Momwe mungakonzekere Physalis kwa nyengo yozizira: maphikidwe okonzekera mabulosi ndi masamba Physalis

Physalis m'minda yamaluwa ya olima a Chiyukireniya ndi achilendo. Mitundu yodzikongoletsera ya chaka chilichonse ku America inakondedwa ndi abalimi athu chifukwa cha zofiira zamoto zofiira zamkati zomwe zimakhala ndi mabulosi am'kati mkati. Ndipo masamba ndi mabulosi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya chomera ichi adayamikiridwa ndi malo osowa m'malo olemera omwe ali obirimadzika komanso olemera pakati pa omwe amakhala ndi shuga ndi acids. Chaka chonse, chitsamba chonde chikhoza kubala zipatso zokwana 200, kotero kunali kusowa kokolola nyengo yozizira. Momwe mungaphike Physalis, tidzakambirana m'nkhaniyi.

Kukolola kusungirako nyengo yozizira

Malingana ndi makhalidwe a zosiyanasiyana, Physalis zipatso zimawonekera pa 80 - 100th tsiku pambuyo mbewu kumera. Zitsanzo zabwino zimatha kugwa ndipo zimakhalabe pansi kwa masiku khumi. Kukolola kumachitika mu magawo: sabata iliyonse muyenera kusonkhanitsa mabokosi ogwera ndikudula omwe adakula.

Ndikofunika kuti musanayambe chisanu, zipatso zonse zimachotsedwa kuthengo, chifukwa posachedwa zidzasokonekera mu mawonekedwe a chisanu. Yesetsani kuwawononga iwo kuti asunge zinthu zothandiza komanso zowonjezera zomwe zingatheke pampope. Mu mvula kapena nyengo yamvula, ndibwino kuti musakonzekere kukolola zipatso. Dikirani kuti sepals ziume.

Phunzirani zambiri za kukolola apurikoti, maapulo, chokeberry, cantaloupe, dogwood, ndi jamu m'nyengo yozizira.
Ngati mukufuna kuchoka Physalis kwa nthawi yozizira mu mawonekedwe osapangidwanso, ndiyeneranso kuumitsa musanaikidwe mu yosungirako. Yang'anani kutentha mu chipinda. Ziyenera kukhala mkati mwa madigiri 12 mpaka 14. Mbewuyo imayenera kuikidwa mu bokosi la pulasitiki laling'ono ndi mapepala omwe ali pansi. Zitsanzo zabwino zimakhala pafupi miyezi iwiri, ndipo amadyera akhoza kukhala ndi Marichi. Kawirikawiri fufuzani mabini anu kuti mukhale ndi zipatso zowonongeka.

Mukudziwa? Mu mankhwala ochiritsira, Physalis imagwiritsidwa ntchito monga diuretic, analgesic ndi kuchepetsa kutentha, malungo, komanso amalimbikitsidwa ngati njira yowonetsera cholelithiasis.

Mbewu ndi mabulosi Physalis: ndi kusiyana kotani

Physalis onse ali a banja la nightshade. Kunja, iwo ali okongola zitsamba 50-100 masentimita pamwamba ndi nthambi zambiri zamphamvu mizu, molunjika zimayambira ndi zoonda oval masamba ndi pang'ono toothed m'mphepete. Botanists amawerengera mitundu 117 ya zomera izi ndipo khumi okhawo ndi oyenerera kuti anthu azidya. Zina mwa mitundu yodyedwa zimasiyanitsa gulu la masamba ndi mabulosi.

Mitundu yonse ya masamba Physalis kapena, monga imatchedwanso, Mexico imagwirizanitsa lalikulu lalanje zipatso kulemera kwa 150 g ndi otsika zowuma zinthu. Kawirikawiri m'minda yamunthu amalimidwa "Mfumu", "Confectioner", "Gribovsky nthaka", "Tomatillo".

Ndikofunikira! Mapangidwe a zipatso za Physalis anapeza 3 - 6% a shuga, 1 - 2.5% ya mapuloteni, tannins, pectins, citric, malic, succinic acid, steroid mankhwala, mafuta ofunikira, mavitamini a gulu B, C, PP, macro - ndi microelements.
Mitundu ya Berry (kapena Florida) ya pubescent imasiyanitsidwa ndi zobiriwira zobiriwira zomwe zimakhala kukula kwa peyala, zolemera pafupifupi 3 g.Phindu lawo ndikoma lokoma ndi lokoma. Zitsanzo zimenezi zili ndi 15% ya fructose, yomwe ili yofanana ndi raspberries ndi strawberries. Mitundu yotchuka ndi "Wachifundo", "Wopanga", "Wodabwitsa", "Columbus".

Chokoma cha Physalis Maphikidwe

Zipatso za ma pubescent zimapangidwanso mwatsopano, komanso pokonzekera makompyuta, odzola, kupanikizana ndi maswiti ena. Tikukupatsani mndandanda wa mndandanda wabwino komanso wotsika mtengo wa mabulosi a Physalis.

Mukudziwa? Dzina lakuti "Physalis" ndilochokera ku Chigriki ndipo limamasuliridwa ngati "bubulu". Mwachiwonekere, dzina la chomeracho chinali chifukwa cha sepals yake yeniyeni.

Sakanizani

Pokonzekera zokondweretsa izi mudzafunikira 1 makilogalamu a mtundu wotchedwa Physalis.

Iyenera kutsukidwa kuchokera ku sepals, kutsukidwa m'madzi ofunda ndi singano iliyonse yopyozedwa ndi singano. Kenaka konzekerani madziwa pa pulogalamu ya shuga ndi theka la lita imodzi ya madzi. Pambuyo pa zithupsa zosakaniza, imani pamoto kwa mphindi zisanu. Thirani madzi omalizidwa omaliza ndikuchoka maola anayi. Kenaka yikani mapaundi ena a shuga, akuyambitsa chirichonse,, oyambitsa nthawi zonse, wiritsani kwa mphindi khumi. Pambuyo pa nthawi yeniyeni, khalani pambali. Pambuyo maola asanu ndi limodzi, tsanulirani mapaundi ena a shuga mu supu ndi oyambitsa, kuvala pamoto, kuphika mpaka okonzeka. Kenaka tsitsani mankhwala opangidwa kumitsuko yoyera ndi mipukutu ya zitsulo.

Mukudziwa? Tajiks amagwiritsa ntchito Physalis kukonzekera mankhwala ozizira ndi stomatitis kwa ana.

Zipatso zokhala ndi zipatso

Zakudya izi zimapangidwa kuchokera ku Physalis watsopano. Ndikofunika kuchotsa chipatso chonse kuchokera ku madzi ndi kuuma.

Pochita izi, amayi ena amamangirira chidebecho ndi kupanikizana mu sieve, kukhetsa zipatso ndi kuziyala pa pepala lophika. Chophimba chapamwamba ndi makapu makapu kapena pepala lakuda ndipo atumizidwa kuzimala mu uvuni pamtunda wa madigiri 40.

Ndikofunikira! Mu kupanikizana komaliza, chithovu chimafika pakati pa poto, zipatso zimakhala zosasunthika ndipo zimagawidwa mofanana mu madziwo, madzi a shuga amakhala obiriwira.
Ena samagwiritsa ntchito uvuni, ndipo amauma muzipinda, koma izi zimatengera nthawi yayitali. Zikawuma zouma, pamwamba pazo zimapangidwa ndi shuga wofiira, zimatsanulira mu chidebe cha galasi ndikuphimba chivindikiro.

Compote

Konzekerani zokometsera zokoma za zipatso zosangalatsa zokha ndizotheka pokhapokha posankha zitsamba zokongola ndi khungu lofewa.

Choyamba, ayenera kutsukidwa, kutsukidwa ndi madzi kuchokera ku fumbi ndi dothi. Palibe chifukwa chodula, chifukwa madzi a machiritso ndi utoto ayenera kusungidwa. Kenaka ikani zipatso zokonzeka mu mbale ndi scald ndi madzi otentha, muzisiya kwa mphindi zingapo mu chidebe chomwecho.

Chotsani mankhwalawo mosamala kuchokera ku madzi otentha ndi supuni kapena supuni yopota ndikusamutsira ku mbale ina ya madzi oundana. Kuthetsa Blanching kudzatulutsa mankhwala kuchokera mu ntchentche komanso pambuyo pake. Kenaka shuga amasungunuka kuti alawe m'madzi, zipatso zimaphatikizidwa ndi kuphika pa moto wochepa. Pofuna kukonza kukoma, mukhoza kuwonjezera mapulawa, apricots zouma kapena zipatso zina zouma ndi citric asidi.

Wokonzeka kumatsanulira amatsanulira mitsuko ndikugudubuza.

Kukula

Pakuti kukonzekera kwa zoumba kumafunikanso zipatso zabwino kwambiri.

Mofanana ndi maphikidwe onse, ayenera kutsukidwa, kutsukidwa ndi kubzalidwa. Kenaka pa zipatsozo ndizofunika kuchotsa khungu loyera loyera ndipo likuwafalikira papepala lopaka.

Wouma mu uvuni pa kutentha kwa madigiri 60, nthawi zina kutembenuka. Mukhoza kuika Physalis wokonzekera pa chidutswa cha nsalu kapena pepala lakuda ndi youma pansi pa dzuwa. Chokoma ichi chimagwiritsidwa ntchito pophika, zipatso zowonongeka ndi puddings.

Momwe angapezere masamba Physalis kwa dzinja

Mitundu ya masamba a chomera ichi chifukwa cha kuwawidwa kosavuta mu kukoma ndi koyenera kwambiri kwa pickling ndi pickles. Koma kuchokera ku zipatso zawo, mukhoza kupanga kupanikizana kodabwitsa. Nazi maphikidwe omwe alipo kwa aliyense wophika kuchokera kwa Physalis Mbewu za dzinja.

Mchere

Pansi pa mtsuko uliwonse, ikani clove ya adyo, muzu wa horseradish ndi tsabola wofiira wowawa, sprig ya katsabola, otsukidwa masamba a currants ndi yamatcheri. Mukhozanso kuwonjezera tarragon, timbewu tonunkhira, basil, celery, fennel, parsley (kuwerengera 50 g zonunkhira kwa 1 kg ya zipatso). Thirani mankhwala osakanizidwa ndi osambitsidwa kuchokera pamwamba.

Panthawiyi, konzekerani kukonda. Kuti muchite izi, sungani mu 1 lita imodzi ya madzi otentha 60 g mchere, kubweretsa kwa chithupsa. Lembani zomwe zili muzitinizo ndi madzi ndi kuziphimba ndi nsalu ziwiri kapena wina wosati wandiweyani. Ikani malo otentha kuti azitsitsa kwa sabata. Nthawi ndi nthawi chotsani chithovu choyera chomwe chimachokera pamwamba. Zipatso zidzakhala zokonzeka pamene chomera chimatembenuka. Zikani ndi kuziphika, kenako muzitsanulira mitsuko ndikuzigwiritsira ndi zitsulo zamitengo.

Ndikofunikira! Mutagwiritsa ntchito botolo la kupanikizana, mankhwalawa akhoza kusungidwa m'firiji masiku osapitirira 14..

Kusambidwa

Pofuna kuthira 1 makilogalamu a masamba a Physalis ngati mawonekedwe a marinade, mudzafunika zipatso zowonongeka ndi zotsuka.

Pamene madzi adzachotsedwa ku colander, tidzakonzekera marinade. Wiritsani 1 l madzi, onjezerani 50 g shuga, 40 g wa mchere, 10 g wa viniga, masamba a bayinoni, sinamoni yachitsulo, nandolo 4 za allspice ndi 5 zolemba.

Timayika mitsuko ndikudzaza ndi madzi okonzeka. Ikani pamwamba pake ndi chivindikiro ndikuwombera maminiti 15 mpaka 20. Pambuyo pake, mutha kutseka mitsuko ndi fungulo losindikizira, ndipo mutakulungidwa mu bulangeti lofunda, muzizizira.

Caviar

Caviar yokoma ikhoza kukonzedwa kuchokera pa mapaundi a zipatso zakupsa. Ayenera kuchotsedwa pa sepals, osambitsidwa ndi madzi ofunda ndi kudula mu zidutswa zinayi. Kenaka kutentha poto ndi mwachangu mu mafuta a mpendadzuwa chidutswa chilichonse chosiyana ndi mbali zonse. Mchere, tsabola, kuwaza ndi uzitsine shuga, kuwonjezera bay tsamba, akanadulidwa 4-5 cloves wa adyo, finely akanadulidwa katsabola ndi parsley, wopotoka anyezi ndi karoti mu nyama chopukusira (200 g).

Mudzafuna kudziwa kuti caviar yophikidwa ku sikwashi.
Sakanizani zosakaniza zonse, onjezani chodulidwa ndi parsley muzu, kutsanulira mu griddle, kuwonjezera mafuta a masamba ndi simmer mpaka okonzeka. Zakudya izi zikhoza kukonzekera m'nyengo yozizira kapena kutumikira patebulo pomwepo. Pankhani ya zitsulo zamagetsi ziyenera kuthiridwa ndi kuwonjezera theka la supuni ya viniga kwa aliyense.

Yamagwedezeka

Zipatso zatsukidwa ziyenera kukhala zowonongeka ndi madzi otentha, kenako ziviikidwa m'madzi ozizira. Kenaka chotsani khungu loyera kuchokera pa lirilonse ndikutsanulira mitsuko yokonzedwa. Okhutira kutsanulira brine kuchokera 1 lita imodzi ya madzi, 10 g mchere ndi 35 g shuga.

Ikani kuponderezedwa pamwamba pa chidebe chilichonse, ndichotseni mu sabata ndikuphimba zitini ndi zophimba za nylon. Sungani mufiriji.

Mukudziwa? Ku Asia, amakhulupirira kuti zoumba ziyenera kuumitsidwa mumthunzi. Pazinthu izi, zolembera zadothi zokhala ndi mabowo ambirimbiri m'makoma afupika kumeneko. Njirayi imathandiza kuti mankhwalawa asunge mtundu wake.

Sakanizani

Mosiyana ndi mabulosi a mabulosi Physalis, simusowa kokha kutsuka ndi madzi otentha, komanso kuchotseratu mkwiyo ndi kukoma kwake. Pamene zipatso zouma mu colander, konzani madzi. Kuchita izi, 1 kg ya zipatso idzafuna theka la lita imodzi ya madzi otentha, momwe muyenera kupasuka 500 g shuga ndikupitirizabe kutentha kwa mphindi zisanu zokha. Thirani madzi okonzeka mu poto ndi Physalis ndikuchoka kwa maola anayi. Kenaka yikani pulogalamu imodzi ya shuga, modekha kuyambitsa, wiritsani pa moto wochepa mutatha kutentha kwa mphindi khumi. Timayima pafupifupi maola asanu ndi limodzi ndikuwonjezeranso 200 g shuga, kubweretsa kwa chithupsa ndikuphika kwa mphindi khumi ndi zisanu. Masamba Physalis kupanikizana ndi okonzeka. Thirani muzitini ndi kusunga.