Chinese kabichi pak choi: malingaliro odzala ndi kusamalira

Chinese kabichi pak choi ndi imodzi mwa mitundu yotchuka kwambiri ya kabichi ku East Asia. Chifukwa cha kukula bwino kwake, kudzichepetsa kwa nthaka komanso zakudya zam'madzi, ambiri amaluwa m'dziko lathu ayamba kulima mosiyanasiyana kabichi. Tidzakambirana za zinsinsi zoyenera kubzala komanso kusamalira pak choi m'nkhaniyi.

Kulongosola kwa chikhalidwe

Pak-choi (bok-choi) - Chaka chilichonse (kawirikawiri zaka ziwiri) chomera kuchokera ku banja la cruciferous. Kabichi zosiyanasiyana alibe mizu. Mbali-choy imapanga rosette wa masamba ndi kutalika 35-65 masentimita.

Pali mitundu iwiri ya zomera: ndi nyemba ndi zobiriwira petioles. Mbali-choi ndi ya chikhalidwe cha miyambo yoyambirira ndi yozizira. Kabichi wazaka ziwiri m'chaka chachiwiri cha moyo amapanga maluwa. Mizu ya Pak-choi imalowa m'nthaka zosachepera 15 masentimita. Mu malo obiriwira ndi greenhouses, amakula pambali pa nthawi iliyonse ya chaka, komanso kunja kwa nyengo yotentha. Pereopilyatsya chomera chokha ndi Peking kabichi.

Kuwonjezera apo, pakiti-choi ili ndi tizilombo tating'ono kwambiri ndi macronutrients, mavitamini ndi fiber. Katunduyu amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi anthu omwe amadya kapena matenda odwala shuga.

Pa matenda a shuga, akulimbikitsanso kuti muphatikizepo zakudya zanu za yucca, dzungu, boletus, katsabola, purslane, chitowe chakuda, letesi ya madzi oundana, katsitsumzukwa nyemba, nyemba yakuda.
Amatha kuchotsa poizoni, poizoni ndi cholesterol kuchokera m'thupi. Mbali-choi ili ndi mavitamini ndi minerals monga: magnesium, iron, potassium, phosphorous, vitamini A, C, PP ndi mavitamini a gulu B. Zonsezi zimakhudza thupi.

Makhalidwe a kulima: zofuna za nthaka, kusankha malo, khutu

Pa gawo la dziko lathu, timakula mitundu yambiri ya kabichi pak choi. Abambo amabweretsa kabichi wa China oyambirira ndi pakati pake. Gawo loyamba likuphatikizapo "Alyonushka", "Golub", "Vesnyanka", "Corolla". Mitengo ya kabichi yakucha msanga kwambiri (nyengo yokula ndi masiku 45).

Mitundu ya nyengo yamkatikati imaphatikizapo "Swan", "Swallow", "Chill", "Zaka Zinayi", "Mu Memory Of Popova". Nyengo ya kukula pakatikati ya kucha kucha 50-55 masiku.

Mukudziwa? M'mayiko a Asia ndiok pak choi amagwiritsidwa ntchito mu zodzoladzola. Imeneyi ndi njira yabwino kwambiri yowonzitsiranso khungu.

Buck choi osati makamaka zovuta panthaka. Ikhoza kukula ngakhale m'dera losasangalatsa. Koma malo abwino kwambiri oti ikamatere adzakhala mchenga loam kapena kuwala loam. Kutentha kwa dothi kuyenera kukhala kosiyana ndi 5.5 mpaka 6.5 pH. Ndibwino kuti muthe kutero. Sikoyenera kulima pak choi kumalo komwe chaka chatha chimanga china chinakula.

Komanso sikulakwa kubzala bok-choi pamalo amodzi kwa zaka zoposa ziwiri mzere.

Momwe mungamere kabichi pak choi mu dziko

Tsopano tikumvetsa funso lofunika: Kodi kukula kabichi pak choi kunyumba? Kulima kumayamba ndi kubzala mbande.

Kubzala ndi kusamalira mbande

Kwa kukula mbande kabichi mbewu obzalidwa peat makapu kumapeto kwa March - pakati pa April. Udzu wa mbande ukhoza kusakanizidwa ndi humus kuti mbeu yabwino kumera. Mutabzala mbeuyo kuthira madzi (madzi ozizira ndi osafunika). Miphika yamera imayikidwa bwino pamalo a dzuwa.

Ndikofunikira! Agronomists ambiri amalimbikitsa kubzala mbeu za bok-choi pansi. Nthaŵi yabwino yoyendetsa dzikolo idzakhala chiyambi cha June, nyengo ikayamba kutentha.
Masiku onse anayi kapena asanu, mbeu ziyenera kuthiriridwa ndi madzi, kutentha kumene kulibefupi ndi 15ºС. Pambuyo masiku 15-20, pamene timapepala atatu timapanga pa mbande, iyenera kutsanulidwa.

Pansi pa mphukira iliyonse kutsanulira dziko lapansi, ndiye chomera mwamsanga imapanga masamba achinayi ndi asanu. Pambuyo pa masamba asanu amapangidwa pa mbande, imatha kubzalidwa pamalo omwe anakonzedwa kale ndi makapu.

Kubzala mbande pamalo otseguka

Kuti mbande pak-choi mwamsanga izolowere, muyenera kupopera mbewu madzi nthawi zonse (2-4 pa tsiku; kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa kumachitika masiku 5-7). Ndi bwino kubzala kabichi mu penumbra. Mpaka mizu ikakhala yolimba, dzuwa limatentha. Ndi bwino kudzala mbande mu nthaka madzulo kapena pa tsiku lachisanu.

Mtunda pakati pa mizere ya kabichi iyenera kukhala 25-30 masentimita. Dulani m'nthaka musanafike mapepala oyambirira.

Zizindikiro za kukula

Kabichi pak choi ndi yabwino kukula pamtundu uliwonse wa nthaka. Pakuti sikutanthauza chisamaliro chapadera ndi chisamaliro. Komabe, malinga ndi zikhalidwe zina, mukhoza kuonjezera zokolola.

Kuthirira ndi kusamalira nthaka

Mbali-choi iyenera kuthiriridwa kufikira mbewuyo itakhazikika mwakhama pamalo otseketsa (ife talemba za izi mu gawo lapitalo). Pambuyo pake, madzi pokhapokha ngati mulibe mphepo kwa nthawi yaitali (milungu iwiri kapena yaitali). Zikatero, 15-20 malita a madzi ofunda ayenera kutsanuliridwa pa mita imodzi ya mita za nthaka.

Mukudziwa? Woyenda wotchuka James Cook ankanena kuti sauerkraut yekha amapulumutsa oyendetsa sitima, kutulutsa matenda m'thupi. M'masiku amenewo, palibe sitima imodzi yomwe inkayenda popanda nsalu ya sauerkraut.

Chomeracho chiyenera kumera chifukwa cha zokolola zabwino. Chitani masiku 20-25 musanakolole.

Pukuta pansi phulusa musanayambe kudula nthaka. Ngati pali udzu wambiri pa chiwembu, tikufunika kulima.

Chovala chokongola cha kabichi cha China

Mosakayikira palibe mavuto omwe angabwere mukasamalira pak-choi. Njira yabwino yodyetsera zomera ndikugwiritsa ntchito zofunikira za organic ndi mchere feteleza. Muyenera kutsata kuchuluka kwa feteleza pa mita imodzi, kuti musawononge kabichi. Apo ayi, ikhoza kufa kapena kutaya kukoma kwake ndi katundu wopindulitsa.

Kwa kudyetsa mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito ammonium nitrate. Mukhozanso kupanga magalamu 20 pa mita iliyonse ya fetasi fetereza.

Chiwerengero chofanana cha g / mamita chikuwonetsedwa pamene superphosphates akuwonjezeredwa. Kukhazikitsa zonse feteleza zamadzimadzi zikhoza kukhala phulusa la nkhuni.

Ndibwino kuti musamayambe kumwa feteleza (monga ngakhale kabichi ikuwonjezera kukula, idzataya kukoma kwake).

Zambiri zokhudza pak choi chisamaliro

Chikhalidwe chimangokhala kupanga mivi ndi tsvetushnosti, kotero pamene mukukula mukuyenera kulingalira zina mwazochitika za kabichi. Mapangidwe apangidwe ndi njira zothamanga zamtunduwu nthawi zambiri amawonedwa ndi nthawi yowonjezereka ya maola a usana. Pofuna kupewa izi, agronomists ena amalangiza Musabzale pak choi pamaso pa July.

Kuti zikhale zokolola zabwino, nthaka yozungulira kabichi ikhoza kuwonetsedwa ndi olemera kompositi kapena udzu wokhala ndi udzu. Choncho ndibwino kusunga chinyezi (izi zimakhala zofunika makamaka m'nyengo yozizira).

Kulimbana ndi matenda a zomera ndi tizirombo

Ntchentche zotchedwa Cruciferous ndizoopsa kwambiri pambali. Ndi chisamaliro cholakwika cha mbeu, amatha kuwononga mbewu zambiri. Kulimbana ndi majeremusi ayenera kukhala otsegula kwambiri komanso kuthirira madzi ambiri. Muyeneranso mulch kabichi m'mawa kudzera kulowetsedwa fodya kapena matabwa phulusa.

Ndikofunikira! Pofuna kuthana ndi tizirombo, pak choi imagwiritsanso ntchito njira yothetsera phulusa ndi sopo, kulowetsedwa kuchokera masamba atsopano a phwetekere ndi adyo, yankho la madzi acetiki, kulowetsedwa kwa sopo wamadzi ndi dandelion root gawo, kulowetsedwa kwa adyo mivi ndi luso lobiriwira. Njirazi ndizoyenera kupopera mbewu ndi kuthirira.

Pofuna kuthana ndi utitiri wa cruciferous, kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala amadzimadzi omwe amachokera ku Kinmiks amaloledwa. Mankhwalawa amadzipukutira m'madzi molingana ndi malangizo ndipo amathiridwa madzulo kapena m'mawa.

Ndikofunika kuyang'ana masamba a kabichi nthawi zonse pa siteji ya mapangidwe awo a kukhala kabichi whitefish mazira. Ngati apezeka, muyenera kusonkhanitsa mazira onse ndikuwawononga.

Mitengo ya maluwa kapena mvula ya maluwa imayambitsa ngozi yaikulu mmunda. Kulimbana ndi tizirombozi tigwiritse ntchito nyambo pogwiritsa ntchito chimphona kapena mowa. Nkhono zikhoza kusonkhanitsidwa pamanja. Mankhwala othandiza polimbana ndi slugs ndi "Rodax".

Zokonzekera zonsezi ziyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito molingana ndi malangizo - zomera zimakhala zovuta kwambiri kusintha kwa nthaka kapena pamwamba pake.

Pak-choi amatha kusonkhanitsa zinthu zoopsa m'mapepala, kotero ndibwino kupewa kupopera mankhwala mobwerezabwereza ndikulimbana ndi tizirombo pogwiritsa ntchito njira yosonkhanitsira.

Zimakhalanso zosangalatsa kuwerenga za kulima Peking, Savoy, woyera ndi kolifulawa.

Kukolola

Chokolola choyamba cha mitundu yoyamba yakucha akhoza kukolola mkati mwa masiku 25-35 mutabzala ndi pak choi panja. Ndi bwino kusamala masamba a kabichi ndikusiya mizu m'nthaka. Ndiye, mu nyengo yabwino, pakiti-choi idzabwereranso masiku 25-30. Amalangizidwa kuti adzalitse chomeracho kumapeto kwa September, pamene nyengo yamvula imayamba ndi nyengo sizingalole kabichi kuti ikulenso ndikubala mbewu.

Mukudziwa? Mavitamini C ochuluka kwambiri ochokera ku saladi onse ali mu pak-choi.

Nthawi zambiri zomera zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga saladi. Saladi ya Pak-choi imapangidwa ndi kuwonjezera kwa Chimandarini, chimanga kapena nandolo. Mwatsopano kabichi uli ndi lysine yambiri, yomwe ili ndi zotsatira zotsutsa khansa.

Posachedwapa, wamaluwa ambiri m'dziko lathu adayamba kukula kwambiri. Chifukwa cha kubzala ndi kusamala, kutchuka kwa kabichi zosiyanasiyana kukukula chaka chilichonse.