Nyanja ya buckthorn: zinsinsi za kubereka kwachitsamba

Sea buckthorn ndi mabulosi ofunikira komanso ofunika kwambiri m'nyumba. Aliyense amadziwa za ubwino wake, wapadera, amagwiritsa ntchito kuphika, komanso mankhwala, mu cosmetology. Amaluwa ambiri amakumana ndi funso la kubereka kwa shrub. Pali njira zingapo zothetsera vuto ili: nyanja ya buckthorn imafalikira ndi mbewu, kukulumikiza, mizu ya suckers, nthambi ndi magawano a chitsamba. M'nkhaniyi tidzayang'ana njira iliyonse mwatsatanetsatane, ndipo mukhoza kusankha nokha.

Kufalitsa mbewu

Iyi si njira yotchuka kwambiri yobereketsera, monga zimatengera nthawi yaitali, ndipo nthawi zambiri sitingathe kudziwiratu kuti mumapezeka nthanga zotani kuchokera ku mbewu zomwe zabzalidwa. Pali chiopsezo kuti zipatsozo zidzakula pang'ono, ndipo nthambizo zidzakulungidwa ndi ziphuphu. Koma kwa ena, iyi ndi njira yokhayo, choncho ganizirani.

Mbewu imapezeka kuchokera ku zipatso zopsa. Pochita izi, amathyola, amatha kupyolera mu sieve, motero amasula mbewu ku zamkati. Sambani ndi kuuma mbewu zomwe zatsirizidwa. Mukhoza kuziika mu thumba la mapepala kwa zaka zitatu.

Asanafese, mbeu zimayikidwa m'madzi otentha kwa masiku atatu. Pambuyo pake amatsanulidwa, ndipo pa tsiku lachisanu mbewuzo zidzaphulika. Mukhozanso kusakaniza mbeu ndi mchenga wouma ndi malo mufiriji kwa mwezi umodzi. Ndi choyamba chotheka iwo akhoza kubzalidwa.

Ndizosangalatsa kuwerenga za mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya nyanja ya buckthorn.

Mbewu za buckthorn zimamera m'chaka (ngati muli ndi nyemba zouma, imbani mu kugwa). Pochita izi, amatsitsidwa pansi masentimita 3, pamtunda wa masentimita awiri kuchokera pamzake. Pamwamba wophimbidwa ndi humus ndi mchenga. Mabedi ayenera kukhala patali pafupifupi mamita mita kuchokera wina ndi mnzake.

Miyezi iwiri kapena itatu yoyambirira ya mabedi imayenera kuthiriridwa mochuluka (makamaka nyengo yozizira) ndipo, ngati panthawiyi muwona mbande, zikutanthauza kuti chirichonse chinakuyenderani inu, mbewu zomwe "zinapindula".

Ndikofunikira! Otsatsa ambiri samalimbikitsa kubzala mbeu mu kugwa! Kumera m'mikhalidwe yotereyi ndi 10-15%. Izi sizikuchitika chifukwa cha nthawi yaitali yomwe mbewuzo zimamera. Nthaŵi yodziŵika bwino yofesa nyanja ya buckthorn ndi masika.

Cuttings

Njira ina yobereketsera - ndi kuswana nyanja buckthorn cuttings. Amasankhidwa ndi wamaluwa ambiri. Pali njira ziwiri zomwe mungagwiritsire ntchito: gwiritsani ntchito zodulidwa kapena zobiriwira. Zosankha ziwirizi zikhonza kukhala zogwira ntchito ngati mukutsata luso lamakono.

Lignified

Mu November - December, awononge ana (ali ndi zaka chimodzi kapena ziwiri), mphukira yathanzi kuchokera ku buckthorn chitsamba. Akuleni mu nyuzipepala kapena nsalu ndi kuwasiya kuti azichita "hibernate" mufiriji kapena pansi. Kumayambiriro kwa kasupe, dulani kuchokera ku cuttings 20 cm kutalika, osachepera theka sentimita lonse.

Mapeto a cuttings ayenera kuikidwa m'madzi kapena mu njira yowonjezereka yotulutsira kwa sabata, pambuyo pake masamba ndi mizu idzawonekera pa iwo. Anabzala cuttings pamabedi kuti masamba angapo akhale pamwamba. Pambuyo pake, nthaka imakhala yamphongo, yothira peat ndi madzi ambiri. Kasupe wotsatira, mbande zidzakhala zokonzeka kuziika.

Zamasamba

Pansi pa kukonzekera kwa wobiriwira cuttings kusankha nyengo yotentha - chilimwe, makamaka kumapeto kwa June. Pachifukwachi, 10 cm yaitali cuttings ali okonzeka kuchokera amphamvu, wathanzi, pang'ono lignified (osati wobiriwira) mphukira Chotsani masamba apansi ndi kuika mapeto m'madzi kapena mu kukula stimulator yankho kwa masiku angapo.

Green cuttings akhoza kuchulukitsa gooseberries, plums, mphesa, cotoneaster, chokeberry, snowberry, honeysuckle capricoleum.

Pambuyo pake, amafesedwa perekopany, feteleza ndi peat, osakanizidwa ndi mchenga, kuthirira madzi ochuluka, pamtunda wa masentimita 6. Pambuyo pake, onetsetsani mabedi ndi polyethylene, kukokera pamabedi a waya kuti mtunda pakati pa kudula ndi filimuyi ukhale osachepera 3-5 masentimita. Chiguduli cha mafuta chimapinda pansi.

Madzi nthawi zambiri, kumasula, kudyetsa dziko lapansi. Patapita mwezi umodzi, tizidulidwe tingaphunzitsidwe ku malo akunja. Chotsani filimuyi kwa maola angapo, mpweya, kuwapsya mtima. Pakapita nthawi kuchokera ku "wowonjezera kutentha" zingatheke kukana. Pamaso pa isanayambike ozizira nyengo, kutentha ndi cuttings ndi utuchi ndi masamba mpaka masika. M'chaka akhoza kuikidwa.

Mukudziwa? Sea buckthorn si dzina lokha la shrub. M'madera osiyanasiyana amatchedwa mosiyana: ivotorn, Wolfberry, waxflower.

Kodi kufalitsa nyanja buckthorn mizu suckers

Njira iyi imalingaliridwa imodzi mwa zosavuta kwambiri. Zidzakhala ndi chitsamba cha buckthorn mpaka zaka zisanu. Pa msinkhu uwu, chomeracho chikuwonekera mowonjezereka. M'chaka, tengani ana azuwo kuchokera ku chomeracho, chigwiritseni pansi ndi kuthirira madzi nthawi ndi nthawi. Pa nthawi ya kugwa mizu idzayamba pansi, ndipo ndi nthawi yobzala mbewu.

Ngati mwasankha kukula mu nyanja ya buckthorn, zidzakuthandizani kuphunzira kuchokera ku matenda ndi tizirombo zomwe zimayenera kutetezedwa.

Kuyala kuswana

Njira ina yosavuta yopangira nyanja buckthorn. Amafuna chitsamba chachitsamba chokhala ndi nthambi zamphamvu. Amakumba nthaka kuzungulira iyo, kuthirira madzi, manyowa - konzekerani kuti muphatikize. Pambuyo pake, nthambi zotsikazo zimapangidwira pansi, zimapangidwanso m'madera ambiri ndi kuthirira mochuluka. Patapita nthawi, nthambi zikuwonekera, zimadulidwa n'kuzidula mbande.

Mukudziwa? Pansi pa chilengedwe cha zomera 7 zazimayi, pali amuna atatu. Izi ziyenera kuganiziridwa mukamabzala mbande, ngati mukufuna kukhala ndi mbewu yabwino ya zipatso zokoma.

Momwe mungakulitsire nyanja ya buckthorn pogawanitsa chitsamba

Ngati mwasankha kusinthitsa chitsamba cha buckthorn m'malo atsopano, muli ndi mwayi wosapeza imodzi, koma mitengo ingapo nthawi imodzi. Pochita izi, pofukula chitsamba ndi kumasula mizu yake ku nthaka yambiri, imagawidwa m'magulu pogwiritsa ntchito mitsuko.

Muyenera kusamala kuti musawononge mizu mwamphamvu, kuti zitsimikizo kuti chitsamba chilichonse chatsopano chili ndi gawo labwino la mizu. Pambuyo pake, tchire timabzalidwa mu nthaka yokhala ndi umuna, mowa wambiri. Ndi bwino kuchita izi mu March kapena November.

Ndikofunikira! Mukadula kwambiri pamene mukuchotsa mizu yakale, mphukira iyenera kuchepetsedwa kwambiri. Ndibwino kusiya masamba ochepa kwambiri kuposa gawo lalitali kwambiri pamtunda.

Nayi njira zowonjezera zowonjezera nyanja ya buckthorn. Zonse zimafuna khama pang'ono ndi nthawi. Koma nthawi yomweyo ndi ntchito yosangalatsa komanso yothandiza. Nthawi yosavuta komanso yokolola!