Zomera zofulumira kwambiri zowomba m'dziko

Kukongoletsa kwa nyumba yanu yachilimwe kapena nyumba ya nyumba kumapatsa chitonthozo ndi malo abwino kuno. Ndi bwino kukomana ndi mmawa ndi pomwe madzulo, ndikuyamikira zotsatira za ntchito zawo. Linga ndi mpulumutsi weniweni. Ndi chithandizo chake, mukhoza kutseka mpanda wolemera, mwinamwake, mpanda wosasankhidwa, kukongoletsa bwalo lonse. Kuonjezera apo, tchire linalake, kuthamanga mofulumira komanso lokongola, lingalowe m'malo mwa mipanda. Ngati mwasankha kupanga zokongoletsera m'bwalo lanu, muyenera kudziwa zolinga za mpanda, malo ake pafupi ndi dzuwa ndi zina, komanso mawonekedwe ake. Ndipotu, ikhoza kukhala yaulere ndikukula kumbali yonse. Ndipo pali imodzi imene imafunika kupangidwira, kudula ndi kusinthidwa kwa kukula kwake. Choncho, ndikofunikira kusankha mtundu wabwino wa mbewu zomwe zidzathetseratu bwino zomwe mukufuna.

Sakani chikhodzodzo

Chitsambachi chimakhala ndi zabwino kwambiri kwa wamaluwa omwe akufuna kudzala malo awo mwamsanga. Kutentha kwa chikhodzodzo sikugonjetsedwa ndi matenda, kumapangitsa kuti nyengo ya chisanu ikhale yotentha, ndipo chofunikira kwambiri, zomera izi ndizomwe zikukuta. Chitsamba chimakula mwamsanga kumbali yonse. Nthambi zake zili ndi masamba wandiweyani, omwe amawoneka ngati masamba a mapulo, komanso currants ndi viburnum. Masamba ali ndi maonekedwe okongola komanso osamveka. Kumapeto kwa June ndi kumayambiriro kwa July, zomera zimamasula. Mapulosi ake ndi maambulera ochokera ku maluwa ang'onoang'ono, omwe amadzaza nthambi zowonongeka kale.

Mukudziwa? Chaka chimodzi, chomeracho chimapanga nthambi zake ndi masentimita 40.

Maonekedwe a korona akhoza kupangidwa mwaulere kapena kuwalola kukula m'madera onse. Standard bush ali mawonekedwe ozungulira. Okonza malo ena amapanga akasupe kapena mipanda yochepa. Kutalika kwa chitsamba ndi m'lifupi - mpaka mamita 3. Kudulira zomera ayenera kuchitidwa nthawi zonse, kuchotsa mkati mwa nthambi za kukula, zouma ndi matenda.

Nthaŵi yabwino kwambiri iyi ndiyo kutha kwa autumn kapena kumayambiriro kwa masika, pamene chisanu chowopsya chinali chogona kale. Ndikofunika kuchita izi panthawi yomwe madzi a nthambi sanagwiritse ntchito mwamsanga pa nyengo yofunda. Ndiye simukuwononga chomera chanu. Kupanga mawonekedwe a chitsamba makamaka mu kasupe. Tiyenera kuzindikira mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya malonda. Zili zosiyana kwambiri chifukwa cha mtundu wa masamba. Zitha kukhala:

  • mtundu wofiirira, womwe ungasinthe kuti ukhale wofiira nthawi yam'mbuyo ("Diabolo", "Little Devil", "Coppertina");
  • chikasu ndi golide wamtengo wapatali (Darts Gold, Lutheus);
  • pepala ili ndi mitundu iwiri kamodzi: golidi ndi burgundy ("Center Glow").

Palinso mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya "Nana", yomwe imapangidwa ndi mtundu wobiriwira wobiriwira komanso yokongoletsedwa ndi maluwa oyera.

Thuja

Ichi ndi chomera china chomwe chimalekerera nyengo yozizira bwino ndipo chimasintha mtundu wake kuchokera kubiriwira mu chilimwe kuti ukhale wofiira mpaka nyengo yozizira. N'zotheka kumanga mpanda wa chomera chobiriwira chobirira chachangu pafupifupi zaka 3-4, malingana ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana yomwe ili ndi chiwerengero chachikulu.

Mukudziwa? Njira yabwino yopangira mazenera ndi thuja ndi kubzala mitengo mu "maluwa".

Kawirikawiri kumapangidwe ka malo amagwiritsa ntchito thuja kumadzulo mitundu yambiri:

  • 'Spiralis' ("Spiral");
  • 'Golden Globe' (Golden Ball);
  • 'Columna' ("Kolonovidnaya").
Mpira wa golide uli ndi mtundu wobiriwira, umakula mothandizidwa ngati mpira wokongola ndi wosalala. Kukula kwa chitsamba chotero kudzakhala mkati mwa mita imodzi, koma kuwonjezeka kufika pawiri. Mosiyana ndi mitundu ina ya Tui, izi zimakula pang'onopang'ono, koma zotsatira zake n'zothandiza.

"Kuzimu" kumapangika nthambi iliyonse mu mawonekedwe a mpweya, zomwe zimapangitsa mtengo kukhala wowoneka mosavuta. Kutalika kwake kuli kochepa.

"Kolonovidnuyu" amakondwera kwambiri ndi mawonekedwe ake okongola komanso okongola. Kutalika kwa thuja kungathe kufika mamita 7. Mkati mwake - mpaka awiri. Sichimasintha mtundu wake ndipo chimakhala chovala chobiriwira chaka chonse. Kuwonjezeka kwake kukuposa 20 cm pachaka.

Phunzirani momwe mungamere Brabant, Smaragd ndi Danica pa malo anu, komanso nyumba zamkati.

Ngati mutabzala mbande pafupi ndi mzake, pamtunda wa 50-70 masentimita, ndiye kuti korona za pafupi ndi tui zidzakula. Njirayi ndi yabwino kwa angapo zifukwa:

  • ngati mtengo umodzi umatayika, thanthwe likadalipo, ndi zinyama zokhazokha;
  • iwe umapeza korona wandiweyani ndi wamtali;
  • Mitengo imathandizana wina ndi mzake kukula ndikukhala wobiriwira.

Kuti apange linga lakukula mofulumira komanso losatha, ngakhale kuti likugwirizana bwino, liripo zambiri zofooka.

M'nyengo yozizira, chisanu pa korona chikhoza kuthyola nthambi pansi pa kulemera kwake, zomwe ziri zoipa kwambiri kwa mtengo. Ndipo m'nyengo ya masika, chifukwa chakuti nthaka imatha pang'onopang'ono, vuto lina likuwoneka: mizu ya mitundu yambiri imalephera kudzaza gawo la mlengalenga ndi madzi. Pachifukwa ichi, nsonga za nthambi nthawi zambiri zimawotchedwa pansi pa dzuwa la masika.

Matendawa angathe kuthetsedweratu mwakumangiriza mu nyengo yozizira ndikukoka ulusi kuzungulira mtengo, kapena angapo kamodzi, ngati atabzalidwa "maluwa". Njira yotsiriza ndi yabwino chifukwa nthambi zoyandikana sizimasintha chinyontho mwamsanga nthawi ya chilimwe, n'kuzisiya m'chaka.

Tembenukani

Kutembenuka ndi tchire kwa mazinga, otchipa ndi okula mofulumira. Chomeracho chinabwera kwa ife kuchokera ku zakutchire, kotero kudzibweretsera chitsamba chochepa kuchokera m'nkhalango ndizofunika kwambiri. Osapitirira chaka chimodzi kapena ziwiri, malo otsetsereka adzakula ndikukongoletsa mpanda wanu.

Mukudziwa? Kutembenuka kumabereka. Madzi okometsera ndi mavitamini opangidwa kuchokera ku zipatso zake.

Pali mitundu yambiri ya minga yomwe obereketsa amabweretsa. Ena a iwo amachita ntchito yokongoletsera yokha, chifukwa chake amawoneka okhwima. Zina zimabereka zipatso, kukoma komwe kumasiyananso ndi mitundu ina. Ambiri mitundu yotchuka ndi mitundu:

  • 'Plena' (Terry Plum). Fomu yamaluwayi imapatsa chipatso chobiriwira buluu ndi malaya oyera, ofanana ndi maula. Amamvetsera tart, ndi zolemba zowawa. Zimatuluka m'nyengo yozizira ya April kapena kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa May ndi maluwa oyera. Nthawi imeneyi imakhala nthawi yayitali, yomwe mitundu yosiyanasiyana imayamikirira zokongoletsera.
  • 'Purpurea' ("Purple"). Sikovuta kuganiza kuti dzinalo linapita chifukwa cha mtundu wa masamba a chitsamba ichi.
  • "Red Leaf". Masamba ali wofiira kwambiri. Zipatso zosayenera kumwa. Zili zosasangalatsa kwa kukoma ndikuwoneka zochepa.
Mitundu yake yonse ndi mitundu yonse imalekerera nyengo yozizira. Khalani mofulumira kwambiri, ndipo ngati mukusowa mawonekedwe okongola, muyenera kuzisamalira kwambiri. Zomera zonse zimachokera ku mizu. Choncho, ndi kofunika kuti mupatule mizu ndikuchotsa mbande zochulukirapo.

Ndikofunikira! Mu chaka chimodzi chokha, khoma lakuda ndi thotho la minga ikhoza kukula kuchokera ku sapling.

Amaluwa ena amafukula zitsulo kapena zitsulo pansi pa minga kuti asiye kukula kwa shrub. Ndikofunikira kudula chitsamba m'dzinja, mu November pamene nthawi yosamba yatha.

Kuti mpanda wanu usataye mawonekedwe okongola, amafunika kudula nthawi. Kuti muchite izi mudzafunika pruner ndi mzere wamaluwa.

Boxwood

Aliyense amadziwa chitsamba ichi. Iye wangwiro kwa kazembe:

  • chomera chosatha;
  • osati zoipa kupatula chisanu chisanu ngakhale popanda kutentha;
  • ili ndi nthambi zambiri ndi masamba ang'onoang'ono owala;
  • shrub yobiriwira;
  • kukulolani kuti mupange mawonekedwe alionse.
Posankha zosiyanasiyana, samalani kutalika kwa tchire, chifukwa ena mwa iwo akhoza kukhala amodzi. Pali mitundu yomwe imakulolani kukweza khoma la masamba obiriwira ndi theka la mamita. Zitsamba zina zomwe sizimatchera, pokhala pamalo abwino otentha, zimakula kufika mamita atatu. Kwenikweni, kudula khoma la bokosi ndilozolowereka komwe kumachitika sabata lirilonse lachisanu ndi chimodzi pambuyo pa woyamba wa May. Kenaka tchire lidzawoneka bwino komanso lokongola.

Ndikofunikira! Nthawi yoyamba imadulidwa nthawi yomweyo theka la chitsamba. Ichi ndi chizindikiro chenicheni cha mbeu, kenako chimayamba kukula mofulumira.

Ndikofunika kuti tsitsi loyamba likhale loyenera, komwe kukula kwa tchire kumadalira. Zimapangidwa chaka choyamba mutabzala sapling. Tsoka ilo, mu chaka simudzakula chitsamba chodabwitsa kwambiri. Njira iyi ikuchedwa. Chifukwa mu mawonekedwe a mmera ndi bwino kugula kale chomera chachikulu ali ndi zaka zitatu komanso ali ndi zaka zoposa eyiti.

Mitundu yosasinthasintha yofiira imakhala ndi masamba obiriwira. Zosankha ndi mitundu ina ndi abwino kutentha zigawo.

Hawthorn

Chitsamba ichi ndi chokongola kwa mazenera. Amakhala pafupifupi zaka 300. Osadziŵika ndi zofunikira zoonjezera zosamalira kapena nyengo. Mitundu ina, komabe, silingalekerere nyengo yozizira. Choncho, posankha n'kofunika kumvetsera chinthu ichi. Ambiri zosankha zambiri kuti apange linga:

  • Zachilendo. Kutalika kwazitsamba kumakhala masentimita 2.5. Kutalika kwa chitsamba kumatha kufika mamita 8. Chikhoza kukula mumthunzi, koma chimasiyana ndi pang'onopang'ono kukula. Mu August, amapereka zipatso zabwino zofiira.
  • Softish Amalekerera chisanu mpaka -30 ° С, chitsamba chamtali chotalika chokhala ndi nthawi yaitali.
  • Arnold Mitundu imeneyi imalekerera osati chisanu, komanso chilala. Kusiyana mu kukula kofulumira ndi zipatso zokoma.
  • Wotsanzira-ngati. Kutalika kwa chitsamba chafika mamita 6. Chakhala ndi nthawi yaitali kwambiri.
Kuchokera ku chomerachi mukhoza kupanga wokongola, wandiweyani ndi wandiweyani khoma. Anabzala mbande zabwino zaka zitatu mu chitsanzo cha checkerboard. Pambuyo pa zaka ziwiri zoyambirira za moyo wanu mmunda wanu, muyenera kudula nthambizo, ndikusiya 20 cm pamtunda uliwonse. Chitsamba chidzapatsa nthambi zatsopano ndi kuzizira.

Mukudziwa? Mtundu wa hawthorn woterewu uli ndi mitsempha, yomwe ili ndi masentimita 10 m'litali, chifukwa chake iwo ali osagwirizana ndi osokonekera pang'ono.

Nthawi yowononga mitengo ndi masiku otentha kumapeto kwa mwezi wa April. Ndiye muyenera kuyembekezera chaka, kenako pitirizani kukonza mawonekedwe anu, kudulira nthambi zina. Kukongoletsa tsitsi kumatha kupangidwa kuchokera ku kasupe mpaka kumapeto. Kukula kwa zomera - 30 cm pa chaka.

Forsythia

Chomera chodabwitsa chodabwitsa, chimafunidwa ndi aliyense wamaluwa. Ndipotu, izi ndizowonjezera kutentha. Chitsamba ichi ndi choyamba kuchiphimba golide inflorescences nthambi zake kumayambiriro kwa kasupe, zomwe zimawoneka ngati zowopsya dzuwa. Nthawi yamaluwa - April, ndi kumwera - kuyamba kwa March. Chomera chimakondweretsa ndi kukongola kwa dzuwa kwa pafupifupi mwezi umodzi. Chitsamba chimakhalanso chosiyana mu mawonekedwe ake, chifukwa nthambi iliyonse ndi yaitali, yoonda komanso yokongola. Malo abwino a Forsythia ndi ofunda ndi dzuwa, opanda ma drafts. Mthunzi udzawonetseredwa mu mdima wofooka. Forsythia amasiyana chifukwa chotsutsana ndi chisanu: Kulimba kwa chisanu kungawononge nthambi zazing'ono zomwe maluwa amapanga. Choncho, m'nyengo yozizira ayenera kutsekedwa. Koma iye amakonda mvula kuposa madzi okwanira amphamvu. Kukonza tsitsi kumayenera kuchitidwa mosamala, chifukwa mdulidwe wochuluka sungapangitse chirichonse. Mukungochotsa mphukira zazing'ono, ndipo simudzawona maluwa a golide m'chaka. Pezani mawonekedwe a chitsamba kuti akhale June, pamene maluwawo adatha. Kwa mpanda wokongola Mitundu iyi ndi yoyenera:

  • European ndi Giralda ndizozigonjetsedwa kwambiri ndi chisanu;
  • zomera zobiriwira zimakhala ndi maluwa akuluakulu, koma salola nyengo yozizira ndipo ndi yoyenera kumadera akum'mwera;
  • masamba ovunda;
  • kugwedezeka
  • pafupifupi nyengo yopanda malire.

Ndikofunikira! Feteleza ndi zofunika kwa forcingia: organic feteleza amagwiritsidwa ntchito autumn, mchere feteleza amayamba mu kasupe. Komanso - kudulira, komwe kumachitika chaka chilichonse. Popanda kuchita izi, chitsamba chimakhala chofooka kwambiri.

Zosangalatsa

Chovala chambiri chimakhala chobiriwira chomwe chiri chabwino kwa kukongoletsa kwa malo. Masamba ake, onga a boxwood, ali owala, koma mawonekedwe awo amakhala ochepa. M'nyengo yamasika, imakongoletsedwa ndi maluwa oyera a chipale chofewa, ndipo pafupi ndi nthawi yophukira imadulidwa ndi zipatso zakuda buluu. Pali mitundu yomwe masamba ake amagwa m'nyengo yozizira yonse kapena mbali imodzi ndi imene imakhala yobiriwira chaka chonse. Ndizotheka kupanga mawonekedwe a chitsamba chotero, koma chifukwa cha kukula kwake kwautali, mapangidwe amatenga nthawi yaitali. Otchuka Kwambiri mitundu:

  • 'Glaucum' - sikula pamwamba pa mita imodzi;
  • 'Atrovirens' - ali ndi masamba okongola komanso obiriwira a mthunzi wobiriwira wakuda;
  • 'Aureum' - ili ndi masamba obiriwira omwe ali ndi golide, nyengo yosungira bwino.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati 'Aureum' zosiyanasiyana zimabzalidwa mumthunzi, zidzataya chikasu chake, ndipo zidzakhala zakuda.

Yew

The yew ndi ya coniferous ndi zomera zobiriwira, zomwe zimasiyana ndi izo chifukwa ziribe fungo, chifukwa sizitulutsa phula. Ndizo mitsinje yosankha mabulosi: M'malo mwa cones pa chitsamba kukula zipatso - wofiira, buluu. Iwo amadula nthambi zambiri ndi kukongoletsa kuthengo mpaka nyengo yozizira.

Mu malo okongoletsera, ndiwotchuka kwambiri chifukwa chakuti amatsutsa kudula mobwerezabwereza, kuti ukhale ndi mawonekedwe alionse. Zoonadi korona wake amawoneka ngati dzira. Chomerachi sichikulira - sichimawonjezeka kuposa mamita 1, koma pali mitundu yomwe imatha kufika mamita 3.5 M'zaka zoyambirira za moyo wake, imayamba pang'onopang'ono, ndipo imangoyamba zaka zisanu zokha. Mzu wake uli wamphamvu kwambiri ndi wamphamvu. Sakusowa chithandizo chapadera.

Mukudziwa? Mtengo wa Yew uli ndi katundu wodabwitsa: sumavunda, sagonjetsedwa ndi mabakiteriya kapena tizilombo tina, omwe amathyoledwa mobwerezabwereza. Choncho, a yew amapezeka mu Bukhu Loyera.

Kukonzekera kwa malo ndi kosavuta kugwiritsa ntchito yew, chifukwa imakula pang'onopang'ono, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti mawonekedwe omwe mumapereka adzakhala osasinthika kwa zaka zingapo. Pamene akudulira mphukira, wamaluwa amatha kumva mutu kapena matenda ena. Izi ndi chifukwa chakuti mu yew khungula pali mankhwala owopsa omwe, pamene mapangidwe a nthambi akuphwanyidwa, amayamba kuphulika. Pang'ono pokha sizingakhale zoopsa zazikulu, koma ngati pali ana ang'ono pabwalo, ndibwino kukana yew. Ndi ochepa mitunduzomwe ziri zangwiro kwa kuzungulira:

  • `Nana` (" Nana ") - ali ndi pamwamba, nsonga zobiriwira pamutu zimakhala ndi chikasu;
  • 'Hicksii' ("Hixie") - kusiyana uku kukukula mwa mawonekedwe a mzere wozungulira mumdima wobiriwira mpaka mamita awiri;
  • 'Repandens' ("Ripendans") - pang'onopang'ono koma mwabwino kwambiri imakwera pansi ndi theka la mamita kuwonjezeka kwa chaka, kukhala ndi mawonekedwe a ambulera mumdima, womwe umapangidwa mu buluu;
  • 'Fastigiata Aurea' ("Aurea Fastigiata") ndi chitsanzo cha kuthamanga kwa mamita awiri, ndipo mbali zake zimakhala zojambula zachikasu.

Deciduous Barberry wa Thunberg

Thunberg's deciduous barberry ndi mitundu yosiyana barberry, yomwe ndi mitundu yambiri ya mitundu. Zimasiyana ndi mtundu wa masamba ake. Zitha kukhala zobiriwira, zofiirira, zakuda zofiira kapena zofiirira ndi golide wagolide. Kutalika kwa barberry kumatha kufika mamita 2.5 Mmerawo ndi wodzichepetsa, koma ndibwino kuti usabzala mumthunzi. Amakula mofulumira kwambiri m'zaka zoyambirira pambuyo pochoka, ndiye kuti ndondomekoyi ikucheperachepera. Imalekerera chisanu nthawi zambiri, koma pa nyengo yozizira kwambiri ndi bwino kuphimba chomeracho.

Kudulira kungakhoze kuchitika mu kugwa ndi kasupe, monga ndi mitengo ina, kumasula korona ku masamba owuma ndi opweteka. Pa nthawi yomweyi, barberry yokha imakula bwino, ndikupanga ngakhale mawonekedwe ake enieni. Amamera m'masiku a May a maluwa ochepa omwe amasonkhana mu inflorescences, ndipo mu August-September amasonyeza zofiira zobiriwira zakupha. Ndondomeko ya maluwa ndi fruiting imayamba kokha chaka chachisanu mutabzala.

Nthambi zachitsamba zimakhala zokhota, zophimbidwa ndi masamba wandiweyani, kumene korona amawoneka obiriwira. Pali minga pa iwo, zomwe zimakhala ngati chitetezo chabwino ngati mugwiritse ntchito barberry wa Thunberg kuti ukhale ndi mpanda. Barberry wamtamboyomwe idzakongoletsa malire:

  • "Kobold" - chitsamba chosapitirira 30 masentimita ndi masamba obiriwira masamba omwe amakhala alanje lalanje ndi autumn;
  • "Bagetel" - mawonekedwe ozungulira, osapitirira 40 masentimita, ali ndi masamba ofiira, omwe, akamakula dzuwa, amawoneka ofiira, ndipo mumthunzi - wobiriwira;
  • "Kukoka" - kumakula mu mpira wokhala ndi masentimita 50 cm ndipo uli ndi masamba apadera, omwe ali ofiira mkati ndipo ali ndi malire pamphepete;
  • "Golide Wolemera" - korona wagolide wagolide, womwe umatembenuza pinki mu autumn;
  • "Atropurpurea Nana" - chitsamba chofiira, kufikira masentimita 60, mamita 1;
  • "Chophimba Chobiriwira" - sichikula pamwamba pa 50 cm ndipo chimakhala ndi masamba obiriwira mu korona wozungulira.
Kwa mpanda waukulu wa masamba:

  • "Mfumukazi ya Pinki" - dzuwa likamasanduka pinki ndi kuwala ndi mdima;
  • "Maria" ndi chitsamba chozizira kwambiri cha golide chomwe chili ngati chingwe, chomwe kutalika kwake kukufikira mamita 1, ndipo m'lifupi mwake ndi masentimita 40;
  • "Irekta" - chitsamba chobiriwira chobiriwira, chimakhala chofiira ndi autumn.

Zitsamba zina zimagwiritsidwanso ntchito kupanga mazenera: turf, phulusa la mapiri, cotonaster, chubushnik, certzis.

Ngati pali chikhumbo chachikulu chokhazikitsa munda wanu ndi kuzungulira manja anu popanda kuthandizidwa ndi ntchito yamtengo wapatali ya akatswiri - nkhaniyi iyenera kukhala yoyenera. Ndipotu, shrub yosankhidwa bwino ndi yosiyana ndizofunikira kuti pakhale malo abwino.