Rose Hip Kukukula: Kubzala ndi Care

ChizoloƔezi chopanga minda yamakono yokongola ku Ulaya pa malo ake enieni chafikira ife. Inde, ndikofunika kuti zomera pabwalo zisangalatse zokongoletsera zawo, komanso zimabweretsa ubwino wathanzi. M'nkhani ino, tikambirana za momwe tingabzalidwe ndikukula m'nyanja. Akatswiri ndi wamaluwa wamakono ali okonzeka kugawana malangizo abwino pa izi.

Kusankha malo okhala

Amalangizi odziwa amalangizidwa, asanakonze malo omwe angabwerere m'chiuno, kuti asankhe mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya maluwa. Inde, kuti mapangidwe a ovary a chitsamba chimodzi sali okwanira. Sizingatheke kukolola kutero, chifukwa kuti mutenge zipatso muyenera kupeza zomera ziwiri zikukula pafupi. Komanso, ayenera kusakanikirana. Zolengedwa zovomerezeka za mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi zosiyana, mogwirizana ndi zomwe zimalidwa ndi njira ya mbewu.

Ndikofunikira! Ophunzira amasiyanitsa zitsamba zopangidwa ndi mavitamini apamwamba komanso otsika. Pa zoyambira zoyambirira zimamatirira pamwamba, pa zipatso pansi pa chikho pali phokoso lozungulira. Kachiwiri, masamba a makapu amatsogoleredwa pansi, akugwa, amapanga pentigeni yowuma. Kwa anthu, mavitamini otsika amatchedwa "galu" rosehip.
Mitunduyo ikatulutsidwa, mukhoza kuyang'ana malo oti mubzala. Momwemonso, iyi ndi malo okwera bwino, komwe kumakhala madzi akuda kwambiri padziko lapansi. Mizu ya shrub yakula kwambiri, choncho imapita mozama kwambiri. Kuchuluka kwa chinyezi kungathe kuwononga chomera mosavuta.

Rosehip amatchulidwa ndi Pink Pink. Anatuluka m'mabuku a zomera nthawi zambiri amatchedwa galuyo. Chochititsa chidwi, mitengo yambiri yamtengo wapatali ndi zitsamba ndi za banja la Rosy: rasipiberi, apulo, peyala, maula, pichesi, chitumbuwa, sitiroberi.

Azimayi ena amapita kumphepete mwa mlimi wawo kapena pafupi ndi zomangamanga. Mulimonsemo, chikhalidwe chimatchuka chifukwa cha machiritso ake ndi chipiriro, ndipo, monga zamoyo zonse, zimatenga poizoni kuchokera ku chilengedwe. Choncho Ndondomeko yoyendetsa bwino ikuyenda bwino m'misewu yotanganidwa. Ndipo kuti galuyo asatulukire pamtunda wonse, chitetezeni pafupi-thunthu lake lokhala ndi masentimita 20. Ngati yankho lanu silikugwirizana ndi kapangidwe kameneka, mukhoza kukumba mumtengo wogula mipanda yokongoletsera mozama.

Mukudziwa? Maluwa othamanga a maluwa otseguka atseguka pa 4-5 m'mawa, ndikugona pa 7-8 madzulo.

Kulima malamulo a mbande zouluka zakutchire

M'munda, maluwa otchire amatha kubzalidwa pamzere kapena nsalu. Ndikofunika kuchoka pamtunda wa pafupifupi 1.5-2 mamita pakati pa tchire. Choyenera kwambiri chodzala ndi mbande zazaka ziwiri, zomwe zakwanitsa kukula korona wamphamvu ndipo, motero, ndi rhizome yamphamvu. Mukamadzala mbande zouluka zimakhala zovuta. Ngati mukufuna kukonza mizu yozizira kumapeto kwa nyengo, kugwa kumakhala koyenera kuthirira nthaka. Pochita izi, pakati pa mwezi wa Oktoba, pamene mukumba chiwembu, mutseka kompositi kapena ndowe zowonjezera 30 cm. Pafupifupi 6-7 makilogalamu a zinthu zakuthupi ayenera kugwa pa mita imodzi ya nthaka. Pankhani ya kubzala kwa mbande, feteleza ziyenera kukhazikitsidwa mwezi umodzi.

Kawirikawiri, galuyo ananyamuka, malingana ndi amayi omwe adalandira kale, n'zosavuta kudzala ndi kusamalira. Kuti sapling ikhale mizu bwino komanso mofulumira ikukula, m'pofunika kupanga kupweteka kwakukulu kwa masentimita 30. Ngati dothi silinali feteleza, ndi bwino kukumba dzenje lakuya - pafupifupi 80 masentimita m'lifupi ndi 50 cm chakuya. Zomwe pansi zimatsanulidwa, pamwamba pake ndi tinthu ting'onoting'ono tomwe timagwiritsa ntchito gawoli, timadzi timene timatsitsa ndi kutsekedwa, timaphatikizidwa ndi chisakanizo cha kompositi komanso pamwamba pa nthaka. Ena wamaluwa amalimbikitsa kuwonjezera 100 g wa superphosphate ndi 30 g wa potaziyamu mchere monga feteleza. Ndiye muyenera kuthirira chitsamba mochuluka. Pachifukwa ichi, mufunikira zidebe 8 za madzi olekana. Ndipotu, mukhoza kuyamba mulch pristvolnyh mabwalo. Pa ichi, peat crumb adzakhala chinthu chabwino kwambiri, ndikwanira kuyika masentimita atatu kuchokera pamenepo.

Mukudziwa? Akatswiri ofufuza zinthu zakale atakafufuzira ku Switzerland anapeza umboni wakuti anthu ankagwiritsa ntchito zipatso zam'tchire m'nyengo ya Ice Age.

Rose Hip Care Tips

Kwa kukula kwathunthu nyengo ndi zambiri fruiting zitsamba ayenera kupanga zinthu zina. Chimodzimodzinso, tikulingalira.

Kuthirira

Zomera zakutchire zimatha kusintha chilala, choncho sizikufuna njira zowononga zokhazikika. Komanso, mizu yake imatha kufika pamalo ozizira a dziko lapansi. Mu kutentha, ndibwino kutsanulira zitsulo ziwiri zokha pansi pa chitsamba chaching'ono, ndipo pafupifupi zisanu pansi pa zomwe zalowa mu fruiting gawo. Alimi amakamba kuti nyengo ya nyengo imakhala madzi osachepera maulendo 4. Pambuyo poyeretsa, gawo lopangidwa mu thunthu la thunthu liyenera kumasulidwa ndikulumikizidwa.

Kupaka pamwamba

Manyowa a panthaƔi yake ndi ofunikira kuti galuyo adzuke m'zaka zoyambirira za moyo wake, popanda iwo, kusamalira mbewu mumasika ndizosatheka, ndipo zitsanzo zakale sizikusowa chakudya china. Njira yoyamba iyenera kukonzedwa pakati pa March, yachiwiri - pakati pa chilimwe, chachitatu - kumayambiriro kwa autumn. Ambiri amaona kuti njira yabwino kwambiri ya feteleza yothetsera manyowa kapena zitsulo za nayitrogeni.

Mitengo ya fruiting imadyetsedwa zaka zitatu zilizonse. Kuti izi zitheke, m'chaka chiri pansi pa shrub kuti mukhale makilogalamu 3.5 a humus kapena kompositi.

Mukudziwa? Olemba ntchito amagwiritsa ntchito maluwa otchire ngati katundu wa maluwa.

Kudulira

Mtundu woyamba wa rosem wozungulira umayamba kumayambiriro kasupe mutabzala. Zokongoletsera zamtengo wapatali zimafunika kuchotsa nthambi zonse za mmera, ndikusiya masentimita khumi akuwombera pamwamba pa nthaka. Amaluwa ena amachepetsa mzere wokhala ndi masentimita 5 kuti izi zitheke. M'tsogolomu, padzakhala kofunikira kuti mutenge korona kamodzi zaka zitatu. Pofuna kuwonjezera zokolola nthawi yomweyo zimapanga 15 kuchokera mphukira. Pankhaniyi, onetsetsani kuti nthambizo zinali zosiyana siyana, ndipo ndi zofunika kuti pakati pawo palibe zochitika zoposa zaka zisanu ndi ziwiri.

Kudulira kuyenera kuchitika kumapeto kwa nyengo, ngakhale kuti pali mabuku omwe amapezeka m'mabuku okhudza kuwomba tsitsi. Ndipotu, akatswiri amakhulupirira kuti zitsamba zakutchire, zomwe zinavulazidwa potulutsa nthambi zakale ndi zina, sizidzatha kutha m'nyengo yozizira. Ndikofunika kuti musachepetse ndondomeko imeneyi kwa osaphunzira kuchepetseratu ziphuphu, chifukwa chifukwa cha zomwe zikuchitika mmawa wotsatira chitsamba chidzapatsa mphukira zambiri zomwe ziribe nthawi yoti zipse fruiting.

Ndikofunikira! Kuti pakhale chitukuko chabwino cha zitsamba mu pristvolnyh mabwalo, nkofunika kuti nthawi zonse musuke namsongole ndi kumasula.

Kuteteza tizilombo ndi matenda

Nyama zakutchire, mwatsoka, zimakhala zovuta ku bronzovka, ntchentche zothamanga ndi machenjeza, nthata zamagulu, masamba a mphutsi, mbozi, grubs ndi mapiritsi a rasipiberi. Tizilombo timene timasokoneza timadzi timene timayamwa, timayamwa madzi, timadya masamba ndi mizu ndikuvulaza zipatso. Tchire zokhudzidwa zimawoneka zopanda moyo ndipo zimabala zipatso zoipa. Kuwonjezera pa tizirombo, powdery mildew, dzimbiri, lakuda ndi loyera malo amawopsyeza zitsamba. Yang'anani mosamala galuyo atanyamuka, fufuzani momwe ikukula mofulumira. Mphukira zake ndi masamba ake ayenera kukhala oyera, mphukira zake ziribe zopunduka. Chidebe chilichonse kapena matope pa tsamba la masamba amasonyeza matenda.

Siyani kupitirira kwa tizirombo kungakhale tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, komanso kuwonetsetsa, kuchotsa nthawi yamagulu akale ndi matenda, kuyeretsa masamba osagwa ndi kukumba mabowo oyenera.

Kuteteza tizilombo m'munda ndi m'munda kumagwiritsa ntchito tizirombo: "Aktara", "Calypso", "Alatar", "Nurell D", "Kinmiks", "Detsis", "Bi-58".

Matenda a mbatata amatengedwa ndi njira ya 3% ya vitriol ya buluu, kuchitira tchire maluwa asanayambe. Mukakhala ndi matenda aakulu, chotsani Nitrofen, Readzole, ndi Topsin. Chotsani kudya masamba a kafadala kudzathandiza "Karbofos." Mankhwala onse opatsirana pogwiritsa ntchito mankhwala ophera tizilombo amatilangiza kuti tigwire mwezi umodzi, pamene mphukira imayamba kuphuka.

Mukudziwa? Ascorbic asidi rosehip zipatso ndi 50 kuposa mandimu.

Frost chitetezo

Madontho osakanikirana ndi chisanu kuposa madigiri 20 akupha chifukwa cha maluwa osakhwima. Amakumana ndi mavuto aakulu kwambiri chifukwa cha nyengo yozizira komanso yamvula, chifukwa nyengo salola kuti zitsambazo zizitha kukonzekera nyengo yozizira. Choncho, popanda kuthandizidwa ndi munthu, galu ananyamuka sangakhale moyo mpaka masika.

Kuonjezera apo, kusakaniza koyenera ndi zinthu zakuthupi, kusintha nyengo yozizira ndi thaws mwadzidzidzi ndipo chisanu chowopsya chimakhudza nyengo yake yozizira. N'zotheka kudziwa ziphuphu zomwe sizikhoza kutha m'nyengo yozizira pofika mwezi wa October - zimasiyana ndi masamba obiriwira pamwamba. Mbewu zazing'ono zimafuna chidwi chapadera. Ayenera kukulunga asanayambe kuzizira. Zopindulitsa kwambiri kwa akatswiri wamaluwawa zimaganizira peat, zakugwa masamba, utuchi, pulasitiki kukulunga ndi burlap. Osati kokha tchire, komanso mizu imayenera kutetezedwa. Choncho, pristvolny mabwalo amatha kugwedezeka.

Ndikofunikira! Nthambi za spruce, zomwe nthawi zambiri zimaikidwa pazitsamba zazing'ono, sizitetezedwa ku chisanu. Zowonjezera, izi ndizofooka zofooka za nyerere ndi njala yosungira.

Kukolola ndi kusunga mauno

Malingana ndi nthawi yomwe mumakolola kuchokera ku chitsamba, idzapeza zinthu zowonjezera. Zipatso zabwino zimakhala zofiira kwambiri ndipo zimadziwika ndi zofewa zawo. Choncho, ngati mukukonzekera kuuma zipatso, amafunika kuthyoledwa osapsa - ndi khungu lowala. Muyeneranso kuyang'anitsitsa sepals: ngati m'mphepete mwawo akugwedezeka mwamphamvu ku mabulosi - zokolola zili mofulumira, muyenera kuyembekezera. Mfumukazi inalimbikitsa kupukutira m'chiuno pamodzi ndi mapesi kuti panthawi yokolola mankhwala osakaniza madzi sanatulukemo. Pamene zipatso zimatuluka, zidzatha. Konzani ntchito yanu isanayambike ozizira nyengo, chifukwa otsika kutentha kuchepetsa vitamini C mu zipatso.

Kusunga zipatso zomwe zimasonkhanitsidwa zingakhale zosiyana. Amayi ena amangowaumitsa mu uvuni kapena m'nyumba (popanda kuwala kwa ultraviolet). Ena amawaza sinamoni yowonongeka, ginger wodetsedwa kapena pepala la citrus. Zowonongeka zowonongeka pang'ono m'manja, kotero kuti zinagwa pa tsinde. Kenaka ndi phukusi muzitsulo zouma ndi zivindi kapena matumba a nsalu, mitsuko ya magalasi. Chotsani mwatsatanetsatane zipangizo zomwe zasonkhanitsidwa siziletsedwa. Zikakhala zoterezi, zimatha kuwonongeka ndipo zimadzazidwa ndi nkhungu. Ndibwino kugwiritsa ntchito chimbudzi cha perlonated kapena katatu.

Ndikofunikira! Roseves amafunikira pafupifupi mlungu umodzi kuti apitirize kuyanika. Pambuyo panthawiyi akhoza kudyedwa.

Njira zoberekera

Pali njira zambiri zopezera shrub zitsamba: Botanists amatha kuyesa mbewu, wamaluwa omwe amagwira ntchito nthawi zonse amatha kupanga mzere wotsitsa. Tidzamvetsetsa tsatanetsatane maonekedwe a teknoloji iliyonse.

Kukula kuchokera ku mbewu

Pofuna galu kutuluka ku mbeu, muyenera kusonkhanitsa zakutchire kumapeto kwa chilimwe. Mbalame zofiira, zomwebebe zosapsa ndi zoyenera. Akatswiri amanena kuti mbewu zoterozo zimakhala ndi kuchulukira kwa kumera, chifukwa sichinavutikebe. Kubzala kungakonzedwe kasupe kapena yophukira, koma ndibwino kuti musamapereke mbewu ku mayesero a chisanu. Nkhumbazo zimakhala zowonongeka, kenako zimasakanizidwa ndi mbali imodzi ya peat ndi magawo anayi a mchenga. Ikani chisakanizo mu bokosi ndi chivindikiro cha galasi ndikupita nacho m'chipinda chapansi pa nyumba, ndikuyambitsa zomwe zili mu wowonjezera kutentha nthawi. Spring imakhala pamalo otentha. Mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito njira ina, pobzala zinthu pansi ndikuziwaza pamwamba pa humus. Ndiye bedi liyenera kujambidwa ndi kanema, kutseka mbali zake. Pamene mphukirayi ikuoneka kuti ili ndi masamba awiri, imatha kuikidwa.

Ndikofunikira! Zipatso zam'maluwa otchedwa rose rose zimakhudza odwala omwe ali ndi thrombophlebitis ndi endocarditis.

Kubalana ndi cuttings

Momwe tingalengeze cuttings rosehip, tinauzidwa ndi antchito oyamwitsa, popeza njirayi ndi yofala kwambiri. Iye akugonjera mwamtheradi mitundu yonse ndi mitundu ya chikhalidwe. Pofuna kukwaniritsa zolinga zathu, ndikwanira kudula nsonga za nthambi zobiriwira m'masabata omalizira a June kotero kuti ali ndi internodes atatu pa iwo. Mzere wodulidwa uyenera kuyandikira pafupi nthenda yotsiriza. Ndiye zokololazo ziyenera kuchitidwa ndi zokopa zowonjezera ("Heteroauxin", "Emistim") ndipo patapita nthawi yomwe yanenedwa m'malemba okonzekera, pitani mu gawo lokonzekera. Kuti muchite izi, yesani kusakaniza mbali zofanana za mchenga, mtsinje ndi tsamba lapansi. Pambuyo pazomwe ntchitoyi ikugwiritsidwa ntchito ndi bedi.

Masabata awiri oyambirira, masamba obiriwira amafunika madzi ambiri, kotero musaiwale za ulimi wothirira nthawi zonse. Pomwe mizu imaonekera, madzi akhoza kuchepetsedwa. Pambuyo masiku 25, kudula kwanu kudzakhazikika. Mukamawona increments yoyamba pa, pitirizani kuuma kwa mbewu: masana, chotsani filimuyi kwa maola angapo, pang'onopang'ono kuwonjezera nthawi.

Ndikofunikira! Rosehip imafalikira ndi kuphatikizana masamba ndi cuttings. Ndi bwino kuzichita pazinthu zomwe zimatchedwa "galu".

Kubalana ndi mizu suckers

Njira imeneyi yoberekera mbeu imasankhidwa pakakhala kofunikira kusunga maonekedwe a mzere wa makolo, komanso pamene palibe nthawi yokonzekera ndi kukondana kwa mbande. Kubzala zinthu zomwe zimachokera ku tchire lamphamvu komanso zathanzi ndi zokolola zabwino. Zogulitsa zikhoza kuchitika mu Oktoba kapena mu March, malinga ndi nthawi yomwe mukufuna kukwera. Chinthu chachikulu ndi chakuti rooting imachitika mu nthaka yosangalatsa komanso isanayambe chisanu. Mbeuyo iyenera kukhala yaikulu mpaka masentimita 40. Ndiyi yakuthwa imagawanika ndi shrub, kapena, mosiyana, nthawi ndi nthawi imatsanulira madzi ndi madzi. Chifukwa cha chisamaliro ichi, chitsamba chimapeza mizu yowonjezera yowonjezera ndi kulimbikitsa iwo. Patapita chaka, ikhoza kupatulidwa ndikuyikidwa kumalo okonzedweratu. Chomeracho sichifuna chisamaliro chapadera, koma chidzakuthokozani chifukwa cha kuchuluka kwa kuchuluka kwa maulendo 100. Kumapeto kwa nyengo, ikaphuka, maluwa okwera kumtunda amakondwera ndi kukongoletsa ndi kukongola kwake, ndipo m'nyengo yozizira - ndi zipatso zamachiritso, zomwe zimayenera kukhala ngati mavitamini.