Zojambula anyezi popanda mbande: kukula popanda vuto

Palibe munda ungachite popanda anyezi. Zojambula zosiyanasiyana ndi chimodzi mwa otchuka kwambiri. Anazilemba izo ku Holland. Muziyamikira chifukwa cha kukoma kwake, zipatso ndi kukula kwakukulu. Nkhaniyi ikufotokoza za Exibishen onion ndikukula kuchokera ku mbewu m'njira yopanda madzi.

Kufotokozera ndi makhalidwe

Mababu a mitunduyi ndi aakulu kwambiri, amatha kufika kukula kwa 120 mpaka 400 g. Chiwonetserochi chimaphatikizapo mitundu yambiri ya anyezi, koma ndi njira zoyenera za ulimi, makilogalamu atatu akhoza kusonkhanitsidwa kuchokera pamtunda umodzi.Kukoma kwa masambawa ndi kokoma, kopanda kulawa kowawa. Pamene kupukuta sikumayambitsa misonzi chifukwa chakuti ndi mafuta ochepa kwambiri. Chokhacho chosavuta cha zosiyanasiyanazi ndi chakuti sichisungidwa kwa nthawi yaitali. Nyengo yonse yozizira sangathe kunama, kupitirira - mpaka December.

Mukudziwa? Mitundu ina ya anyezi ndi zomera zokongola. Imodzi mwa izi ndi zosiyanasiyana ndi chikasu maluwa Mole.

Kodi ndikufunika kuyesa: zomwe akatswiri amanena

Chiwonetsero cha anyezi chimatha kukula popanda mbande, kufesa mbewu mwachindunji pansi. Njirayi imagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi opanga akuluakulu omwe ali ndi malo akuluakulu. Akatswiri amalimbikitsa kuti anthu a m'chilimwe azigwiritsa ntchito njira yakale - kudzera mu sevok. A makamaka, izi zosiyanasiyana zimakula bwino kupyolera mu mbande. Mwa njira iyi, mutha kuyamba kukolola mofulumira ndi anyezi akuluakulu, omwe amatha kufika 700 G. Ngati mumagwiritsa ntchito mofesa, ndiye kuti masentimita ambiri a babu sangakhale oposa 250 g

Kodi mungakonzekere bwanji kukwera

Choyamba, mbewu zimayang'aniridwa kuti zimere. Pafupi mwezi umodzi musanafese, zidutswa 15 zimasankhidwa, zitakulungidwa mu nsalu ndikuziviika m'madzi ofunda. Siyani masiku asanu, nthawi zonse muzisungunula. Pambuyo pake, kuyeza kwake kumayesedwa. Mankhwala ayenera kuwonongedwa pogwiritsa ntchito yankho la potassium permanganate mkati mwa mphindi 15. Kuti mupeze mphukira mwamsanga ndi wachikondi, mbewu ziyenera kukonzekera. Iwo ndi ochepa kwambiri, choncho n'zovuta kugwira nawo ntchito. Odziwa munda wamaluwa amadula pepala la chimbudzi mu zidutswa zitatu kutalika ndikumangiriza mbewuzo. Manyowa amapangidwa kuchokera ku starch ya mbatata, yomwe imasakanizidwa ndi fetereza ya AVA yovuta.

Pogwiritsira ntchito sitiroko, glue amagwiritsidwa ntchito pa pepala pamtunda wa pafupifupi masentimita asanu 5. Pogwiritsira ntchito tchire, mbewu zimayikidwa mu phala. Pambuyo pa tepiyo, iyenera kuyang'aniridwa mosamala ndi kuikidwa mu thumba la pulasitiki. Chifukwa cha njirayi, n'zotheka kupeza mbande popanda kupatulira.

Mukudziwa? Anyezi amatenga dzina limeneli chifukwa chakuti maonekedwe amawoneka ngati mpiru.

Nthawi yabwino yolima

Kubzala anyezi a Exhibichen ndi mbewu pansi zimapangidwa mu April. Zosungunuka zosiyanasiyana zimakonda dziko la airy limene acidity salowerera. Pochita izi, pamtunda wa 50 g pa 1 mita imodzi, nkhuni imayambitsidwa ndi kumasulidwa bwino. Kenaka, muyenera kulandira nthaka ndi wothandizira, monga Fitosporin. Grooves ayenera kupanga pafupifupi 2 cm zakuya ndi kuika mapepala akukwera mmwamba mwa iwo. Pukutani pang'ono ndi nthaka ndi madzi bwino. Bedi liyenera kukhala lopangidwa ndi zinthu zamtengo wapatali kapena filimu yotetezera mbewu kuchokera ku chisanu chotheka.

Chisamaliro Chamakono

Chiwonetserochi ndi mitundu yambiri ya anyezi, yomwe imafuna kusamalitsa mosamala, komanso kusamalidwa bwino.

Kuthirira

Kuthirira kumayenera kuchitidwa ngati dothi luma, koma osalola kuti liume bwino.

Ndikofunikira! Kumapeto kwa July, kuthirira kuyenera kuima kuti mababu asakhale madzi. Izi zimakhudza kwambiri alumali moyo wa chikhalidwe.

Kusamalira dothi

Nthaka imamasulidwa pambuyo pa kuthirira. Komanso ndikofunika kutulutsa namsongole. Kusunga chinyezi m'nthaka ndikulimbikitsanso kuti mukhale ndi chinyezi. Khosi kapena utuchi wa utuchi zimagwirira ntchito bwino.

Kupaka pamwamba

Patapita masiku 14 mutabzala mbewu, m'pofunika kuti mumere nthaka pogwiritsa ntchito mullein. Kapena mukhoza kupanga feteleza zovuta, kuphatikizapo potaziyamu, nayitrogeni ndi phosphorous. Njirayi iyenera kuchitika kasachepera katatu pakulima chikhalidwe.

Dzidziwitse nokha ndi agrotechnics yakukula mitundu yambiri ya anyezi: shallot, batun, slizuna, shnitta, leek.

Momwe mungatetezere anyezi ku matenda ndi tizilombo toononga

Matenda ambiri a izi ndi zovunda za Donets. Zimachitika pa kucha kwa masamba. Mizu yake ikuvunda, anyezi amatha mofulumira kwambiri. Ngati matendawa aonekera kale, zomera zomwe zakhudzidwa zimafunika kuchotsedwa. Anyezi amatha kuonongeka ndi smut - miyendo yofiira yamdima imapezeka pamasamba. Matendawa angapewe mwa kusinthasintha mbewu ndi kuthirira mbewu bwino. Tizilombo ta anyezi timaphatikizapo nkhupakupa, thrips, anyezi njenjete ndi ntchentche, komanso nematode.

Ndikofunikira! Kuti muteteze mbewu kuchokera ku ntchentche ntchentche, muyenera kudzala kaloti pafupi nawo. Pfungo lace lidzawopsyeza tizilombo.
Pofuna kupewa zochitika za tizirombo, nkofunika kukonzekera bwino kubzala ndi nthaka. Ngati adawonekera kale, mungathe kuchotsa ndi chithandizo cha mankhwala, monga Agrovertin, Fitoverm.

Ndi kufesa koyenera mbewu ndi kusamalira mitundu yosiyanasiyana Exichen, mu masiku 60-80 ndizotheka kukolola ndi kusangalala anyezi.