Mitengo yabwino mkati mwa nyumba yanu kapena nyumba yanu

Mitengo yapafupi ndi zomera zomwe zimakonda amayi ambiri. Zimayendera bwino mosiyana, zimatsitsimula zokongoletsera, zimatsitsimula ndi kukongoletsa ndi maonekedwe awo, zipinda, maofesi, malo obiriwira kapena mipando yaying'ono. Mitundu yosiyana siyana, mawonekedwe, mitundu ndi kukula kwa zomera izi zimapatsa aliyense amene akufuna kukongoletsa nyumba yake, amasankha duwa kuti ayambe kukonda ndipo ayenera kukhala ndi chipinda chapadera - chaching'ono kapena chachikulu.

M'nkhaniyi tikutchula mndandanda wa zofala kwambiri, zokondedwa kwambiri ndi anthu ambiri, mitengo ya mkati, mndandanda wa zithunzi ndi maina okongola a zomera, komanso ndondomeko ya mitundu yonse.

Ficus

Ficus ali ndi mitundu yambiri ya mitundu, mawonekedwe ake akhoza kukhala osiyana kwambiri, malingana ndi zosiyanasiyana. Mitengo ndi zitsamba, zazikulu, zosakanikirana ndi zazing'ono, nthambi ndi zowopsya kapena zochepa, ndi masamba ndi mitengo ikuluikulu ya mitundu yosiyanasiyana, kukula ndi mawonekedwe.

  • Mpira wa Ficus ikhoza kufika mamita 2 mu msinkhu. Zimasiyanitsidwa ndi tsamba la oblong, lomwe lili ndi mapeto. Mtundu wobiriwira - mdima, wolemera. Kapangidwe kawo ndi kosalala ndi kofiira. Chombocho chili ndi mthunzi wobiriwira komanso chimango. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mitundu imeneyi imapanga masamba m'mitundu yosiyanasiyana. Mwachitsanzo, Black Prince ali ndi masamba ofiira, Doceri ali ndi mawanga a pinki ndi mitsuko yofiira pakati pa masamba, Variegata amakongoletsa masamba ake obiriwira omwe ali obiriwira.
  • Ficus benjamina - imodzi mwa mitengo yotchuka kwambiri ya kunyumba. Mtengo wamtaliwu, womwe umatambasula umakula kufika mamita atatu mu msinkhu (muzolowera kumudzi). Mu chilengedwe, nthawi zambiri zimakhala ndi mamita 10 kapena mamita 20 "kutalika". Chombocho chili ndi mthunzi wa imvi, koma nthawi zambiri sichiwoneka chifukwa cha korona wakuda, wokongola. Masamba amakula kuchokera masentimita 5 mpaka 20 m'litali, 2 cm masentimita. Mtundu wawo ukhoza kukhala wotchedwa monophonic, wobiriwira wobiriwira, ndi malo otupa omwe amasuta. Maonekedwewo angafanane ndi ovunda, dzira, komanso ngakhale kutuluka. Pamunsi mwa mtengowo mumapanga mizu ya mlengalenga, yomwe ingaperekedwe mawonekedwe osiyana ndi kumanga kudulira kosangalatsa kuchokera kwa iwo.
  • Ficus Rubiginosis kapena Rusty, amasiyana ndi mtundu wina wa masamba akuluakulu: masamba obiriwira kuchokera kutsogolo ndi bulauni-bulauni kuchokera kolakwika. Thunthu ndi mphukira za mtengo wotsikawu zimakhalanso ndi chigoba chofiira. Nthawi zambiri zimatha kuwona masamba a pinki.

Dieffenbachia

Ichi ndi chomera chokongola, chodekha, chomwe chapeza kutchuka kwa masamba ake akulu ndi mitundu yawo yachilendo. Dieffenbachia si mtengo weniweni, koma m'malo mwake ndi wa zitsamba zobiriwira za banja la Aroid. Amalipira dzina lake losazolowereka ku Y.F. Dieffenbach - botanist wotchuka wa Germany.

Gululi limakula mofulumira ndipo limatha kufika mamita awiri. Ili ndi tsinde lobiriwira, ndipo masamba ake ndi aakulu komanso amdima obiriwira ndi silvery, white or beige interspersing, mawanga, mizere ndi machitidwe. Mitengo ya mitundu ina imakhala yochepa kwambiri moti imakhala yoyera kwambiri kuposa yobiriwira. Pamodzi, izi zikuyimira kukongola kwakukulu. Dieffenbachia maluwa sapezeka kawirikawiri, koma izi sizingowonongeka ndi kukongola kwa masamba ake obiriwira.

Phunzirani momwe mungatetezere dieffenbachia ku tizirombo ndi matenda.

Chomera ichi n'chopanda nzeru ndipo chimafuna kukhala osamala. Sichikonda kusintha ndi kusinthasintha. Zimakula bwino mumakhala zowala zambiri, koma sizimalola kuwala kwa dzuwa. Ndikofunika kuti mvula ikhale yambiri (pafupifupi 65%), choncho ndi bwino kutsuka ndi kusamba masamba a zomera nthawi zonse, makamaka m'chilimwe. Osati oposera adzakhala nthawi zamadzi feteleza ndi mchere kapena feteleza. Ndikoyenera kukumbukira kuti sikoyenera kuti manyowa azikhala ndi masamba oyera ndi othandizidwa ndi nayitrogeni, chifukwa cha izi amasiya zinyama zawo ndikusanduka zobiriwira.

Ndikofunikira! Dieffenbachia amaonedwa ngati chomera chakupha. Madzi ake, akugwa pakhungu kapena mucous membrane, amachititsa kuyabwa ndi kufooka kwa m'deralo kumapeto kwa mitsempha. Ngati atayamwa, ikhoza kuyambitsa poizoni. Musasunge chitsamba ichi pamalo obwera mosavuta kwa ana ang'onoang'ono.
Ubwino wosatsutsika wa maluwa amenewa ndiwokuyeretsa mpweya kuchokera ku zinthu zosiyanasiyana zoopsa ndi poizoni monga: formaldehyde, trichloroethane, xylene ndi benzene.

Boxwood

Bokosili ndi la zomera zonse. Amakondedwa chifukwa chakuti ali wangwiro kuti apange mazati akuluakulu pamsewu ndipo ndi abwino kuti azikongoletsera malo osiyanasiyana. Boxwood ikhoza kukula mu mphika waung'ono, mizu yake, monga iye mwini, imakula pang'onopang'ono, yomwe imapulumutsa malo ndipo ndi yoyenera pa zipinda zing'onozing'ono. Kunja, ndi matalala akuluakulu a shrub ndi masamba ang'onoang'ono obiriwira kunja komweko, ndi kuwala pang'ono mkati. Amalekerera bwino kudulira, ndi kosavuta kuti apereke mawonekedwe omwe zomera izi zidzasungika kwa nthawi yaitali. Maluwa oyambirira sangathe kuyembekezera kale kuposa bokosilo lidzatembenuza zaka 20, kapena ngakhale zaka 25. Amapanga maluwa ang'onoang'ono achikasu omwe ali ndi fungo losasangalatsa. Chitsambachi chimakonda malo amdima, koma chimatetezedwa ku dzuwa. Kuthirira ndi kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa kumachitika kawirikawiri m'chilimwe komanso nthawi zambiri m'nyengo yozizira. Ndi bwino kubwezeretsa boxwood pachaka, ndipo izi sizikusowa mphika waukulu. Amafalitsidwa kawirikawiri ndi cuttings, koma kusiyana kwa mbewu kumaloledwa.

Laurel

Uyu ndi mmodzi mwa anthu otchuka kwambiri omwe amaimira mitengo ya pakhomo m'miphika. Mukhoza kuchizindikira mosavuta pa chithunzi ndipo, ndithudi, akudziwika ndi dzina lake. Anthu ambiri amakonda ndi kukula zomera zomwe zimakhala zobiriwira m'nyumba zawo, chifukwa izi zimakhala zosavuta kwambiri, ndipo chofunika kwambiri ndizofunikira, chifukwa masamba a lavrushka ndi zonunkhira zotchuka, zomwe palibe zakudya zokhazokha zomwe zimapezeka mu Russian ndi Chiyukireniya. Mbewu yokhayo, ikukula kuthengo, imakonda madera otentha ndipo imatha kufika kutalika kwakukulu. M'nyumbamo, kukula kwake kudzakhala kochepetsetsa, koma kuwonongeka kwabwino ndi kuthekera kutenga mtundu uliwonse kwa nthawi yaitali, kumapangitsa ambiri mafani a zokongoletsera zomera kukongoletsa nyumba zawo ndi zowonjezera zitsamba shrub. Masamba ake ali ndi utoto wobiriwira, wokongola kwambiri pakatikati. Pamwamba pa April (May - May), nthawi zambiri amatha kuona maluwa okongola, panthawi imeneyi amadzikongoletsa ndi maluwa aang'ono achikasu. Mu chisamaliro cha shrub wodzichepetsa. Amasowa njira zoyenera: kuthirira, kupopera mbewu, kudulira. Amakula bwino mumthunzi ndi dzuwa. M'nyengo ya chilimwe, laurel ikhoza kukhala yokongola kwambiri pa khonde lanu kapena pazenera.

Hovey

Chokongola ichi, chotchuka kwambiri pakukongoletsa malowo ndi kanjedza, chochokera ku chilumba cha Ambuye Howe ku Pacific Ocean. Zimakopa chidwi ndi kuyang'ana kwake kwachilendo ndipo ndi yotchuka chifukwa cha kuphweka kwake kulima. Maofesi ndi maofesi nthawi zambiri amalima mitundu iwiri ya kanjedza: Hovey Belmor ndi Hovey Foster. Kunja, mitengoyi ndi mitengo ya kanjedza yokhala ndi sing'anga yomwe imakhala ndi masamba ambiri, okongola, masamba obiriwira komanso zobiriwira zobiriwira, zomwe zimakhala ndi mamita 1.5 mpaka 2 mmwamba. Pofuna kuti maonekedwewo awoneke ochepa, zomera zambiri zimabzalidwa mumphika umodzi panthawi imodzi.

Mukudziwa? M'zinthu zina, palmu izi zimatchedwa "Kentia". Dzina limeneli linapatsidwa kwa iwo kulemekeza likulu, Fr. Ambuye Howe, Kenti.
Monga tanena kale, a Hovey safuna chisamaliro chapadera. Amakhululukira mosavuta zolakwitsa za wamaluwa a novice ndipo amatha kumera pafupifupi kulikonse. Amakonda kuwala kofewa, koma amakula bwino mumthunzi wamthunzi. Chinthu chachikulu ndikuteteza dzuwa kuti lisagwere pa masamba a kanjedza kuyambira April mpaka August. Kutentha kwakukulu kwa izo kudzakhala kuyambira +20 mpaka +25 ° C. Kuthirira kumayenera kuchitidwa kuti nthaka ikhale yonyowa koma osati yonyowa. Ngati nsonga za masamba a kanjedza zimayamba kutembenuka wakuda - ichi ndi chizindikiro cha "Gulf" la chomera. M'nyengo ya chilimwe mungakhale ndi madzi ozizira. Mitedza yachinyamata imayenera kuikidwa kamodzi pachaka, zomera zakale zimatha "kusamukira" tsiku lachitatu la April. Ndi bwino kuchita izi mosamala, kusunga clodi yadothi kuzungulira rhizome, chifukwa mizu ya Hovei ndi yochepa kwambiri.

Dracaena

Dracaena ndi malo opangira nyumba omwe ali ngati mtengo (monga tawonera pa chithunzi), ndipo mwina amadziwika ndi ambiri ndi dzina lake. Maluwa amenewa ali ndi mitundu yambiri yofala, yomwe tsopano tikuiganizira mwatsatanetsatane.

  • Dracaena malire kapena marginata Zikuwoneka ngati kutalika (mamita 3), olimba, odulidwa ndi zizindikiro kuchokera ku masamba ogwa a thunthu, omwe amathera mu mtolo wobiriwira wa masamba otalika kwambiri, obiriwira obiriwira.
  • Dracaena akuwongolera kapena akuganiza bwino wakhala akugwetsa masamba, omwe adatchulidwapo. Masamba okhawo ali ndi mthunzi wokongola kwambiri ndi motley chitsanzo cha mtundu wachikasu longitudinal mizere. Tsinde la chomera likusiyanitsidwa ndi kufooka kwake ndi nthambi, kuyambira pa maziko omwe.
  • Dracaena Mulungusef (Surculosis kapena "Golden") - onsewa ndi mayina a mitundu yosawerengeka ya dracaenum. Madzi ake amodzi amakhala ovundala, ndi mapeto a mawonekedwe a masamba, komanso maonekedwe awo odabwitsa: pamdima wobiriwira amapezeka kwambiri golide kapena kirimu maonekedwe ndi makulidwe osiyanasiyana. Izi zimapanga chithunzi chosamvetseka komanso chosakumbukika chomwe chimapangitsa chiwala ichi kuti chiwonongeke.
N'zosavuta kusamalira chipinda cha dragon. Amakonda kuwala ndi chinyezi, choncho ngodya yowonongeka ya chipindamo ndi kawirikawiri ulimi wothirira masamba ndi masamba zimamuthandiza. Komabe, mofanana ndi zomera zamkati zamkati, zimawopseza ma drafts, kotero musaziike patsogolo pa zenera. Chifukwa cha kukula kwake, kutentha mu chipindacho chiyenera kukhala + 20 ... + 25 ° C, ndipo m'nyengo yozizira sayenera kugwa pansi + 15 ° C.

Mkazi wamafuta

Aliyense amadziwa "mtengo wamtengo wapatali," komanso Tolstyanka kapena Crassulla - kupeza kwenikweni kwa iwo amene akufuna kukongoletsa ndi kutsitsimula mkati mwa nyumba kapena ofesi yawo, koma omwe alibe nthawi yowonjezera kapena maluso kuti asamalire chomera chamoyo. Ili ndi mtengo wokongola, wokhutira ndi thunthu lofiirira la bulauni ndi nthambi zosalala. Masamba ake obiriwira obiriwira, okhala ndi tinthu ting'onoting'ono ting'onoting'ono ndi maonekedwe ake, amasiyana mosiyanasiyana ndi "minofu". Kuwala kosaoneka bwino kwa masamba kumapangitsa kuwala kwa dzuwa, komwe kumafanana ndi kuwala kwa ndalama.

Dzina lotchuka la chomera ichi linapangitsa zikhulupiliro zambiri ndi nthano zogwirizana ndi ndalama ndi kukula kwawo. Choncho, Tolstyanka ndi wokhala paofesi komanso mabungwe osiyanasiyana azachuma. Njira yokula mtengo ndi yophweka ndipo malingaliro onse pa chisamaliro amachepetsedwa kwambiri kuposa zomwe sangachite kuposa zomwe ziyenera kuchitidwa. Kotero:

  • Simungathe kuwonjezera pa madziwo. Mu masamba ake obiriwira, mtengo wa ndalama umaphatikiza chinyezi chokwanira kutambasula popanda madzi kwa nthawi yaitali, koma kuchokera kumadzi ozizira nthawi zonse mizu yake ikhoza kuvunda.
  • Musati mubzale chomera mu mphika waukulu kwambiri. Ndi bwino kuti zikhale zazikulu komanso osati zakuya, mwinamwake chomeracho chidzakhala ndi korona wosakanikirana ndipo zidzakhala zovuta kuti mupange china.
  • Musapitirire ndi feteleza. Kawirikawiri, mayi wolemera amawafuna mokwanira.
  • Munthu wina wamkulu Krassulla sangathe kubzalidwa kamodzi kamodzi pa zaka zitatu. Pamene chomera chikupanga, zaka zingapo zoyambirira, zikhoza "kusuntha" kamodzi pachaka.
  • Inu simungakhoze kuphimba Fatty. Ikani mu kona kowala bwino, yomwe ili bwino, ndipo iyenso adzakondwera kukulira.

Mukudziwa? Sayansi Feng Shui imalemekeza kwambiri "mtengo wamtengo wapatali" ndipo ili ndi malamulo ambiri komanso malangizowo okulitsa chomera ichi kunyumba. Chimodzi mwa iwo ndi chikhulupiliro kuti ndi bwino kusunga Crassulla pawindo kuchokera Kumwera cha kumwera.

Abutilon

Abutilon - chomera chokongola, chomwe chimatchedwanso "mapulo oyendamo". Ndikoyenera kuzindikira kuti ndithudi kufanana kwa mtengo umenewu kulipo, mofanana ndi masamba a duwa ili. Iwo ali ndi shrub yobiriwira yowala, maonekedwe ojambulidwa ndi pamwamba pa pubescent pamwamba. Chokopa chachikulu cha izi ndi maluwa ake. Iwo akhoza kusangalatsa maso a ena chaka chonse ndi chisamaliro chabwino. Maluwa amasonkhanitsidwa ndi maburashi ndipo amakhala ndi mawonekedwe a mabelu osiyanasiyana ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana: kuchokera ku pinki yofiira ndi pichesi kupita kofiira kwambiri komanso wofiirira.

Kukula kwabwino ndi zomera zambiri zimakhala zosalala, zodzazidwa ndi mpweya ndi nthaka yolemera zambiri zowonjezera kuwala. Dothi mumphika ayenera kuthiriridwa nthawi zonse, ndipo nthawi ndi nthawi timatsitsa timapepala ndi mphukira. Sikofunika kuyika duwa pang'onopang'ono.

Ndikofunikira! Pofuna kuti abutilona panyumba ikhale yopambana, muyenera kusankha mtundu uwu wamakono wosakanizidwa, womwe umadziwika ndi kukula kwake. Kutalika, nthawizina kufika mamita a hafu ndi theka mu zitsanzo zapamwamba, zowonjezera bwino zobiriwira.

Hibiscus

Chokongola kwambiri, chomera chodziwika ndi chodzichepetsa, chomwe nthawi zambiri chimatengedwa ngati mtengo wamtundu wotchuka kwambiri. Zina mwa mitundu zakutchire zolima kumudzi zimakonda kusankha Chisiboni hibiscus. Ndi mtengo wokhala woonda, koma wamphamvu ndi mphukira wophimbidwa ndi makungwa amvi. Zokongoletsedwa ndi zazikulu, zazikulu, zobiriwira zakuda, masamba ovekedwa ndi maluwa akuluakulu ofiira owala mmaonekedwe a mabelu.

Mukudziwa? Maluwa amenewa amalemekezedwa kwambiri m'mayiko a Asia, komanso m'nyanja yaikulu ya Pacific. Maluwa ake amawonedwa ngati chizindikiro cha kukongola kwa akazi, osamalira banja, magwero amphamvu komanso chithandizo cha kuvutika maganizo. Pomasulira, dzina lake limatanthauza "maluwa okongola a madona."
Pofuna kukula bwino, hibiscus ayenera kuthiriridwa kawirikawiri, makamaka nyengo yotentha. Fulutsani masamba ndi maluwa nthawi zambiri momwe zingathere, chifukwa amakonda chinyezi. Maluwa amenewa amakula bwino pawindo, chifukwa amakonda kuwala. Kutentha kwake kwa mtengo ndi +24 ° C, koma m'nyengo yozizira kumatha kukula kufika 12 ° C. Ali wamng'ono, hibiscus imafuna kusintha mobwerezabwereza. Panthawi imodzimodziyo, kukula kwa mphika kuyenera kusankhidwa malingana ndi cholinga chomwe mwasankha: ngati mukufuna mtengo wamtali, mukufunikira mtsuko wawukulu, koma ngati mukusowa maluwa ambiri a chomera, sankhani mphika wambiri.

Pali mitengo yambiri yokonzedwa bwino yomwe imakula bwino miphika muzipinda, maofesi, ndi zipinda zina. Ili ndi chisankho chabwino posankha zokongoletsa nyumba. Chinthu chachikulu ndikusankha pa mtengo winawake, kuti upeze malo ake ndikupanga zinthu zabwino kuti zikule, monga momwe maluwa anu adzakondwerereni inu ndi omwe akukuzungulirani kwa nthawi yaitali.