Zitsamba zosankhidwa, zikufalikira m'chaka, ndi kufotokoza ndi chithunzi

M'nkhani ino, tikambirana za zomera zonse zomwe zili mbali yazitsamba zamaluwa ndi zamasamba.

Lilac

Lilac ndi shrub ya banja la Olive, ali ndi mitundu pafupifupi 30. Kumtchire, amapezeka pafupifupi pafupifupi ku Ulaya konse, mitundu ina imakula ku Asia.

Chomeracho n'chofunika kwambiri chifukwa cha makhalidwe ake okongoletsera (maluwa okongola ndi fungo losangalatsa), komanso chisamaliro chosavuta. Kuonjezera apo, lilac imakhala yovuta ku chisanu. Zilonda za lilac zimamera mvula makamaka mu May, koma mitundu ina imayamba kuphuka chilimwe mu June. Kutalika kwa nyengo yokula kumadalira zosiyanasiyana.

Mukudziwa? Muyeso Zomera zokongoletsera lilac zakula kwa zaka pafupifupi 500.
Lilac ayenera kubzala kuyambira kumapeto kwa August mpaka September. Malo a chitsamba ayenera kuyatsa bwino ndi kutetezedwa ku mphepo yamkuntho, imatha kumera pamalo osungunuka, koma pakali pano padzakhala maluwa ochepa kwambiri. Chomeracho ndi choyenera pafupifupi mitundu yonse ya nthaka imene chinyezi sichikukhazikika, koma njira yabwino kwambiri idzakhala nthaka yopanda ndale ndi acidity low.

Kuti mukhale ndi maluwa abwino chaka chotsatira, muyenera kutulutsa zowonjezera 50% za mphukira yomwe idaphuka chaka chino.

Ndikofunikira! Lilac mwachidule sagwirizane ndi malo omwe amatha kusefukira mu kasupe kapena m'dzinja.

Weigela

Ng'ombe ndi mtundu wa zitsamba zakuda, maluwa kawiri pachaka, ndi a Honeysuckle. Zitsambazi zimaphulika mu pinki, zoyera, zachikasu ndi zofiira. Nyerere zimatsika mu March kapena April, malowa ayenera kuyatsa bwino ndi kutetezedwa ku mphepo. Nthaka ikhale yotayirira, ndi nthaka yachonde (yosakanikirana ndi mchenga) ndi khala ndi ngalandechifukwa chomera sichiloleza kuchuluka kwa chinyezi.

Ndikofunikira! Mbewu zomwe ziri zoposa zaka zitatu zitha kubzalidwa kumayambiriro kwa nyundo.
Kwa nyengo yozizira, chomerachi chiyenera kukulumikizidwa ndi zinthu zoteteza, ndipo thunthu liyenera kupangidwa pansi. Ngati chomeracho chimazizira kwambiri m'nyengo yozizira, zidzakhala zofunikira kuzimwa madzi (pafupifupi 10 malita), njirayi iyenera kuchitika m'nyengo yozizira.

Mahonia

Mahonia ndi chomera chobiriwira cha m'banja la Barberry. Chitsambachi chimakhala ndi mizu yozama kwambiri, yomwe imawathandiza kuchotsa chinyezi chofunikira.

Ma tsamba a Mahonia alibe masamba wokongoletsera, komanso amathandiza.

Nthaka yobzala Magonia iyenera kukhala yachonde ndi msinkhu wa asidi ndi madzi abwino. Malowo akhoza kukhala a dzuwa ndi a mthunzi. Iyo imabereka mwa kuika.

Mahonia kukana ndi chilala, ndi madzi okwanira ambiri, omwe amachititsa kuti madzi asaphuke, akhoza kuwononga kwambiri. Bwezerani bwino mu kasupe kapena m'dzinja. Mitengo yaing'ono imayenera kuphimbidwa m'nyengo yozizira.

Mukudziwa? Magonia zipatso zimakhala ndi kuchepetsa kuthamanga kwa magazi.

Amondi

Amondi ndi shrub kapena mtengo wosatha, ndi wa banja la Plum, ali ndi Asia ndipo ali ndi mitundu pafupifupi 40. Kuyamikira maluwa okongola, fungo losangalatsa panthawi ya maluwa ndi phindu la chipatso. Ziphuphu pinki mu March kapena April.

Mukudziwa? M'mavuto abwino, amondi amatha zaka 80 ndi kupitirira.
Malo a almond ayenera kukhala dzuwa, chifukwa ndi chomera chokonda kutentha. Nthaka yobzala ingakhale pafupifupi iliyonse, koma yabwino kwambiri ndi yachonde, yotsika-asidi, yothira bwino.

Zosakwanira ndi dothi la nthaka mkulu acidity, komanso madera okhala ndi madzi apansi. Maamondi amabzalidwa mu kugwa, monga chomera chimayamba kuwonjezeka m'chaka. Kudulira masamba odwala ndi owuma kumachitika chaka ndi chaka, masamba atagwa ndi m'nyengo yozizira.

Ndikofunikira! Amondi amalekerera kwambiri chisanu, pamene kutentha kumatsika pansipa -20° ะก Mphukira pa chomera imayamba kufa.

Forsythia

Forsythia, wotchedwanso Forsythia, ndi mtengo wawung'ono kapena shrub wa mitengo ya Azitona.

Pezani mitundu ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mitundu yosiyanasiyana yomwe ili yotchuka ndi wamaluwa.

Pali mitundu 7 ya zomera. Izi zimakhala zachikasu, nthawi zina zimakhala zobiriwira zoyera kuyambira April mpaka May.

Forsythia sali ovuta kwambiri posamala. Malo oti kulima ayenera kukhala bwino kwambiri ndi dzuwa, ndipo nthaka ikhoza kukhala iliyonse. Chomerachi chimalekerera chilala mosavuta, choncho nthawi zonse muyenera kutsimikiza kuti dothi siliri lonyowa kwambiri.

Spirea

Spirea ndi shrub ya banja la Rosy. Mbewuyi ili ndi mitundu pafupifupi 100 yomwe imamera kuyambira kumayambiriro kwa kasupe mpaka kumapeto kwa chilimwe. Chomera ichi chimagonjetsedwa ndi chisanu ndipo sichifunikira chisamaliro chapadera, chimatha kukula mu nthaka iliyonse, koma malamulo ena ayenera kutsatira.

Werenganinso za zovuta za kukula kwa mtundu wa spirea: Wangutta, Japanese spirea, imvi spirea.

Mphunoyi imakhala ndi mizu yozama ndipo nthawi yamvula imamera madzi okwanira omwe amayenera kuchitika milungu iwiri iliyonse. Matenda ambiri ndi tizilombo toononga sizowopsa kwa spirea.

Kawirikawiri zomera zimagwidwa ndi kangaude ndi aphid. Kudulira kwachitika kumayambiriro kwa masika, masamba asanaphuke. Zaka 6-12 zilizonse pa chitsamba muyenera kuchotsa mphukira zonse zakale.

Kalina Buldenezh

Kalina Buldenezh (yomasuliridwa kuchokera ku French monga "chipale chofewa") ndi yokongola shrub yomwe ili ndi white inflorescences yofanana ndi snowball. Amamasula osaposa masabata atatu. Buldenezh amakonda nthaka ndi mkulu chinyezi, koma akhoza kukhala wamkulu mu nthaka youma, anapereka bwino madzi okwanira.

Kwa wokongola maluwa viburnum ayenera kuteteza chomera ku matenda ndi tizilombo toononga.

Kuunikira kwa viburnum kuyenera kukhala malo ochepetsetsa, othuthuka. Kumalo otseguka masamba a chomera amatentha, omwe amachititsa imfa ya chitsamba chomwecho. Chaka chilichonse kugwa, kudulira nthambi zowuma ndi matenda kumachitika, ndipo mphukira zazing'ono zimadulidwa kukongoletsera, kusiya imodzi yokha.

Photogilla

Fothergilla ndi shrub yomwe ili ya Witch Hazel. Kutalika kumafika pa 1 mpaka 2 mamita, kumamera mu May kwa masiku 14, kumakhala ndi inflorescences woyera mpaka 10 cm mu kukula.

Pa chitsamba ichi malo abwino kwambiri adzalandidwa ndi kutetezedwa ku mphepo. Nthaka iyenera kukhala yachonde, yosakhala yothira komanso yothira. Kudulira chomera kumachitika ngati n'kofunikira zaka zingapo, zonse chifukwa chitsamba chimakula pang'onopang'ono. Photogill imakhala yovuta kwambiri ndi chisanu, koma tchire tating'ono tiyeneranso kuphimbidwa m'nyengo yozizira.

Mukudziwa? Photogillah inalembedwa m'zaka za zana la 18.

Kolkvitsiya

Kolkvitsiya - osatha shrub, omwe ali a banja la Linneev. Mu msinkhu ndi m'lifupi mukhoza kufika mamita oposa atatu. Iyo imamasula mu masika ndi chilimwe. Maluwa ndi amphamvu kwambiri ndipo amatha kutseka masamba. Mofanana ndi zitsamba zina zambiri, zomera zimakhala zosasinthasintha.

Colvicia akhoza kukula mumthunzi wa mitengo, chifukwa sichikonda kuwala kwa dzuwa. Ponena za nthaka, njira yabwino kwambiri idzakhala yabwino, nthaka yosakanikirana ndi mchenga. Chomeracho sichimakonda madzi ochulukirapo. Kudulira shrub ayenera kukhala pambuyo maluwa.

Chubushnik

Chubushnik - shrub kuchokera ku banja Hortensia, imatchedwanso kuti jasmine. Pali mitundu pafupifupi 70, yomwe imapezeka pakati pathu ndi: yachitsamba, korona, Chubushnik Lemoine.

Zomwe zimafunika kukula chubushnik ndi zofanana ndi mitundu yonse ya mitundu yake. Chomerachi ndi chodzichepetsa kwambiri ndipo chimasinthika mosavuta ku zinthu zomwe zimakula. Chinthu chokha chomwe chingasokoneze njenjete ndi malo okwera kwambiri a madzi apansi kapena chinyezi chakuya, zomwe zimachititsa kuti madzi asapitirire. Zitsambazi zimafalitsidwa ndi tizirombo, mbewu, ndi njira yowonjezera yomwe ikugawidwa ndi chitsamba.

Kuphatikizana, tingathe kunena molimba mtima kuti zitsamba zomwe zimaphulika mu mvula zimakhala zosagwedezeka kwambiri, sizikusowa zosamalitsa, komanso chofunika kwambiri, zomera zokongola zomwe aliyense angathe kukula mosavuta pabwalo lawo kapena m'munda.