Momwe mungamere ndikukula mjunje wamtunduwu

Mphungu ndi chomera chokongola, chomwe sichimangotanthauza kokha maonekedwe ake, komanso chifukwa cha mankhwala ake.

Lero pali mitundu yambiri ya shrub iyi, yomwe imalola aliyense kusankha zosankha zomwe zidzawakhudze. Mbalame ya Colonoid - imodzi mwa zitsamba zakale kwambiri, kukongola kodabwitsa ndi kudzichepetsa mu chisamaliro.

Mphungu yamtundu: malongosoledwe ndi mitundu

Mitundu ya juniper colonic imakhala ndi mitundu yambiri - Chinese, wamba, namwali ndi mkungudza. Zimasiyana maonekedwe, dziko lochokera ndi malo okhala, koma ali ofanana ndi mawonekedwe awo ndi wamtali. Onsewa ndi a cypress, amakula bwino m'madera otentha. Chikhalidwe ichi chili ndi mabakiteriya. Mankhwala ofunikira amtengo wapatali olimbana ndi matenda opuma.

Kukonzekera kwa malo amagwiritsira ntchito mitundu ina ya mkungudza: yopingasa, Chinese, Siberia.

Masamba a zitsamba zazing'ono amawoneka ngati singano, ndipo patapita nthawi amasintha kuti akhale ofanana. Nthano zazing'ono zimakhala ndi mtundu wobiriwira wonyezimira. Zipatso za juniper colonic ndi buluu kapena imvi. Chifukwa cha kuchuluka kwa mamba, ma cones sangathe kutsegula kwathunthu.

Ndikofunikira! Kusindikiza chomera, muyenera kudziwa za mizu ya shrub. Ndipotu, ngati muzuwo wawonongeka, mkungudza udzakula wosalimba ndi wofooka.

Zotsatira zofika

Kukonzekera chodzala juniper, muyenera kusankha malo abwino ndi nthawi, komanso kupeza nthaka yabwino.

Zosowa za nthaka

Mkungudza wamba ndi kolonovidny amatanthauza zitsamba, zosadulidwa kunthaka. Ndi yabwino pafupifupi nthaka iliyonse - kuchokera wowawasa ku zamchere. Koposa zonse, zomera zimapulumuka ku dothi la loamy ndi mchenga; zimatha kukula pamtanda.

Tiyenera kukumbukira kuti shrub sichimakonda malo amvula kwambiri, choncho musayime m'madera otsika. Tikulimbikitsanso kuwonjezera madzi kuchokera ku miyala yayikulu, njerwa zosweka ndi mchenga wopita bwino. Kutalika kwa kapangidwe ka madzi kakuyenera kukhala pafupi 20-25 masentimita.

Malo oti akule

Mphungu amakonda dzuwa, lopuma mpweya, malo omasuka. Kuchepa kwa shading kumaloledwa; ndi bwino kuti dzuwa liwala tsiku lonse. Zimadalira kuwonjezeka kwa singano, nthambi ndi zomera zokongoletsera. Nthaŵi yabwino yobzala mchenga ndikumayambiriro kwa masika. Pa nthawi yomweyi, sikofunikira kuyembekezera nyengo yofunda, mukhoza kubzala chitsamba chitha chisanu chimasungunuka. Chomera chomwe chimabzalidwa mu kugwa sichikhala ndi nthawi yokhala ndi nthawi yokhala ndi malo osungirako malo osanazizira.

Momwe mungabzalitsire shrub: Malangizo ndi zidule

Kubzala zomera pamtengowu, muyenera kulemekeza mtunda pakati pawo pa 1.5-2 mamita. Musanawaike pansi, mizu iyenera kuthiridwa ndi madzi.

Kuzama kwa dzenje la kubzala kudzadalira makamaka kukula kwa nsalu ya dziko lapansi ndi mizu ya zomera. Tikulimbikitsidwa kukumba dzenje lomwe lidzakhale lalikulu nthawi 2-3 kuposa dothi ladothi. Kuya kwake kuyenera kukhala pafupifupi masentimita 70 pa tchire lalikulu.

Mukudziwa? Mahekitala amodzi a juniper amatha kuphulika mpaka makilogalamu 30 a phytoncids, omwe angathe kutsuka m'munda wa khitchini kuchokera ku zamoyo zopweteka, zopweteka. Kumene mkungudza umakula, mpweya nthawi zonse umakhala woyera.
Pansi pa dzenje, ngalande ya ngalande imayikidwa, mizu imadzazidwa ndi chisakanizo cha peat, mchenga ndi nthaka ya sod. Ngati chomeracho ndi chachikulu, khosi la mizu liyenera kuphulika pafupifupi 5-10 masentimita kuchokera mu dzenje. Pazitsamba zazing'ono, zikhoza kukhala pamtunda.

Zosamalira

Kusankha kubzala mabulosi a juniper colonic, ndikofunikira kulipira mokwanira kusamalira iwo. Ngakhale kuti mbewuyo ndi yodzichepetsa, kuthirira ndi feteleza ziyenera kukhalapo pakakula.

Cypress, phiri la pine, fir, spruce imatchedwanso kuti ndi osasamala mu chisamaliro.

Momwe mungadzamwe madzi

Kuthirira junipere kokwanira 2-3 nthawi pa nyengo, ngati chilimwe chiri otentha ndi youma. Chitsamba chimodzi chachikulu chimakhala pafupifupi 10-30 malita a madzi. Mukhozanso kupopera mbewu kuchokera ku botolo lazitsulo, koma madzulo.

Feteleza ndi kuvala

Mu kasupe, nthaka pansi pa mkungudza ikhoza kumera ndi nitroammophos - mita imodzi ya mamita iyenera 45 g wa mankhwalawo. M'chilimwe, ngati mtengo umakula pang'onopang'ono, umadyetsedwa ndi zinthu zakuthupi ndi mchere feteleza kamodzi pamwezi, osakhalanso.

Ndikofunikira! Mulimonsemo palibe mitundu yomwe imatha kukhala ndi umuna wa ng'ombe ndi zitosi za mbalame, chifukwa zitha kuwotcha mizu ya mtengo ndi zomera.

Momwe mungalengeze chomera molondola

Mphungu imatha kufalitsidwa ndi mbewu ndi njira zowonjezera.

Mbewu

Mukhoza kusonkhanitsa mbeu za shrub kuyambira chaka chachiwiri cha moyo wake. Izi zimachitika pang'onopang'ono pamene zipatso zimayamba kumira. Zosonkhanitsa zokolola ziyenera kukhala zomangidwa. Pamapeto pake, bokosi la matabwa lidzadzazidwa ndi gawo la mchenga, peat ndi moss, ndipo mbewuzo zidaikidwa pamwamba. Nthawi yonse yozizira mabokosi ayenera kukhala pamsewu, atakhala pansi pa chisanu m'nyengo yonse yachisanu - pafupi masiku 120-150. Njira zoterezi zimafunika kufulumizitsa ndondomeko ya kumera. Ngati simukuchita izi, mbewu idzakwera chaka chimodzi mutatha kuzifesa m'nthaka.

Kenaka mu May, mbeu za stratified zimachotsedwa mu bokosi ndikufesedwa mu nthaka yokonzedwa. Kuchokera pano, m'pofunika kusamalira zomera mmalo mwake: madzi, chotsani namsongole, kumasula mipata. Pamene mbande zikukula mpaka kukula, zikhoza kuikidwa pamalo osatha.

Njira zamasamba

Njira yophweka komanso yowonjezera yoberekera juniper colonic imaganiziridwa kuti ikuphatikizidwa. Kumapeto kwa nyengo, muyenera kusankha mtengo woyenera ndikudula mphukira yaching'ono, ndikugwira chidutswa cha mayi. Mankhwalawa ayenera kukhala pafupifupi masentimita 10.

Mphukira imachotsedwa ku singano ndipo imayikidwa tsiku limodzi mu chisakanizo chomwe chimayambitsa mizu. Pambuyo pake, phesi imayikidwa mu chisakanizo cha peat ndi mchenga, wothira madzi ndi kuphimba ndi pulasitiki. Chidebe chomwe peat osakaniza ndi cuttings, chiyenera kuima mthunzi, ndipo osati pansi pa dzuwa. Nthaŵi ndi nthawi, filimuyo iyenera kuchotsedwa kuti chomera chikhale chodzaza ndi mpweya. Nthaka imathandizanso kuti ikhale yosakanizidwa nthawi ndi nthawi, kuteteza kuti isawume. Pambuyo pa miyezi 1-2, mphukira idzazuka, kenako idzabzalidwa pamalo osatha.

Mukudziwa? Anthu a ku Russia wakale anapanga mbale ku makungwa a juniper. Iye anali wosiyana ndi mfundo yakuti ngakhale pa mkaka wotentha kwambiri tsiku silinasinthe mwa iye.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Matenda ndi tizilombo ting'onoting'ono timatha kuwononga mitsempha ya juniper. Tiyeni tione mwatsatanetsatane ena a iwo.

  • Mushroom Schutte. Ngati kumayambiriro kwa nyengo yatsopano, singano zakale zimasanduka bulauni kapena lalanje ndipo sizikutha, zikutanthauza kuti mtengo umakhudzidwa ndi bowa la Shutte. Pakapita nthawi, kukula kochepa kwa mtundu wakuda kudzaonekera pa shrub. Chifukwa chake chimakhala mu chinyontho chowonjezera chomwe bowawu amachikonda. Ndikofunikira nthawi yochepa kwambiri kuchotsa nthambi zomwe zakhudzidwa ndi kuziwotcha, ndipo chomeracho chiyenera kupangidwa ndi zokonzekera zomwe zimaphatikizapo sulfure ndi mkuwa.
  • Matenda a fungal. Iwo amatsimikiziridwa ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya kukula pa mtengo, kawirikawiri iwo ali ofiira, kapena zilonda zakutali pa thunthu. Pofuna kupewa vutoli, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala omwe amapangidwa ndi mkuwa.
  • Aphid Amakonda zinyama zazing'ono kwambiri, zomwe zili ndi singano zosakhwima. Ngati pali tizilombo ting'onoting'ono tingathe kufooketsa zomera ndikuletsa kukula kwake. Pochotsani tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, muyenera kutulutsa nyerere nthawi, zomwe zimayambitsa nsabwe za m'masamba. Mphungu imayenera kupopedwa ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda "Aktara", "Deciss", "Fufanon".
  • Shchitovka. Mphuno yozungulira ya Brown ndi mphukira zazing'ono ndi nsapato ndi chishango. Chifukwa cha iwo, mphukira zazing'ono zimapindika, makungwa amatha. Ngati pali tizilombo tating'ono ting'onoting'ono, titha kuchotsa pamtunda, ngati kuwonongeka kwakukulu kukugwiritsidwa ntchito, iyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito ndi Aktara, Aktellik kapena tizilombo tina tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.
  • Kangaude mite Chizindikiro cha kukhalapo kwa tizilombo ngati zimenezi ndi kabulonda kakang'ono kamene kang'onopang'ono kalikonse kamaphimba chitsamba. Limbikitsani mwachindunji ndi diso ladiso silikuwoneka. Monga njira yowonetsera, nthawi zina mumatha kusamba nkhuni ndi kuzizira, chifukwa nthatazi sizimalola chinyezi. Ngati atakhazikika kale pamtengo, ndiye kuti mutha kuwachotsa mothandizidwa ndi acaricides: "Fufanona", "Fitoverma", "Vermitek".
Mphungu amakula mosavuta. Mutakhala m'mundamo, chomeracho chidzakongoletsa gawolo kwa nthawi yaitali ndipo chonde penyani diso la wolima munda.