Kodi kudula gooseberries

Kusamalira zitsamba pa tsambali zachepetsedwa kukhala ntchito yachizolowezi kwa wamaluwa. Koma ena a iwo akukumanabe ndi vuto la oyamba kumene. Izi zikugwiritsidwa ntchito makamaka pakukonzekera ndi kuchotsedwa kwa nthambi. Ntchito yoteroyo imakhala ndi chidziwitso, ndipo mu ndemanga iyi tiwona mmene kudulira jamu kumayang'ana, nthawi komanso momwe angachitire molondola.

Chifukwa chiyani gooseberries akudulira

Kawirikawiri, aliyense amadziwa yankho: ngati simukutsatira tchire, iwo adzasanduka makoswe. Inde, jamu limapanga mphukira zambiri pa nyengo yomwe imayenera kulamulidwa.

Onani mitundu iyi ya jamu: "Commander", "Gingerbread Man".

Palinso ena zifukwazomwe zimapangitsa kusokoneza uku kuli kofunikira komanso kozolowereka:

  • Mitengo yambiri yowonjezereka imakhala yopanda kuunika, yomwe imapangitsa kuti zonse zikhalepo chifukwa cha matenda ndi tizilombo toononga.
  • Pogwiritsa ntchito nthambi zowonongeka, zipatsozo zimakhala zochepa.
  • Nthambi zambiri - mphukira zocheperapo mphukira iliyonse imachoka payekha. Chifukwa chake, zokolola zimachepa.

Ndikofunikira! Kudulidwa kumapangidwira kokha pa impso zamkati (izo ziri kumbali ya mkati mwa nthambi).
  • Nthambi zazitali zambiri zomwe zimakula zimangogwa pansi ndikuzika mizu. Patatha chaka chimodzi kapena ziwiri, "chimphona" choterechi sichibale zipatso ndipo chimakhala choopsa kwa mbewu zina: tizirombo timakhala pa mphukira ndi masamba.
Kuti tipewe vutoli, tchire tikuyesera kupanga ndi kudulira, motero kuonetsetsa zokolola. Kufika kwa nthawi ya ndondomekoyi ndi njira yolondola ya kuphedwa imabwera patsogolo.

Werengani momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito mphesa, yamatcheri, mapeyala, maapulo, mapichesi, plums, apricots.

Nthawi yokonzekera

Kudulidwa kwa jamu kumatengedwa kuti ndi kotheka kwambiri kumapeto kwa nyengo, nyengo ya vegetative isanayambe. Kupanga nthambi zochuluka zogona muzaka khumi zoyambirira za March, mudzaonetsetsa kukula kwa jamu ndikutero kuti "mukhale pansi" m'njira yotuta.

Koma pali vuto limodzi: kutaya kwa madzi kumayambira kwambiri, mofanana ndi kumayambiriro kozizira. "Kugwira" mphindi yoyenera ndikufika pakhomo panthawi sizingatheke kwa aliyense, ndipo kumapeto kwa March - kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa April, tsamba laling'ono likuwoneka kale. Kotero muyenera kuyembekezera mpaka autumn. Ndizosayenera kupanga magawo "kukhala", amavulaza mbewu.

Mukudziwa? Ku Russia, gooseberries akhala akulima kuyambira zaka za m'ma 1500. Ndipo mu XIX, mitundu yachilendo inalowa mmalo osiyanasiyana. - Izi ndizochokera ku mizere ya British.
M'chilimwe, nthambi zosiyana zimachotsedwa, ndiyeno ngati zowonongeka kapena zowonongeka.

Njira yotchuka kwambiri ikudulira kumapeto kwa nyengo, yomwe ikuchitika pambuyo pa tsamba lakugwa. Chochitikachi chingathenso kukhala otetezeka: nthambi zoyenera "zimawonetsedwa" ndipo mphukira zochuluka zimachotsedwa. Choyamba chotsani chosakanikirana ndi chakale kwambiri (chiri chakuda chakuda).

Zida zam'munda zogwirira ntchito

Kufufuza zinthu zosavuta: pruner ndi lopper. Zili zosavuta, koma pali miyambo ina apa. Mwachitsanzo kudulira bwerani ndi kukwatira kamodzi kapena kawiri. Yoyamba ndi yophweka kwambiri, yofanana ndi mkasi, zipangizo. Mmodzi mwa magulu awo ndi oimitsa, pamene yachiwiri - kumapeto kwake.

Aliyense amadziwa momwe zimakhalira zovuta kudula nthambi yamphamvu ndi shears. Zolinga zoterozo, gwiritsani ntchito chipangizo chokhala ndi makina omwe amagwiritsa ntchito tsambalo ndi zomwe zikupita patsogolo. Loppers chotsani nthambi zazikulu zaminga (3-5 cm). Ndipotu, awa ndiwo maselo omwewo, koma amakhala ndi nthawi yaitali. Zimakhala zosavuta kugwira nawo ntchito - chogwiritsira ntchito chimagwira ntchito ya levu ndikumasulira khama kwambiri, kuteteza manja kuti asatope.

Ndikofunikira! Mukamagula pruner, yang'anirani tsamba lakuya ndi chithandizo chothandizira. Ngati atapangidwa kukhala ofooka, ndiye kuti chidachi ndi choyenera kudula nthambi zochepa, ndipo sichidzadziwa ntchito yaikulu.
Tawonani kuti zipangizo ziwirizi sizimalowe m'malo, koma zimathandizana wina ndi mzake - pruner ndi yabwino kwa "melee", ndipo pamapeto pake amatha kugwira ntchito ndi nthambi zazikulu, zomwe minga imalepheretsa.

Palinso opaka brush, koma pali pulback imodzi: "amatengera" 25mm, ndipo zitsanzo ndi zocheperapo zimakhala zochepa. Kwa ife, iwo ali oyenera kokha kwa tchire tating'ono.

Zida zamatsenga ndi izi:

  • Kuwongolera kwapamwamba, sikuyenera kukhala paliponse pamphepete;
  • kuchepetsa;
  • mwayi wogwira ntchito mwakhama;
  • kumanga bwino; Zomwe zimapangidwira zilibe kanthu, chinthu chachikulu ndi chakuti ayenera kukhala ndi zida za mphira zomwe zimapangitsa kuti dzanja lisalowe;
  • Zing'onozing'ono sizitha kuwononga nthambi zoyandikana;
  • chitetezo ndi mtundu wowala - zoterezi zimakhala zosavuta kupeza m'nkhalango.

Kudulira jamu mabasi malinga ndi zaka

Kuchuluka kwa ntchito ndi chikhalidwe chake chikuyang'aniridwa ndi diso pa msinkhu wa shrub. Kwa nthawi zosiyana, njira "zokhazokha" zowonongolera ndizoyenera, zomwe tidzakambirana tsopano.

Mitundu ya jamu ya Bryzhevnye ndi yotchuka kwambiri.

M'chaka choyamba

Zonse zimayamba musanafike. Pa sapling wamng'ono amafupikitsa mphukira zonse. Pa nthambi zamphamvu kusiya masamba 3-4 kuchokera ku dothi la nthaka, pa zofooka zochepa, 2 zimakhalanso zokwanira. Zikuchitika kuti ramifications chifukwa chosasamala zawonongeka. Iwo alibe chiyembekezo, chomwecho chidulidwe mwamsanga. Koma zowonongeka kale chitsamba. Kudula mitengoyi kumapangidwira zakudya zabwino zamtchire komanso kupanga nthambi zamakono zamtsogolo.

Panthawiyi, mizu idzakula bwino ndikudzudzula nthambi zatsopano zathanzi. Kutha "intervention" mu chaka choyamba mutabzala ndikuchepetsedwa - fufuzani ngati nthambizo zili ndi thanzi labwino, ndipo musiye mphukira zapakati pa 5-6.

Mukudziwa? 100 g wa zipatso zili ndi 43 kcal zokha. Komanso, pali pafupifupi mapuloteni ndi mafuta (0,7 ndi 0,2 g, motero) - Wopambana komanso wathanzi wothandizira kulemera.

M'chaka chachiwiri

M'chaka, mphukira zatsala pang'ono kufika 5, izi ziyenera kukhala zathanzi, zoyenera kupezeka. Nthambi zofooka, zopanda 20 cm, zimachotsedwa. Izi ndizofunikira - kuchepa kwazing'ono panthawi yokula kumangodzipangira zakudya zokha, kuwatengera kutali ndi zina zotukuka.

Kupititsa nthambi kutchera nthambi zamphamvu kukula (pafupifupi kufika pamtunda wa masentimita 30 kuchokera pansi). Zomwezo zimagwiranso ntchito pang'onopang'ono. Koma nthambi zopanda malire zimachotsedwa popanda kudandaula - palibe garters sangathandize pano.

Ndikofunikira! Mu kugwa, mabala amachiritsidwa ndi phula la munda. Apa pali imodzi mwa maphikidwe ozizira osagwira: mosiyana mkangano 60 ml mowa ndi 0,5 makilogalamu nkhuni resin ndi osakaniza ndi kuwonjezera 2 tbsp. l mafuta osakaniza. Sungani kusakaniza bwinoko mu tini yotsekedwa.
Ndi njirayi, 3 bizinesi ndi nambala yofanana ya mphukira pachaka idzapangidwa pa chitsamba chogwa.

Kwa chaka cha 3-4

Ino ndi nthawi yofulumira.

M'chaka chachitatu, mipikisano yonse yofooka ndi yopingasa imachotsedwa. Ngati pali kukula kosauka ndi nthambi yosafunikira, otsalawo "amatsitsimutsa", Kufupikitsidwa ndi 12-15 masentimita. Pamapeto pa nyengo yachitatu pa chitsamba chabwino, payenera kukhala nthambi 12-18 za zaka zosiyana. Ichi ndi "mafupa" akulu a shrub.

Chaka cha 4 mutabzala, jamu amaonedwa kuti wapangidwa kale, ndipo kudulira kumakhala kosavuta. Ikufika pa kuchotsedwa kwathunthu kwa mphukira zazing'ono, kuphatikizapo zomwe zinayambika kuchokera ku khola lazu. Chakumapeto kwa nyengo yozizira, chitsamba chimakhala ndi mawonekedwe okongola.

5 ndi zaka zambiri

"Mapulani a Zaka zisanu" ndi chiwerengero cha zokolola, pamene pali nthambi 30 za mibadwo yosiyana. Ndi katundu wotere chitsambachi chili chovuta kuthana nacho.

Apa kubwezeretsa kofunikira. M'chaka, tchire timadontholedwa, kuchotsa nthambi zonse zoonda ndi kusiya mphamvu zokhazokha. Palinso njira yowonjezereka kwambiri ya minda yambiri yokhudzana ndi zaka: amasiya nthambi zisanu zokha zamphamvu, kuchotsa ena onse. Ndi chisamaliro chachilendo, tchire zoterozo zidzakhazikitsa mwatsopano.

Mukakonzanso kudulira, musafulumize kutaya nthambi zakudulidwa, mothandizidwa ndi iwo mungathe kuchulukitsa gooseberries.

Mukudziwa? Gooseberries pafupifupi zaka 40 akuyesera kuwoloka ndi currants zakuda. Zotsatira zake, zinenero zosiyanasiyana zachijeremani "Yoshta" zinapezeka. Anadza ku USSR m'zaka za m'ma 1980 ndipo adalandiridwa mwamsanga ku chikhalidwe.
Musaiwale za kupewa: m'chilimwe, ngati nthambi yowonongeka kapena yowopsa yagululidwa, iyenera kufupikitsidwa ku malo abwinobwino kapena "kuwonongedwa" kwathunthu.

Monga momwe mwawonera, ntchito zomwe tazitchula pamwambazi zikuchitika makamaka masika. Chofunika kwambiri ndi kudulira kudulira kwa jamu. Nazi malamulo ake ofunika:

  • Lembani tchire. Jamu, kulandira kuwala mochuluka, amapereka zipatso zazikulu ndi zokoma. Poyerekeza ndi kupatulira, mumayika "kuthamanga" powdery mildew pa tchire.
  • Kukonza kumachitika kuchokera pansi. Kuchokera kumalo ano, mphukira yakale imadulidwa (zoposa zaka zisanu). Ngati chitsamba chimawoneka "chong'ambika," musachite mantha - m'chaka chidzakula kachiwiri.
  • Kale akale maluwa akutha kuchotsedwa. Ambiri mwa iwo adzawatsogolera ku "kusabereka" kwawo kapena kuwonekera kwa zipatso zochepa.
  • Nsonga zobiriwira zimachotsedwa. Iwo sangayembekezere kupulumuka m'nyengo yozizira.
Izi ndi zowonjezereka, njira zamakono "zogwirira ntchito pachaka. Zovuta zapadera siziri pano - zokhazokha ndizokwanira.

Kutchetcha jamu chitsamba kuthamanga

Amaluwa nthawi zambiri amasiya kutsogolo kwa tchire. Inde, ndipo zosiyana ndizosiyana - mwachitsanzo, kwa zaka 1-2 zosakhalapo kwa achibalewo, achibale samamvetsera jamu, ndipo wakula kwambiri.

Ndikofunikira! Jamu akhoza kutha chifukwa cha matenda. Nthawi zambiri zimakhala zotsatira za powdery mildew. Ngati palibe zilonda zamtundu pa masamba, yang'anani pamapiritsi apakati. - Pakhoza kukhala mphutsi za njenjete zoyipa.
"Kubwezeretsanso" kwa zomera zoterozo kwachepetsedwa kukhala ntchito zotsatirazi:

  • M'chaka, ngakhale nyengo isanayambe, nyengo zonse zofooka, zofooka, zosweka ndi zochepa zimachotsedwa. Zina makamaka zinakhuta pansi pa chitsamba, pomwe mphukira ziri ngati maburashi. Pa misala yonseyi, tidzasiya "zaka zisanu ndi ziwiri" zokhazokha.
  • Ngati chipulumutso chikayamba kugwa, yesetsani kuchotsa ngakhale nthambi za "zaka" usanafike chisanu. Zili mdima kuposa zonse ndipo zimachotsedwa pansi. Izi zimatsimikizira kukula kwa mphukira zatsopano m'chaka.
  • Onetsetsani kuti muzitsuka nthambi zowuma.
Pofuna kuti gooseberries izikhala ndi moyo, zimatenga zaka 2-4, pakadali pano mankhwalawa amachitika mogwirizana ndi dongosolo lomwelo. Koma popanda kutengeka - kuchuluka kwa 2 kudulira kotere (kasupe ndi yophukira) simungathe kuchotsapo kuposa 1/3 nthambizo pamtunda. Ichi ndi mtundu wa "kupweteka" kwa mbeu.

Njira zosayenerera kupanga chitsamba

Ife tikudziwa kale momwe muyezo (aka "wakale") ukudulira ukuchitika. Koma pali mitundu ina ya mapangidwe omwe ayenera kutchulidwa.

Mapapu

Pokula mitundu yamphamvu ndi mphukira zambiri zikukonzekera trellis. Nazi apa ndondomeko ya njira yotere:

  • Mbande zimayikidwa molingana ndi chiwembu: 1.5 mamita pakati pa mizere ndi 60-70 masentimita pakati pa tchire.
  • Pakati pa mizere yomwe ili ndi nthawi yothandizira (ma tubes, ndodo zakuda kapena nthambi). Mu mizere itatu mutambasule waya. Mzere woyamba - 50 cm kuchokera pansi, ena onse - 80 cm ndi 1 mita.
  • Nthambi zamphamvu zimamangidwa kumzere womaliza (mpaka zidutswa zisanu), kusunga nthawi ya 20-25 masentimita.
  • Kudulira kwa chaka ndi chaka kumachokera pakuchotsa nsonga za chaka chatha ndi 1/3 (mocheperapo - theka). Siyani 4-5 nyengo, osati kupereka thicken.
  • Pamene kukalamba kumabweretsa chitsitsimutso cha chitsamba.
Kutenga zipatso kuchokera m'minda imeneyi ndizosangalatsa. Zoona, nkofunikira kugwira ntchito pomwepo.
Mukudziwa? Madzuwa amatchedwa kryzhami kapena bersen. M'madera ena, mayina oterewa amamveka tsopano.

Stambov

Mwachidule, uwu ndi njira yothetsera mabulosi mu mtengo. Ntchitoyi ndi yovuta kwambiri, koma ndiyotheka: tchire tiwone bwino kwambiri, ndi bwino kukolola, ngakhale kusamalidwa mosavuta - simukuyenera kuthana ndi vutoli nthawi iliyonse.

Chiwembu cha kulima koteroko ndi chonchi:

  • Pakati pa chitsamba amasankhidwa mphukira yamphamvu kwambiri, yomwe idzakhala "trunk".
  • Sankhani kutalika kwake kwa shtamb. Kawirikawiri ndi 1 mamita. Zili pamtunda uwu kuti nthambi zonse zapansi pamtengo zimadulidwa. Anthu ena amachikulunga ndi filimu yambiri ya mamita kapena amaika chubu yomwe siimatulutsa kuwala - izi zidzathetsa kufunika kochepetsera pansi.
  • Chomeracho chimamangirira msanga.
  • M'zaka zotsatirazi, nthambi zotsalira 4-5 zotsalira "nthawi" zimatsalira, pamene kudula chaka chatha ndi theka. Odwala omwe ali osasinthasintha, osweka, kapena achikulire (zaka zisanu ndi ziwiri kapena kuposerapo) achotsedwa. Zomwezo zimagwiranso ntchito pofuula zomwe zimawonekera m'munsi.

Ndikofunikira! Pofuna kupewa, tchire timadyetsedwa: isanafike masambawa, 30 g wa urea pa mita imodzi imagwiritsidwa ntchito. M. Mutha kusintha ndi ammonium nitrate (25 g).

Tidziwa kale za ubwino wa njira iyi, komanso ili ndi ubwino. Choyamba ndi msinkhu wa "mtengo" wotere: mphukira imodzi imatengedwa, ndipo ikukalamba, ndipo zaka 12 chifukwa cha shrub ndi tsinde. Tiyeni tiwonjezere apa ndi mavuto omwe angatheke m'nyengo yozizira - ndi mitundu yokha yosazira ndi yabwino. Eya, ndalama zogwira ntchito ndizochepa kwambiri: muyenera kusintha "zikhomozo ndikuyimira kangapo panthawiyi.

Inu mwawona momwe mungagwirire ntchito ndi gooseberries, kotero kuti iye ankakondweretsa diso ndipo anapereka zokolola zazikulu. Tsopano kudulira sikuimira chinsinsi chilichonse kwa owerenga athu. Kupambana mudziko!