Rasipiberi Canada: kufotokoza ndi kulima zosiyanasiyana

Lero pali mitundu yambiri ya rasipiberi mitundu, yomwe ndiyi yomwe ndi yotchuka kwambiri. Posachedwapa, mitundu yambiri ya rasipiberi ya ku Canada, yomwe ndi yoyimira pakati pa mitundu yabwino kwambiri ya gululi, imapezeka nthawi zambiri pa dacha ziwembu. M'nkhani yathu, tipereka tsatanetsatane wa mitundu iyi ndikufotokoza momwe tingasamalirire.

Malingaliro osiyanasiyana

Musanayambe kusankha mitundu yoti mubzalidwe, muyenera kuyang'anitsitsa bwino makhalidwe ake. Kubzala raspberries pa chiwembu, muyenera kudziwa zomwe mbewu ikukuyembekezerani, momwe mungasamalire tchire. Tiyeni tiyesetse kudziwa zomwe rasipiberi Canada timachita ndikufotokozera zosiyanasiyana.

Chitsamba

Chitsamba chikuyimiridwa ndi chomera chachikulu, chimene kutalika kwake kungafike mamita awiri. Mitundu ya tsinde imasiyana ndi kawirikawiri ndi kukhalapo kwa tsinde lakuda kwambiri komanso kusowa kwa singano, chifukwa nthawi zambiri imatchedwa "rasipiberi mtengo". Rasipiberi ya ku Canada - chomera chokonda chinyezi, sichilekerera ngakhale ngakhale chilala chochepa ndi kutentha kwakukulu.

Berry

Ma Rasipiberi a ku Canada, kufotokoza kwa mitundu yosiyanasiyana yomwe tikukambirana, adatchuka chifukwa cha kulawa kwakukulu kwa makhalidwe ake. Zipatsozi zimakhala zokoma, zokometsera kwambiri. Zitha kusungidwa kwa nthawi yaitali, popanda kutaya makhalidwe awo. Chifukwa chopanda chinyezi, zipatso zimakula pang'ono, koma kukoma kwake kumasungidwa.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati chodzala chikukonzekera mu nthaka yowonongeka, muyeneradi kuwonjezera mandimu ndi kukumba pansi. Ngati izi sizichitika, tchire sichidzazuka ndikufa.
Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ili ndi zokolola zabwino: chitsamba chimodzi chimatha kupanga makilogalamu 7 a mbewu, ndikusamalira malingaliro a kusamalira mbewu, mukhoza kutenga makilogalamu khumi ndi awiri kuchokera ku chitsamba.

Malangizo ndi zidule za kukula kwa ramsberry stam

Kuti rasipiberi ya Canada ikhale yathanzi ndi kubereka bwino, kubzala kudzayenera kuchitidwa moyenera ndikuyenera kusamalira tchire.

Tikufika

Raspberries idzakula bwino mu malo owala omwe mulibe zida. Dothi losaloŵerera lidzachita. Ndi bwino kudzala mtengo pamtunda, pomwe zochitika za m'madzi ziyenera kukhala zozama kwambiri. Musasankhe kubzala malo omwe tomato ndi mbatata zimakula.

Mukudziwa? Pakati pa zipatso za mitundu itatu - chikasu, wofiira ndi wakuda, mavitamini ambiri ali mu zipatso zakuda. Raspiberi wathanzi ali ndi zakudya zocheperapo kusiyana ndi anthu ena.
Pakuti chodzala raspberries makamaka ntchito chitsamba njira. Choyamba cha chitsamba chilichonse ndikofunikira kukonzekera mabowo, kukula kwake ndiko 50x50 cm. Mizu imathandizidwa ndi yankho la manyowa kwa mphindi zingapo. Pachifukwa ichi, mizu imafunika kuyendetsa bwino ndikugona pansi. Ndiye mopepuka anawaza. Pakati pa mbande imalimbikitsidwa kuchoka pamtunda wa mita imodzi.

Pogwiritsira ntchito njira yowyala yobzala, m'pofunika koyamba kukonzekera ngalande yapadera yomwe feteleza imagwiritsidwa ntchito, phulusa la nkhuni, humus. Zinyama ziyenera kuikidwa pafupifupi masentimita 40 kuchokera kwa wina ndi mnzake.

Onani mitundu ya rasipiberi monga "Caramel", "Cumberland", "Tarus", "Atlant", "Yellow Giant", "Gusar".
Ndibwino kuti mukhale ndi zomera zowonjezera masika - choncho mtengo udzakhazikika bwino. Komabe, kuyendetsa kumayenera kuchitidwa musanayambe kutuluka masamba oyambirira pa tchire ndikuyamba kukula.

Mukamabzala, onetsetsani kuti mumadula nthaka kuzungulira mtengo wofiira - izi zidzasunga masamba omwe ali kumunsi, ozizira.

Chisamaliro

Mtengo wa rasipiberi susowa chisamaliro chilichonse chovuta. Ndi kukhazikitsa nthawi zonse mfundo zoyenera, tchire lidzakula bwino.

Mmodzi mwa malamulo ofunika kusamalira zitsamba - kukanikiza nthawi zonse kofunikira kuti apangidwe mtengo, womwe uyenera kukhala ndi nsonga 5-7. M'pofunikanso kuonjezera chiwerengero cha maluwa mapesi - izi zidzakulitsa zokolola. Njira yotsekemera imalimbikitsidwa kumayambiriro kwa kasupe - kotero mu August chiwerengero chachikulu cha mazira angapangidwe.

Ndikofunikira! Pofuna kusunga mtengo wa rasipiberi, muyenera kuchotsa nthawi zonse zowonongeka, zowonongeka ndi zowonongeka.
Mitengo ya rasipiberi imayenera kuthiriridwa nthawi zambiri; pafupifupi 5 malita a madzi adzafunika pa chitsamba. Kuthira kwakukulu kumafunika pamene chomera chimamera ndi kubala zipatso. Pa nthawi imene ovary adzawonekere, m'pofunikira kudyetsa pogwiritsa ntchito organic ndi mineral feteleza.
Mukudziwa? Rasipiberi ndi chilengedwe chodetsa nkhaŵa. Mkuwa wambiri mu mabulosi amathandizira kuthana ndi mavuto aakulu.

Chitetezo ku matenda ndi tizirombo

Pofuna kuteteza tchire rasajiberi ku imfa chifukwa cha matenda kapena tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, tiyenela kuchita izi:

  1. Gawo loyamba la processing likuchitika kumayambiriro kwa masika. Zimaphatikizapo kulima malo pakati pa mizera - izi zidzathetsa matenda ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda omwe amazitentha m'nthaka ndi zotsalira.
  2. Gawo lachiwiri limakhala pa nthawi yomwe masambawo akugwedezeka. Kutaya tchire kumachitika ndi kukonzekera "Aktellik" kapena "Novaktion". Izi zothetsera kuwononga rasipiberi kafadala, weevils, mphukira ndulu midge, tsinde ntchentche ndi nkhupakupa.
  3. Gawo lachitatu likuchitika panthawi ya maluwa. Kufufuza tcheru kumayendetsedwa bwino, mitengo yomwe inagwidwa ndi mapiritsi, maonekedwe, ndi matenda opatsirana a chlorosis amadziwika ndikuwonongedwa.
  4. Gawo lachinayi la katetezedwe kachitidwa mutatha kukolola. Anapanga kudula ndi mphukira zotentha, zomwe zimapangidwira. Komanso, chomeracho chiyenera kuperekedwa ndi yankho la "Aktellika" kapena "Novaktion" kuti chiwonongeko cha tizirombo. Madzi a Bordeaux angagwiritsidwe ntchito pa prophylaxis.
Msika wa Raspberry wa Canada watenga ndemanga zabwino kwambiri, kutchuka kwake kukukula chaka chilichonse. Ngati mumakonda zipatso, mumakonda kusangalala ndi nyengo iliyonse, timalimbikitsa kusankha izi zosiyanasiyana kuti mubzala pa nyumba yanu yachilimwe.