Kukula fizostegii m'munda

Ambiri wamaluwa amalima fizostegiyu mu ntchito yosatha, monga chomera ichi si chokongola, komanso chimakhala chodzichepetsa. M'nkhani ino tikambirana momwe zinthu zimayendera pa duwa, momwe mungabzalidwe ndi kufalitsa njira yeniyeni molondola, ndikukuuzani za malamulo a chisamaliro.

Chikhalidwe cha botanical

Mwachikhalidwe timayambira ndi zizindikiro za zomera.

Physiotherapy - Chomera chosatha cha herbaceous, chomwe chiri cha banja Gubotsvetnyh. Malo obadwira maluwawa ndi North America, kumene maluwawo amapezeka m'madera onse kupatula ku Florida. Mtunduwu umaphatikizapo mitundu itatu yokha, yomwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi wamaluwa kuti apeze mabala a maluwa komanso malo odyera.

Chipembedzo chili ndi tsinde lolunjika, masamba oblong kapena lanceolate. Nthawi yosatha imakula mpaka masentimita 90. Mphukira imaperekedwa ngati mawonekedwe a inflorescence. Mitundu yokhazikika ya inflorescences ndi yoyera ndi pinki (fizostegiya virginskaya), wofiira, lilac.

Malo abwino kwambiri oti mukule

Musanabzala, muyenera kusankha malo abwino kumene osatha adzamva bwino. Choncho, m'munsimu tidzasankha malo abwino ochizira m'munda wanu kapena pabedi.

Kuunikira

Thupi la physiotherapy likhoza kubzalidwa dzuwa lonse ndi mthunzi wache. Komabe, amaluwa ambiri amawona kuti chomera chomwe chimabzalidwa mumthunzi mwachisawawa chimawonongeka popanda chifukwa chodziwikiratu, choncho ndi bwino kuika malo osatha dzuwa.

Ndibwino kukumbukira kuti chomera chodzala mumthunzi chidzakhala chofooka ndipo sichidzakudabwitsani ndi maluwa okongola, kotero musadzalitse duwa pansi pa mitengo yayitali ndi korona wakuda.

Zosowa za nthaka

Mosiyana ndi zomera zambiri zomwe zimalima nthaka zomwe zimakonda dothi la mchenga, njira zamakono zimakondweretsa dothi lomwe limasunga chinyezi, chifukwa m'chilengedwe maluwa amera m'mphepete mwa mitsinje, nyanja ndi mitsinje. Ndiyeneranso kuzindikira kuti chomeracho, ngakhale kuti chimadulidwa pansi pa nthaka, komabe gawo lachonde (dothi lakuda) lidzakhala patsogolo. Kudyetsa fizostegiyu pa dothi losafunika sikuyenera kukhalanso, chifukwa duwalo liribe zakudya zokwanira kuti likhale lobiriwira.

Zikakhala kuti dothi la mchenga limayambira m'munda mwanu, zomwe sizikuthyola chinyezi, muyenera kuthirira nthaka nthawi zambiri, kusunga.

Ndikofunikira! Mu nthaka youma, fizostegiya amafa mwamsanga.

Zomwe zimayendera fizostegii

Taganizirani zina mwa malo otsika fizostegii omwe angakuthandizeni kudziwa bwino malo ake. Tiyeni tiyankhule za oyandikana nawo "abwino" ndi "oyipa".

Wokondedwa kwambiri

Vuto la chomera ichi ndi chakuti mizu yake, kumverera "ufulu", imayamba kulanda kuchuluka kwa gawo. Zotsatira zake, ndiye kuti maluwa onse amatha kuchoka mu flowerbed ndipo okha opambana amakhalabe - njira yowoneka.

Ichi chimachitika chifukwa chakuti rhizome ya osatha imakula mofulumira kwambiri, ikumira ndi kuwononga zomera zina zofooka. Ndicho chifukwa chake zida zina ziyenera kubzalidwa pafupi ndi duwa, zomwe zingathe "kubwezeretsa" wodwalayo.

Mitengo iyi ikuphatikizapo:

  • phlox;
  • Echinacea purpurea;
  • Chithandizo;
  • astilba;
  • mphutsi;
  • lily;
  • lupine;
  • zokolola zokongoletsera.
Ngati simukufuna kudzala maluwa olembedwa pamndandanda umene uli pamwambapa, ndiye kuti mubzalani mu chidebe chomwe chingachepetse kukula kwa mizu, kapena kudula maluwa atsopano panthawi yake.

Kubzala mbewu

Chilengedwe chimasiyana ndi chakuti kubzala kwa zomera zing'onozing'ono kungatheke pothandizidwa ndi mbewu ndi kugawidwa kwa chitsamba cha mayi. Komabe, chifukwa chovuta kwambiri kukula kwa duwa kuchokera ku mbewu, kubereka kwa zomera kumagwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi zambiri.

Ngati muli ndi nthawi yochuluka kapena muli ndi chilakolako choyesera dzanja lanu pa ntchito yovutayi, tidzakambirana za njira yobzala thupi physics.

Mukamaliza kucha, mbewu za fizostegiya zikhoza kubzalidwa mumaluwa, ndipo ngati zinthu zolakwika sizichotsedwa, mungathe kuona momwe maluwa amamera masika. Zotsatirazi, tingathe kunena kuti nthawi yosatha kubzalidwa poyera kuti pakhale kuwonjezeka ndi kubzala thupi m'madera ena kapena mabedi. Mbewu imakula bwino, kotero, imatha kufesedwa mwamsanga mutatha kukolola.

Physiotegia imafesedwa mabokosi apadera ndikukula m'mabotolo kuti apange mbande zamphamvu. Zochitika "muyezo", ngati zilizonse zomwe sizikufuna kwambiri mbeu: nthaka yowonongeka nthawi zonse, kutetezedwa ku zojambula ndi kusintha kwadzidzidzi, kuwala kokwanira ndi kutentha kokwanira.

Ndikofunikira! Mbeu zazing'ono zimakhala zosavuta kulunjika dzuwa.
Mukhoza kuthira mbande mutangotha ​​zomera. Masiku khumi asananyamule, mbande ziyenera kuumitsidwa ndi kuchepetsa kutentha, kuchotsa filimu yotetezera ndi kuthirira ndi madzi otentha.

Matendawa amakula kuchokera ku mbewu si osiyana ndi chomera cha kholo. Kusiyana kwa mitundu kapena kusiyana sikudzatayika.

Kubzala masamba

Kubzala masamba kumagwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi zambiri. Chomera chatsopano chikhoza kupezedwa ku magawo awiri a cuttings ndi rhizome.

  • Kubalanso poyika. Kuti muchite izi, tengani mavitamini otvodka fizostegii ndi kudula ndi kachidutswa kakang'ono ka rhizome. Kenaka, zigawozo zimabzalidwa pamalo osungunuka, kuti zisapite patsogolo (ngati muyenera kuyembekezera nthawi musanafike pamalo osatha). Ngati pali malo ochepa a chomera, nthawi yomweyo dziwani padzuwa kapena mthunzi. Pangidwe mwamsanga msanga muzuke ndikukula msanga. Kulekanitsa kwa zigawozo kumachitika bwino kumapeto kwa chilimwe, panthawi imene nthaka idzakhala yonyowa bwino, koma osati yonyowa kwambiri.
  • Kubereka rhizome. Asanayambe maluwa kapena kumapeto kwa dzinja, timasiyanitsa mbali yapakati ya rhizome ndikutumiza kumalo atsopano. Musanayambe kufalitsa mbali yonse yobiriwira iyenera kudula. Palibe zofunikira zowonjezereka zomwe ziyenera kuchitika, malinga ngati mizu ili yathanzi komanso yosagwirizana.
Kuberekanso ndi kotheka, koma njira iyi siyinapangitse kukula kwa mbeu yachinyamata, komabe pali mavuto ochulukirapo ndi kudula kolondola ndi kumera kudula.

Mukudziwa? Kukongola konse kwa inflorescences wa fizostegiya kumasonyeza zaka 3 mutabzala. Pambuyo pake, pachimakecho chidzakhalabe pamsinkhu umodzi wa zaka zina ziwiri, ndipo chidzatha ngati maluwawo sadaikidwa.

Malamulo osamalira

Mutabzala pamalo otseguka pa gawo loyenera, physiotherapy imafuna chisamaliro choyenera, chomwe sichilola kuti maluwawo asanduke chitsamba chosokonezeka, chokhudzidwa ndi matenda ndi tizilombo tosiyanasiyana.

Kuthirira

Monga tafotokozera pamwambapa, osatha samakonda chinyezi, koma amawakonda kuti akhalebe pansi. Izi zikutanthauza kuti muyenera kudyetsa chomera m'nthaka yoyenera, kapena kuthirira madzi okwanira nthawi zonse ndikupewa kuteteza gawolo kuti liwume.

Kuthirira ndi kofunikira nthawi zonse, pamene n'kofunika kukumbukira kuti kuchulukira kwa chinyezi kumayambitsa kuvunda kwa mizu. Izi zidzachitika ngakhale kuti rhizome ndi yamphamvu kwambiri ndipo ikutambasula mamita angapo pansi pa nthaka.

Pofuna kuti musakuvutitseni nthawi zonse, mutha kukonza njira yothirira madzi kuchokera m'mabotolo apulasitiki, kapena kuthirira mowa.

Kusamalira dothi

Nthaka iyenera kumasulidwa mwatsatanetsatane kuti mizu ipeze mlingo woyenera wa oksijeni. Ngati mulibe nthawi kapena chilakolako chochita izi, nthaka ikhoza kugwedezeka ndi utuchi, udzu, udzu kapena peat. Malo oterowo adzatetezera nthaka kuti isawume, ndipo ndi iyo mudzachotsa udzu wodedwawo.

Feteleza ndi feteleza herbaceous plants

Popeza mankhwala opatsirana ndi osatha, zikutanthauza kuti zidzakula pamalo amodzi kwa chaka chimodzi. Kuchokera pazifukwa izi, nthaka idzachotsedwa pang'onopang'ono, kotero n'zosatheka kuchita popanda feteleza.

Ndikofunika kudyetsa duwa kokha 2-3 nthawi pa nyengo ndi zovuta feteleza zomwe zimagwiritsidwa pansi pazu. Ziyenera kukhala osamala ndi kuchuluka kwa mlingo wa nayitrogeni, chifukwa zimakhudzanso chikhalidwe cha osatha.

Mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala monga Crystal, Akvarin, Kemira, Plantafol.
Humus ndizomveka kutseketsa kokha ngati dothi liri losawuka kwambiri, ndipo mumatsimikiza kuti maluwawo akusowa. Pa nthawi yomweyi, kuvala ndi humus sikubwezeretsa kupanga "madzi amchere", omwe ayenera kukumbukira.

Kodi kukonzekera osatha kwa dzinja

Mukangoyamba m'nyengo yozizira, fizostegiyu imayenera kudulidwa kuti pasakhale mbali yobiriwira yomwe imasiyidwa pamtambo (kuchoka pasanathe masentimita asanu pamwamba pa nthaka), yomwe imatha kuundana ndi kutsitsa imfa yonseyo. Pambuyo kudula, ngati mukuyembekeza nyengo yozizira kapena yozizira, mungathe kuphimba maluwa ndi mulch womwewo umene munaika poyamba kuti muteteze kumsongole ndi kusinthasintha kwa kutentha. Pokhapokha, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito mulch wosachepera 10-15 masentimita, mwinamwake mizu idzakhala yozizira.

Mukudziwa? The inflorescences ya fizostegii kudula bouquets, pogwiritsira ntchito katsitsumzukwa m'munsi ndi sprigs.

Matenda akuluakulu ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda

Chinthu chokha chomwe fizostegiya amawopa ndi aphid. Kuwonongeka kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda sikumadutsa chomeracho, kulimbana ndi matenda ndi tizilombo toononga. Choncho, mutangoyang'ana ntchentche zakuda pa tsinde ndi masamba a chomera, yambani zomera ndi tizilombo.

Ndikofunikira! Ndikofunikira kupanga osati fizostegiyu yekha, komanso zomera zina mumunda, zomwe zingathe kufalitsa aphid.
Mukakhala ndi madzi okwanira, pangakhale nthendayi chifukwa cha mvula yambiri. Kuti musadzizunze nokha kapena chomera, tithandizeni kubzala ndi fungicide ndikuchepetsa kuchepetsa kuthirira kuchepetsa chinyezi.

Chipembedzo chimakhala ndi chitetezo chokwanira ku matenda ambiri ndi tizirombo. Bzalani maluwa mwanzeru kuti iyo ikongoletse munda wanu ndipo nthawi yomweyo sichiwononge zomera zina zosakanikira zosakaniza.