Zapadera za tomato kukula "Bison Sugar" mu greenhouses

Matimati "Bulu wa Shuga" amasiyana kwambiri ndi mitundu ina ya "achibale" ake, ndipo adalandira ndemanga zabwino kwambiri kuchokera kwa wamaluwa ambiri. Ndipo lero mudzaphunzira kufotokozera ndi kugwiritsira ntchito mitundu yosiyanasiyana, komanso agrotechnology ya kukula masamba mu greenhouses.

Mbiri ya kuchotsedwa kwa tomato "Bison Sugar"

Mitundu ya phwetekere "Bison ya shuga" inabweretsa wamaluwa m'munda mwa Russia mwa kuswana. State registration - 2004. Pakadutsa miyezi ingapo, masamba akhala otchuka pakati pa eni obiriwira.

Matimati "Bison Bison": khalidwe

Matimati wa "Tomato Bulu" uli ndi zotsatirazi mbali:

  1. Chithunzi chojambulapo chomera.
  2. Mutha kukula pamalo otseguka, koma bwino kubzala mu wowonjezera kutentha.

Kuti mudziwe zambiri, onani zigawo zotsatirazi.

Mukudziwa? Kuchotsa fungo la skunk, sambani ku madzi a phwetekere.

Kufotokozera za chitsamba

Chitsamba chimakula kwambiri (mpaka mamita awiri), zipatso zimapangidwa bwino ndi dzuwa. Inflorescence yoyamba imayamba kupanga pamwamba pa tsamba lachisanu ndi chiwiri. Zotsatirazi zimapangidwa kudzera m'mapepala awiri.

Kufotokozera za mwanayo

Tomato "Bison wa shuga" m'malo mwake ndi wamkulu komanso wooneka bwino kukumbutsani mtima. Mtundu wa zipatso - rasipiberi-pinki kapena wofiira.

Koma tomato amatha kufika 350 gm, koma nthawi zambiri amatha kufika 250 g Komabe, pali akatswiri: tomato wofiira amatha kufika 950 g. Pali zipinda zisanu ndi ziwiri mu phwetekere. Mbewu ili ndi 6% ya nkhani youma.

Pereka

Matimati "Buluwa wa Shuga" uli ndi zokolola zambiri. Zipatso zoyambirira za zokambiranazo zimawoneka pa tchire patatha miyezi itatu zitakula. Kuchokera ku chitsamba chimodzi akhoza kusonkhanitsidwa mpaka makilogalamu 25 a zipatso ndi chisamaliro choyenera. Ndipo izi ndi za nyengo yokha!

Ntchito

Masamba amagwiritsidwa ntchito kupanga juices, saladi, pasitala. Amagwiritsidwanso ntchito mwatsopano. Imalekerera kuzizizira ndipo ndi yoyenera kutsuka kwathunthu ndi kumangiriza.

Ubwino ndi kuipa kwa zosiyanasiyana

Titatha kukambirana za ntchito ya phwetekere ya Sugar Bison komanso kufotokozera zosiyanasiyana, tiyeni tiyankhule za ubwino ndi zovuta zake. Ubwino:

  1. Zokolola zazikulu.
  2. Zipatso zazikulu za zipatso.
  3. Kukoma kwabwino (kosasunthika popanda mchere ndipo uli ndi phokoso losangalatsa).
  4. Kukula kwakukulu kwa tomato pansi pa zikhalidwe zabwino.
  5. Kukaniza matenda.
  6. Amalekerera chilala.
  7. Transportable.
  8. Good kumera wa mbande.

Koma pali zovuta:

  1. Kufuna kuyatsa ndi kuthirira.
  2. Zambiri mu greenhouses.
  3. Zimakhudzidwa ndi bulauni zowola.

Kulima mu wowonjezera kutentha bwino mitundu iyi: "Budenovka", "Black Prince", "Honey drop", "Marina Grove", "Mikado Pink".

Kufesa mbewu za mbande

Ndi bwino kufesa mbewu za zosiyanasiyana kumapeto kwa March kapena kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa April. Ngati mukukula nthata zambiri, mukhoza kuzifesa mabokosi akuluakulu, ndipo ngati muli ndi tchire, ndiye kuti padzakhala mapiritsi okwanira.

Kuti mupange udothi wotere, muyenera kuphatikiza peat, nthaka ya dothi, humus ndi phulusa la nkhuni (2: 1: 1: 1). Mukhoza kuwonjezera potashi ndi superphosphate.

Dothi lomaliza lakusakaniza liyenera kuyesedwa ndi kuyendetsedwa muwiri wophikira. Izi zidzakuthandizani kuchotsa mabakiteriya, mbewu zamsongole ndi spores. Nthaka imakhala yosasunthika, yozizira komanso yopuma.

Chomera mbande ziyenera kuikidwa madzulo pawindo lakumwera, ndipo usiku mutangochoka pawindo. Kutentha masana ayenera kukhala 22 ° C, ndipo usiku - 18 ° C.

Kuyambira nthawi yofesa mungathe kuthirira mbande kamodzi kapena kawiri. Zakudya zowonjezera sizikufunika. Mu mapiritsi a peat asanu ndi atatu osankhidwa, atatu okha amatha kudutsa.

Zapadera za tomato kukula "Bison Sugar" mu greenhouses

Poyamba, phwetekere "Bison Bisaroni" inkafuna kukula m'mitengo ya greenhouses, kumene nkhaka zinakula. Komabe, izi zinachititsa kuti matendawa asokonezeke. Pambuyo pake, wamaluwa ambiri amasintha nthaka asanabzalitse tomato ndi kupopera nthaka ndi yankho mkuwa sulphate.

Masiku asanu ndi awiri musanabzala mbande muyenera kukonzekera mabedi. Ayenera kukhala otalika masentimita 30 ndi cm 90. Muyeneranso kukonza ngalande zabwino ndikulima nthaka.

Kubzala mbande

Pali mitundu iwiri ya malingaliro odzala mmera - mzere umodzi ndi mzere awiri. Mzere wokhala ndi mzere umodzi ndi 60 × 50 cm, mzere umodzi ndi 60 × 40, ndipo pakati pa mizere yolowera muyenera kuchoka pa 75-95 masentimita a malo omasuka.

Musanadzale mbande, tsanulirani zitsime ndi njira yosasinthika ya potaziyamu permanganate. Mukhozanso kuwonjezera zovuta zowonjezereka zamagetsi.

Ndikofunikira! Kuwongolera kwa mbande kumachitika pamene zimayambira kufika 35 cm mu msinkhu.

Kuthirira ndi kupalira

M'masiku 14 oyambirira a tchire sangathe kuthiriridwa. Pambuyo pake, masamba ayenera kumwa madzi ndi madzi ofunda nthawi zonse. Kupalira kumathandiza kuti mizu ipume bwino ndikulola chinyezi kudutsa. Njirayi ingagwiritsidwe ntchito pogwiritsira ntchito Fokin wodula manja.

Chotsitsimutsa choyamba chiyenera kuchitika mwamsanga mutatha kubzala mbande mu wowonjezera kutentha. Njira zotsatizana zikuchitika masabata awiri. Samasulani bwino masentimita 5. Nthawi zonse chotsani namsongole, chifukwa zimakhudza kukula ndi zokolola za tomato.

Pamwamba kuvala kwa tomato

Yoyamba ndi yachiwiri kudyetsa tomato mu greenhouses amachitika masabata angapo pambuyo pake mbande. Kuti muchite izi, mudzafunika njira yothetsera mullein ndi kuwonjezera kwa 50 g wa phulusa.

Ndikofunikira! Musamapitirire tomato ndi ammonium nitrate kapena mullein musanakhale zipatso. Kuwonjezera kwa nayitrogeni kumapanga mapangidwe amphamvu amphamvu ndi masamba ambiri, pamene zokolola zimachepa ndipo sipadzakhala maluwa.

Mbewu yoyamba yophika imatenga masiku 20 mutatha kuziika. Inagwiritsidwa ntchito pa 1 tbsp iyi. l nitrophosca pa 10 malita a madzi. Kudyetsa kachiwiri kumachitika patapita masiku khumi kuchokera tsiku loyamba. Zagwiritsidwa ntchito pa 1 tsp iyi. potaziyamu sulfate pa 10 malita a madzi.

Pakatha masabata awiri mutatha kudya, chitsulo chotsatira cha phulusa ndi superphosphate chiyenera kuwonjezedwa (2: 1: 10). Kuthamanga zipatso kucha pa fruiting, manyowa tomato ndi chisakanizo cha nitrophoska, sodium humate ndi madzi (1: 1:10).

Kukulitsa tomato mu greenhouses amafunika mchere feteleza ndi Kuwonjezera potaziyamu, phosphorous ndi nayitrogeni.

Kupaka mavitrogeni kumagwiritsidwa ntchito musanasankhe tomato. Potaziyamu feteleza amapangidwa kuchokera pa mphindi ya mapangidwe a losunga mazira. Kudyetsa feteleza monga tomato amafunikira chipatso.

Tomato amafunikanso magnesium, boron, manganese ndi nthaka. Boron ali ndi udindo wodzaza zipatso ndi shuga ndi mavitamini, ndipo zimakhudza kukula kwake ndi kusunga khalidwe.

Magnesium ndi bwino kupanga nyengo ya kukula, makamaka panthawi yopanga mazira ndi chitukuko cha tomato.

Manganese amafunika kuti chitukuko ndi kukula zikhale bwino. Zimathandiza kuwonjezera kukana kwa tomato ku matenda.

Zinc zimathandiza osati kukula kokha, komanso pakupanga zipatso zazikulu ndi kucha kucha.

Mapangidwe a Bush ndi Garter

Timapanga mapangidwe a chitsamba ndi garter yake. Tiyeni tiyambe pasynkovaniya. Izi ndizochotsa kuchotsa kwa mphukira.

Izi zimachitika kuti asinthe katundu ku chitsamba. Ndi miyeso yambiri, mizu siyimapatsa masamba ndi zakudya zokwanira. Komanso, masamba ambiri amachititsa kuti kuwonjezeka kwakukulu kwa zomera ndi kusokonezeka kwa mpweya pakati pa tchire.

Pa tsinde lalikulu achoke maburashi onse opangidwa. Zonse za mphukira ndi inflorescences zimachotsedwa sabata iliyonse. Kuti mupitirize kukula kwa tsinde lofunikira silingathenso kuthawa pachifuwa cha tsamba.

Zimakhalanso zosangalatsa kuwerenga za mitundu yabwino, makamaka kulima tomato mu wowonjezera kutentha ndi kutchire.

Muyenera kuzungulira pamwamba pa mphukira mutatha maluwa otseguka pamwamba pa inflorescence. Pamwamba pa iwo, asiyeni mapepala awiri, chifukwa iwo adzapereka ndiwo zamasamba ndi zakudya.

Gawo lotsatira ndikumangiriza. Mitengo imamangirizidwa ndi asanu ndi atatu kapena matabwa, trellis kapena zinthu zina zothandizira. Popeza mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi yaikulu, zingakhale bwino kugwiritsa ntchito trellis. Mtunda wa pakati pa mitengoyo ukhale wopanda masentimita 30. Iwo amayendetsedwa pabedi. Pazitsulo, iwo amatambasula waya ndi kumanga tomato ndi zigawo za nsalu.

Kupewa ndi chitetezo ku tizirombo ndi matenda

Monga tanenera poyamba, tomato a "Sugar Bison" amatsutsana ndi matenda osiyanasiyana ndi tizilombo toononga, koma ndi chisamaliro cholakwika amachiza matenda ambiri ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Matenda a phwetekere akhoza kukhala osiyana: kuwonongeka kwa nthawi yochedwa, Fusarium, Alternaria, cladosporia ndi anthracnose.

Matendawa amatha kuchepetsedwa. Kuti muchite izi, bzalani masamba kuchoka ku mbatata ndikuchepetseni nthaka musanasankhe. Tomato angathandizidwenso ndi 1% yankho la Bordeaux madzi. Mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala ochizira, mmalo mwa mankhwala. Mwachitsanzo, kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa adyo tincture.

Tomato akhoza kupulumutsidwa ku imvi zowola motere. njira zothandizira:

  1. PeĊµani kuwonongeka kwa makina.
  2. Bzalani tchire pamtunda woyenera.
  3. Tchulani tomato ndi "Athletic extra" kapena "Bravo" fungicides.

Kuchokera ku fusarium kumathandiza kwambiri processing ndi kukumba dothi. Onetsetsani kuti mugwiritse ntchito phwetekere.

Kupewa Alternaria ndiko kuyeretsa zitsamba za tchire ndi kukumba kwakukulu kwa dziko lapansi. Zitsamba zathanzi zikhoza kuchiritsidwa ndi mankhwala "Kvadris" kapena "Tomato Wopulumutsa".

Mungathe kudziteteza ku cladosporiosis mwa kuchotsa zotsalira za zomera zakufa. Tomato akhoza kupulumutsidwa ku anthracnosis mothandizidwa ndi fungicides "Fundazol" kapena "Idol".

Tsopano kambiranani tizirombo. Kuomba kwa wowonjezera kutentha kapena kukonzekera kwa chilengedwe "Bowerin" kudzathandiza kuchotsa whitefly.

Akangaude amachotsedwa mothandizidwa ndi mankhwala "Aktofit". Zothandizira mankhwala ndi mavitamini Verticillin adzakuthandizani ku nsabwe za m'masamba.

Mukudziwa? Tomato alibe cholesterol, ali ndi mavitamini ndi mavitamini A ndi C.

Mitundu ya phwetekere "Bison Buluwa" ili ndi ubwino wambiri. Tikukulimbikitsani kubzala m'munda wanu kuti mukhale ndi masamba abwino komanso okoma.