Momwe mungachotsere nyerere m'munda ndi m'munda wamakono mankhwala

Mwamsanga pamene nyerere zimapezeka m'munda kapena m'munda, nsomba za nsabwe za m'masamba ziyenera kuyembekezera posachedwa. Ndipo kuseri kwake, padzakhala mabakiteriya ndi matenda a fungal. Kawirikawiri, mulibe mwayi wokhazikika m'munda wamaluwa ndi oyandikana nawo. Ndipo ngati palibe chomwe chikuchitika, ndiye kuti musadalire kukolola. Momwe mungatulutsire nyerere m'munda mothandizidwa ndi zipangizo zomwe zilipo komanso zomwe mungachite ndi tizilombo tooneka bwino pamtunda wanu - izi zidzakambidwa m'nkhani yathu.

Kuvulaza tizilombo m'munda

Ngakhale kuti nyerere zimawononga mbozi ndi tizilombo tina zoipa, pamabedi ndi alendo osayenera. Pochita ntchito yawo yofunika kwambiri, nthaka imakhala yosalala, yopindulitsa ndi nayitrogeni, potaziyamu ndi humus, sizikuvulaza zomera. Nchifukwa chiyani akufunikira kuyendetsa pagalimoto?

Mukudziwa? Asayansi ochokera ku yunivesite ya Harvard ku Florida, pofufuza, adapeza kuti nyerere ndizofanana ndi ma dinosaurs. Kwa nthawi yoyamba tizilombo tomwe tinawoneka pafupifupi zaka 130 miliyoni zapitazo ndipo tidawonongeke kale.

Malongosoledwewo ndi osavuta: nyerere zimadya zokhudzana ndi aphid excretions. Ichi ndi chakudya chawo chomwe amakonda, choncho kholoni yonse imateteza tizilombo toyamwa, ndipo omwewo amamwa madzi kuchokera ku zomera zomwe zimamera ndikuyenda ndi maonekedwe a tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Kusonkhanitsa nkhuku zakufa ndi agulugufe kudera lonseli pofuna kudyetsa chiberekero, nyerere zimapangitsa kufalitsa nsabwe za m'masamba. Koma ngakhale izi siziri zonse zomwe zimatsutsidwa motsogoleredwa ndizo: pomanga nyumba zawo za pansi pa nthaka, tizilombo tomwe timapanga timadzi timene timayambitsa mizu, choncho sitimalola kuti mbewu za m'munda ndi m'munda zisinthe.

Komanso, iwo amanyamula mbewu zamsongole. Mwachiwonekere, phindu lomwe tizilombo toledzera timapanga kumabedi a m'munda ndipo munda samapereka malipiro a zowonongeka kuchokera ku ntchito yofunika ya mnzawo wokhulupilika - nsabwe za m'masamba.

Ndikofunikira! Chingwe chosalephereka kwa nyerere ndi mivi ya adyo yomangidwa pamitengo ya mitengo. Zingathenso kutambasulidwa kuzungulira pabedi.

Mankhwala a anthu

Kulimbana ndi nyerere ku dacha ndi ntchito yovuta, kotero muyenera kupirira nthawi yomweyo. Zimakhala zopanda nzeru kupha njuchi yonse, kusamutsidwa kwa tizilombozi kupita kumalo ena kwakhala kotheka kwambiri. Pali njira zambiri zomwe mungachite, ganizirani zabwino.

Kukumba nthiti

Imeneyi ndi imodzi mwa njira zowonongeka za tizilombo. Zimaphatikizapo kuchotsa chisa chonse ndikuchiyendetsa zosafunika. Azimayi akukulimbikitsani kuti muteteze ndi zovala zapadera ndikukumba mozama momwe mungathere.

N'zotheka kulimbana ndi nyerere ndi kukonzekera mankhwala: "Medvetoks", "Ants", "Ants", "Fufanon".

Kenaka, zotsalira, malingana ndi kukula kwake, zimamizidwa mu galasi kapena mu chidebe ndipo zimatengedwa kuchokera kuzinthu zawo kupita kulikonse komwe mumakonda. Amasamukira kumadera osawerengeka pamene njira zina za nyerere ku dacha zilibe mphamvu.

Samalani: otsalira otsala akhoza kukhala pamalo akale, kotero, kuti asakhale ndi chilakolako chotero, perekani dzenje lofulidwa ndi mchere wa mchere. Mukhozanso kugwiritsa ntchito laimu wa ufa kapena phulusa la nkhuni. Monga njira yotetezera, sikungapweteke kukumba malo omwe ali pafupi. Angatherenso kukhala ndi umuna ndi phulusa.

Zomera, tizilombo kuchokera ku ziwembu

Zina zosavuta zimaphatikizapo zomwe zimafesedwa m'mabedi ndi mitengo ya mtengo wa munda zomera za narcissus, lavender, mandimu, peppermint, mpiru, ngakhalenso kulola kuti chitsamba chimakula. Zoona zake n'zakuti fungo ili ndi losangalatsa kwambiri kwa tizilombo.

Tomatos, mpiru, tsabola wofiira wofiira, anyezi, adyo, parsley, anise, marigolds, blackberry wakuda, mitundu yonse ya coniferous idatchulidwa pa mndandanda wa zotsamba zakutchire. Ndipo pamene fungo lidzakhala lozungulira, mofulumira okonda munda amathawa.

Ngati mulibe nthawi yopanga mbewu za mbeuzi nthawi, ndipo nyerere zasankha kale malo anu, musataye mtima. Zokwanira kuti azikhoma msonkho wawo, ndipo posachedwa tizilombo timachoka pabwalo lanu.

Pa maforamu, amayi amapereka malangizo othandizira kusakaniza makola amtundu wa kansalu kapena utuchi wa masamba omwe ali ndi masamba, chitsamba cham'mimba, fennel, kutsanulira palafini yonse ndikuika "mankhwala" pansi pa malo okhala alendo osalandiridwa. Poonjezera zotsatira, perekani mpiru wouma kapena tsabola wakuda kuzungulira chisa. Dziwani kuti kuchuluka kwa kutentha kwa zofukiza kumakhudzidwa ndi chinyezi ndi kutentha. Choncho konzekerani zisankho zomwe zingagwire ntchito.

Ndikofunikira! Pofuna kusunga munda ku nsabwe za m'masamba, jambulani zomera, makamaka masamba mkati, ndi soda yothetsera madzi okwanira 10 malita a supuni 3 za ufa.

Boric acid

Kwa iwo omwe akuyang'ana mayankho a funso la momwe angatulutsire nyerere mwamsanga kuchokera kumunda, chophika ndi choyenera, chomwe chimapangidwa ndi boric acid. Zokwanira kuthetsa 30 g wa ufa ndi supuni 5 za shuga mu madzi okwanira 1 litre otentha, kuwonjezera 100 g wa mafuta a mpendadzuwa, ndipo mankhwalawa ndi okonzeka.

Mukhoza kuwonjezera zotsatira za madontho angapo a mafuta oyenera kapena vinyo wosasa. Kusakaniza kumeneku kumatsanuliridwa mozama kwambiri mu chisa cha nyerere. Kuti muchite izi, muyenera kuyika dzenje lakuya, ndipo mutatha madziwo, yikani chisa ndi polyethylene ndipo mukonzere m'mphepete mwake. Patapita masiku angapo, ndondomekoyi iyenera kubwerezedwa.

Mukudziwa? Ntchito yaikulu ya nyerere ndi kusungira mabokosi a m'nyengo yozizira, koma sadya chakudya chomwe amadya popanda chilolezo. Chilichonse chimachokera ku chiberekero, chomwe chimatchedwa "mfumukazi", chomwe chimasankha kuti, ndi liti, ndi ndani.

Mutha kumasula poyambitsa nyerere. Pa maulendo, wamaluwa amagawidwa ndi chophimba ndi kuwonjezera kwa shampoo (chifukwa chosakaniza amafunikira pafupifupi 100 g), soda (zosapitirira 2-3 supuni), phulusa (chiwerengero sichikhalabe kanthu). Mmalo mwa madzi, mutha kutenga decoction ya nthambi coniferous kapena phwetekere zimayambira. Konzani chithandizo chanu nthawi yomwe anthu onse omwe abwerera kwawo, ndipo samalani kuti asatenthe mizu ya zomera zomwe zimalima.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati madzi a lupine akuthira pansi pa mtengo wa mitengo ya zipatso, palibe nyerere yomwe ingayese kukwera pamwamba pake.

Kerosene

Fungo la madzi awa silingatheke ku nyerere. Atazimva, nthawi yomweyo ayamba kuyang'ana malo ena abwino oti azikhalamo. Ndikofunika kutsanulira mafuta onunkhira pamwamba pa mowolowa manja ndi malo ozungulira. Amaluwa ena akulangizidwa kuti aonjezere ndalama zowonjezera zisala.

Ndizosangalatsa kuwerenga momwe mungachotsere nyerere mu wowonjezera kutentha.

Monga njira zothandizira, mukhoza kuthira nsalu zing'onozing'ono mu parafini ndikuzifalitsa, mwachitsanzo, mu mabulosi pansi pa chitsamba chilichonse. Kuthirira mitsuko yokhala ndi zinthu zoterezi sikuletsedwa, mwinamwake simungataye nyerere, komanso zomera m'munda.

Madzi otentha

Ngati simukufuna kuyanjana ndi antchito a mankhwala, ndi antchito ang'onoang'ono amakhala mumunda ndi m'munda, konzani madzi otentha ndikuwongolera zofunda zawo kangapo patsiku, mutatha kuzisintha. Kupweteka kopangidwa kudzapereka zotsatira mwamsanga.

Mafuta ndi madzi

Imeneyi ndi njira yabwino kwambiri yothetsera tizilombo zowawa kuchokera m'munda. Kwa izo, m'pofunika kuchepetsa mafuta aliwonse a masamba m'madzi ofunda (ndi kotheka m'madzi otentha) ndi kutsanulira mu madzi omwe amapeza mapiritsi omwe amatsogolera mkati mwathu. Camphor, bay leaf, fennel ndi tsabola wakuda akhoza kuwonjezeredwa monga zotsatira enhancers.

Mukudziwa? Nyerere sizimagona konse.

Kupewa nyerere m'munda

Alimi wamaluwa ndi wamaluwa, pokhala ndi nyerere, amagwiritsira ntchito nyambo zambiri, koma zimagwirizana kuti zimakhala zosavuta kuti tipewe mawonekedwe a tizirombo kusiyana ndi kuwachotsa mtsogolo.

Pofuna kupewa, ndikofunikira kuti nthawi zonse azikumba nthaka. Zingakhale zabwino kukopa mbalame kumunda. Chofunika kwambiri ndi njira zothandizira kuti pakhale chitukuko cha aphid. Kuchokera pa izi ndipo muyenera kuyamba kuteteza tsamba lanu.

Choyamba, musalole kuti mitengo iwonongeke makungwa - nthawi yomweyo imachotseni.

Chachiwiri, sungani mulu wa kompositi panthaƔi yake, chotsani masamba osagwa ndi nsonga mutatha kukolola. Pamene mukulima malowa, onetsetsani kuti mutha kusonkhanitsa zotsalira za rhizomes ndi kuziwotcha.

Chachitatu, musayambe zomera monga viburnum ndi linden m'bwalo - aphid amawakonda.

Chachinayi, musaiwale za udzu wathanzi wa timbewu timeneti, calendula ndi zomera zina zomwe sizikhala zosangalatsa kwa nyerere. Kuonjezerapo, phytoncides yophimbidwa ndi anyezi ndi adyo amawopsya nsabwe za m'masamba. Mitengoyi anthu amnyumba akulangiza kulima kuzungulira munda.

Chofunika kwambiri ndi kusafufuza njira zowononga nyerere m'munda ndi m'munda, penyani za ukhondo, musamamere namsongole ndikudya chakudya m'malo omwewo, chifukwa ngakhale nyenyeswa zazing'ono kwambiri zimadzitengera tizilombo tokha kuchokera kumadera onse.