Kodi mungakonzekere bwanji currants m'nyengo yozizira?

Black currant ndi vitamini weniweni bomba pakati pa zipatso. Amapereka thupi la munthu ndi mavitamini C, B, PP, K, E, H, A, ndipo amapangidwa ndi zakudya monga iron, organic, phosphoric, ascorbic acid, pectins, potassium, calcium. N'zochititsa chidwi kuti osati zipatso zokha, komanso masamba a currant amachiritsa.

Pofuna kupeza zomwe zingatheke kupindula ndi currants, madokotala amalangiza kuti asapereke mankhwala othandizira, ndipo ndi bwino kufomira kapena kuuma. Ndichifukwa chake mu nkhani yathu tidzakambirana njira zabwino komanso zopangira maphikidwe a currant m'nyengo yozizira.

Kusankha ndi kukonzekera zipatso

Chinthu choyamba cholowera kumalo ozizira bwino a currants ndi kusankha kwa zipatso zokha. Zokonda ziyenera kuperekedwa kwa zipatso zabwino, zatsopano zapamwamba, makamaka zazikulu. Samalani kuti zipatsozo zatsala pang'ono, ngati zowonjezereka zimataya katundu wawo ndipo pambuyo poti thawing zikhoza kuoneka zosangalatsa kwambiri.

Osati kokha wakuda, komanso kachilombo kofiira ndi koyera kumathandiza.

Onetsetsani kuti zipatso sizimenyedwa, kuwonongeka kapena kuvunda.

Pofuna kuyeretsa phulusa, simukulimbikitsidwa kusamba pamaso pa kuzizizira: muyenera kungotulutsa chipatsocho, kuyeretsa nthambi, mchira, masamba ndi tizilombo zomwe zingathe kulowa mu mbale. Mukasankha kusamba "mavitamini", ndiye kuti muwaume mosamala pa thaulo.

Ndikofunikira! Sitingalole kuti currants yamchere igwere mufiriji, chifukwa madzi amachititsa kusintha kwa zipatso. Pamaso pa kuzizizira, simungathe kusunga chipatso m'firiji zosapitirira tsiku.

Frost

Mafuta okonzeka ayenera kuikidwa mufiriji. Tikulimbikitsidwa maola asanu asanakhale malo awo kuti ayambe kutentha kwambiri, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti pakhale njira zabwino kwambiri zowonjezera. Mankhwalawa amafunika kuwonongeka pa bolodi kapena teyala ndi malo ozizira. Njira yozizira iyenera kuchitika pa kutentha kwa -18 ° C tsiku lonse. Pambuyo pake, mukhoza kusonkhanitsa zipatso zachisanu pazakudya zabwino (matumba kapena zitsulo) ndikuzibwezeretsanso mufiriji. Musasunge chipatso mufiriji kwa miyezi yoposa 8-12.

Onetsetsani mmene mungasamalire maapulo, strawberries, nandolo zobiriwira, blueberries, maungu, mazira a m'nyengo yozizira.

Kusaka

Kuyanika ndi imodzi mwa maphikidwe abwino kwambiri othandizira kukolola nyengo yozizira popanda kuphika. Komanso, n'zotheka kuuma osati zipatso zokha, komanso masamba a machiritso. Zoonadi, masamba ndi mavitamini amapezeka m'masamba ake. Ndipo, chofunikira kwambiri, sichimawonongeka panthawi yogulitsa.

Zipatso

Chinthu choyamba chotsitsa bwino zipatsozi ndicho kusonkhanitsa: Zipatso ziyenera kusankhidwa tsiku lotsatira kuti ziume. Apo ayi, ngakhale njira yowanika bwino yokonzedwa bwino, mankhwalawo akhoza kuwonongeka. Kuyanika chipatso kumalangizidwa mu uvuni. Kuti tichite izi, chipatsocho chiyenera kuwonongedwa kukhala poto yachitsulo. Zipatso sizimayenera kudula mumulu umodzi wandiweyani.

Ndikofunikira! Kutentha kwabwino kwambiri kwa kuyanika ndi 50-70 ° С ndi uvuni wa door ajar. Ndikosavuta kufufuza ngati zipatsozo zakhala zouma mokwanira: sayenera kulola madzi kumapeto.
Ngati mukufuna kuumitsa chipatso mu mzere wochepa kwambiri - muzigwiritsa ntchito microwave. Pankhaniyi, ayenela kuikidwa pa mbale ndi kupatulidwa ndi nsalu zachilengedwe. Njira yapachiyambi idzakuthandizani kuumitsa zipatso mu mphindi ziwiri zokha. Pofuna kusunga zowonongeka zouma, gwiritsani ntchito chidebe chagalasi chatsekedwa.

Masamba

Masamba a currant - gwero la mkuwa, magnesium, siliva, sulfure, manganese, chitsulo, mafuta ofunikira ndi zina zomwe zimafunikira thupi. Choncho, tiyi ku masamba amenewa ndiwowona bwino m'nyengo yozizira. Koma pofuna kusangalala ndi ubwino, masamba amafunika kusonkhanitsa bwino ndi kuuma bwino. Ndikofunika kusonkhanitsa timapepala tapamwamba, popanda kuwonongeka, mu nyengo youma. Alimi ena amavulaza tchire la mbewu, chifukwa sadziwa nthawi yosankha masamba a currant kukolola m'nyengo yozizira.

Nthaŵi yoyenera yosonkhanitsa ndikumapeto kwa mwezi wa August kapena kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa September, mutatha kubzala zipatso. Muyenera kuthyola masamba, omwe ali pakati pa tsinde. Nthawi yowumitsa masamba imakhala yochokera masiku 3 mpaka 10, zimadalira nyengo ya kutentha. Masamba ayenera kufalikira pamtunda, nthawi ndi nthawi amafunika kusakaniza. Masamba owuma amafunika kuphwanyidwa ndi kupindikizidwa mu thumba la chikwama kapena thumba lachitsulo pofuna kusungirako.

Mukudziwa? Teya ya masamba owuma a currant wakuda ndi othandiza kwa akulu ndi ana kuti apangitse ubongo kugwira ntchito ndi masomphenya. M'magulu a chomera pali zambiri zomwe zimawathandiza kuti izi zichitike.

Currant, pansi ndi shuga

Pali njira zambiri zopangira kupanikizana kwa currant m'nyengo yozizira. Chophweka ndi kugaya zipatso ndi shuga. Kuti muchite izi muyenera kokha currants ndi shuga mofanana (1: 1). Choyamba, konzekerani zipatso: amafunika kuyeretsedwa ku phesi, masamba ndi kuvunda. Kenaka zipatso zimayenera kugaya mu chopukusira nyama (mungagwiritsenso ntchito blender kapena purosesa). Mu maphikidwe ena, akulangizidwa kuti asagulitse mankhwala onse, koma kusiya gawo limodzi mwa magawo atatu a zipatso zonse. Izo ziri kwa inu. Gwirani zipatso ndi shuga mu chidebe chosiyana ndi kusakaniza bwino. Lolani mankhwalawa akhale pafupi ola limodzi kuti shuga usungunuke. Ikani zokonzeka kupanikizana mu wosabala woyera galasi mbale ndi kutseka mwamphamvu. Sungani mankhwala ochiritsira oterewa akulangizidwa pamalo ozizira.

Maphikidwe a Jam

Kufunira pakati pa gourmets kumagwiritsa ntchito maphikidwe ena a currant m'nyengo yozizira. Timalangiza otchuka kwambiri omwe ayenera kubweretsedwa ku banki ya nkhumba ya hostess.

Classic

Chophimba choyambirira cha kupanikizana kwa currant kwa anthu ambiri amamva ngati ubwana. Mukamadya kupanikizana kotero, munthu aliyense wamkulu amakumbukira maulendo achisanu kumudzi kwa agogo aamuna, pomwe zokondweretsa zoterozo zinali nthawi zonse patebulo. Kotero, tiyeni tiwulule chinsinsi cha agogo a kuphika. Kupanga kupanikizana kwa blackcurrant molingana ndi maphunzilo akale, mudzafunika:

  • currants - 1 makilogalamu;
  • shuga - 1.5 makilogalamu;
  • madzi - 1.5 makapu.
Zipatso ziyenera kusambitsidwa, kutsukidwa kwa chirichonse chopanda pake ndi kuuma. Sakanizani shuga ndi madzi ndikuyika kusakaniza pa chitofu kuti muwiritse. Madzi okonzeka akudutsa mu sieve kapena nsalu ya gauze, yojambulidwa mu 3-4 zigawo, kangapo. Madzi oyeretsedwa ayenera kubwezeretsedwa pamoto ndi kuphika. Thirani zipatso zonse zouma mu madzi otentha ndi kuphika mpaka zokonzeka. Kupanikizana koyambani kumasonyeza kuti ndi okonzeka. Ndi nthawi yoti muponyedwe mumabanki.

Mphindi zisanu

Chinsinsi cha kupanikizana kwa currant m'nyengo yozizira "Mphindi zisanu" - imodzi mwachangu komanso yosavuta kukonzekera. Pochita izi muyenera kukonzekera:

  • 1 makilogalamu a zipatso;
  • 1.5 makilogalamu shuga;
  • 1.5 magalasi a madzi oyera.
Oyeretsa currants amafunikira maminiti pang'ono kuti wiritsani. Pamene chipatsocho ndi blanched, konzekerani madzi - ayenera kuwira. Tengani zipatso mu colander ndi kuwonjezera iwo ku madzi otentha. Wiritsani mphindi zisanu, ndipo mwakonzeka. Zonsezi sizidzakutengerani zosaposa mphindi 20.

Currant-Banana Jam

Ichi ndi choyimira choyambirira cha mikanda yeniyeni. Jamu ndi wokonzeka popanda kuphika, choncho iyenera kusungidwa mufiriji basi.

Konzani ma currants wakuda, nthochi ndi shuga mu chiwerengero cha 1: 1: 1, mwachitsanzo, 0,5: 0.5: 0,5 makilogalamu. Msuzi wophika ndi shuga mu blender. Nthomba zimayenera kutsukidwa, kudula mu cubes komanso kutumiza kwa blender. Mukamagawira nthochi, sakanizani zosakaniza zonse. Kokometsetsa kupanikizana ndi okonzeka kugwiritsa ntchito.

Mukudziwa? Dzina la chomeracho linali chifukwa cha fungo lopsa. Mawu akuti "currant" ndi "currants", odabwitsa kwambiri, ali ndi mizu imodzi. Koma ndi zonsezi, kupanikizana kwa currant kumamveka bwino.

Sakanizani

Kupanikizana kwa "Currant" - "chida" chachikulu polimbana ndi fuluwenza kapena mavairasi a catarrha m'nyengo yachisanu. Chowonadi ndi chakuti mabulosi ali ndi phytoncides olemera omwe amawononga mavairasi ndi matenda mu thupi. Tsiku lililonse pali maphikidwe atsopano ophikira kupopera wakuda. Tidzaulula chinsinsi cha mmodzi mwa otchuka kwambiri. Zopangira:

  • currants - 1.5 makilogalamu;
  • shuga - 1.5 makilogalamu;
  • madzi - 0,5 l.
Ikani peeled ndi zouma zipatso mu supu ndikutsanulira kuchuluka kwa madzi, pitirizani kuwira kwa mphindi 30. Kupanikizana n'kofunika nthawi ndi nthawi kuti asokoneze, koma ndi kasupe wamatabwa. Kwa mphindi 30, yonjezerani kutentha ndi kuwira kwa mphindi 10. Kenaka konzani mitsuko yopanda kanthu ndikupaka kupanikizana kokometsera. Pali mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya izi. Mwachitsanzo, mukhoza kupukuta mabulosi ndi kuwonjezera kwa madziwo mu mawonekedwe oponderezedwa, mukhoza kuwonjezera raspberries kapena gooseberries kwa currants, motero, kuwonjezera kuchuluka kwa shuga (ziyenera kukhala zofanana ndi chiwerengero cha zipatso).

Mu maphikidwe awa mungathe kugwiritsa ntchito currants yakuda ndi yofiira.

Odzola

Mavitamini okhwima m'nyengo yozizira ndi mwayi waukulu kuti mubweretse thupi lanu ndi mavitamini. Kuti mupeze dessert iyi yokoma, mumangofunika kuika zipatso ndi shuga (1: 1.5). Lembani zipatso zokonzedwa bwino ndi madzi otentha otentha kuti asaphimbidwe. Bweretsa osakaniza kwa chithupsa ndi kuwira pa moto wochepa kwa mphindi 30.

Pambuyo pa nthawi yofunika, yikani shuga ndi wiritsani mphindi 15. Pachifukwa ichi, zakudyazo zimayenera kukhala zowonongeka komanso zowonongeka. Njira yothetsera kusakaniza mu odzola ikhoza kutsatiridwa ndi momwe ikuyamba kudwalitsira ndi kumamatira ku makoma a mbale. Odzola anu ndi okonzeka kutambasula. Kuti mupereke kukoma kwapachiyambi, onjezerani clove ndi sinamoni pang'ono. Odzola odzola opangidwa kuchokera ku red currants. Kukonzekera zokoma zimenezi muyenera kufinya madzi kuchokera ku 1.5 makilogalamu a zipatso. Pezani pafupifupi 1.2 malita a madzi. Kenaka yikani 1 makilogalamu shuga, wiritsani kwa mphindi zitatu ndikupukuta.

Phunzirani momwe mungapangire zovuta za viburnum, blueberries, cranberries, apricots, strawberries, gooseberries, nyanja buckthorn, yoshta, yamatcheri, maapulo m'nyengo yozizira.

Compote

Currant compote ikhoza kukonzedwa kuchokera ku mazira ozizira kapena omangidwa, ndi kukulunga m'mabanja m'chilimwe. Zosankha kuphika currant compote. Timapereka maphikidwe okoma kwambiri.

  1. Chinsinsi chosavuta ndi choyamba: ikani madzi okwanira 1 litre, 800 g wa zipatso, 200 g shuga ndipo ngati mukufuna, 2 tsp. sinamoni Wiritsani kwa mphindi 2-3, yanizani.
  2. Manyowa amadzipaka ndi raspberries ndi melissa amakonzedwa pogwiritsa ntchito 800 g ya currants (ofiira kapena akuda), 200 g wa raspberries, madzi okwanira 1 litre, 1 makilogalamu shuga, 0,5 mandimu ndi 2-3 sprigs a mandimu. Zipatso ziyenera kukhala blanched ndi kuikidwa mu mitsuko yosawilitsidwa, pamwamba pazoika mandimu ndi mandimu mankhwala. Zonsezi zitsanulira madzi osakonzedwa kale ndi kupukuta.
  3. Pofuna kukonza currant ya zipatso zachisanu, mudzafunika 1 chikho cha zipatso, 0,5 makapu shuga ndi 3 malita a madzi. Zipatso ndi shuga ziyenera kuwonjezedwa ku madzi otentha ndi kuwiritsa kwa mphindi zingapo. Zokonzedwa compote ndi okonzeka kugwiritsa ntchito.
Monga mukuonera, currants ndi zipatso zonse. Sizowonjezeratu mavitamini oyenerera thupi, komanso zakudya zabwino kwambiri. Pa tebulo la mayi aliyense wamwamuna ndi chinthu chofunika kwambiri chomwe mungathe kuyesa kosatha. Kugwiritsa ntchito mbale ya currant - osati zokoma zokha, komanso ntchito yopindulitsa kwambiri.