Mitundu yabwino kwambiri ya letesi

Si chinsinsi kuti letesi imachoka limodzi ndi mbewu zina zomwe zimalima zimakhala ndi zinthu zambiri zothandiza, koma, kuwonjezera apo, zimakhalanso chakudya chokoma cha zakudya zambiri, chifukwa zimayamwa bwino. Koma, monga zomera zina, letesi ili ndi mitundu yosiyana siyana, kotero kuti mupeze njira yabwino, ndikofunikira kusankha imodzi yomwe idzakubweretsani zipatso zabwino kwambiri.

"Kucheryavets"

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana yowoneka bwino, yomwe imatha kukolola masiku 68-75 itatha. Mbewuyi imakhala ndi masamba obiriwira, omwe ali ndi m'mphepete mwake ndipo amatha kutuluka pamtunda, womwe umafika mpaka 400 g. Posankha malo oti apite "Kucheryavts", munthu ayenera kumvetsera malo otetezedwa otetezedwa ku mphepo yamkuntho. Saladi ya zosiyanasiyana ndi phesi zosagonjetsedwa. Masiku ano anthu ambiri amadziwika "Kucheryavets Odessa" ndi masentimita makumi asanu ndi awiri (24 cm) ndipo ali ndi masamba obiriwira omwe ali ndi mapiri olimba ndi kutupa pang'ono, popanda misonkhano yomwe ili pakati pa mitsempha. Kulemera kwa toyera kucha kufika 315 g, ndi yowutsa mudyo ndipo ili ndi mapuloteni ambiri.

Saladi ikhoza kukhala wamkulu kunyumba, mwachitsanzo, arugula kapena letesi, watercress.
Komanso tiyenera kuzindikira komanso "Kucheryavets Gribovsky" - mitundu yosiyana-siyana, yomwe ili yabwino kwambiri kuti ikule m'nthaka yotseguka. Zingafesedwe pa mbande mu March - May, kapena pomwepo pa tsamba kumayambiriro kwa June - nthawi yabwino kwambiri yoyendetsera nyengo ya chilimwe. Kuchokera ku mphukira zoyamba mpaka kukhwima kwa mbewu kumatenga masiku 59-68. Kulemera kwa mutu wa kabichi kawirikawiri 250-470 g. Chowala chobiriwira masamba ndi finely corrugated m'mphepete ndi zazikulu, yowutsa mudyo, crispy ndipo ali ndi kukoma kokoma. Chomeracho sichitha kudwala matenda osiyanasiyana.

"Zowonongeka"

Mitundu yatsopano yatsopano ya letesi ya crispy. Kuyambira maonekedwe a mphukira zoyamba mpaka nthawi yokolola, masiku 75-90 apitirira. Masambawa ndi obiriwira, okongola, owala kapena obiriwira ndi mapiri a wavi ndi kukoma kwabwino. Mosiyana ndi mitundu ina yambiri, yoyenera kusungirako nthawi yaitali mufiriji (musataye atsopano kwa milungu itatu). Mitu ya "Zowonongeka" ndi yaikulu, imakhala yolimba kwambiri ndipo imakhala yolemera kuchokera 300 mpaka 600 g. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi yoyenera kulima masika ndi chilimwe. Kukaniza kukulitsa.

Ndikofunikira! Alimi ena amakhulupirira kuti sikuyenera kusokoneza mitundu yina ya "Iceberg" chifukwa adzalitsa kukoma kwake, zomwe zakhala zovuta kuti zizitchulidwe.
Pa nthawi yomweyo, alimi ambiri amalima amayamikira mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya kukoma kwake kosasangalatsa, kamene kamakhala kosavuta kwambiri, kamene kamakhala bwino ndi masupu ndi mbale. Mwachitsanzo, ndi bwino kusewera nawo saladi osiyanasiyana, monga mbale yophika nyama, nsomba, nsomba, komanso zakudya zopanda zakudya komanso masangweji. Masamba "Osungunuka" angagwiritsidwe ntchito popanga kabichi, m'malo mwawo kabichi.

Posankha saladi wa zosiyanasiyana, samverani osalimbangati zikuwoneka kuti zilibe kanthu, zikutanthauza kuti simunakhale ndi nthawi yakupsa, koma ngati zakhala zolimba monga kabichi yoyera yozizira, mwachedwa, ndipo muyenera kuyamba kukolola kale. Ndipotu, kabbages ndi masamba owopsa ndi obiriwira ayenera kusiya, ndipo ena onse ayenera kukulunga mu nsalu yonyowa pokonza ndi kuikidwa mu thumba, kusungidwa mu firiji.

Zitsamba zokhala ndi zokometsera - cilantro, basil, mandimu a mandimu, katsabola, chervil, thyme, savory, oregano, laurel, rosemary - ikhoza kukhala mwatsopano m'nyumba mwanu.

"Eurydice"

Nyengo zina zapakatikati pa nyengo, mitundu yambiri ya letesi, yomwe ndi yabwino kubzala nthaka yotseguka (yomwe ili pa tsamba la April - May), komanso muzithunzi zamakina filimu. Zimadziwika ndi maroon, zazikulu, masamba osungunuka, ndi mitsempha yowonjezera komanso mawonekedwe a crispy. Dothi la masambawa ndilokhazikika, limakhala lalikulu mamita masentimita 35 ndi masentimita 33. Monga matembenuzidwe apitalo, chomerachi chimakhala ndi zokoma kwambiri, choncho mbewu za saladi ndizo mwa mitundu yabwino kwambiri yomwe ikuyenera kukula m'mwamba.

Chimake cha chomera chachikulu ndi chokwanira ndi 450 g, ndipo zokolola zimakafika ku 4.3 makilogalamu pa 1 m².

Mukudziwa? Agiriki akale ankakhulupirira kuti kugwiritsa ntchito tsamba la letesi tsiku ndi tsiku kumatha kusokonezeka chifukwa cha vinyo woledzera, ndipo chomeracho chimakhala ndi zotsatira zowonongeka.

"Vitamin Crunchy"

Zosiyanasiyana Zapamwamba Saladi "Vitamin Crunchy" amachitira sredneranny zomera zomwe zikhoza kusonkhanitsidwa mu masiku 38-45 kuchokera pa mphindi ya mphukira yoyamba. Ndi chomera chokwanira komanso pafupifupi 15-18 masentimita. Chili ndi masamba obiriwira, obiriwira, omwe ali ndi mavitamini ambiri komanso mavitamini B6 ndi C. Zambirizi zimakhala ndi chitsulo, ayodini, mkuwa, cobalt, ndi salimu ya potaziyamu, zinc, calcium ndi magnesium. Tiyenera kuzindikiritsa mtengo wake monga gwero la carotene. Katsulo kamene kali pamasamba omwe ali ochepa kwambiri ndipo amatha kulemera kwa 200 g 2.8-3.1 makilogalamu a mbewu akhoza kukolola kuchokera ku 1 mamita okwirira, ndipo mbewu zimabzalidwa kangapo pa nyengo. Zina mwa ubwino waukulu wa mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndizokolola zambiri, mapulumukidwe a masamba, mpweya wokwera kwambiri wotsutsana ndi chidziwitso chochepa cha chiwembu, komanso kukoma kwake.

"Vitamin Crunchy" anali otseguka, koma anateteza nthaka mwa kufesa kapena kusindikiza mwachindunji. Pamapeto pake, mbande 30-35-day, yomwe masamba 5-6 alipo kale, ndi abwino kuzinthu izi.

Ndikofunikira! Zomera kuchokera ku mbande zosaphika zimakhala zosavuta kulekerera kupatsa, zomwe zimapereka zokolola zambiri.

Wamkulu

Mtundu wina wautali oyambirira wosiyanasiyana wa letesi, womwe ungathe kutsukidwa mwezi umodzi mutatha mbeu. Mazira a masamba ndi owongoka ndipo amafika kutalika kwa masentimita 20-30, ndi masentimita 25 masentimita. Kuwala kwa masamba obiriwira sikusiyana ndi kukula kwakukulu, iwo ndi ophwanyika, okometsetsa, amakhala ndi mawonekedwe ozungulira kwambiri. Zonsezi ndizopweteka kwambiri ndipo zimapanga mutu wouma, womasuka. Wamkulu Amadziwika bwino ndi zokolola zabwino komanso otsika mofulumira kubzala, koma izi ndi zofunika kuti zikule m'nthaka, koma pansi pa chithunzi cha filimu. Masentimita amtundu umodzi amakafika 300 g, ndipo kuchokera 1 mamita a dera mukhoza kusonkhanitsa 3-4 makilogalamu a letesi.

Mitundu imeneyi imayamikiridwa ndi makhalidwe ake okoma kwambiri komanso kukana tsamba lotentha la tsamba.

Ma saladi oyambirira ndiwo masamba oyambirira a masika, amatha kukula mosavuta m'minda yosungiramo matabwa ndi polycarbonate mwa March.

"Kupunthwa"

Zina mwa mitundu yabwino kwambiri ya letesi yamapepala sizingathe kusiyanitsa "Kupunthwa". Nyengo yapakatikatikatiyi, njira yodzikweza kwambiri ingabzalidwe patseguka, koma nthaka yotetezedwa pofesa mbewu mu April-May. Ngati mbandezo zikukula ndikuyamba kuziika pamalo, mbeuzo zimafesedwa mu March ndi April, ndipo mbande zimayikidwa mu May. Kuyambira mphukira kufikira nthawi yosamba zomera nthawi zambiri amatenga masiku 50-55. Tsamba la letesi ndi lobiriwira, mochepa, chifukwa chakuti amapanga chilengedwe. Chiwonetserocho chimadziwika ndi kuchulukitsitsa. Pafupifupi 3.0-5.0 makilogalamu a mbewu amakololedwa kuchokera pamtunda umodzi wa masimidwe. Izi ndizofunikira kukongoletsa tebulo kapena kupanga saladi.

Kuchuluka kwa maselo amodzi kumakhala pakati pa 150-200 g, ndipo ubwino waukulu wa mitunduyi ndi monga kulawa kwabwino, kukana mapepala oyaka moto.

"Truffle"

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya letesi yakuthwa mofulumira, yomwe imakhala ndi masamba osasunthika, ophwanyika komanso ovunda, omwe, chifukwa cha ubweya wa burgundy, amawoneka bwino kwambiri ndipo ndi okongoletsera mbale zosiyanasiyana. Mitunduyi ndi yabwino kuti ikulire chaka chonse, onse kumunda komanso m'nyengo yozizira.

Mukudziwa? Ku Ulaya, saladi inayamba kukulirakulira pokhapokha m'zaka za zana la XVII, ngakhale kuti kale lisanakhale wotchuka ku Greece ndi Egypt.

"Nkhani"

Mosiyana ndi zosankhidwa kale, "Nkhani" - saladi ya tsamba ya kucha msanga, yomwe imafikira kukhwima yakucha mu masiku 46-49. Chomeracho chimadziwika ndi kuwala pang'ono konyezimira kobiriwira masamba, yowutsa mudyo komanso wosakhwima mu kukoma. Zitsulo ndi zazikulu, ndipo makope ambiri amatha kufika 250 g. Ubwino wosankha mbewu za mitundu yosiyanasiyanayi ndi kukana kutentha ndi kukula mofulumira kwa kutalika kwa tsiku. Mbewu ziyenera kufesedwa nthaka yotseguka kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa April, kusunga mtunda wa masentimita 40 mpaka 50 pakati pa mizere.

Malo osungiramo zipinda kuchokera ku arcs omwe ali ndi zofunda zimathandiza kuti asamakhale ndi masamba.

Series "Kitano Mbewu"

Mndandanda uwu umatanthawuza mtundu wa Batavia ndi kusasitsa kwa zomera mu masiku 40-45. Saladiyi ili ndi masamba obiriwira, obiriwira, okongoletsa, omwe amadziwika ndi kuwonetsera bwino. Amalekerera mikhalidwe yovutitsa ndipo imadziwika ndi kuchedwa kwambiri, chinthu chachikulu ndicho kupanga zinthu zabwino kuti zikule: choyamba, kukonzekera nthaka yowonjezera mitsempha yotseguka kapena yotsekedwa. Izi ndi zodalirika zosiyanasiyana za letesi, ndi kukula kofanana ndi mphamvu yakukula. Kulemera kwa chomera chimodzi ndi 300-400 g. Saladi "Kitano Mbeu" Yang'anani bwino mu saladi, pamene muli ndi kukoma kokoma.

Monga mukuonera, pafupifupi mtundu uliwonse wa letesi ukhoza kukwaniritsa zosowa zanu zonse zamakono ndi zosangalatsa, koma posankha mbewu zimayenera kuyambira kukula kwa zomera ndi nyengo ya dera linalake.