Momwe mungapangire bambowe njuchi nokha

Pafupifupi onse alimi amateur amagwiritsa ntchito mapangidwe a mng'oma wapatsidwa kapena kusintha kwake. Dzina la njuchi linali kulemekeza Charles Dadan -Mlimi wa ku France, yemwe, pogwiritsa ntchito chitukuko cha nthawi yake, adapanga kumanga mng'oma umodzi ndi thupi lalikulu la quinby 11 mu chiwerengero ndi masitolo angapo pamwamba. Chipangizo chopangidwa bwino chinayamba kugwiritsa ntchito alimi a ku Ulaya.

Swiss Blatt yowonjezera chiwerengero cha mafelemu kufika 12 ndipo inapangitsa njuchi kukhala yachilengedwe kwambiri kwa njuchi ndi chiberekero. Mng†™ oma wa Dadan-Blatt adalimbikitsidwa ndi mitundu yambiri yamakono ndi mlimi wina - Edward Bertrand.

Tanthauzo la nyumba ya Dadanovsky njuchi

Kuti zikhale zosavuta, zitsanzo zamakono zimatchedwa "mng'oma wa Dadan" kapena "abambo" basi. Sitigwiritsidwa ntchito popanga mafakitale a uchi, koma okonda amawapatsa chidwi, akuyamikira kukula kwake kwapangidwe kamodzi kokha, komwe kuli ndi phindu lofunika: zowonjezera zogulitsa zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kusungira uchi. Iwo ndi owala komanso omasuka, kawiri kawiri kukula kwake.

Ndikofunikira! Chinthu chinanso chofunika ndicho kuthetsa chimango ndi uchi, osati kusintha thupi. Mlimi wochita masewera amatha kuthana ndi ntchito yokhayo, yomwe imasonyeza mosakayikira.

Mfundo yogwirira ntchito ndi mapulani ndi kuchotsa pamwamba pa malo okhala chakudya cholimba cha uchi, kuchotsa chithunzi chake, motero kumayambitsa njuchi kubwezeretsa mabuku otaika, kuwapereka kwa cholinga ichi chopanda kanthu chopanda kanthu.

Njuchi ya njuchi ikhoza kukhala yozizira mu nyumba imodzi, kukula kwa mng'oma kumaloleza. Komabe, mu nyengo yachisanu ndi chitali, njuchi zimafunika kudyetsedwa, pamene zimadya chakudya chawo. Chifukwa chokhala ndi ming'oma mosavuta, vutoli silingatheke.

Mukudziwa? Njuchi njuchi zimafuna pafupifupi 250 kilogalamu ya uchi kuti idye chakudya chaka chilichonse. Ngati sikokwanira, antchito njuchi, kudzipereka okha, kufa imfa isanakhale yovuta ndipo chiberekero chimadwala mwanjira ina.

Kugwiritsiridwa ntchito kwa njuchi kumaperekedwa mwanjira yoyenera panthawi yosonkhanitsa uchi mumasitolo, komanso panthawi ya chiphuphu chabwino, poika zigawo zofanana ndi thupi.

Dadan ali ndi miyezo yofanana: 450 x 450. Makomawo amapangidwa ndi matabwa 37-millimeter kupatula podshnishnika ndi denga. Kuyang'ana kuchokera panja, chojambula chili ndi miyeso 524 x 524.

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya abambo ambiri mafelemu. M'masiku a Soviet Union, iwo anali ofala kwambiri ku United Union.

Ngati mukufuna kupeza zitsulo zamtengo wapatali wa sera kuchokera ku sera zosiyanasiyana, kenaka werengani momwe mungapangire sera yoyaka sera ndi manja anu.

Mitundu yayikulu

Mitundu yonse ya ming'oma ya mng'oma ikugwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri, kupanga kwake kumasinthidwa komanso kumafunidwa. Zotchuka kwambiri ndizo khumi ndi khumi ndi ziwiri kusintha.

Zili zamalonda komanso zophweka kupanga. Mlimi wamathawa amatha kupanga mng'oma ndi manja ake atatha kuphunzira zamakono.

Mukudziwa? Zidzakhala ndi chiberekero kapena njuchi zomwe zimagwira ntchito, zimadalira zakudya. Maonekedwe ena a chakudya amalola kuti ziwalo za m'mimba zizikhala m'chiberekero cha mtsogolo.

10-chimango

Mng†™ omawu wapatsidwa gawo laling'ono la khumi ndi limodzi kuposa "mnzake" 12. Pokhala bambo, amawoneka ngati mng'oma wa rutovsky. Izi ndi zoona kwa alimi ogwira ntchito ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya njuchi. Choncho, machitidwe onsewa ali ndi zinthu zowonjezereka zosinthasintha. Tikukamba za madenga, matope, masitolo, uchi ochepa mafelemu. Zigawo zochepa zomwe sizigwiritsidwe ntchito - malo osungirako ambiri ndi osowa.

Zojambula za abambo 12 ndi 10 zojambula ndizofanana, kupatula kutalika kwa makoma akumbuyo ndi kutsogolo kwa milanduyo, komanso sitolo. Pali lingaliro lakuti iyi ndi ming'oma ya rutovsky yosinthidwa pansi pa chithunzi cha Dadanov. Zojambula zonse zili ndi chinthu chofanana ndi chachikulu - chimango, kukula kwa sitolo theka la chimango chafupikitsidwa kuchokera pa 300 mpaka 145 millimeters.

Mafelemu 10 a Dadan ali ndi pangТono kakang'ono, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zosavuta, choncho zowonjezera zambiri. Ndibwino kuti muzigwiritsire ntchito pamasitomala, makamaka pamene pali chiphuphu chaching'ono, mwachitsanzo, popita kumapiri kukasonkhanitsa uchi wa msuzi.

12-chimango

Njuchi zinapatsidwa mafelemu 12 chofunika kwambiri ndi alimi. Ndilo lalikulu lamakono ndi zowonjezera masitolo, denga, denga lapafupi ndi pansi - osamva kapena osadziwika. Kukhazikika pakati pa thupi ndi zowonjezera kumagwiritsidwa ntchito pindani. Nkhaniyi imakhala ndi mafelemu 12 omwe ali ndi mamita 435 x 300 millimita. Kutsatsa kwa sitolo iliyonse kumakhala ndi chithunzi chofanana cha 435 x 145 millimeters. Pano pali zidutswa ziwiri.

M'kati mwake ayenera kugwirizana ndi kukula kwake, kunja (malingana ndi makulidwe a matabwa) akhoza kukula mosiyanasiyana.

Uchi uli kutali ndi mtengo wokha umene munthu amalandira chifukwa cha njuchi. Kuweta njuchi ngati mungu, njuchi, njuchi, phula, podmor, mkaka wa drone umagwiritsidwanso ntchito.

Momwe mungapangire bambowe njuchi nokha

Pali anthu omwe amakonda kupanga zopangidwa ndi manja kumapangidwe ogula. Awa ndi okonda kwenikweni, okonda ntchito yawo, amayamikira zomwe ali nazo ndipo ali okonzeka kusintha zonse zomwe angathe.

Kupanga mng'oma sikumakhala kovuta kwa amisiriwa. Iwo amafunikira zipangizo, zipangizo, manja ndi kudzoza.

Mukudziwa? Mng'oma uliwonse uli ndi fungo la munthu, kamtengo kakang'ono, kamene kali njuchi, njuchi imasungira mbali imodzi ya thupi ndikupereka kwa alonda pakubwera kwake. Sizingatheke kuti njuchi ikhale ndi fungo lodabwitsa kuti ipite mkati mwa nyumbayo.

Kukonzekera zakuthupi

Moyo wa njuchi suyenera kukhala wosachepera zaka khumi. N'zotheka kukulitsa mwa kutsatira malamulo:

  • Kugwiritsa ntchito zipangizo zamtengo wapatali;
  • Kukonzekera bwino ndi kusonkhana kwa mbali;
  • Nthawi zina (kamodzi pa zaka 2-3) maonekedwe a njuchi.
Mtengo wa mitengo ukhale wowala, zinthuzo ndi zouma komanso zapamwamba kwambiri.

Mng†™ oma wabwino umatengedwa kuchokera ku ma conifers otsatirawa:

  • Chowoneka;
  • A;
  • Pini pena;
  • Mkungudza.
Sankhani zowonongeka zitha kulangiza linden, msondodzi, poplar.

Mitengo ikhale youma, chinyezi sichiyenera kupitirira 15%, chiyenera kukhala chowongoka, osakhala ndi mphutsi, ming'alu ndi redness, makamaka osakhala ndi mfundo.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati kukhalapo kwa mphukira sikungapewe, ziyenera kukhala zochepa, zathanzi, zogwiritsidwa mwamphamvu nkhuni zomwe sizipezeka pamphepete mwa gawolo. Chovala chovunda kapena chotsitsa chiyenera kukonzedwa kunja, osindikizidwa mwamphamvu ndi osungira pogwiritsa ntchito guluu. Nkhata yamtengo wapatali kuchokera ku mtengo womwewo.

Chimene mukufuna kuti mupangire chimango ndi mng'oma

Kwa maziko omwe muyenera kukonzekera:

  • Hammer;
  • Waya;
  • Ziphuphu ndi anyani;
  • Shilo;
  • Misomali ya nsalu;
  • Dry woonda billet katundu.

Kuti mupeze mng'oma, muyenera:

  • Mtengo woyenera;
  • Gwirani ntchito yamatabwa;
  • Hammer;
  • Misomali yochepa;
  • Zikhoza kupenta;
  • Makina oyenga;
  • Kumveka.

Malangizo ndi Gawo

Pokhala ndi cholinga chokhalira mng'oma ndi manja anu, muyenera kupeza zojambula, chifukwa izi ndi zomangamanga, ndipo kupambana kwake kudzadalira kukula kwake.

Chojambulacho chili ndi kukula kwake kwa ming'oma ya Dadanovsky - 435 x 300 millimeters.

  • Zosakaniza zouma ziyenera kulumikizidwa pogwiritsa ntchito misomali kapena glue. Pothandizidwa ndi kusoka, pangani mabowo mumsewu wammbali kuti mutenge waya.
  • Dulani waya kupyolera mwa iwo, kuwagwiritsanso palimodzi pogwiritsira ntchito mapiritsi ndi awl.
  • Dulani chingwe mu dzenje lomaliza, chitetezeni waya.
  • Chotsani mopitirira muyeso ndi mapiritsi.

Chojambulacho chingagwiritsidwe ntchito potsatira njira yothetsera.

Pogwiritsa ntchito mng'omawu, muyenera kumvetsetsa bwino miyeso yomwe ikuwonetsedwa pajambula. Pamwamba pamtunda pali khomo lokhala ndi mawonekedwe okwana 10 x 12 masentimita. Pambali pake pali bolodi la ndege lomwe limatuluka masentimita 4-5. Khomo lakumunsi limaperekedwa ndi bokosi ndi ndege.

Malangizo ndi Gawo

  • Pa makina kukonza nkhuni, kudula mu matabwa, makulidwe - 37-40 millimeters;
  • Dulani grooves kuti agwirizane pakati pa makoma;
  • Dulani slats 18 × 4 mm;
  • Mangani chishango mwa iwo pogwiritsa ntchito guluu ndi kupukuta;
  • Sonkhanitsani nkhaniyo, yokonza ndi guluu ndi misomali;
  • Dulani mng'oma;
  • Kutulutsa zaka;
  • Pezani mpweya wambiri masentimita 1.4;
  • Denga lamangidwa kuchokera ku bolodi la mamita 15 mmtunda ndipo atatha ntchitoyo imachiritsidwa ndi zokutira madzi.
  • Pamwamba, nawonso, pendani mabowo angapo.

Mukudziwa? Zimakhulupirira kuti njuchi zimapanga zofiirira, buluu, zachikasu ndi zobiriwira, koma chifundo sichimatsimikiziridwa mochuluka ndi mitundu monga mwa kukhalapo kwa mungu ndi timadzi tokoma.

Ubwino ndi kuipa kwa kapangidwe

Kugwira ntchito ndi mng'oma waadanovsky uli ndi zizindikiro zake, zina mwazosiyana, zikhoza kutengedwa ndi ubwino ndi zovuta zonse.

  • Lili ndi kukula kwakukulu, komwe, komabe, kuli koyenera kusonkhanitsa uchi. Kuchotsa denga ndi kumanga pamwamba ndi ukonde, ndibwino kutsekera ming'oma iwiri m'mitsinje iwiri pamwamba pa inayo, kusuntha mipiringidzo ya mlengalenga komanso, mosamala, kutseka mosamala.
  • Chifukwa chakuti nyumba zimagwirizanitsidwa pansi, mng'oma uli ndi zomangamanga mwamphamvu.
  • Ali ndi buku lokwanira m'nyengo yozizira.
  • Ali ndi mphamvu zochepa poyerekeza poyerekeza ndi zitsanzo zamakono.
  • Okonda kulima njuchi akhoza kuyendetsa bwino moyo wa njuchi ndikuyankhira zofunikira zake pamene akugwira ntchito ndi mafelemu, pomwe corpus ntchito imakhala ndi zokolola zambiri, koma ilibe njira yopitira.
  • Zambiri za abambo 12 zimaperekedwa ndi kukhalapo kwa 10-chimango, ngati kuchoka n'kofunikira.
  • Chifukwa cha ntchito yowonongeka kwa mafelemu 12, ndondomeko yokanidwa imalepheretsedwa.
  • Zimakhala zovuta kupereka njuchi za nyengo yozizira, zodzazidwa ndi uchi, nthawi zambiri zimapereka pang'ono.
  • Ocheperapo kwa njuchi ziwiri.
Pofuna kukhazikitsa malo abwino kuti njuchi zibereke ndikupanga uchi wokoma, werengani momwe mungapangire njuchi ndi manja anu.
Mtundu uliwonse wa mng'oma uli ndi maonekedwe omwe amakopera okonda, ndi zovuta zomwe muyenera kuzipirira. Mng†™ oma wa Dadan-Blatt amakwaniritsa zosowa za aang'ono owetera njuchi, N'zosavuta kusunga ngakhale munthu mmodzi ndipo amakulolani kuti mukhale ndi mbiri ya banja la njuchi, ndikumugwiritsira ntchito zosowa. Njira iyi si ya mafakitale, komwe idzakhala yosakwanira komanso nthawi yosafunika.