziyamu, phosphorous, sodium, chitsulo, nthaka, selenium ndi mkuwa. Kabichi braungol Premier akulimbikitsidwa kugwiritsa ntchito poizoni wa chakudya.

Kale Scarlett

Mtundu wa masamba okongoletsera wokongola kwambiri wokongola ndi wofiirira.. Mtundu wosakanizidwa wosasunthika udzakhala chokongoletsera cha munda wamaluwa kapena munda wamaluwa. Mbewu za zomera zimakula mkati mwa masiku khumi. Kuthamanga kwa mtundu wa masamba kumawonjezera chisanu. Pokhala ndi chithandizo chokwanira, mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya Scarlett idzayamikira kukolola kwakukulu kwa masamba akulu ndi owopsa, omwe ali ndi mavitamini A ndi C.

Kale Trostevaya

Zomera zimakhala ndizitali, zowonda kwambiri mpaka mamita awiri ndi theka kufika mamita awiri, zofanana ndi nzimbe ndi cuttings. Zimapangitsa kuti zisawonongeke pamphepete mwa masamba omwe ali ndi phokoso. Ichi ndi mankhwala othandiza pa zakudya zam'ma tsiku ndi tsiku komanso kupewa kansalu.

Pali mitundu yambiri ya kabichi, pambali pazoyera zoyera, zosangalatsa Savoy, Brussels, kohlrabi, Beijing, kolifulawa

Kale dino

Maphunziro apamwamba a Tuscan amachokera, omwe amaonetsa kupirira, zakudya zamagulu. Nthawi yayitali ntchito yokhala ndi Dino kabichi masamba tsiku ndi tsiku amadyetsa maso acuity ndi kukana kwa retina diso kwa dzuwa. Kuchuluka kwa vitamini C yogwira ntchito mu kabichi fiber ndi woyenera kufanana ndi zipatso za citrus.

Mukudziwa? Ku Ulaya, violet brauncol ndi masamba akulu akhala akudziwikiratu kuyambira kale, koma chiwerengero cha kutchuka kwake chikugwera zaka za m'ma Middle Ages.

Kale Curly

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya hybrid kabichi ndi yotchedwa violet-burgundy ya masamba ofewa komanso ozizira usiku. Tsamba lirilonse liri ndi msonkhano wa wavy kuzungulira m'mbali. Kinky primer ili ndi mankhwala osokoneza bongo chifukwa cha mankhwala opindulitsa a sulforane. Mavitamini ndi kufufuza zinthu zachilendo zapadera zimakhala zovuta kwambiri kuposa mavitamini opangidwa mu labotale.

Black Tuscany

Kabichi ya Tuscan imakula m'madera akum'mwera. Kololani popanda grunkol kuyambira pachiyambi cha chilimwe mpaka kumapeto kwa autumn. Ndi chikhalidwe cha masamba ndi mtundu wosazolowereka wa masamba obiriwira omwe ali ndi matte sheen.

Masamba obiriwira a chomera amatha kufanana ndi ma tubercles, mapangidwe ndi ofanana ndi Savoy kabichi. Masamba sadzangokongoletsa tebulo, chifukwa mtundu wosakanizidwa wa "Black Tuscany" uli ndi amino acid komanso Omega 3 mafuta acid.

Reflex F1

Chitsamba chosakanizidwa chomwe chimatchedwa kulawa chimakhala chotchuka kwambiri pakati pa anthu a chilimwe. Kunja, izo zimawoneka ngati zowoneka zofanana ndi rosette zamphamvu kwambiri zouma zakuda masamba obiriwira. Mukamakula, imatha kufika pamtunda wa masentimita 80.

Izi zimapangidwira zakudya zambiri zothandizira monga saladi yaikulu. Mitundu yambiri ya hybrid kabichi reflex f1 Gwiritsani ntchito gulu la mankhwala. 100 g ya masamba kabichi ali ndi katundu wokwanira wothandiza mavitamini ndi mchere.

Redbor F1

Zophikira akatswiri amadziwa kuti Kale ali ndi zaka zapakati komanso zosangalatsa.. Zomwe anakumana nazo wamaluwa amalima izi zosiyanasiyana pamtunda ndi kuyatsa bwino. Kupezeka kwa mthunzi ku nthambi za mitengo bwino kumakhudza kukongoletsa makhalidwe a masamba.

Chikhalidwe ndi kudzichepetsa mu chisamaliro. Pakusaka kusamba kufika pamtunda wa masentimita 70 mpaka 150. Kuwerengera kwa zaka ziwiri kabichi tsamba redboard f1 ali ndi masamba a maroon opangidwa ndi kanjedza.

Anthu abwino oyandikana ndi kabichi ndi katsabola, nyemba, nkhaka, mbatata, radishes, adyo, nandolo, chard, sage, beets, sipinachi, udzu winawake.

Choncho, masamba omwe amawafotokozera ndiwo njira yabwino kwambiri yopezera chakudya chamoyo tsiku ndi tsiku, malo osungiramo mavitamini ndi zakudya zowonjezera thupi lathu. Mitundu yambiri yomwe yatchulidwa pamwambayi imalimbikitsidwa bwino ndi nyengo yathu.