Mbali za kusankha yokongola zitsamba kupereka: zithunzi ndi mayina a zomera ku dera la Moscow

Mitengo yokongoletsera yayamba kukhala mbali ya dacha landscape. Iwo amangokongoletsa malowa, koma nthawi zambiri amakhala ngati chivundikiro cha malo osayang'ana. Koma, mwatsoka, sikuti zomera zonse zimayenera nyengo zozizira. Lero tidzapeza kuti ndi zitsamba zotani zomwe siziopa nyengo yomwe ili pafupi ndi Moscow.

Mbali za kusankha yokongola zitsamba kwa Moscow dera

Ndi makhalidwe ati omwe ayenera kukhala nawo zokongola zitsamba za madera a Moscow - tiyeni timvetse.

Madera a Moscow ndi madera a Moscow amadziwika ndi nyengo yayitali yozizira, pafupipafupi, nyengo yozizira pano imatha miyezi isanu. Frost imayamba mu November ndipo imatha mpaka April kuphatikizapo. Sikuti mbewu iliyonse imatha kukhala ndi mizu ndikukhala ndi moyo.

Kukula koyenera ndi chitukuko, shrub iyenera kukhala ndi zizindikiro zotsatirazi:

  • chisanu kukana;
  • kusintha kwa kusintha kwadzidzidzi kusintha;
  • kudzichepetsa mu zikhalidwe za kukula ndi chisamaliro;
  • maonekedwe okongoletsera chaka chonse kapena nyengo ziwiri;
  • Ndizofunika kuti zisinthidwe kuti zisawonongeke.

Mndandanda wa zomera ndi mayina ndi zithunzi

Zitsamba zodzikongoletsera zikhoza kukhala maluwa ndi fruiting, zomwe ziri zoyenera nyengo ya chigawo cha Moscow - ganizirani zithunzi za zomera ndi mayina.

Kukongoletsa kukufalikira

Chidziwitso Maluwa ofiira, pinki ndi oyera.

Hibiscus wachi China. Maluwa a maluwa: chikasu-lalanje, pinki, carmine ndi yofiira.

Mukudziwa? Hibiscus imatengedwa ngati chizindikiro cha chikondi ndi chilakolako. Ku India, nsalu ya mkwatibwi imakongoletsedwa ndi maluwa awa, ndipo malinga ndi ziphunzitso zakale za Feng Shui, zomera zimalimbikitsa ubale wa banja, komanso zimalimbikitsa mgwirizano pakati pa mabwenzi.

Lilac Zithunzi zonse za pinki, lilac ndi zoyera.

Jasmine (Chubushnik). Mapuloteni a White ndi fungo labwino kwambiri.

Clematis. Maluwa aakulu a mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi mithunzi.

Spirea. Maluwa okhala oyera, kirimu, pinki ndi lilac, masamba ofiira.

Hortensia. Mphepete mwa mabala osiyana.

Heather Anasonkhanitsa mitundu yonse ya pinki, yoyera, yofiira ndi yofiirira.

Kukongoletsa zipatso

Derain. Zipatso zoyera, zoyera kapena zakuda.

Euonymus chitsamba. Maluwa okongola a pinki okhala ndi chikasu, zipatso zofiira.

Chijapani chachijapani. Maluwa a Orange, zipatso za zipatso za mthunzi wachikasu.

Cotoneaster. Maluwa oyera, zipatso zofiira.

Barberry Maluwa okongola ndi zipatso zofiira.

Mukudziwa? Barberry ndi wotchuka kwambiri pophika. Zipatso za mbewu zimagwiritsidwa ntchito monga zokometsera zatsopano, zouma, mchere komanso zophikidwa, zimapinyamo madzi, zimapanga mchere ndi zakumwa zoledzeretsa. Masamba amagwiritsidwa ntchito mu saladi, m'chiwiri komanso m'sukulu zoyamba.

Magnolia Inflorescences ndi oyera ndi otumbululuka pinki, inky zipatso.

Mbali za kukula zomera

Kugonjetsa

Chomeracho chimamveka bwino pa mchenga ndi loamy dothi ndi zofooka zamchere zamchere. Zitsamba zimafunikira kuwala kosavuta, chinyezi chokhazikika komanso chitetezo ku ma drafts. Dedication imayankha bwino kwa feteleza ndi kudulira, ndibwino kuti azikhala aukhondo kawiri pachaka. Kwa nthawi yozizira, muyenera kuifunika: pezani mtengo wa mtengo ndi mulch, nthambi za spruce ziikidwa pamwamba. Chitsamba chimenechi chikhalapo nthawi yaitali ndipo, mosamala, chidzakhala m'malo amodzi kwa zaka 25.

Pofuna kuti nthaka ikhale yofunikira kwambiri yolima deuterium, m'pofunika kuti imveke ndi zokometsera zokhazokha: slurry, anyezi peel, biohumus, feteleza yamtundu, makala, yisiti kuvala, potashi mchere, peat, manyowa ndi HB-101.
Hibiscus kapena chinayi china

Bzalani chomeracho bwino m'malo opanda mphepo otayidwa ndi dzuwa. Kusamalira maluwa a ku China ndi ophweka, n'zosavuta kukula. Pali zina zosavuta kuziganizira. Kuthirira hibiscus m'nyengo youma kumachitika tsiku ndi tsiku. Pofuna kuteteza chomera kuchokera ku chlorosis, pamene mukudyetsa, nthawi zambiri mumagwiritsa ntchito mchere wambiri ndi azitrogeni, ndipo mukamamwetsa madzi, nthawi zina muyenera kuwonjezera chitsulo chachitsulo.

Ndikofunikira! Pamene kudulira chomera musachite mantha kuti muwongolere - mphukira zowonjezereka zimachepetsedwa, zimakula kwambiri nyengo yotsatira ndipo maluwa ochuluka adzakhala ochulukirapo.

Lilac

Ichi ndi chimodzi mwa anthu omwe amakhala mumzinda wa Moscow. Chomeracho si chopanda nzeru, chimapirira chilala ndi chisanu bwino. Chitsamba chimakonda kukwera kwabwino, nthaka imakonda kusalowerera ndale, koma kawirikawiri siyikakamiza nthaka. Chophimba chofunika: mumthunzi wonse lilac ikukula bwino, sichimasintha; mu dzuwa lopanda inflorescences ndi masamba amawotchedwa, chifukwa cha msuzi wa inflorescences umathenso. Zokwanira kwa zitsamba malo okhala ndi dzuwa.

Ngati mukufuna kuti nthambi za lilac zikhalebe mu vase kwa nthawi yaying'ono, phunzirani kusunga malaki odulidwa.
Jasmine

Chitsamba chikufuna zinthu zingapo: Kuunikira bwino (kumamera bwino mumthunzi), kuthirira madzi moyenera (sikulekerera kuuma ndi chinyezi chokwanira), ngalande ndi zabwino "zakudya zabwino". Jasmine amafunika kudulira mitengo pachaka, njira zowonongeka zimachitika katatu pachaka.

Clematis

Izi zokongoletsera shrub ndi dzina lokongola nthawi zambiri zimabzalidwa pafupi ndi gazebos, mabango ndi zothandizira zina zowongoka. Clematis imakhala ndi mizu yaitali, choncho m'madera omwe mumapezeka pansi pano muyenera kukhala kutali kwambiri. Chomeracho chimafuna kuunikira ndi chitetezo ku zojambula, musayimire m'mphepete mwa munda.

Spirea

Pulogalamu ya penumbra ndi yowala kwambiri ndi yabwino kwa chomera ichi. Shrub amakonda nthaka yowonongeka, yotayirira, yowonjezera. Mutabzala, bwalo la thunthu limakwirira peat mulch. Spirea mizu ndi yopanda kanthu, kotero imayenera kuthirira nthawi zonse. Chomeracho chikuchitanso chimodzimodzi ku mineral ndi feteleza. Spirea imakula kwambiri ndipo imayenera kudulira bwinobwino.

Hortensia

Chitsamba chimabzalidwa mumthunzi wa mitengo, koma osati pafupi kwambiri, kotero kuti chomeracho sichikanatha chinyezi. Ndi bwino kudzala chitsamba pafupi ndi mpanda, chidzateteza ku mphepo. Dothi la alkaline silovomerezeka kwa hydrangea, dothi liyenera kukhala losavomerezeka kapena losalowerera. Hortensia amakonda madzi okwanira komanso kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa, ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito makina a hydrangea monga malangizi. Kudulira sikuchitika kale kuposa zaka zitatu kapena zinayi mutabzala.

Heather

Heather akutembenukira kumtunda uliwonse: wowawasa, wamchere, wochepa, koma mkhalidwe wa kusowa kofunika n'kofunika. M'chilengedwe chake, shrub amakonda mapiri otsetsereka, choncho ndibwino kuti tibzala pa phiri laling'ono. Mukamwetsa kuthirira kuti madzi amwetse bwino, m'pofunikira kuti muzichita kawiri kawiri pamapeto pake, nthaka iyenera kuyendetsedwa.

Ndikofunikira! Kupaka mkaka m'nthawi yake sikofunika: ali ndi feteleza okwanira panthawiyi kapena asanadzalemo.

Derain

Chimodzi mwa zomera zosadzichepetsa kwambiri. Amamera pafupifupi dothi lililonse komanso mulimonse mmene zilili, ngakhale kuti dera lamoto ndi lofunika kwambiri. Shrub saopa kuchuluka kwa chinyezi, choncho nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito podzala malo obiriwira ndi osefukira. Derain akukula mofulumira, amakonda kukometa tsitsi. Kuthirira ndi kofunika kokha panthawi ya kutentha ndi chilala, ndipo kuvala pamwamba kumachitika bwino kumapeto kwa nyengo yokolola komanso m'chilimwe panthawi ya maluwa ndi mapangidwe a zipatso.

Euonymus

Zomwe nthaka zimapanga zimadalira zitsamba zokhala ndi maluwa, ayi, koma zikhale zomasuka komanso zowonjezera. Madzi apansi pansi ndi osafunika kwambiri. Euonymus sakonda nthaka youma, choncho atatha kuthirira nthaka ili ndi mulch. Kuti tsitsi likhale losangalatsa. Kuvala bwino kumayankha organic. Pamene chomera chikukula mofulumira, chimafunika nthawi zambiri kusintha. M'nyengo yozizira, tchire tating'ono timaphimbidwa bwino, ndipo zomera zimalolera kutsika kutentha bwino.

Quince

Quince sakonda chilala ndipo amafunikira hydration nthawi zonse. Sitilekerera chinyezi chokhazikika, kotero pamene chodzala ndi kofunika kuonetsetsa bwino ngalande. Mtengo umafunika kudulira nthawi zonse. M'nyengo yozizira, mitengo yaing'ono yogona malo ozizira.

Ndikofunikira! Zigawo za ku Japan zimadyetsedwa kokha chaka chachiwiri kapena chachitatu mutabzala.

Cotoneaster

Chomera chimanga chimakula pamtunda uliwonse, chimapanganso bwino mumthunzi ndi dzuwa, ndipo chimapangitsa kuti zinthu zisawonongeke. Chifukwa cha kukula kwake mofulumira, amafunikira kudulira kawirikawiri. Kuthirira kumafunika pokhapokha ngati kulibe mvula, koma mu zikhalidwe za mzindawo (fumbi, mpweya wotulutsa mpweya) ndi bwino kupopera kapena kutsuka chitsamba ndi phula. Kwa nyengo yozizira, bwalo lamkati limaphimbidwa, chitatha chipale chofewa, zimalangizidwa kuti zikhale mulu kuzungulira thunthu la chitsamba.

Barberry

Amakonda nthaka yowonongeka, yathanzi komanso yopanda ndale. Bzalani bwino m'madera owala. Barberry amavomereza bwino zovala zonse, kuthirira amakonda nthawi zonse, koma moyenera. Chitsamba chimakhala chopanda chisanu, sikofunika kuchiphimba m'nyengo yozizira. Barberry ikhoza kukhala ngati khoma labwino, kupatulapo mosavuta kuika tsitsi.

Magnolia

Magnolia amakonda chinyezi, kutentha ndi kuwala. Bzalani bwino makamaka kutseguka, koma chatsekedwa kuchokera ku malo osungira. Kuthirira, makamaka nthawi ya kukula, nthawi zambiri. Kudulira pa seti sikukufunika; nthambi zokha zowonongeka kapena zowonongeka zimachotsedwa pamene zikuwonekera. Kuphimba nyengo yozizira sikofunikira. Mbali yopereka kudera la Moscow ndi nyengo m'derali ndi kusankha malo oti ikamatere: njira yabwino kwambiri ndi mbali yakum'mwera chakumadzulo kwa malo.

Zitsamba zokongola zimayang'ana bwino pa siteti iliyonse. Ngati mutenga mitundu yosiyana ndi kukula, maluwa kapena fruiting kuti musataye maonekedwe awo okongola m'chaka, ndiye kuti kanyumba kakang'ono ka chilimwe kadzakhala ngati ngodya yamakono chaka chonse.