Mbatata "Buluu": Makhalidwe osiyanasiyana ndi zikhalidwe za kulima

Kusankha mbatata kubzala m'munda kapena chiwembu ndi nkhani yofunika kwambiri, chifukwa mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi yofunika kwambiri kukolola. Masiku ano pali mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya masambawa, ndipo onse amasiyana pakati pa kukoma, mtundu, kukula ndi zina.

Mitundu yambiri ya "Blue" yakhala ikudziwika pakati pa wamaluwa ambiri chifukwa cha kuphweka kwake kulima, maonekedwe okongola komanso kukoma kwabwino kwa tubers. M'nkhani yathu tidzakhala tikudziŵa zambiri ndi mbatata "Buluu", ndipo tidzatha kufotokozera za mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndipo tidzatha kuziwona mozama pa chithunzicho, komanso tidzasanthula ndemanga kuchokera kwa alimi omwe ali ndi zokhudzana ndi zinyama.

Kufotokozera

Mitundu imeneyi inalengedwa ndi obereketsa Russian ndipo mu 1993 inalowa mu State Register of the Russian Federation. Iye ali ndi chiyanjano mpaka apakatikati pamapeto, monga nyengo ya kukula kwake yayambira masiku 80 mpaka 100 kutuluka kwa mphukira yoyamba.

Kudzala mbatata "Buluu" m'munda wanu, panthawi yake maluwa, mudzalandira mtundu wa chimanga cha cornflower. Mitundu yambiri ya buluu, yomwe nthawi zina imakhala yofiirira, imapanga pa tchire la mizu imeneyi, yomwe imatchula dzina la zosiyanasiyana. Tchire limatha pafupifupi kutalika, koma ndi chomera chobiriwira chokhala ndi masamba obiriwira obiriwira. Tubers amakula kukula kwakukulu - kulemera kwa mbatata kumasinthasintha kuyambira 90 mpaka 150 g. Ili ndi mawonekedwe ozungulira, mtundu wa beige ndi maso ang'onoang'ono ang'onoang'ono. Khungu lenilenilo ndi lochepa thupi, liri ndi mafinya abwino pamwamba. Thupi la mbatata ndi loyera, lachifundo, liri ndi mkulu wokhutira ndi wokoma mtima. Mbatata yotereyi ndi yabwino kupanga mpweya wosungunuka.

Mbatata ya tubatata, kuphatikizapo kukhala chokoma, imakhalanso ndi thanzi labwino. Zili ndi potassium, calcium, phosphorous, magnesium ndi chitsulo. Mavitamini monga C, B, B2, B6, B PP, D, K, E ali ndi folic acid, carotene ndi organic acids: malic, oxalic, citric, khofi, chlorogenic, ndi zina.

Mukudziwa? Nkhumba zamtengo wapatali kwambiri padziko lapansi zimatengedwa kuti "La Bonnotte", zikukula pachilumba cha Noirmoutier. Ndizosavuta komanso zokoma. Kilogalamu ya mbatata yotereyi imakhala pafupifupi ma euro 500.

Mbali za mitundu yokula

Mbatata "Buluu" chifukwa cha makhalidwe ake abwino omwe adalandira zambiri zabwino kuchokera kwa amaluwa ambiri. Ataganiza kuti akule pamabedi awo, ndi bwino kudziŵa makhalidwe a zosiyanasiyana.

Kufika malo

Malo oti akamatuluke ayenera kukhala otseguka, okonzedwa bwino ndi kutenthedwa ndi dzuwa. Sikofunika kudziwa malo awa pansi pa mitengo kapena denga. Kumadera otsetsereka sakhalanso abwino, komwe zimakhala zovuta monga zozizira ndi madzi.

Onetsetsani kuti muyang'ane kusinthasintha kwa mbeu mutabzala mbatata. Zolinga kwa iye zikanakhala malo omwe nkhaka, kabichi, nyemba iliyonse, ndi zomera zonse zotchedwa cruciferous zimakula. Musati mubzale mbatata m'malo mwa tomato ndi tsabola.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati malo enieni amapatsidwa mbatata m'munda wanu ndipo mukukula masambawa chaka ndi chaka, onetsetsani kuti mukulima munda ndi munthu wobiriwira mutatha kukolola mbewu yotsatira. Msuwa wamtundu ndi wabwino kwa izi.

Mtundu wa dothi

Kalasi ya "Blue" imasiyana ndi kudzichepetsa kwa nthaka. Amakula bwino m'madera onse a dziko ndipo ali ndi luso lapadera lokhazikitsira zosiyana. Zimakula bwino pamtambo wa mchenga ndi loamy ndi lotayirira. Chikhalidwe chachikulu cha kumera bwino ndi kutentha kwa dothi sikutsika kuposa madigiri 7 Celsius. Mbatata imakonda nthaka yachonde ndipo idzayamika kwambiri chifukwa cha feteleza ya minda yoyamba isanakwane.

Mukudziwa? Lingaliro la mbatata silimangokhala muzu wa mbewu, yomwe imakula pokha pa mabedi pansi. Mitengo ya mbatata imakula paliponse kumadera otentha a ku South America. Iwo amatha kufika mamita 15 mu msinkhu ndipo amabala zipatso zofiirira ndi zakuda ndi zipatso chaka chonse.

Kubzala malamulo mitundu ya Russian kuswana

Pofuna kukula bwino ndi mbatata yabwino mukamadzala, muyenera kutsatira malamulo osavuta.

Nthawi yabwino yopita

Malingana ndi maumboni a obereketsa omwe adapeza mbatata "Blue" kwa ife, komanso pazomwe adalima maluwa omwe adzalima kale, kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa May akuyesa kuti ndi nthawi yabwino yobzala mbatata pansi. Ngati chaka chili kutentha ndipo pakati pa nyengo yamasika nyengo yatha, kutsika kungatheke masabata angapo m'mbuyomo.

Chinthu chachikulu sichichedwa kuchepetsa njirayi: posawonapo sabata kapena awiri, pali chiopsezo chachikulu kuti mbatata sichidzasungidwa bwino, chiwerengero cha mavitamini omwe ali mu tubers chidzachepa, kapena sichidzaphuka. Komanso, mu zikuchitika mochedwa-wobzala mbatata, kuchuluka kwa nitrates ndi apamwamba kwambiri.

Kukonzekera ndi kubzala mbatata

Choyamba, ziyenera kunenedwa kuti pali njira ziwiri zobzala izi: mapiri ndi zitunda. Malo otsetsereka amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi anthu okhala m'madera okhala ndi chinyezi chachikulu, ndipo amafesedwa pamphepete zowuma pamadzi. Ndikofunika kuti tisawononge chiwembu ndi mbatata, kuti mizu ingathe kudya ndi kupanga zipatso. Kawirikawiri mtunda wa pakati pa mizerawo umasungidwa kuyambira masentimita 70 mpaka 90, ndi pakati pa tchire - masentimita 30. Pa mabedi, mbatata imakula ndi pafupifupi masentimita 6, pamene pamapiri kuya kwake kumawonjezeka mpaka masentimita 8.

Musanagwetse tuber mu dzenje, manyowa angapo ovunda kapena kompositi amaponyedwa mmenemo, phulusa laling'ono, ndipo mukhoza kuwonjezera zitosi za mbalame monga mawonekedwe a ufa. Kusakaniza konseku kumaphatikizidwa ndi nthaka ndikuwaza ndi nthaka masentimita angapo. Pambuyo pake, tuber imamizidwa mu dzenje limamera, kuikidwa m'manda, ndipo nthaka imamangidwa ndi rake. Ngati mbatata yobzala ndi yayikulu kwambiri - iyenera kudula.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati nyengo ya m'deralo ikukula ndi yotentha kwambiri, mungagwiritse ntchito ndipo simunamerepo tubers. Pachifukwachi, kukwera kwazako kukuwonjezeka ndi 10-12 masentimita.

Kodi mungasamalire bwanji "Blue"

Pambuyo pa tubers ali pansi, muyenera kuyembekezera choyamba kuti mphukira zoyamba, ndiyeno zipatso, pomwe mukusamalira zomera zanu. Kusamalira mitundu yambiri ya "Buluu" ndiyo mbeu ya mitundu iyi.

Kuthirira

Mitundu imeneyi si yonyansa ndipo imasowa kuthirira mobwerezabwereza. Amakula bwino ngakhale kuti alibe chinyezi, kotero mukhoza kuthirira mabedi anu ngati mukufunikira, pogwiritsa ntchito nthaka ndi nyengo. Pafupipafupi, izi zidzakhala nthawi zingapo pa nthawi yonse yokula.

Zapadera za kukula kwa mbatata iliyonse ndi Rosara, Irbitsky, Gala, Adretta, Koroleva Anna, Luck, Kiwi.

Kuwala ndi kumasula

Nthaŵi zonse kumapirilira ndi kumasula ndikofunika kuti mbewu monga mbatata. Njirazi zimachulukitsa kutuluka kwa mlengalenga ndi mchere ku mizu, komanso kumalimbikitsa kukula kwa mizu yowonjezera, yomwe imapangitsa kuchuluka kwa zokolola za muzu uwu. Kupalasa mtengo wa chitsamba ndikutseketsa pamwamba pa nthaka kumachitika mutatha kuthirira kapena mvula, nthaka ikagwirako madzi onse, koma inalibe nthawi yakuuma. Izi ndizoletsera kupanga mapuloteni pamwamba pa nthaka itatha.

Kupaka pamwamba

Mbatata imakonda kwambiri nthaka, ndipo zosiyanasiyana "Buluu" zidzakondwera kwambiri kuti mukudyetsa nthawi yake. Chochitikachi chikhoza kuchitika m'njira zosiyanasiyana pogwiritsa ntchito zipangizo zosiyana:

  • Zojambula za mbalame. Asanayambe kukwera mabedi mabedi amathirira ndi njira yothetsera chida ichi ndi madzi mu chiŵerengero cha khumi kapena khumi.

  • Korovyak. Monga fetereza kwa ulimi wothirira, amapanga chotsatira choyamba: 1 lita imodzi ya manyowa atsopano 10 malita a madzi. Asanagwiritse ntchito, madziwa ayenera kuthiridwa.

  • Tinctures wa zitsamba. Pakuti izi zikugwirizana ndi udzu uliwonse, womwe umatsanuliridwa ndi madzi ndi kupaka. Pambuyo pake, kuchepetsedwa kwa mtundu wofiirira, madzi abwino. Njirayi ndi yothandiza pa tchire cha mbatata mu June, pamene amafunika nayitrogeni.

  • Urea Kwa malita 10 a madzi muyenera kutenga 200 g ya urea, 300 g wa potaziyamu monophosphate ndi 10 g ya boric acid. Ndi njirayi, mukhoza kudyetsa zomera pambuyo pa kuwoneka kwa mphukira zoyamba, ndiyeno masabata awiri mpaka maluwa. Musanayambe nthawi yoyamba, muyenera kuchepetsa wothandizira kawiri ndi madzi.

  • Superphosphate. 100 g ya mankhwalawa amachepetsedwera ndi malita 10 a madzi ndipo tchire zimayambitsidwa ndi izo kuyambira pachiyambi cha maluwa ndi musanakolole.

  • KUDZIWA +7. 10 malita a madzi a 2 g wa mankhwala. Gwiritsani ntchito chida ichi ndikuyamba pamene tsamba lachinayi likuwonekera pa chomera. Kutha - masabata awiri.

Matenda ndi tizilombo tosiyanasiyana

Kukaniza matenda ambiri ndi chimodzi mwa ubwino waukulu wa mbatata "Buluu". Amasonyeza bwino matenda monga kansa, nkhanambo, rhizoctoniosis, Alternaria, Y ndi mitundu yambiri ya kuvunda. Komabe, mu nyengo yamvula, izi zosiyanasiyana zimakhala ndi chiopsezo cha kuchepa kwachedwa.

Ngati vutoli lachitika, muyenera kukonza njira yotsatirayi: 10 malita a madzi, 150 g laimu ndi 100 g zamkuwa zamchere. Kapena malita 10 a madzi kwa 40 g ya mankhwala "Hom". Ndibwino kuti muzitha kuchiza zomera ndi njira izi pazizindikiro zoyambirira za matenda oopsa. Koma pasanathe masiku makumi awiri asanayambe kukolola.

Pamene chlorosis masamba ntchito yankho la manganese sulphate ndi madzi (5-7 g pa 10 malita). Zizindikiro za matenda omwe ali ndi matendawa adzakhala masamba osweka ndi mtundu wakuda wa mitsempha ya zomera.

Kuchokera ku odziwika bwino mbatata tizilombo - Colorado mbatata kachilomboka - Ndiwathandiza mankhwala monga "Commander", "Iskra DE" ndi "Dilor". Wothandizira otsiriza baka amakhala oposa atatu. Potsutsa chimbalangondo pali njira zabwino kwambiri "Medvetoks". Mukhoza kugula mankhwalawa pa sitolo iliyonse yapadera ndipo muyenera kuwerenga mosamala malangizowa musanagwiritse ntchito.

Pofuna kupewa matenda ndi mitundu yonse ya tizilombo timene timakhala mabedi ndi mbatata, kuteteza kukula kwa namsongole pafupi ndi tchire. Tizilombo ting'onoting'ono timakhala pafupi ndi udzu.

Ubwino ndi kuipa kwa "Blue"

Tilembera ubwino ndi kuipa kwa mitundu ya mbatata "Blue".

Ubwino wake ndi:

  1. Kutetezeka kwa matenda ambiri ndi mavairasi.
  2. Kukaniza kwa chilala.
  3. Zokolola zazikulu (kuchokera mamita zana lalikulu mukhoza kusonkhanitsa matani 1.5 a mbatata)
  4. Kusakanizidwa kolimba
  5. Kutha kukwanitsa kusinthasintha zosiyana siyana.
  6. Kudzichepetsa kwa nthaka. Kudzipereka kukula ndi kubala chipatso ngakhale m'dzikolo ndi madzi apamwamba.
  7. Kukoma kwa mbatata
  8. Kukolola kwa mtundu wamalonda.
Zowonongeka zikuphatikizapo kuthekera kupanga mapangidwe ndi kutuluka mu tubers mu nyengo zina.

Mitundu yambiri ya "Buluu" ikuyenerera chikondi cha olima ambiri, mbatata zake zimasiyanitsidwa ndi makhalidwe awo abwino, ndi onse omwe amakula pamabedi awo kwa zaka zambiri, amalangiza ena kuti akhale eni ake, ochepetsetsa, osavuta kukula ndi kusamalira mizu ndi kuwabzala munda.