Kondani kapena Duk: momwe mungamere ndi kukula

Chokoma kukoma kwa yamatcheri ndi kuuma kosauka kwa yamatcheri mu mabulosi amodzi aakulu - kuphatikiza kotere, kupatula mu loto, ndi chomera chamoyo chokha. Koma m'chilengedwe, zonse n'zotheka, ndipo makamaka ngati abereketsa amatengedwa kuti apite patsogolo. Chotsatira chake, wamaluwawo anapatsidwa mpata wokulitsa mchere kapena, monga iwo amatchedwa, potengera. Mafuta aakulu onunkhira akudabwa ndi maonekedwe ndi kukoma, ndi mitengo - ndi zokolola. Momwe mungakulire chozizwitsa chotere pa webusaitiyi, tidzakambirana m'nkhaniyi.

Duke: chozizwitsa ichi ndi chiani?

Kwa okonda zipatso zambiri ndi mabulosi, kanyumba ndi zodabwitsa kuchokera ku dziko la nthano. Tidzamvetsa zomwe ziri ndi zomwe zili mu zipatso - yamatcheri kapena yamatcheri okoma.

Sayansi, Duke ndi wosakanizidwa ndi zikhalidwe zonse ziwiri. Komanso, kuyera kwa mitengo iyi kunachitika mwangozi pafupifupi m'zaka za XVII.

Otsatsa okonda chidwiwa, ndipo patapita nthawi iwo anayamba kubzala mbewu.

Mukudziwa? Mawu akuti "Duke" kutanthauzira ku zokolola za mitengo amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi Asilavic okha, ndipo ku Ulaya sizinayambe mizu. Dzina limeneli linachokera ku mitundu yosiyanasiyana "May Duke", kutanthauza "May Duke".

Pambuyo pa dziko la Soviet, wolamulira woyamba anawonekera m'ma 90s kuphulika Belle cherries ndi Winkler woyera yamatcheri. Asayansi atanthawuza kulima kwake kumpoto, chotero, adayambitsa kutentha kwa chisanu. Koma nyengo zovuta kwambiri zowonjezera zinali zamphamvu kuposa masamba osakhwima, ndipo mtengo unapereka zokolola zochepa.

Zitsanzo za kumadzulo, zomwe zinabweretsa maulendo athu, zimakhumudwitse wamaluwawo ndi makhalidwe awo a thermophilic, omwe amachititsa mavuto ambiri ndi nyengo yozizira. Pa mitundu yochepa ya mitengo, ambiri mwa iwo analibe zipatso, ena anapatsa zokolola zochepa.

Lero, chithunzichi chasintha kwambiri. Otsatsa anagwira ntchito mwakhama kuti akondwere wamaluwa wamaluwa ndi zowonongeka ku matenda ndi kuzizira. Kuwonjezera apo, potsiriza, anatha kukwaniritsa zokolola zambiri. Popeza duki ndi wosakanizidwa yamatcheri ndi yamatcheri, pali makhalidwe a mitundu yonse iwiri mkati mwake, ngakhale pali mawonetseredwe pang'ono a chitumbuwa.

Kunja, ndi mtengo wawung'ono wokhala ndi korona wonyezimira, nthambi zowonongeka, masamba oblong wofiira, white inflorescences ndi zipatso zokoma zazikulu zofiira.

Maonekedwe ndi kuchuluka kwa masamba, fungo la zipatso, kukoma kwawo, nyengo yozizira hardiness chikhalidwe pafupi ndi chitumbuwa, ndi kukula kwa chipatso, shuga wawo wokhutira - ku chitumbuwa chokoma. Pafupipafupi, mabulosi amodzi amapachika pafupi 15-20 g Mitengo imalowa mu fruiting gawo lachitatu kapena lachinai, kubweretsa 10 kg ya zipatso pa nyengo.

Tikukulimbikitsani kuti mudzidziwe nokha ndi mndandanda wa mitundu yambiri yamatchire yakucha komanso yakuthwa, komanso yachikasu ndi yochedwa yamatcheri mitundu yanu yamaluwa.

Pamwamba Maphunziro

Gulu losiyana la ma chromosomes wa yamatcheri ndi yamatcheri amavuta kwambiri ntchito yomwe amaikiranso ndi botanist popanga mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya abakha. Ndicho chifukwa chake zosankha zapakhomo zakale zinali zochepa. Zina mwa mayiko a ku Ulaya muzaka zapitazi, mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya French yopanga "Mfumukazi Hortensia", "Empress Eugenia" inali yofunikira. Lero iwo adakanizidwa ndi achibale awo:

midzi oyambirira

  • "Saratovskaya mwana" (omwe amadziwika ndi zokolola zambiri za mtengo wathanzi ndi zipatso zazikulu za mchere, zomwe zimabisika mukhwangwala ndipo sizikupezeka kwa mbalame);
  • "Cherry yodabwitsa" (ndiyodalirika chifukwa cha kuleza mtima kwa chilala, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi nyengo yachisanu; imapereka zokolola zambiri chaka chilichonse);
  • "Phokoso" (amayenera kusamala chifukwa cha kukoma kwa mbewu);
kukula msinkhu

  • "Hodosa" (ndi mtengo wolimba, wakupatsa zipatso zazikulu ndi zowakometsera zokoma;
  • "Spartan" (zomwe zimapezeka pazinyalalazi ndizozizira kwambiri, ndiye kuti kumpoto kumapiri);
  • "Kutenga mwana" (kunja kwake ndi mtengo wamtali wobala zipatso zazikulu);
  • "Namwino" (zosiyanasiyana ndizo zabwino kwambiri mu chipatso cha zipatso);
  • "Theanna" (zipatso za zosiyanasiyanazi zimatha kutchulidwa kuti ndizovomerezeka);
mochedwa mochedwa

  • "Ivanovna" (ndi mtsogoleri wa mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya gululi ndipo ndi mtengo wotsika ndi zipatso zazikulu zofiira);
  • "Usiku" (ubwino wa mtunduwu umakhala m'magazi kuti amenyane ndi amphaseri a moniliosis ndi kokomikoza);
  • "Wopambana Venyaminova" (mbali ya zosiyanasiyana - mu zipatso zowonongeka).
Ndikofunikira! Kugula mbande za mphika, samalani. NthaƔi zina amagulitsidwa popanda kusonyeza mitundu yosiyanasiyana pansi pa mawu olembedwa "Duk" kapena "chitumbuwa-chitumbuwa". Vuto la mbande zoterozo ndilo chiyambi chawo chosamvetsetseka, monga momwe zimayimiratu nthawi zambiri zomwe zimakanidwa ndi zosauka zobala zipatso ndi zozizira za mazira amayi amapezeka mwa mawonekedwe awa..

Kusankha malo kuti apange zoumba

Kuti zodabwitsa chitumbuwa chakuthokozani chifukwa chokolola zochuluka, zimayenera kupeza malo abwino. Apo ayi, malo anu adzakhala mtengo wosabereka. Kwa chitukuko chonse penumbra ndilofunika penumbra, kutetezedwa ku mphepo yamkuntho ndi ma drafts, komanso kulemera kwa zakudya m'nthaka ndi acid acid pH 7.

Kulima kumadera akutsetsere, kumene madzi ambiri amasonkhana mu chilimwe ndi mphepo yozizira m'nyengo yozizira, sikugwira ntchito.

Ndikofunikira! Kwa zambiri fruiting, mitengoyi iyenera kuyesedwa pafupi ndi yamatcheri, chifukwa iwo okha samapanga mungu ndipo samadziwa mungu wa yamatcheri.

Zangwiro Padzakhala chiwembu ndi gawo losavuta komanso lachinyontho. Ngati palibe chinthu chomwecho m'dera lanu, ndibwino kuti musamayambe kupanga zochitika za mpingo. Dothi losakanikirana liyenera kukhala lopanda mphamvu ndi 1.5 makilogalamu a choko, ndipo dongo lolemera liyenera kulowetsedwa pamalo otsetsereka ndi chisakanizo chofanana ndi nthaka yachonde ndi mchenga.

Koma izi sizinthu zonse zomwe zimawalamulira. Ayenera kukula pafupi ndi yamatcheri ndi yamatcheri, chifukwa sangathe kudzipiritsa. Pakuti fruiting pafupi ndi zokwanira 2-4 mitengo.

Mukudziwa? Kale, makolo athu ankapanga utoto wa zakudya kuchokera ku yamatcheri, ndipo sanali ofiirira, koma wobiriwira.

Kubzala malamulo mbande

Chowongolera chachikulu mukamabzala mbande za mbewu za zipatso zosiyanasiyana ndiko kukhala mtunda wofunikira pakati pa mitengo ndi kukonzekera kwa dzenje. Muzinthu zina zonse, kubzala ndi kusiya nyumba sikusiyana ndi anzawo. Zangwiro rooting nthawi Mbewu ndikumayambiriro kwa masika, koma dziko lapansi liyenera kutentha bwino. Choyamba, pewani malo osankhidwa pamtunda wa mita imodzi ndi mamita 70 masentimita. Zikhalidwe zina zisakhale pafupi kuposa mamita asanu. Pansi pa dzenje munkaika madzi, pamwamba - kumangirira kwa kusakaniza komwe kunakonzedwa kale ndi manyowa a nthaka.

Njira ina ingakhale mineral feteleza: 0,5 kg ya superphosphate ndi 300 g ya potaziyamu sulphate. Mtengo umakula kwambiri zosakondweretsedwa, chifukwa m'manda mizu imaikidwa chifukwa chovunda ndi imfa ya wosakanizidwa. Pambuyo kukumba mu mizu yowongoka, musaiwale kugwedeza thunthu bwinobwino kuti mudzaze pansi pazitsulo mumzu, ndikutsitsirani chomeracho mochuluka. Zidzatengera pafupifupi ndowa ziwiri za madzi.

Mukudziwa? Pafupifupi makilogalamu 40 a njuchi amachokera ku hekita imodzi ya zipatso za chitumbuwa ndi zipatso za chitumbuwa.

Momwe mungasamalire wosakanizidwa: kulima bwino bakha

Kusamalira abakha kumafuna kuchepa kusiyana ndi zomera zina. Mwachitsanzo, safunikira kudyetsa. Ndipo chifukwa choti chakudya chochulukirapo chimapangitsa kuti mitengo ikhale yovuta, koma, mwatsoka, nyengo yachisanu ilibe nthawi yoti ikhale yamphamvu ndipo imatsogolera kufooka kwa chikhalidwe, ndipo poipa kwambiri mpaka imfa yake.

Kuthirira, korona yokonzekera korona ndi mankhwala a mitengo yamtengo wapatali zimakhala zofunikira polima mitengo. Koma za zonsezi mu dongosolo.

Kuthamanga ndi kuchuluka kwa ulimi wothirira

Mofanana ndi zipatso zonse zamwala, izi sizimasowa ulimi wothirira mobwerezabwereza. Kuchuluka kwa chinyezi kumabweretsa ming'alu mu thunthu ndi nthambi za mafupa, komanso zimayambitsa zowola. Kuti asayesetse mtengowo, ayenera kuthirira pa nthawi ya chilala.

Mbewu zazing'ono mpaka zaka zisanu zimayenera makamaka kuthira mobwerezabwereza, chifukwa kusowa kwa madzi kudzachititsa kuti mizu iume. Musalole kuti zouma zamphamvu zisawonongeke pamtundu wa pristvolnyh. Nthawi zambiri ulimi wothirira umadalira nyengo. Gwiritsani madzi osati madzi ozizira, nthawi iliyonse kuteteza.

Ndikofunikira! Mitundu yabwino kwambiri ya abakha ndi mitundu yotsatira yamatcheri okoma: "Annushka", "Donchanka", "Mlongo", "Nyumba".

Konzani kudulira

Choyamba kudulira chitumbuwa-yamatcheri amatengedwa mwamsanga mutabzala mmera. Pa mlingo wa masentimita 60 kuchokera pansi, iye anadula nsonga za thunthu ndi nthambi za chigoba. Pamakopi a zaka ziwiri, gawo limodzi mwa magawo atatu a mbaliyo limapfupikitsidwa. Olima munda anazindikira kuti isanayambe fruiting, mitengo imadziwika ndi kukula kwakukulu, ndi maonekedwe a mbewu yoyamba, nthambi zimasiya kukula.

Mitengo yakale, kasupe kukonzanso mitengo, yomwe imachokera ku korona yonse mpaka pamtengo wa mitengo ya zaka 4. Njirayi imabwerezedwa zaka zisanu kapena zisanu ndi chimodzi.

Kukula kwa korona sikuyenera kuloledwa, chifukwa kuchuluka kwa zipatso ndi zipatso zadothi kumadalira izi. Mukameta tsitsi, mvetserani kumbali ya kupatukana kwa mphukira ku thunthu - chachikulu kwambiri, kuchepetsa kuchepa.

Kukumba gudumu ndikulumikiza gudumu

Alimi ena amafesa manyowa m'madera ambiri kuti azitha kumera nthaka. Pankhani ya maboma, njirayi ndi yolandirika, koma maulendo a pristvolny ayenera kukhala pansi pa nthunzi zakuda. Nthawi zonse amaletsa kuti asamalire namsongole ndi kumasula nthaka. Ndipo ndi bwino kutero pambuyo kuthirira.

Kukumba pansi popanda zopinga kumapangitsa kuti mpweya ufike kumidzi, yomwe ndi yofunika kwambiri kwa zomera zamtengo wapatali. Kuti apange kanyumba kakang'ono kamadzimadzimadzi, gawo lozungulira pamtengo wa mitengo limalangizidwa kuti mulch ndi udzu. Izi zimathandiza mitengo kuteteza mizu m'nyengo yozizira ndipo imasunga chinyezi. Palibe njira Musabalalitse mulch pa nthaka youma.

Mukudziwa? Nkhumba zimatha kufika 2 cm mu volume.

Chitetezo cha Frost ndi Rodent

Nkhalango imakhala ndi zinthu zosazira, kotero, ntchito yapadera yokonzekera nyengo yozizira ndi mtengo wamtengo wapatali wa mtengo sichifuna. Zosiyanasiyana ndi ofooka kutsutsa jini ndi ozizira amafuna kwambiri, makamaka kumpoto.

Njira yowonjezereka ndiyo kuphimba gawo la thunthu ndi chisanu, ndi gawo la pamwamba - ndi poleti polyethylene. Mitengo yaing'ono yomwe ili pansi pa zaka zisanu imakhalanso yofunikira. Ena wamaluwa amagawana ndi thumba lokulunga thunthu ndi spruce kapena burlap. Njira iyi ikukuthandizani kuti mukhazikitse nthawi imodzi mavuto awiri: chitetezeni makungwa kuti asadye ndi makoswe ndi kuteteza mbali ya thunthu ku chisanu. Mutha kuwopsya nkhono za njala pogwiritsa ntchito pepala la phula.

Pezani momwe mungatetezere mabulosi anu omwe mumawakonda m'nyengo yozizira.

Zothandiza kwambiri bakha zipatso

Phindu la zipatso zimatsimikiziridwa ndi sayansi. Mu labotale, ofufuza adapeza kuti zipatso zokongola si zokoma zokha, koma zimakhalanso ndi zokhudzana ndi matenda a antibacterial, amachepetsa kudya, ndipo zimapindulitsa thupi laumunthu m'magazi a m'mimba, kuwonongeka kwamanjenje, matenda a pakhosi ndi bronchi, gout, nyamakazi, kuchepa kwa magazi.

Oncologists amakhulupirira kuti madzi a chipatsochi amaletsa kukula kwa zotupa. Kuwonjezera apo, zipatso zodabwitsa ndi zakudya zochepa. 100 g ya zipatso ndi 50 kcal, 0,5 g mafuta, 0,8 g wa mapuloteni ndi 0 g wa chakudya.