Chophimba chophimba pansi perennials: maina, zithunzi ndi ndondomeko

Chophimba chophimba pansi ndizokongoletsa kwenikweni munda uliwonse. Izi zimatha kukula zomwe zimatchedwa "zokha" ndipo zimafunikira kusamalidwa bwino. Zili zofunikanso pakukonzeketsa maiko, monga momwe kukongoletsa kwawo kumakupangitsani kuti mugwiritse ntchito malingaliro odabwitsa kwambiri.

Iberis nthawi zonse

Iberis kawirikawiri kapena ku Iberia angatchedwe kuti ndi mmodzi mwa oyamba oyambirira a kasupe. NthaƔi zambiri mumatha kuona momwe tchire chake chobiriwira chimachokera pansi pa chisanu.

Zomwe zimapezeka pazomwe zimakhalapo komanso zithunzi zawo zimapezeka m'mabuku a zomera zamasamba, koma makamaka osatha dzina lake Iberis amaonekera pakati pawo. Mtundu uwu wa herbaceous uli ndi mitundu 40 ya zomera zomwe zimaphatikizidwa mu banja la cruciferous.

Mitundu ya Iberis imakhala yobiriwira komanso yobiriwira, yomwe imafika mamita 30 cm. Monga lamulo, tchire zimakula kwambiri, chifukwa mmimba mwake zimatha kufika mita imodzi. Masamba obiriwira, ofewa.

Pakati pa maluwa oyera maluwa amatha pafupifupi 1.5 masentimita awiri. Ngakhale kuti ndi zazikulu zing'onozing'ono, maluwawo ndi aakulu kwambiri. Mbewu imodzi yokha pa nthawi ikhoza kukhala pafupifupi maluwa chikwi, chifukwa yomwe ikuphuka iberis imakhala ngati mtambo woyera. Nthawi yamaluwa imayamba kumapeto kwa mwezi wa April ndipo imatha kumapeto kwa May.

Iberis nthawi zonse amawunikira dzuwa, amatha kulekerera pang'ono chabe. Ndi kusowa kwa maluwa owala kumakhala kuchepetsedwa. Mukhoza kumera pafupifupi dothi lililonse, bola ngati silingathe.

Kulimbana ndi tizirombo ndi matenda. Komabe, m'nyengo yozizira, Iberis ikhoza kugonjetsedwa ndi utitiri wa dziko lapansi. Kuchotsa tizilombo ndi kophweka, chifukwa izi muyenera kuzitsuka nthaka kuzungulira tchire pang'ono.

Mukudziwa? Iberis maluwa amagwiritsidwa ntchito monga chinthu cha ukwati wa maluwa.

Sedum (Sedum)

Mabuku osindikizidwa omwe ali ndi mabuku ambiri ali ndi chidziwitso chochuluka chokhudza mapepala osungirako zitsamba komanso zithunzi za zomera zimenezi, koma ndi osatha dzina lake stonecrop (lotchedwa Sedum) lomwe limagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri popanga malo. yosungirako madzi. Chifukwa cha iwo, stonecrop imatha kukula ngakhale m'malo owuma.

Nununkhi imakhalanso yamtengo wapatali kwa mankhwala ake, omwe amasiyana malinga ndi mtunduwo: stonecrop yaikulu, yofiirira ndi yotchuka.

Sedum ndi yofunika kwambiri, yopanda malire kunthaka. Pofuna kuteteza perennials kuti zisawonongeke pansi, miyala ndi mchenga ziyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito. Sedum pafupifupi sakusowa kuvala. Mavitamini a feteleza ndi owopsa, chifukwa angathe kuchititsa masamba, zimayambira ndipo mizu yonse idzavunda. Ngati mukufunabe kuvala, ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza phosphate pang'onopang'ono.

Nthawi ya maluwa imayamba mu Julayi ndikupitirira mpaka kuyambira kwa chisanu. Ngakhale pamene chisanu choyamba chikugwa, sedum imakali ndi masamba. Iwo amadziwika ndi bwino nyengo yozizira hardiness ndipo safuna chitetezo chapadera.

Ndikofunikira! Mu April (April), pamene nthawi yosatha imayikidwa, chisamaliro chiyenera kutengedwa kuti asaswe masamba otsala a zomera.

Zolemba

Maluwa okongola ndi okongola kwambiri, otembenuzidwa kuchokera ku Chigriki dzina lake limatanthauza "maluwa aumulungu". Chomerachi chimakonda kwambiri wamaluwa, kotero amatha kuziwona kumbuyo.

Pali mitundu yoposa 300 ya zojambula, koma ndi chivundikiro cha pansi chomwe chiri ndi mitundu yosavuta ya mitundu ndi mithunzi. Kukonzekera kwa maluwa osadulidwa kumasungidwa kwa nthawi yaitali, kutulutsa fungo losangalatsa.

Mitundu yowonjezereka ya ma carnations ndi: carnation travyanka, Turkish, Chinese, mabala Shabo.

Kukhalitsa kosatha ndi chomera chodzichepetsa, kotero kusamalira izo sikungotenge nthawi yambiri ndi khama. Chinthu chachikulu ndicho kuthirira nthawi ndi nthawi komanso kuchotsa namsongole.

M'pofunikanso kudyetsa zowonjezera zowonjezera maluwa. Kupaka pamwamba kumapangidwa katatu: mu kasupe, pamene masamba oyambirira akuwonekera ndipo pamene maluwa akuphuka. Pambuyo panthawiyi, mukufunika kuchotsa mitu yanu mosamala, ndikufupikitsani pang'ono.

Carnation ndi yokhazikika yosinthika, chifukwa ikhoza kukongoletsa mabedi osiyanasiyana, maluwa a miyala ndi alpine slides.

Kusakaniza thyme

Kuwongolera kwa Thyme, komwe kumatchedwanso thyme, ndi malo osatha a shrub. Ali ndi zambiri, zoonda, zokwawa zomwe zimamera mizu pafupi ndi maziko ndi zaka. Pambuyo pake, amatha kupanga kapena kutulutsa maluwa 15-20 masentimita.

Masamba a Thyme amakhala oleva, petiolate, ovuta kwambiri ndi zilonda zam'mimba ndi mitsempha. Maluwawo ndi ochepa, amakhala ndi nsalu zofiirira, amasonkhanitsa pamapeto a nthambi, kupanga phokoso lokhazikika. Zipatso ndizochepa mtedza wa mdima wakuda-bulauni.

Izi zosatha ndi undemanding ku nthaka, kulekerera chilimwe chilala ndi chisanu chisanu. Malo oti mutenge thyme ayenera kukhala bwino ndi dzuwa, otetezedwa ku mphepo yozizira komanso opanda namsongole uliwonse.

Kudwala thyme ndi chomera chophimba pansi chomwe chimapanga chobiriwira "chophimba". Pakati pa maluwa, imakhala ndi mabala ambiri a lilac-pinki. Maluwa imatenga miyezi 2-2.5, pamene thyme imatulutsa fungo lapadera.

Nkhati ya miyala

Nkhati ya miyala kapena alissum ndi munda wa munda wa kabichi. Akuwombera kwambiri nthambi ndipo akhoza kufika 30 cm mu msinkhu.

Ili ndi masamba ang'onoang'ono, oblong-lanceolate. Maluwa ang'onoang'ono ang'onoang'ono amasonkhana m'magazi wandiweyani akudula fungo lokoma la uchi. Mtundu wa maluwa uli ndi mtundu woyera, wachikasu kapena wofiirira. Amayang'ana pansi pachivundikiro chomwe chimamera pachilimwe chonse, nthawi zambiri chimayambira mu May ndipo chimatha kumapeto kwa autumn.

Malo abwino odzala ndi malo a dzuwa, owuma, okonzedwa bwino. Mukhozanso kukula burachek mumthunzi, koma pakali pano, iyo idzaphuka yosafunika. Kusalowerera kapena dothi lachitsulo ndiloyenera kwa izi zosiyanasiyana. Chinthu chachikulu ndichoti dothi silinali madzi.

Kusamalira fumbi ndi losavuta, popeza izi sizikhala zaulere. Kusamalira kumaphatikizapo kuchepetsa ndi kumeta nthawi yake. M'chaka, m'pofunikira kuchotsa mapesi osweka ndi zina zouma za mbewu. Ndifunikanso kuchotsa nthambi zofooka ndi mapesi a maluwa a chaka chatha. Zonsezi zidzathandiza maluwa ambiri osatha mu nyengo yatsopano.

Kotula

Kotula ndi dzina lachidziwitso lazomwe zimakhala pansi pazomwe zimakhalapo, kuphatikizapo mitundu yoposa 80 ya zomera za banja la Astrovye. Nthano iyi ya kum'mwera kwa dziko lapansi imatchedwanso "Buttons Golden" chifukwa cha maluwa ake okongola, aang'ono owala achikasu, akumbukira daisy ambiri odziwika bwino.

Maluwa okongola a zosiyana kwambiri ndi maluwa. Monga lamulo, limamasula kamodzi pa nyengo. Pa nthawi ya maluwa maluwa a kathi amakhala osangalatsa kwambiri. Kutalika kwazitali ndi 20-25 cm.

Izi zosatha zimamveka bwino dzuwa kapena pang'ono. Zimakula bwino mumtambo wa mchenga, loamy kapena wonyezimira, umalola kuti chinyezi chikhale chokwera.

Ndikofunikira! Kotula amalekerera kwambiri madzi ochulukirapo m'nyengo yachisanu.

Periwinkle

Pali mitundu 6 ya periwinkles yomwe imapezeka kuthengo ku Ulaya, Mediterranean, Africa ndi Asia Minor. Periwinkles ndizomwe zimakhala zowonongeka ndi masamba owoneka bwino. Maluwa osakwatira ali mu tsamba axils.

Periwinkle amachiritsiranso katundu, omwe ndi chifukwa china chodzala.

Mitengo yotereyi yomwe imatha kumera m'nyengo yozizira imakhala yowoneka bwino ngakhale pansi pa chisanu. Chifukwa cha khalidwe ili, periwinkle yakhala chizindikiro chenicheni cha mphamvu. Mitundu ya Aselote akale inapatsa ngakhale chomera ichi ndi zinyama zonyansa ndipo zimaitcha kuti "zamatsenga zamatsenga."

Periwinkles amalephera kumalowa, amalekerera mosavuta dzuwa ndi dzuwa. Koma ndi bwino kuti muwalembe mu penumbra yaing'ono. Zomerazi zimakula bwino m'nthaka yachonde, yosasunthika, yokhala bwino.

Kuti mupange feteleza, mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito mchere kapena feteleza. Monga feteleza organic ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito manyowa, humus kapena masamba ogwa. Mitunduyi imatha kusamvana ndi nyengo yozizira, koma autumn frosts akhoza kuwononga achinyamata mphukira. Komanso m'nyengo yozizira, periwinkle ikhoza kuphimbidwa ndi masamba ang'onoang'ono.

Saxifrage

Saxifrage ndi chomera chosatha cha herbaceous rhizome. Kumtchire, imakula m'madera otentha a kumpoto kwa dziko lapansi, m'mapiri (pamapiri a alpine). Kawirikawiri kamnelomka ifika 15-20 masentimita mu msinkhu. Mzuwu ndi wamphamvu, uli ndi zovuta zambiri. Mbalame zam'madzi zimakhala ndi masamba okongoletsedwa, omwe amasonkhanitsidwa mumaluwa okongoletsera. Masamba akhoza kuphimbidwa ndi pang'ono, mtundu uli ndi mdima wobiriwira.

Saxifrage imafuna kuyatsa bwino. Nthaka imakhala yosadulidwa, chifukwa kuthengo zimakula ponseponse pa miyala yamtengo wapatali komanso pamapiri otsetsereka. Chinthu chachikulu ndichoti dothi labwino lilowe mu chinyezi ndipo lisakhale louma.

Ndikofunikira! Pamene mukudzala saxifrage m'nthaka, mukhoza kuwonjezera miyala yochepa yamagazi.

Verbeinik

Verbeinik adalandira dzina limeneli chifukwa cha kufanana kwake ndi masamba a msondodzi. Olima munda amayamikira chomera ichi chifukwa cha mpumulo wa kubzala ndi kudzichepetsa mu zotsatira zosamalira. Ndibwino kuti mukambirane kagulu. Loosestrife imakulolani kuti mupange zojambula zosiyanasiyana monga mawonekedwe okongoletsedwa a alpine, rockeries, curbs ndi zinthu zina zojambula.

Verbeinik ali ndi tsinde lachindunji ndi masamba ovunda, akhoza kufika kutalika kwa mita imodzi. Maluwa amayamba kumapeto kwa June. Maluwawo amafanana ndi mapiramidi ang'onoang'ono maonekedwe awo. Ndi bwino kubzala mumthunzi ndi m'malo omwe ali ndi mvula yambiri.

Mukudziwa? The Recruit ndi chomera cha uchi.

Molodil (semservivum)

Kubwezeretsedwa kumakula kumapiri a ku Ulaya ndi Asia, makamaka m'mapiri. Izi zimatha kupezeka pa masamba ake obiriwira, omwe ndi ovate kapena oblong.

Kulima kwa achinyamata ku dacha sikudzakhala kovuta. Chomera ichi chimati chodzala ndi kuiwala.

Kawirikawiri masamba amawunikira ndipo amawunikira pamphepete. Maluwa amasonkhanitsidwa mu corymbose-paniculate inflorescences.

Molodil bwino amalekerera nyengo ya kutentha ndi kuzizira. Zimakhala zosagonjetsedwa ndi chinyezi chochuluka, koma madzi abwino sangakhale abwino. Pa nthawi yomweyo, mitundu yonse ya zomera izi zimagonjetsedwa ndi kusowa kwa chinyezi. Kusowa kosauka, kukoka pafupi ndi kuwala kwa dzuwa, zomera zimataya mtundu wake wowala ndi mawonekedwe ophwanyika.

Lamia

Izi sizikhala zachilendo ku Central Europe ndi Siberia. Kutalika, recumbent mapesi a yarnotka amapanga wolimba wobiriwira "chophimba". Masambawa ali ndi chiboliboli chokhala ndi mtima, ndipo chapamwamba chimakhala ndi maonekedwe abwino a marble. Kawirikawiri, maluwa a mtengo wa claret amasonkhanitsidwa mu tsamba axils. Mitundu imeneyi ili ndi mbali imodzi yochititsa chidwi - ngakhale kumayambiriro kwa nyengo yozizira, imakhala ndi masamba obiriwira.

Zimakula bwino mu penumbra yozizira. Mitundu imeneyi imakonda chinyezi, komabe, ngakhale chilala sichisokoneza kwambiri mtengo, chomwe chingathe kubwezeretsanso kukongoletsa kwake. Sikoyenera kulima pansi pa mitengo, chifukwa mvula itatha mvula imakhala yonyowa kwa nthawi yaitali. Izi zingachititse kuwonongeka kwa fungal ndi nkhungu.

Kusamalira kumaphatikizapo feteleza wokakamizidwa ndi humus, komanso kudulira mphukira nthawi yomweyo maluwa.

Mukudziwa? Young yasnotki wobiriwira akhoza kuwonjezeredwa ku saladi, borscht kapena supu, mbatata yosenda. Mphukira yaing'ono imatha kusungidwa, ndipo mizu imadyedwa mmalo mwa katsitsumzukwa.

Pembedzani

Kunyada ndi "mlendo wokondedwa" weniweni wa minda yambiri. Pokumbukira malamulo a kubzala, kulima mwaluso ndi chisamaliro, malo otseguka adzasanduka kampaka weniweni ya motley maluwa. Kutalika kwa primrose kumatha kufika 30 cm. Inflorescence ikufanana ndi mpira mu mawonekedwe ake.

Malo abwino kwambiri oti mubzala ndi malo amdima, ngakhale kuti mitundu ina ya alpine imamva bwino dzuwa. Nthaka iyenera kukhala yogwira kapena pang'ono zamchere. Nkhani yamoyo ndi mchenga zikhoza kuwonjezedwa ku nthaka yolemetsa. Nthaka yozungulira primrose iyenera kukhala yosungunuka bwino. Onetsetsani kuti madzi sagwera pamasamba ndipo sagwidwa pansi, chifukwa izi zingachititse kuvunda.

Zitsamba zosungira zitsamba ndi zomera zodabwitsa zomwe zimakulolani kuti mupange ngodya zokongola komanso zenizeni. Ndi chithandizo chawo, mutha kukonzekera kumveka bwino ndikupanga munda wosiyana ndi wina aliyense.