Cherry "Mdima wakuda": kufotokoza, kukwera ndi kuchoka

Pakati pa mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mitengo ya zipatso tiyenera kufotokozera chitumbuwa. Zomwe sizingapangidwe kuchokera ku zipatso za mtengo uwu: compotes, zakumwa zazipatso, jams ndi jams akhala nthawi yambiri yokonzekera mu khitchini ya aliyense wogwira ntchito. Kuwonjezera pamenepo, zotsekemera zokoma ndi zokometsera nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito kukongoletsa chofufumitsa kapena ngati kudzazidwa kwa mabulu, dumplings ndi mbale zina. Komabe, ngati mitundu ina ya zomera ndi yabwino kwa cholinga ichi, ena alibe kukoma kokoma. M'nkhani ino tidzakambirana za chitumbuwa chomwe chimatchedwa "Black Black", chomwe chimadziwika ndi zida zake, komanso achibale ake ena, ali ndi zofunikira zowyala ndikusamalira.

Cherry "Mdima wakuda": ndondomeko

Mwamwayi, lero mnyumba ya chilimwe yamatcheri amayamba kuchepa. Anthu ambiri a m'chilimwe amakana kukula nawo pofuna kukometsera chitumbuwa chokoma, makamaka chifukwa cha kuphweka kwake komanso maonekedwe okongola. Posachedwapa, mitundu yoposa 150 yatsopano yamatcheri yowonekera, yomwe Black Black ili nayo.

Mitundu yonse ya yamatcheri imagawidwa ndi kucha: oyambirira ("Chocolate Girl"), pakati-kucha ("Kharitonovskaya", "Vladimirskaya"), kumapeto-kucha ("Achinyamata", "Turgenevka").

Ngati tilankhula za maonekedwe a mtengo wa zipatso uwu, ndi otsika (pafupi mamita 3-4) ndipo amaonekera ndi korona wandiweyani wooneka ngati piramidi. Makungwa a thunthu ndi nthambi ndi mdima wandiweyani (masamba obiriwira pamphukira aang'ono), pang'ono mwaukali ndipo samasweka. Pakupita kwanthawi yaitali, makulidwe akuluakulu amaonekera bwino.

Cherry "Mdima wakuda" uli ndi masamba akuluakulu omwe sagwirizana ndi mphukira, ndipo masamba omwewo ndi obiriwira omwe ali ndi mtundu wobiriwira ndi mano ang'onoang'ono pamphepete.

Mukudziwa? Mitundu yakuda yayikulu inkapezeka podutsa pakati-oyambirira mitundu yamatcheri "Ogulitsa wakuda" ndi "Zhukovskaya", pamene A.Ya. Voronchikhina - yemwe amapanga sitima ya Rossosh.

Zozizwitsa zazikulu zimasiyana ndi mitengo maluwa yomwe imakula mu inflorescences wa zidutswa 2-3. Zili ndi mitsempha yoyera, mdima wambiri kumapeto kwa maluwa.

Izi zosiyanasiyana zimadziwika ndi lalikulu kwambiri kuzungulira zipatso, unyinji umene umakwana 5-7 magalamu. Ali ndi mnofu wofiira, wowometsera, wamdima wakuda, omwe amawayamikira ndi wamaluwa. Ndiyenera kunena kuti iyi ndi imodzi mwa mitundu yabwino kwambiri, yomwe imakhala ndi mchere wokoma kwambiri.

Ndikofunikira! Mwala wa zipatsowo umakhala wosiyana kwambiri ndi zamkati, choncho simukusowa kuti muchotseretu.

Ubwino ndi kuipa kwa yamatcheri "Black lalikulu"

Cherries "Black Black" ili ndi ubwino wonse, ngakhale kuti kufotokoza kwake sikuyenera kulephera kuwatchula zovuta. Pofotokoza za ubwino wa zosiyanasiyana, ndibwino kuti tizindikire zokolola zambiri komanso mofulumira, zomwe zimatha kukolola kuchokera ku mtengo umodzi (zaka 6-8).

Komanso, ndizo chisanu chopinga Njira yomwe ingathe kupirira kutentha kwa -32 ° -34 ° C popanda kuwononga impso. Mwa njira, mtengo umalekerera ndi nthawi zouma, zomwe sizimakhudza mtundu wa mbewu.

Ubwino wa "Black Large" uyenera kutchulidwa ndi chilengedwe chonse, ndiko kuti, zipatso zimagwiritsidwa ntchito moyenera (kupanikizana, kupanikizana, kupanikizana, compotes), komanso kutentha kapena kuzizira (zimasungidwa mwakachetechete m'firiji kwa miyezi iwiri).

Kuwonjezera apo, izi zosiyanasiyana zimakhala ndi kuyamba koyambirira kwa fruiting, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti mwamsanga kwambiri (kumayambiriro kwa July) adzasangalala ndi zipatso zazikulu ndi zokometsera.

Zokhudzana ndi zovuta za chitumbuwa cha Black Black, pamene mukukula, muyenera kukhala okonzekera "msonkhano" ndi matenda osiyanasiyana a fungal, chifukwa nthawi yachisanu ndi yamvula mtengo umakhala nthawi zambiri zakhudzidwa ndi moniliasis kapena coccomycosis. Nthawi ya moyo wa chitumbuwa ndi yokwanira kwa zaka 15-17, ndipo zokolola zimachepa ndi zaka, zomwe sizikulimbikitsanso.

Awerengenso za kulima chitumbuwa chophwanyidwa, bessey, pottery.

Momwe mungabzalitsire chitumbuwa

Ngakhale kudzichepetsa kwa ofotokozedwa osiyanasiyana, pakadalibe zofunikira zina za kubzala ndi kusamalira. Choncho, musanayambe kamera kakang'ono, onetsetsani kuti mukutsatira zifukwa zotsatirazi.

Momwe mungasankhire malo kubzala yamatcheri

Kutentha kwakukulu kwa chisanu cha chitumbuwa sikukutanthauza kuti izo zingabzalidwe kulikonse. Muyenera kukhala ndi chidwi kokha m'malo owala, otentha ndi otetezedwa ku mphepo zakumpoto. Mofanana ndi yamatcheri ena ambiri, izi zimakonda kuwala kwa dzuwa, ngakhale kuti zimatha kukula bwino mumthunzi.

Choncho, malo akum'mwera a malo anu ali angwiro. Sitikulimbikitsidwa kudzala mtengo m'malo omwe ali pafupi ndi madzi pansi kapena pansi, komwe kumakhala kasupe komwe kumapezeka nthawi yambiri ya madzi otungunuka.

Zofuna za Black Cherry za nthaka

Pogwiritsa ntchito nthaka, Black Large Cherry mbande mulibe zofunikira zapamwambaKomabe, ndi bwino kudzala mumtambo wofiira kapena loamy, womwe umafufuzidwa komanso utayikidwa kale (400 magalamu a laimu amagwiritsidwa ntchito pa 1 mamita). Pakatha mlungu umodzi akumba nthaka, feterezazo zimagwiritsidwa ntchito (10-15 makilogalamu a kompositi pa 1 mamita).

Ndikofunikira! Simungapange organic nthawi yomweyo ndi mandimu. Pambuyo pa kuchepetsa derali muyenera kukhala osachepera sabata.

Mmene mungabzalidwe mtengo wa chitumbuwa cha "Black lalikulu"

Nthaŵi yoyenera yobzala yamatcheri ndikatikati mwa mwezi wa April, popeza panthawi ino dziko lapansi likutenthedwa kale ndipo masambawo sakuyambirabe.. Mzere wa dzenje lodzala ndilokuwerengedwa molingana ndi kukula kwa rhizome ya mmera ndipo kawirikawiri ndi pafupifupi masentimita 80. Mwa kuya, bedi lodzala liyenera kufika 50-60 masentimita.

Pakumba dzenje, chomera chamtundu chokwera chimachotsedwa, chophatikiza ndi humus (mu chiŵerengero cha 1: 1), kenako 1 makilogalamu a phulusa, 20-25 magalamu a potassium chloride ndi 30-40 magalamu a superphosphate akuwonjezeredwa ku nthaka yomwe imasakaniza.

Malowa atakonzeka, pepala lalikulu liyenera kuthamangitsidwa pakatikati pa dzenje (liyenera kuyendetsa 30-40 masentimita pamwamba pa chiwembu), ndi kutsanulira nthaka kusakaniza (10-15 makilogalamu pamwamba pake ndi 0.4 kg ya superphosphate ndi 0 , 5 makilogalamu a phulusa).

Sapling imayikidwa pa phiri ili, koma mwanjira yomwe khosi la mtengo liri 6-7 masentimita pamwamba pa pamwamba. Mukatha kuwongolera mizu ya mbeu bwino, muyenera kuwonjezera pang'onopang'ono nthaka, kuigwedeza pang'ono kuti pasakhale zotsalira.

Mutabzala mozungulira pa mtunda wa 25-30 masentimita, pangani dzenje ndi mzere wa dziko kumbali. Chidebe cha madzi chimatsanulidwira mmenemo, ndipo mwamsanga pamene madziwo atengeka bwino ndipo mizu ya mizu ili pamtunda pamwamba pa sitepi, thunthu la mtengo likulumikizidwa ndi peat, humus kapena utuchi ndipo mbeuyo imamangiriridwa ku khola.

Mukudziwa? "Mdima wakuda" sagwiritsidwa ntchito kwa mitundu yodzikonda yokha yamatcheri, motero, sungathe kudziyesa yekha. Poganizira izi, Turgenevka, Kentskaya, Zhukovskaya, Rossoshanskaya Chernaya ndi mitundu ina amaonedwa kuti ndi oyandikana nawo mitengo.

Kodi kusamalira mbande

Sitikutha kunena kuti, mwa chisamaliro, mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya Black Black ndi yosiyana kwambiri ndi mitundu yambiri ya chitumbuwa, komabe, kuvala pamwamba, kuthirira ndi kudulira mbewu kumakhala ndi makhalidwe awoawo. Kuonjezerapo, payenera kulipidwa pa nkhani yakulimbana ndi matenda osiyanasiyana a fungal omwe nthawi zambiri zimakhala zovuta.

Kuthirira "Black Black"

Popeza chitumbuwa ndi "Black Large" - zomera zosagonjetsa chilala (izi zikusonyezedwa mu zikhalidwe zake), sizikutanthauza kuthirira mobwerezabwereza. Nthawi yoyamba madzi amalowa m'nthaka nthawi yomweyo maluwa a chitumbuwa (panthawi yomweyo ndikudyetsa), ndipo yachiwiri - ndi kukula kwa kukula kwa zipatso.

Komabe, ngati chilimwe chidzakhala chowotcha komanso chouma, ndiye kuti jekeseni wambiri wa madzi sungakhale woposera, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti ziyenera kuwonjezeka mpaka 2-3 pa mwezi. Kwa kuthirira kamodzi kumadya pafupifupi ndowa 2-3 za mtengo pamtengo.

Pambuyo mvula, kudzipundula kwa nthaka kapena feteleza m'nthaka, m'pofunika kumasula kwa kuya kwa masentimita 10-15, ndipo kugulira nthawi zonse kumathandiza kusunga chinyezi pansi.

Ndikofunikira! Kutsegula nthaka kuzungulira chitumbuwa kumachitika katatu pa nyengo, koma mosamalitsa kuti asawononge mizu ya mtengo.

Zapadera za zakudya zamasamba ndi chisamaliro cha nthaka

Kubzala mu nthaka kumayamba ndi maonekedwe a zipatso zoyamba pamtengo. Zowonjezera feteleza (humus kapena kompositi) zimaphatikizidwanso ku nthaka osaposa kamodzi pa zaka ziwiri, pomwe mchere wambiri umagwiritsidwa ntchito kawiri pachaka. Pansi pa kugwa kukumba ndi bwino kuwonjezera potaziyamu ndi phosphorous pansi, ndikupanga nayitrogeni m'chaka. Zaka zisanu zilizonse, nthaka imakhala yopaka phulusa kapena ufa wa dolomite.

Kudulira mitundu yamatcheri "Black Black"

Korona wa chitumbuwa chilichonse chiyenera kupangidwa, chomwe chimapereka nthawi zonse kudulira nthambi ndi mphukira. Zomwe zafotokozedwa zosiyanasiyana, ndizo zambiri silingalole mphamvu yakuliraChoncho, iliyonse yamasika nthambi ndi mphukira kuposa masentimita 40 ziyenera kufupikitsidwa.

Nthambi zomwe zimakula mkati mwa korona zimakhala zochotsedwa nthawi zonse. Mu mtengo wachikulire, m'pofunika kusiya nthambi zoposera khumi zokha, zomwe sizidzangolondola komanso zokongola, koma zimachepetsanso mowonjezereka wa moniliasis (ngati njirayi ikuchitika molondola).

Pogwiritsa ntchito zokonza, pofuna kupewa kuphulika, nthambi zonse zosafunikira zimadulidwa pa mphete, panthawi yomweyi ndikuika nthambi zatsopano ndi zamphamvu.

Ndikofunikira! Mukawona kuwonongeka kwa kukula kwa mtengowo, mutha kuyenga kudulira kowala.

Kudulira mbeu ya chitumbuwa chaka ndi chaka kumakhala pamtunda wa masentimita 60 mpaka 80, zomwe zimakulolani kuyika nthambi 3-4 zikuluzikulu m'zigawo zoyambirira ndi shtamb kutalika kwa 30-50 masentimita. Chaka chotsatira, pakati pa conductor ndifupika 0.6-0.8 mamita kuchokera pamwamba nthambi za gawo loyamba. Mu gawo lachiwiri mutuluke 2-3 nthambi, mofanana mumayikidwa pamtengo.

Matenda akulu ndi tizirombo ta yamatcheri akuluakulu otchedwa fruited

Chikhalidwe chodziwika bwino cha zofotokozedwa zosiyanasiyana ndi chizoloŵezi cha matenda otchedwa fungal matenda monga moniliosis ndi coccomycosis, kumene masamba a mtengo ndi nthawi zina zipatso amavutika.

Zizindikiro zoyamba za maonekedwe a coccomicosis amavomerezedwa popanga madontho aang'ono a bulauni kunja kwa tsamba. Pakapita nthawi, amakula kukula kwake, ndipo mbali yamunsi ya masamba imakhala ndi pachimake cha pinki. Masamba okhudzidwa amauma mwamsanga ndi kugwa. Matenda odwala amasintha mawonekedwe ndi kutembenukira wakuda.

Pofuna kuteteza chitumbuwa kuchokera ku coccomycosis, mungagwiritse ntchito mankhwala awa: Skor, Topaz, Topsin-M, Abiga-Peak.

Komabe, ngakhale ndi zizindikiro zotero, coccomycosis siipa kwa mtengo monga moniliosis, umene umakhudza mbali zonse za zomera: masamba, nthambi, mphukira ndi zipatso. Mu nyengo yozizira ndi yozizira, matendawa amakula mofulumira, ndipo kufalitsa mabala a bulauni pamasamba (ofanana ndi kuwotchera) mwamsanga amalowetsedwa ndi zilonda pa thunthu, amawombera ndi zipatso zokha.

Kupanda chithandizo cha panthaŵi yake chidzawononga mtengo, kotero kuti poyamba zizindikiro za matendawa ndizofunika kuchotsa mbali zonse zokhudzana ndi kachilomboko, kusonkhanitsa masamba ogwa, kudula khungu la khungwa ku thunthu ndi kuwotcha.

Polimbana ndi moniliosis, kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa ndi 3% yothetsera Bordeaux madzi amagwiritsidwa ntchito, omwe nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito pofuna kuteteza, koma pa 1%. Polimbana ndi coccomycosis, kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa ndi mankhwala a mkuwa okhala ndi njira yabwino kwambiri.

Zili zophweka kuzipeza pamsika wamakono, koma posankha ndi bwino kupatsa mankhwala osokoneza bongo omwe ali ndi zotsatira zabwino osati pamwamba pa pepala, komanso amateteza kupanga mapulogalamu mkati mwake. Ngakhale kuti mtengo wawo uli wapamwamba kwambiri, iwo adzapindula kwambiri.

Ndikofunikira! Malingana ndi nyengo mu nyengo imodzi, mankhwala angapo angayesedwe.

Musawope kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala a mankhwala pamayesero oyambirira a matendawa, chifukwa zipatso zomwe zimakhudzidwa sizili zoopsa kuposa zamakono zamakono.

Black Black: Kukolola

Monga tanena kale, kukolola kwathunthu kwa yamatcheri a "Black Black" kumapezeka kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa July, ndipo mbeu yoyamba ikhoza kukolola mkati mwa zaka 3-4 mutabzala. Ngati munatsatira zofunikira zonse kuti musamalire mtengo umenewu, ndiye kuti panthawiyi mabulosi amdima, akulu ndi owopsa amakuyembekezerani.

Monga ma plums, yamatcheri amalimbikitsidwa kukolola 2-3 masiku asanakwane msinkhu, ndiko kuti, mutangozindikira kuti zipatso za mtengo zimadetsedwa, mukhoza kutenga masitepe ndikuyamba kuziwatola. Ndibwino kwambiri kudula yamatcheri ndi maburashi pafupi ndi malo omwe amamatira tsinde ku mtengo wa zipatso.

Pachifukwa ichi, zipatso zonse zathanzi zimayikidwa mu chidebe kapena chidebe china, chokonzedwa cha 4-8 makilogalamu, ndipo zipatso zowonongeka kapena zowonongeka zimasonkhanitsidwa mu chidebe chosiyana. Mukasankha yamatcheri popanda tsinde, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito mwamsanga mwamsanga, chifukwa adzalola madziwo kuti asafike ndipo sadzasungiranso.

Kukolola yamatcheri amayenera kuchitidwa m'mawa (mame akangobwera), ndithudi, nyengo yowuma ndi yozizira.

Kuwona zofunikira zonse za agrotechnical, chaka chilichonse mudzakhala ndi zipangizo zamakono zokhala ndi zamasamba ndi zophika, chifukwa mitundu yosiyanasiyana yamatchire imatuluka bwino.