Kukula hydrangea paniculata mitundu Grandiflora m'munda

Ndithudi, aliyense wamaluwa, makamaka ngati wakhala akukula zomera zambiri zachilendo kwa nthawi yayitali, wamvapo za hydrangeas - mtengo wokondweretsa komanso wodzichepetsa. Zingatheke kukula monse miphika komanso monga chokongoletsera cha flowerbeds kapena munda, ndipo mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mitundu ikukuthandizani kuti mupange nyimbo zovuta kwambiri. Pano tengani hydrangea paniculata kapena makamaka Grandiflora zosiyanasiyana. Pokhala ndi korona wokongola, chomeracho chidzawoneka bwino pa gawo lirilonse la webusaiti yanu, makamaka popeza zozizwitsa za inflorescences zake siziri zofanana ndi mitundu iliyonse yodziwika.

Kufotokozera ndi chiyambi

Madzi a hydrangea otchulidwawo ndi amodzi mwa akale kwambiri, chifukwa amadziŵika ku East Asia chakumapeto kwa 1860. M'masiku amenewo, kuthengo, mitengo yoteroyo imatha kufika mamita khumi mu msinkhu, koma zitsanzo zamakono zomwe zimakula mu nyengo yathu ndizochepa kwambiri. Lero Grandiflora wakula ngati shrub kapena mtengo waung'ono, womwe umatha kufika mamita awiri (ndi korona wa mamita atatu). Maluwa a chomeracho amagawidwa mu lalikulu pyramidal inflorescences mpaka mamita 30 cm.Maluwa onse amakhala osabala, kutanthauza kuti simungathe kuyembekezera zipatso za chomera.

Mudzakhala ndi chidwi chodziwa za hydrangea osiyanasiyana "Annabel" ndi "Phantom".
Kumayambiriro kwa maluwa, maluŵa onse ali obiriwira oyera, koma pakapita nthawi, mtundu wawo umasintha kukhala woyera, kenako umakhala wofiira. Koma sizinthu zonse: pakufika kwa autumn pafupi ndi mapeto a maluwa, mudzawona maluwa ofiira obiriwira anu hydrangea Grandiflora.

Mukudziwa? Kumadzulo, tinaphunzira za hydrangeas chifukwa cha ulendo woyamba wa dziko la French, amene anapeza duwa pachilumba cha Mauritius (chomwe chili ku Indian Ocean) mu 1768.
Masamba ndi ovate, mpaka masentimita 12 m'litali, amatsindikiza pang'ono pamwamba ndi masamba ambiri m'munsi mwa tsamba la masamba (makamaka pamphepete mwa mitsempha). Maluwa oyambirira amachitika pa chaka chachinayi kapena zisanu mutabzala, ndipo ngati maluwawo sali wosabala, ndiye kuti nthawi yomweyo, fruiting imapezeka. Maluwa ndiatali kwambiri: kuyambira gawo lachiwiri la June mpaka kumapeto kwa mwezi wa October. Ngati bokosi la zipatso limapangidwira, posakhalitsa limatuluka pamwamba ndipo kuchokera pamenepo mukhoza kupeza mbewu zing'onozing'ono. Mbeu yambewu imeneyi ndi yaikulu kwambiri ndipo ndi 95%.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati chitsamba chomwe chinapeza kwa nthawi yayitali sichimasula mtundu wa inflorescences, sichifunika kuthamangira kuchotsa chomeracho. Amangofuna nthawi yina kuti apite patsogolo, choncho khalani oleza mtima ndikumupatsa zinthu zoyenera kuti akule.

Mavuto akukula

Monga momwe mukulima kulimbikitsa mbewu zina m'munda mwanu, kubzala hydrangea Grandiflora, ndi kufotokozera zomwe mwawerenga kale, muyenera kudziwa malamulo ozisamalira. Choyamba, ndikofunika kulingalira zinthu zotchuka monga kuwala ndi nthaka.

Momwe mungasankhire kuyatsa

Mitengo yonse ya hydrangeas (ndi Grandiflora zosiyana ndizosiyana) zimakonda kuunika koma mbali zina za m'munda kuti dzuŵa liwagwere. Pa nthawi imodzimodziyo, mitunduyi imapulumuka bwino m'midzi, pafupi ndi nyumba zapamwamba kapena kumalo osungirako m'mapaki, koma ngati zingakhale zotsimikiziridwa kuti zimakhala madzi okwanira nthawi zonse. Ndiyeneranso kukumbukira kuti ma hydrangeas salola kuti mphepo ikhale yamphamvu, kotero kubzala pafupi ndi mpanda kapena zitsamba zamtali zidzakhalanso zopindulitsa pankhaniyi.

Mukudziwa? Maiko a hydrangeas - Japan. Kumeneko analandira dzina lakuti "Adzisai", lomwe limatanthauzira kuti "nsalu yofiira dzuwa" kapena "maluwa omwe amawoneka ngati dzuwa lofiira."

Mtundu wa dothi

Dothi pamalo otsika a Grandiflora ayenera kukhala achonde, owala komanso osakanizidwa bwino ndi asidi pH 4-6.5. Ngati mankhwalawa sali okwanira, ndiye kuti sulphate yowonjezera ingagwiritsidwe ntchito ngati zowonjezera.

Grandiflora Landing

Kubzala Grandiflora kumayamba ndi kukonzekera dzenje ndi kudzazidwa ndi nthaka yachonde, pambuyo pake mmera umayikidwa mmenemo ndi kuwaza dothi pamwamba pake. Koma izi ndizofotokozera mwachidule za ndondomeko yonse, ndipo tsopano zonse ziri mu dongosolo.

Pitani kukonzekera

Nthawi yabwino kwambiri yodzala hydrangea Grandiflora pa tsambali ndi nthawi yochokera kumapeto kwa dothi la nthaka mpaka kuyamba kuyambira kwa masamba oyambirira pamitengo. Chombo chodzala chomwe chofotokozedwa chomera chiyenera kukhala ndi masentimita 40-50 ndi masentimita 40. Komabe, magawo ena enieni amadalira kukula kwa shrub ndi kubzala kwa dera lanu. Izi ndizo, ngati mukuyenera kudzala chomera pamtunda wochepa, ndiye kuti mpando ukhale wozama.

Kuonjezerapo, dzenje lililonse liyenera kuwonjezeredwa ndi mwapadera okonzeka nthaka osakaniza ndi Kuwonjezera kwa 50 g ya mchere feteleza. Peat, turfy ground, mchenga ndi humus zosakanikirana ndi chiŵerengero cha 2: 2: 1: 1 ndi oyenerera udindo wa zigawo zikuluzikulu za gawo lapansi. Kuonjezerapo, zimathandiza kuwonjezera urea, potassium sulphate ndi superphosphate kubzala dzenje, kenako nkutheka kuti musadandaule za kudyetsa chomera kwa zaka ziwiri. Kukhazikitsa nthaka pamene kukula kwa Grandiflora kumatsutsana.

Kubzala hydrangeas

Mbeu ya hydrangea yomwe mukufuna kukalima pa chiwembu chanu iyenera kukumbidwa ndi mtanda wa dziko lapansi, ndipo posakhalitsa isanakhazikitsidwe m'malo atsopano. Mizu yonse yosweka ndi nthambi za mtengo wachinyamata ziyenera kudulidwa ndi mitsempha.

Pamene mmera uli wokonzeka, tsitsani mulu wa chisanganizo chomwe chinakonzedweratu pakatikati pa dzenje lodzala (liyenera kukhala lakuya ndi m'mphepete mwa dzenje) ndipo mosamala muike hydrangea mizu yake, ndikuwongolera mizu m'njira zosiyanasiyana. Ngati tikulankhula za hydrangea Grandiflora, ndiye kuti mutabzala pang'ono (pafupifupi 2-3 cm) muzu wa khosi umaloledwa pansi, mwinamwake chomera sichidzakula. Nthaka yozungulira nyemba iyenera kukhala yolimba kwambiri kuti pasakhale kanthu kalikonse kotsalira m'magawo a mizu.

Pamapeto pake kubzala, kumangokhala kuthirira mmera, kutumiza madzi mumtsuko pansi pa chomeracho. Nthaka iyenera kukhala yodzaza ndi chinyezi mu kuya kwa dzenje, ndiko kuti, mpaka 40-50 cm.

Ndikofunikira! Kusankha nthawi yambiri ya ulimi wothirira, onetsetsani kuti mukuganiza nyengo, chifukwa nthawi yamvula ndi nzeru kuchepetsa kuchuluka kwa ulimi wothirira kapena kuwathetsa.

Kusamalira paniculate hydrangea

Ngati mumayesetsa kukulitsa duwa ndikusamalira, mavuto ayenera kuchitika.

Kusamba malamulo

Hortensia ndi ya zomera zomwe zimakonda kwambiri chinyezi, koma koposa zonse amazifuna pa nthawi ya maluwa. Choncho, panthawi imeneyi ya chitukuko, nthawi zonse ulimi wothirira sayenera kuchepera kamodzi pa sabata, pafupifupi 1.5-2 zidebe zamadzi pa chitsamba kapena mtengo. Pa nthawi yomweyo, kulima kwa Grandiflora kumatha popanda ulimi wothirira kwa nthawi yayitali, ngakhale kuti kulekerera kwa chilala kumadza ndi kuchepa kwa ubwino ndi kuchuluka kwa inflorescences pa chomera.

Feteleza

Mitengo yonse ya hydrangeya imayankha bwino kwa feteleza, kotero n'zosadabwitsa kuti pamene mukukula Grandiflora, muyenera kudyetsa nthawi zonse.

Monga kuvala pamwamba kwa zomera kumagwiritsanso ntchito: "Chunky", nitroammofosku, "Kemira", "Ammophos", biohumus.
Pakati pa maluwa, ntchito yofunika kwambiri imayimbidwa ndi mchere, zomwe zimayambitsidwa kamodzi pa milungu iwiri iliyonse, ngakhale kuti palibe choyenera kupatulapo zinthu zakuthupi, zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kamodzi kamodzi pa masabata anai onse. Ndizotheka kupeza zotsatira zabwino kuchokera ku kuvala kokha ndi kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza pang'onopang'ono:

  • Kwa nthawi yoyamba, hydrangea imabereka kumayambiriro kwa kasupe pogwiritsa ntchito mankhwala (makamaka manyowa omwe amathiridwa m'madzi), koma ngakhale apa mlingo uyenera kutsatiridwa (1: 3), mwinamwake maluwawo amakula kwambiri ndipo akhoza kuswa chifukwa cholemera.
  • Mukamapanga masamba, nthaka imamera ndi potaziyamu sulphate, superphosphate (35 g aliyense) ndi urea (25 g), owerengera 1 mamita a nthaka.
  • Kugwiritsiridwa ntchito kwa mchere mu mawerengedwe a 25-30 g pa malita 10 a madzi kudzawonjezera nthawi ya ma hydrangeas.
Ndikofunikira! Pofuna kupewa nyemba ndi kukulitsa ubwino wa maluwa, musaiwale kuchepa kunja kwa chomeracho, kuchotsa mphukira za chaka chatha zomwe zikukula kuchokera pa nthawi imodzi (ngati pali zoposa ziwiri).

Shrub kudulira

Si chinsinsi kuti mitundu ya paniculate imadziwika ndi kuwonjezeka kwa korona ndi kuwonjezeka pachaka kwa mphukira komanso kuchepa kwa inflorescences. Pa chifukwa ichi, odziwa wamaluwa amalangiza kudula mbewu kwambiri. Ngati mukufuna, mukhoza kupanga shrub kapena mtengo kuchokera mmenemo, bwino kuyamba kutchera mphukira zazing'ono. Choncho, kuti mutengere mtengo, zatha kuchotsa mphukira zakuya ndikuyamba kupanga korona pachigawo choyamba cha kukula kwa hydrangeas. Kutanthauza kuti, kudulira hydrangea Grandiflora zosiyanasiyana sizongokonzedwa chabe, komanso njira yovomerezeka, pamene ikuyamba kupanga mapangidwe atsopano ndi nthambi. Kuti imathandizire kukula kwa chitsamba, imadulidwa ndi 2-3 masamba, ndikuchita zomwe zisanachitike. Kuti zitsamba zazikulu zitsamba bwino zithetse bwino mphukira zonse zakale.

M'dzinja, chisamaliro cha Grandiflora chimapereka kudulira maluwa a inflorescences, chifukwa amathira zakudya zambiri, zomwe zimayambitsa kusamba kwa zitsamba kapena mitengo.

Pogona hydrangea m'nyengo yozizira

Grandiflora, monga mitundu yambiri ya paniculate hydrangea, imatanthawuza zomera zosagonjetsedwa, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti pogona sizingafunike mutakula m'madera akummwera ndi apakatikati a dzikoli. Komabe, ngati owonetsa nyengo akunena kuti nyengo yozizira ndi yozizira, ndiye kuti ateteze mizu ku kuziziritsa, ndi bwino kuphimba nthaka kuzungulira chitsamba ndi humus. Pankhani ya zitsanzo zazing'ono, ndiye kuti muteteze iwo agwiritse ntchito zigawo zingapo za burlap kapena masamba owuma, kupanga kuchokera kwa iwo mtundu wa "malaya". Ndili ndi zaka, kukana mtengo (kapena chitsamba) ku chisanu kumangowonjezera, ndipo posachedwa simudzadandaula za momwe zidzakhalire m'nyengo yozizira.

Pang'ono ponena za kuswana mitundu

Pamene mukukula hydrangea Grandiflora, imodzi mwa zofunika pa kusamalira mbewu ndi kubalana kwake. Mungathe kukwaniritsa ntchitoyi m'njira zingapo: pogawaniza mng'oma, polemba pamodzi, kapena pogwiritsa ntchito kuika (mwa njira, njira ziwiri zomaliza zimagwiritsidwa ntchito).

Mulimonsemo, kuchuluka kwa zigawo za nkhuku za amayi pa malo atsopano ndizochepa, ndi chifukwa chake akatswiri amalangiza kuti aziwawombera kwa kanthawi kochepa. Njira yobereka yobwereketsa mwazimene zikuchitika: Poyambirapo, tinthu tating'onoting'ono ting'onoting'ono ta nthaka tifunika kuchitidwa pamtunda wa mayiyo, kenaka tiweramitse nthambi pansi ndikuphwanyidwa ndi dothi, ndikuphatikizira gawo lake pakati. Mitengo ikadakhazikika (izi zimachitika patatha chaka chimodzi), nsonga yogwiritsidwa ntchito ikhoza kukhala yosiyana ndi chitsamba.

Kuphatikizidwa, mfundo zake zikhoza kukololedwa panthawi ya masika ndi kudulira. Kenaka, zigawozi zimayikidwa m'madzi masiku angapo, kenako nthambi zimadulidwa mu cuttings ndikuchiritsidwa ndi mizu yopanga stimulator.

Ndikofunikira! Pali lingaliro lakuti pa nkhani ya Grandiflora, mbali za zomera zomwe zinkalumikizidwa kumayambiriro kwa June bwino zimakhazikika. Pa nthawi imodzimodziyo, m'pofunikira kusankha phesi ndi mapaipi 5-6, kudula masamba a m'munsi awiri ndi prikopav mu mvula ndi lotayirira padziko lapansi.
Nthaka yoyenera ya cuttings ili ndi mchenga ndi peat, ndipo itatha malo ake (siyiyenera kufika pa peat wosanjikiza), m'pofunika kuikweza ndi chitha kapena kumanga chithunzi cha filimu. Kudula kumaikidwa m'nthaka kusakaniza kwa 2/3 kutalika kwake. Chofunika kwambiri kuti ntchitoyi ikhale yogwira bwino ntchitoyi ndikuchita zonsezi mumthunzi ndi kusunga nthawi zonse zowonongeka za gawolo. Mukhoza kuyambitsa nthawi yonse yomwe ikukula, koma nthawi yabwino yochita zimenezi ndi masika kapena autumn.

Matenda ndi tizilombo ting'onoting'ono a kuthengo

Grandiflora ali ndi matenda monga munda wa aphid ndi powdery mildew. Polimbana ndi anthuwa, mankhwalawa "Readzol" ndi "Oksikom" anachita bwino. Kugwiritsa ntchito nthawi zonse kugwiritsa ntchito hydrangea kumayambiriro kwa maluwa, mukhoza kuteteza ku matenda omwe atchulidwa. Komabe, pogwiritsira ntchito tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, nkofunika kuti tizitsatira mosamala malangizo omwe akupanga, osapitirira mlingo umene wopangidwawo akuyesa.

Zingakhale zothandiza kuti muphunzire za malamulo oletsa matenda ndi tizirombo ta zomera zina monga begonia, asters, kalanchoe, streptocarpus, spathiphyllum, petunia.
N'zotheka kuchotsa chomera cha nsabwe za m'masamba ndi chithandizo cha mankhwala kapena mankhwala opanga okha. Mwachitsanzo, kulowetsedwa bwino kwa adyo, komwe kumasakanikirana ndi 5% ya hydrangea, kumasakanizidwa ndi sopo yophika kuchapa pa mlingo wa 5: 1 musanayipoperezere. Ndi njira yoyenera yobzala zomera m'munda mwanu, kukhala ndi Grandiflora kapena chikhalidwe china, simudzakhala ndi mavuto, ndipo zonse zomwe zatsala ndikusangalala ndi maluwa okongola komanso maonekedwe a shrub.