Zinsinsi za kulima bwino stakhis

Zosangalatsa (kapena Chiselie) amapezeka kwambiri ku Central Asia, koma amakula padziko lonse, kupatula Australia ndi New Zealand. Chomeracho chaka ndi chaka, m'mayiko otentha nyengo ndi yosatha. Ndi zonsezi, ake tubers saopa kwambiri frosts. Kumalo omwe kale anali USSR, Chistere anatcha "nkhosa (kapena kubala) makutu." Kwa zaka 50 zapitazi, chomera ichi chapezeka m'minda ya wamaluwa, koma posachedwapa wakhala akuyambiranso kubwerera kumunda wathu.

Kusankha malo oti mukule

Mmerawo ukhoza kukula mwakuya pafupifupi mtundu uliwonse wa dothi. Mitengo ya tizilombo imakula bwino pamtunda wakuda, podzols ndi mdima wambiri. Komabe, Chisel akhoza kukula ngakhale mu nthaka ya dongo, osamvetsera mwakuya kwambiri.

Ndikofunikira! Ndi bwino ngati anyezi kapena tomato anali kukula kale pa malo a chomeracho.
Malo abwino kwambiri obzala chomera ichi adzakhala mthunzi wache. Ndi bwino ngati anyezi kapena tomato anali kukula kale pa malo a chomeracho. Chista ali ngati mbatata, choncho, chisamaliro cha kusamalira zomera izi ndi chimodzimodzi. Mukadzala nthaka acidity sayenera kulowerera ndale.

Kukonzekera musanafike

Chomeracho chimatetezedwa ku matenda osiyanasiyana. Silimbana ndi mavairasi kapena mabakiteriya, ndipo ngakhale kuwonongeka kumachitika, stahis okha amakumana ndi matendawa. Sitchi yokhala yoyenera komanso yosamalidwa bwino imapereka 15 kg tubers pa 1 m².

Kukonzekera kwa dothi

Ndi bwino kudzala Chistitse autumn. Chomerachi sichita mantha ndi chisanu ndi chisanu chopanda chipale chofewa, choncho zimapulumuka mosavuta nyengo yathu yowawa.

Pali milandu pamene stachis imabzalidwa m'nthaka m'nyengo yozizira kapena kumayambiriro kwa kasupe, kukumba mabowo ndi zidutswa. Ndipo ndi zonsezi m'chakachi chomera chimayamba kukula.

Stasa tubers kukula bwino pakati pa rasipiberi kapena currant baka.
Ngati mutabzala makutu a nkhosa nthawi yoyamba, ndibwino kuti muchite izi kugwa. Choyamba muyenera kukumba nthaka, ndiyeno mupangire pang'ono zakudya zamchere komanso zamchere.

Kwa 1 m² zimayenera kupanga pafupifupi 10 makilogalamu a humus, 2 kg wa ammonium nitrate, 2.5 makilogalamu a superphosphate ndi 4 makilogalamu a potaziyamu mchere.

Stakhis masamba - Chomera chokoma chofanana ndi katsitsumzukwa kapena kolifulawa, choncho, feteleza zosakanikirana sayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito (mankhwalawa amawononga kukoma).

Mukudziwa? Kutembenuzidwa kuchokera ku Latin "stahis" kumatanthauza "khutu"
Chistet imabzalitsa ziphuphu, choncho amafunika kubzalidwa mopitirira 4-5 zidutswa 1 m². Mutabzala, Chivet idzakula pamalo amodzi kwa zaka 10, ndipo zokolola sizidzatha. Ngati akukhumba, ikhoza kufalitsidwa ndikufalitsidwa, pomwe stakhis sidzauma.

Kukonzekera kwa Tuber

Zovuta zimakhala zovuta kwambiri ndi matenda osiyanasiyana, choncho sikufunika kukonzekera kapena kupha tubers za zomera izi.

Zokwanira kutenga njira ya pinkish ya potassium permanganate ndikutsuka mchere mkati mwa mphindi 20. Izi zimachitidwa kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Malamulo osabzala

Chomera ichi sichiri chowopsya kwa nyengo. Choncho, kubzala kungakhoze kuchitidwa kasupe ndi yophukira.

Nthawi yabwino

Ngati mubzala chomera ichi mugwa, kwambiri nyengo yabwino adzakhala zaka khumi zachiwiri za mwezi wa October. Zidzasintha mosavuta ndipo zidzayamba kukula masika.

Ndikofunikira! Chifukwa Nyengo yowonjezereka ikukhala pafupifupi miyezi isanu; nyengo yozizira, nyengo imatha kubzalidwa nthawi yomweyo chisanu chimasungunuka.
Ngati chomera cha Chista chidzabzala m'chaka, izi ziyenera kuchitika kumapeto kwa March kapena kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa April. Chomeracho chimakhala ndi nthawi yayitali (masiku 130-150), choncho ngati mvula ikachedwa kucheka, nthawiyi siidzatha bwino, ndipo tubers sizingatheke kuti anthu adye.

Ndondomeko ndi kuya

Zomera za tubers zimafunika kuzama 10-12 masentimita. Mzere wa mzere suyenera kupitirira 70 cm. Mtunda pakati pa mbali iliyonse ya Chistac, molingana ndi miyezo yabwino, ili pafupi 40 cm.

Choncho, chitsamba chikhoza kukula bwino, kulandira mlingo woyenera wa dzuwa, madzi ndi feteleza.

Mulching

Stachis pamene mukukula kufunika kwa mulch. Izi zimachitika mothandizidwa ndi masamba a chaka chatha, kompositi yowola, namsongole wouma dzuwa kapena utuchi wothira madzi.

Ngati mumangowonjezera udzu wabwino, mukhoza kukopa makoswe omwe angawononge stahis tubers.

Kuwombera bwino kumachitika bwino pamodzi ndi tchire. Choyamba muyenera kuwaza nthaka ndi mulch, ndiyeno muzitsinthitsa. Motero, zakudya zambiri zamthupi zimayamba kulowa muzu.

Malangizo Othandizira

Ambiri amaluwa amodzi amanena kuti chisel imakula bwino popanda kusamala kwambiri. Zimatengera kokha kokha pachaka kuti madzi amwe. Komabe, kumusamalira bwino kumadzetsa kuwonjezeka kwa tubers yake, yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito kuphika.

Mukudziwa? Mitundu yoposa 300 ya zomera ndi izi zotsamba zosatha.

Kuthirira, kuyanika ndi kumasula nthaka

Ndikofunika kuthirira stahis pokhapokha miyezi youma chilimwe. "Nkhosa zamphongo" - kwambiri chomera chodzichepetsazomwe sizikufuna njira yapadera ya ulimi wothirira. Kuweta kuyenera kuchitidwa kokha ngati chomeracho chimaika mochuluka namsongole. Izi zimachitika ndi tchire tochepa, kudula namsongole m'mwamba. Sitikulimbikitsidwa kuyendetsa chidacho mwakuya, ngati n'zotheka kuwononga ma sters.

Kutsegula nthaka kumaphatikizapo pamodzi ndi kupalira. Amakwapula pang'ono ming'alu yambiri ya nthaka, kuti madzi ndi mchere aziyenda bwino kwambiri m'nthaka.

Hilling

Stakhis ndi zomera zosagonjetsedwa, kotero amaluwa ena sakhala nawo pamtunda wa chitsamba. Komabe, agronomists akulangizidwa kuti agwiritse ntchito kuti asapangidwe kupanga mapangidwe ovuta kuzungulira. Spud ayenera kukhala osamala kwambiri kuti asakhudze stakhis tubers.

Ndikofunikira! Pakatikati mwa mwezi wa August, Chisteau imamera namsongole, ndipo imakhala yowononga mizu.
Muyenera kuchita izi kumayambiriro kwa August. Kenaka imayamba nyengo yamvula, ndipo chomeracho chiyenera kukhala chokonzekera kuti nthaka ikhoza kutsukidwa chifukwa cha mvula yambiri.

Kupaka pamwamba

Dyetsani Chistere ayenera kukhala kawiri pa mwezi ndi manyowa wamba. Kuti muchite izi, sungani fetelezayi mu 10 malita a madzi ndikutsanulira pansi pa chitsamba.

Kuwukitsa potashi kapena feteleza osakaniza kuyambira chiyambi cha August ndiletsedwa, chifukwa stakhis imayamba kupanga tubers. Mchere wa nititusi ndi potashi ukhoza kupatsa tubers kukoma.

Kuyeretsa ndi kusungirako ma sters

Kukolola kumeneku kumayambira kumayambiriro kwa September ndipo kumatha mpaka pakati pa mwezi wa October. Zonse zimadalira nyengo ya dera linalake. Chizindikiro choyamba chokolola chidzakhala chikasu pang'ono kapena zouma za Chistac.

Kukumba tubers kumafanana mofanana ndi mbatata. Mitundu yayikulu kwambiri ya tubers iyenera kutayidwa kubzala chaka chamawa. Ngati mukufuna kusiya mizu pansi, ndiye kuwawaza ndi masamba akale, ndipo nyengo yozizira imakhala yovuta kwambiri m'nthaka. Ndi wina yemwe anabzala tuber, mukhoza kusonkhanitsa pafupifupi 30 atsopano.

Sungani zisitiketi kuti mufike nyengo yotsatira mumabokosi ndi mchenga, kutentha kusadutse + 3º ะก.

Ngati kutentha kuli kotentha, tubers ikhoza kumera patsogolo. Mukhoza kusunga stachis kuti mudye chakudya mufiriji.

Zofunikira za stakhis

Stakhis anapeza malongosoledwe ake m'mabuku ambiri a zomera. Kutchire, amapezeka kumadera ena amapiri. Zina ndi Mongolia.

Anthu a m'mayiko awa akhala akugwiritsa ntchito kuchiritsa zitsamba. Mutha kudya masamba onse ndi tubers.

Mukudziwa? "Byzantine Chistets" - chomera chokongola chokhala ndi masamba a siliva.
Saladi amapangidwa kuchokera ku masamba obiriwira, ndipo tiyi imapangidwa kuchokera ku zouma pang'ono. Mitengo ya tubers ikhoza kukazinga kapena yophika. Mwa kulawa, amafanana ndi katsitsumzukwa kapena kolifulawa. Ana okondwera kwambiri akhoza kutafuna pazu mu mawonekedwe ake opangira. Chifukwa cha kusowa kwa starch mu stakhis, n'zotheka, ndipo ngakhale kofunikira, kugwiritsidwa ntchito ndi odwala shuga. Chistets ali ndi mankhwala a insulini ndipo amathandiza kuchepetsa shuga wa magazi.

Ndiponso "makutu a nkhosa" amathandizira kuchepetsa kupanikizika odwala oopsa kwambiri. Mapindu a chomerachi amapita ku mapumidwe ndi magetsi. Chiselesi ikhoza kugwiritsidwa ntchito mopanda mphamvu.

Kukula chomera choterocho ndi kophweka kwambiri kunyumba kwanu. Popanda nthawi yambiri ndi khama, mutha kukhala ndi zakudya zabwino komanso zokoma.