Makhalidwe a kukula kwa nkhuku zotchedwa Turkey

Masiku ano, kubzala mbalame m'nyumba za anthu ndizofala. M'nkhani ino tidzakambirana momwe tingagwiritsire ntchito mazira a ku Turkey kunyumba ndi malamulo omwe ayenera kutsatira.

Kusankha ndi kusunga mazira

Kusankhidwa kwa mazira ndi chimodzi mwa magawo ofunikira mu kubereka nkhuku. Mazira a Turkey ndi oyera kapena abulauni, omwe amayeretsedwa ndi timing'ono ting'onoting'ono. Kwa makina osakaniza chofunika kutenga mazira omwe ali ndi mawonekedwe abwino. Zida zomwe zili ndi mtundu wonyansa, zosagwedezeka kapena zowonjezereka, sizili zoyenera kutulutsa nkhuku zowonongeka m'nyumba.

Ndikofunikira! Onetsetsani kayendedwe ka chinyezi: kuwonjezeka kwa chiwongoladzanja kumayambitsa imfa ya anapiye, pamene akuzengereza mochedwa, ndikutsika - kuuma kwa chipolopolo, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti nkhuku zisatulukire panja.

Kusankhidwa kumaphatikizapo ndi zofunika kwambiri ndondomeko - ovoskopirovaniya. Iye ali mayendedwe a dzira. Pofuna kubzala bwino nkhuku, m'pofunikira kusankha zinthu zomwe mkati mwake muli yolk, ndipo mpweyawo ukhale pafupi ndi mapeto. Pa kulima ayenera kuyang'anitsitsa kayendetsedwe kosalala ka yolk. Mazira okhawo angagwiritsidwe ntchito popangira tizilombo tomwe timayambira pakhomo.

Fufuzani mazira musanayambe kuika makina, mukhoza kupanga ovoskop yokha.

Zosungirako ndizofunika kusankha malo owuma ndi ofunda. Mfundozi ziyenera kuikidwa motero kuti m'mphepete mwachangu muwone pansi, koma ngati yosungirako ikukonzekera kwa masiku oposa 4, ndiye patatha nthawiyi ndiyenera kuwamasula. Pambuyo masiku khumi, mazirawo amalephera kuphuka ndipo sangagwiritsidwe ntchito poperekera nkhuku. Ndikofunika kupereka zinthu zofunika mu chipinda chomwe adzazisungiramo: chinyezi sichingakhale choposa 80%, ndipo pafupifupi kutentha kumakhala 12 ° C.

Werengani za zochitika za kukula kwa mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya turkeys: zoyera ndi zamkuwa zazikulu-chested, Uzbek Palevaya, Black Tikhoretskaya, Big 6.

Zisanayambe kupita kumalowa, zimatsukidwa bwino: mazira atakhala mu chipinda kwa maola ochulukirapo, ayenera kulowetsedwa mu njira yothetsera potassium permanganate, glutex kapena hydrogen peroxide. Pambuyo potentha ndi kuyanika, mukhoza kuwapititsa ku chofungatira.

Migwirizano ndi zofunikira za makulitsidwe

Nthawi yotsakaniza nthawi yayitali kwa milungu iwiri. Panthawiyi, njira zambiri zimachitika, kusasitsa kwa anapiye kumachitika. Panthawi imeneyi ndikofunika kuonetsetsa kuti nyengo ikuyenda bwino, zizindikiro za chinyezi, kuti zotsatira zake zikhale zathanzi komanso zamphamvu kwambiri.

Mukudziwa? Mitundu yothamanga ndi okonda kwambiri nyengo. Pamene nyengo imatha, amayamba kubudula.

Timakula nkhuku za Turkey

Kubereka nkhuku kunyumba sikovuta kwambiri, ndipo ngati mutatsata malingaliro onse, n'zotheka kukwaniritsa zotsatira.

Mazira opaka mazira

Nthawi yonseyi igawanika mu magawo ena. (masiku) pansipa:

  • Tsiku la 8-8. Ndikofunika kupereka kutentha kwa 37.5-38 ° C. Chinyezi chiyenera kukhala pafupifupi 65%. Mazira ayenera kusinthasintha kasanu ndi kamodzi. Izi ndi zofunika kuti apange kutenthedwa kwake, komanso kuteteza mwana wosabadwayo kuti asamangidwe ndi chipolopolo.
Ndikofunikira! Onetsetsani kuti mutsegule mazira! Kunyalanyaza malangizowo kumapangitsa mwanayo kuti asamamatire chipolopolo kapena turkeys adzakhala ndi deformities.

  • Tsiku la 14-14. Kutentha kuyenera kukhala 37.7-38 ° C, chinyezi chiyenera kuchepetsedwa pang'ono ndipo chinasiyidwa pa 45%. Dziko la Turkey limathamanga dzira 6 pa tsiku.
  • Tsiku la 25-25. Kutentha kumachepetsa pang'onopang'ono mpaka 37.4 ° C, ndipo chinyezi chikuwonjezeka kufika 65%. Kuyambira pa tsiku la 15 ndikofunika kuzizira mfundo za mphindi 10-15. Sinthani nkhaniyi mpaka 5 patsiku.
  • Tsiku la 28-28. Gawo lotsiriza. Masiku ano ndi kuchotsedwa kwa nkhuku za Turkey.

Gulu lachidule la makulitsidwe a mazira a Turkey amawoneka ngati awa:

Nthawi yosakaniza, masikuKutentha, ° CKutseka mpweya
youma yotentha
1-537,9-38,1yatsekedwa
6-1237,7-37,9Tsegulani 15 mm
13-2537,4-37,7Tsegulani 15 mm
2637,320 mm

musanayambe sampling ndikofunika kutseguka (pafupifupi maola 2-3)

2737,0-37,3
2837,0

Kwa kuswana turkeys, sikofunika kugula chofungatira, mukhoza kudzipanga nokha.

Malemba a nkhuku zotsamba

Pa sabata lachinayi la nthawi yosakaniza, naklev ayamba kuwoneka. Pa nthawi ino, kuvomerezedwa kulamulira ovoskopirovaniya. Ndi kukula koyenera kwa dzira, kudzazidwa mkati mkatimo kumakhala kolimba, malo okha omwe ali ndi mpweya wa mpweya akhoza kukhala ochepa.

Kuyambira pa tsiku la 25, mutha kuyembekezera kuluma koyamba kwa chipolopolocho. Pakutha pa tsiku la 27, nkhuku zimayamba kugwedeza kwambiri mazira. Izi zimatenga maola 6-8. Pa nthawi ino Zaletsedwa kutsegula chofungatira, chifukwa izi zingayambitse nkhuku zowonongeka. Pambuyo pa anapiyewo ali ouma kwambiri akhoza kuchotsedwa ku chipinda chosakaniza.

Mukudziwa? Mbalame sizimenya bodza: ‚Äč‚Äčngati mbalameyi itagona pansi ndikutambasula khosi lake - adzipulumutsanso ku imfa.

Kuwona maulamuliro a makulitsidwe, mudzatha kusamalira anapiye okha. Chinthu chachikulu ndicho kukhala ndi chidaliro pokwaniritsa cholinga chanu. Pankhaniyi, muthandizidwe molondola, mosamala komanso mosamala. Aliyense angathe kukonza makina osakaniza ndi kubereka anapiye wathanzi.