White kabichi: zabwino mitundu kukula ndi kufotokoza ndi chithunzi

White kabichi ndi biennial chomera ndi misa ya zakudya, mavitamini ndi kufufuza zinthu. Mbalame zosiyana za kabichi zimasiyanasiyana ndi zina mu nthawi yakucha, kukula kwa masamba, juiciness, kuchuluka. Posankha mbewu, m'pofunika kuganizira nyengo nyengo, dera lanulo, zizindikiro za kutentha, mtundu ndi zolima za nthaka. Kabichi ndi nyengo yakucha yakonzedwa kuti ndi yopindulitsa kwambiri, yopindulitsa panthawi yopangira ndikusungira katundu kwa miyezi yambiri.

Taganizirani mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya kabichi yotseguka.

"Avak F1"

Wosakaniza wa kucha, kutulutsa zotsatira zabwino ndi zolimba pa nthawi yokolola. Amayamikila kukoma ndi kusinthasintha pamene agwiritsidwa ntchito. Kulemera kwa mutu kumasiyanasiyana nthawiyi 4-6 makilogalamu, mawonekedwewo amawonekera mokhazikika, kabichi mu gawoli ndi wosakhwima mkati mwa mawonekedwe oyera. Izi zosiyanasiyana kabichi si crack ndi kugonjetsedwa ndi matenda, si mantha ang'onoang'ono frosts.

Kukolola kumachitika tsiku la 115-120 kuchokera tsiku lodzala mbande.

Ndikofunikira! Azimayi omwe ali ndi sauerkraut pa zakudya zawo kangapo pa sabata amachepetsa mwayi wawo wopeza khansa ya m'mawere kawiri. Chabwino, mtsikana akaphunzira kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwalawa ali mwana.

"Dita"

Zosiyanasiyana zoyambirira. Zokolola zingakhale pa tsiku la 100-110 pambuyo pa kutuluka kwa mbande. Mitu ya letesi ndi yaing'ono, yozungulira, osati 1.2 makilogalamu. Mankhwala abwino, okoma ndi owopsa a kabichi ndi abwino kupanga saladi. Kulimbana ndi mitundu yosiyana, yomwe ikufuna kulima mu greenhouses, yotseguka pansi.

Pali mitundu yambiri ya kabichi, kupatula yoyera, yosangalatsa Savoy, mphukira ya Brussels, kohlrabi, Beijing, kolifulawa ndi kale.

"Olympus"

Zotsatira zosakhalitsa za chisanu. Mutuwu, mutu wandiweyani, mapepala ake ali ndi imvi zobiriwira ndi zokutira sera zamphamvu, pambali yoyera.

Kulemera kwake kwa masamba ndi 3-4 makilogalamu. Izo zasungidwa kwa nthawi yaitali, siziwopa kayendedwe, sizimasokoneza. Oyenera pickling ndi zina processing. Kukolola kumachitika tsiku la 110-115 kuchokera tsiku lodzala mbande.

Mukudziwa? Mu English Channel, pachilumba cha Jersey amalima kabichi "Jersey" mpaka mamita anayi. Ngakhale masamba a kabichi amadya, ndi ofunika kwambiri ndi zimayambira zomwe amapanga zingwe ndi zida za mipando.

Sonya F1

Wosakanizidwa pakati pa kucha, cholinga cha chilengedwe chonse, adziwonetsera bwino pakukonzekera ndi kusunga nthawi yayitali. Zapamwamba-ololera zosiyanasiyana, kugonjetsedwa ndi matenda ndi kupasula. Masamba apamwamba amajambulidwa ndi mtundu wobiriwira; mudulidwe, mutu ndi woyera, wowoneka bwino, komanso ndi makhalidwe abwino. Mutu wamkati wamkati ndi wandiweyani, wolemera makilogalamu 4-5. Osakhala ndi mantha pa kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka katundu, kwa nthawi yayitali imasunga nkhaniyo.

Kukolola kumachitika tsiku la 115-120 kuchokera tsiku lodzala mbande.

"Delta"

Mtundu wa "Kolifula" wa Kolifulawa umaphatikizapo malongosoledwe otsatirawa: mutu wa chipale chofewa ndi chidziwitso chakupha, m'mphepete mwa masamba owongoka obiriwira omwe amateteza. Chakudya chatsopano chimalimbikitsidwa ndi kuzizizira ndi kukonzanso. Nyengo ya pakati-yosiyanasiyana, yokolola kumapeto kwa dzinja kapena kumayambiriro kwa nyundo. Kukolola kumachitika tsiku la makumi asanu ndi awiri mphambu makumi asanu ndi awiri mphambu zisanu ndi ziwiri kuchokera tsiku limene mbande zidabzalidwa pa mbeu.

"Meridor F1"

Zosakanizidwa mochedwa kusasitsa ndi moyo wazitali wa alumali. Medium-kakulidwe cabbages masekeli 2-3 makilogalamu ali kwambiri wandiweyani dongosolo, woonda masamba ndipo amasiyana mu wapadera kukoma: yowutsa mudyo ndi okoma. Wosakanizidwa ali ndi mawonekedwe abwino a mizu ndi masamba, imapirira chilala ndi kulimbitsa, sichimasokoneza ndikusunga mawonekedwe ake a malonda kwa nthawi yaitali. Kukolola kumachitika Tsiku la 135 mpaka 45 kuyambira tsiku lodzala mbande.

Ndikofunikira! Kuthirira kwa kanthawi koyenera kabichi ndi sitepe yofunikira pakupanga mutu wa kabichi, panthawi imeneyi masamba amafunikira madzi ambiri okwanira, nthaka iyenera kulowetsedwa mu masentimita 50 mozama.

Chipale chofewa

Woimira imodzi mwa mitundu yabwino ya kabichi yosungirako, mitunduyi ikhoza kusungidwa kwa miyezi 6-8 pa temperature ya temperature ya +8 ° C. Mitundu yochedwa yakucha, mitu ya letesi yaying'ono kwambiri kuposa yowerengeka, m'malo molemera - pafupifupi 5 kg. Kabichi wokoma, yowutsa mudyo, sikuti imasokoneza komanso imatsutsa matenda. Mitundu yosiyanasiyanayi ndi yowonjezera pophika, ndi yabwino mwatsopano, yofufumitsa, yokonzedwa.

Kusungidwa kwa nthawi yayitali kumapangitsanso fomu yamagetsi, kayendetsedwe ka kayendedwe kawotche sichita mantha Kukolola kumachitika tsiku la 100-115 kuchokera tsiku lodzala mbande.

Wolamulira "Kitano"

Mbalame yoyera imayamikiridwa padziko lonse lapansi, choncho makampani akuluakulu ambewu amakonda chidwi chopanga zatsopano ndi zizindikiro zabwino, zomwe zimayesedwa pa malo osiyanasiyana.

Kampani "Kitano" ikuwonetseredwa ndi kusinthidwa hybrids ya kabichi ndi mkulu khalidwe mbewu za m'ma nyengo mitundu: "Honka F1", "Naomi F1" ndi "Hitomi F1".

  • "Honka F1". Chomera chokwanira pa tsinde lalitali, mutu wolimba, wozungulira-wodzaza ndi masamba achikasu. Mutu ndi wokongola ndi ulusi wa sera, pafupifupi kulemera kwa 3 kg. Kukoma kwakukulu, kudyetsa zonse zatsopano komanso zowonongeka, maulendo a miyezi inayi. Kukolola kumachitika tsiku la 65 mpaka 75 kuchokera tsiku limene mbande zabzalidwa pa mbeu.
Mukudziwa? Kuyambira kale kwambiri kabichi mu mitundu yonse wakhala chakudya amakonda m'madera a Germany ndi Austria. Anayamikiridwa kwambiri ndipo adakhulupirira kuti adzathetse mavuto ake. Kumapeto kwa nyengo, iye anabzala limodzi ndi swede, akupatsa mayina a ndiwo zamasamba ku ndiwo zamasamba. Ngati zomera zikukula bwino ndi zathanzi - iwo akusewera ukwati, ngati ayi, ndiye kuti ubalewo unasweka.
  • "Naomi F1". Chitsamba cholimba ndi mutu wa letesi, woyera mudulidwe. Kulemera kwake kumasiyanasiyana pakati pa 2 ndi 3.5 makilogalamu. Mbewu imeneyi imalekerera mosavuta chilala, nyengo zosasangalatsa zolima mbewuyi, pomwe panthawi imodzimodziyo imakhala ndi mitu yambiri ya kabichi ndipo imatetezedwa ndi matenda. Zokongola kwa pickling, shredding ndi mitundu ina ya processing. Kusungidwa kwa miyezi inayi. Kukolola kumachitika tsiku la 80-85 kuyambira tsiku lodzala mbande.
  • "Hitomi F1". Zochedwa mochedwa zosiyanasiyana. Mutu uli wandiweyani, wozungulira, wamtundu wamtundu wobiriwira, mu gawoli uli ndi maziko ofiira oyera. Kulemera kwake kumutu kumachokera ku 2 mpaka 3.5 makilogalamu, cabbages ndi ophatikizidwa. Chosavuta kwambiri chomera cha chomera, woonda pepala, yowutsa mudyo. Mtundu wosakanizidwa, ngakhale pansi pa zovuta, umapereka zokolola zambiri, sizeng'amba ndipo kwa nthawi yaitali zimakhala ndi mawonekedwe ake. Kusungidwa kwa miyezi 6. Gwiritsiridwa ntchito kofiira, ndi yoyenera kukhetsa, pickling ndi mitundu ina yogwiritsira ntchito. Kukolola kumachitika tsiku la 80 mpaka 90 kuchokera tsiku lodzala mbande.
Anthu oyandikana nawo kabichi ndi mbatata, katsabola, nyemba, nkhaka, radishes, nandolo, chard, adyo, sage, beets, udzu winawake, sipinachi.
Kabichi wa pakati ndi nthawi yotseka ndi yofunika kwambiri, popeza mulibe nitrates mmenemo. Zisungidwa bwino ndipo zakudya zambiri ndi zathanzi zimakonzedwa kuchokera pamenepo.

The anapereka mitundu ya kabichi, zithunzi zawo ndi mayina akusiyana nthawi yakucha, ndi kuphatikiza zawo zabwino katundu pa yosungirako ndi zabwino kukoma.