Bwanji osaponyera mapepala a mbatata

Masiku ano, mumasitolo apadera mukhoza kupeza feteleza ambiri. Koma mtengo wamtengo wapatali sizimakulolani kuti mugule ndalama zofunikira. Pankhaniyi, mungagwiritse ntchito zomwe nthawi zonse zimapezeka m'nyumba iliyonse ya mbatata. M'nkhani yathu tidzakambirana momwe tingagwiritsire ntchito feteleza kotero kuti zomera zomwezo zimayenera kudya.

Zothandiza ndi zolemba

Mabakiteriya omwe amakhala m'nthaka, amangozizira mosavuta mbatata. Kutaya, zakudya zonse zili m'nthaka, ndipo kenako zimayambitsidwa ndi mizu ya zomera.

Pakutha izi, kutentha kumapangidwa, komwe kumathandiza kutentha nthaka, ndipo izi zimathandiza kwambiri kukula kwa mbeu. Zomera za mbatata zimathandiza kuti nthaka ikhale yowonjezereka komanso kuonjezera ubwino ndi kuchuluka kwa mbeu.

Ndikofunikira! Mukamayanika mbatata, samalani kuti dzuwa lisagwe. Komanso nkofunika kusunga kuyeretsa kuchokera mvula. Apo ayi akhoza kuwotcha kapena kuvunda.
Kugwiritsiridwa ntchito kwa mbatata kumawonekera, chifukwa uli ndi zakudya zambiri komanso mavitamini. Zikuphatikizapo:

  • shuga;
  • chodabwitsa;
  • chomera;
  • mavitamini;
  • mchere wamchere;
  • mafuta;
  • micro ndi macronutrients.

Zinthu zoterezi zingathandize kwambiri kukula kwa mbewu. Kuonjezera apo, mazira a mbatata ali ndi ubwino wotsatira pa feteleza:

  • iwo alipo;
  • Amatha kuonjezera chonde chachonde cha nthaka;
  • akhoza kumasula nthaka, zomwe zimatsimikizira kutuluka kwa oxygen ku mizu;
  • iwo ali zamoyo zoyera;
  • Thandizani kuchotsa tizirombo.

Pogwiritsa ntchito mapepala a mbatata, mutha kukhala otsimikiza kuti mbeuyo ndi yochezeka, popeza alibe mankhwala.

Ndi mbewu zotani zomwe zimayenera feteleza

Mazira a mbatata angagwiritsidwe ntchito monga fetereza kwa munda wa ndiwo zamasamba kapena munda, chifukwa ntchito yawo imakulolani kuti mukhale ndi nthaka yabwino ndipo imakhala ndi zotsatira zabwino pa mbeu kulikonse mu chiwembu chanu. Ganizirani mmene mungagwiritsire ntchito chida ichi pa mbewu zosiyanasiyana.

Muyenera kukhala ndi chidwi chofuna kudziwa zambiri za feteleza monga fetereza, slurry, peel anyezi, biohumus, makala, peat, phulusa.

Kulima

Manyowa akhoza kutsukidwa nkhaka ndi mavwende ena. Mukadzala mbande pansi, m'pofunika kudyetsa zomera izi.

Kukondedwa pa zikhalidwe zidzawonetsedwa mkati ndi kuthirira kuchokera kulowetsedwa kuyeretsedwa. Idzawonjezera kubiriwira, kupindula, zomwe zidzateteza kukolola kolemera. Mukhozanso manyowa kulowetsedwa kwa mbatata adyo ndi mizu masamba. Kudyetsa kumayambira kuyambira kumapeto kwa May ndikugwiritse ntchito milungu iwiri iliyonse. Sikoyenera kutsanulira kulowetsedwa pansi pazu - imwani madzi okha ndi madzi okwanira.

Pa nthawi yomweyi, onetsetsani kuti zidutswa za mbatata sizigwa pansi, chifukwa zimakopa makoswe ndi tizilombo tina.

Munda

Mazira a mbatata ndi abwino kwa feteleza ya currant, ndipo tikulongosola momwe tingagwiritsire ntchito pansipa. Iwo adzakhala othandiza makamaka kwa zipatso zakuda. Kupaka pamwamba kumawonjezera chipatso, nthawi zina, currants amatha kukula kwa chitumbuwa.

Chaka chilichonse ndi bwino kuika mbatata gruel kapena kukhathamiritsa khungu pansi pa shrub mu dzenje, masentimita 20, kenako kusakaniza ndizazaza dziko lapansi. M'chaka ndi chilimwe, mukhoza kudyetsa chomeracho ndi kulowetsedwa, kuthirira masabata awiri alionse.

Ndikofunikira! Musagwiritsire ntchito kuyeretsa zomera monga feteleza, eggplant ndi tomato, chifukwa ali ndi matenda omwe amapezeka ndi mbatata ndipo akhoza kutenga kachilomboka.
Mukhozanso manyowa mbatata kulowetsedwa kapena rasipiberi ufa. Pambuyo popanga chakudya, nthaka iyenera kumasulidwa. Ngati mukuganiza kuti manyowa a strawberries - ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito ufa wa mbatata pa izi, kuziwaza pansi pa tchire kawiri pa mwezi.

Kudyetsa currants ndi mbewu zina m'chaka ndi mbatata zimapereka chakudya chokwanira ndi cholemera!

Mukudziwa? Mbatata ndi gulu la zomera zakupha - kudya zipatso zosapsa zingayambitse poizoni.

Malo

Kutseketsa mbatata kungagwiritsidwe ntchito kuti manyowa azitsamba. Ndibwino kuti muwawathire ndi kulowetsedwa kusanachitike. Chochitikachi chiyenera kuchitika milungu itatu ndi itatu iliyonse.

N'zotheka kugwiritsa ntchito madzi okwanira komanso otentha, omwe mbatata ankaphika mu yunifolomu. Chifukwa cha chakudya ichi, masamba adzayamba kukula mofulumira.

Alimi ena amaika chophimba pansi, koma chifukwa cha njirayi, fungo losasangalatsa ndi midges lingathe kuonekera mu chipinda. Kudyetsa kotereku kungagwiritsidwe ntchito pa saprophytic kapena epiphytic zomera (orchid, dracaena). Komabe, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito ngalande. Ndibwino kuti muyikepo pang'ono.

Momwe mungasungire kusamba

Ngati mumakhala m'nyumba kapena pakhomo, sipadzakhala mavuto ndi malo osungirako oyeretsa - amatumizidwa nthawi yomweyo ku kompositi.

Mukudziwa? Imodzi mwa mitundu yamtengo wapatali ya mbatata padziko lapansi ndi "La Bonnotte". Amakula pa chilumba cha Noirmoutier ndipo amagulitsa ma euro 500 pa kilogalamu imodzi.

Komabe, ngati muli m'dzikoli pamapeto a sabata, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito njira zina zosungira zikopa - kuyanika kapena kuzizira. Pamaso pa kutentha kwa zero, zikopa zikhoza kusungidwa pa khonde, ndipo mpaka zitatentha kunja.

Kuwonjezeka kwa kutentha kungayambitse kukolola kwawo, choncho, pamapeto a feteleza ayenera kutengedwera ku kompositi. Komanso yosungirako, mungagwiritse ntchito njira ngati kuyanika. Njira iyi ndi yovuta, koma yodalirika. N'zotheka kuyanika kuyeretsa pa mabatire, ng'anjo imayandikira. Kenaka ndikulimbikitsidwa kuti muwagope mu chopukusira nyama, ndiyeno muwatumize ku ng'anjo kuti muumire kachiwiri.

Choncho, mutha kale kupanga zipangizo zomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito ngati feteleza.

Ndikofunikira! Pamene kuthirira mbatata kulowetsedwa maluwa ngati gloxinia, m'pofunika kuonetsetsa kuti madziwo sagwera pa masamba - angawachititse kuvunda. Ndibwino kuti muzitsanulira kulowetsedwa muyima ya mphika.

Pakubwera kwa kasupe, kuyeretsa kouma kapena kosasana ndi madzi sikuyenera kusinthidwa ku chidebe chachikulu ndikutsanulira madzi otentha. Kusakaniza kukugwedezeka kwa masiku angapo kuti umame mofanana.

Kodi kuphika kudya

Mbatata ngati feteleza akhoza kukolola mwanjira iliyonse. Tikupereka kuti tidziwe bwino aliyense wa iwo.

Kulowetsedwa

Kukonzekera kulowetsedwa kumakhala kosavuta. Mudzafunika zikopa zakuda kapena zakuda. Ndikofunika kuwadzaza ndi madzi otentha ndikupita kukapatsa tsiku. Madzi okonzedwa akhoza kugwiritsidwa ntchito podiririra zomera. Kulowetsedwa kumagwiritsidwa ntchito bwino monse m'munda ndi kunyumba, kuti manyowa maluwa.

Gruel

Konzani kansalu kouma, mbiya ndi madzi otentha. Ikani kutsuka mu chidebe ndikudzaza ndi madzi otentha. Chifukwa cha kutentha kwamadzi, nkhungu ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda zidzafa.

Pafupi sabata pambuyo pake, peel idzayamwa chinyontho, kutupa. Ndiye ndikofunikira kusakaniza kusakaniza bwino. Choncho, imatulutsa gruel, yomwe ingagwiritsidwe ntchito feteleza.

Maluwa

Kuti muphike ufa wa mbatata, muyenera kutengapo nyemba zouma ndi kuzipera mu chopukusira nyama. Pofuna kukwaniritsa zotsatira, mungagwiritse ntchito blender kapena coffee grinder.

Matumbawa ndi abwino kusungirako feteleza, koma sikoyenera kusiya ufa kwa nthawi yayitali mu chidebe ichi, chifukwa chikhoza kuyamba kuvunda, ndipo tizilombo tizilombo tidzakhalapo.

Mbatata monga kompositi

Mbatata ndi imodzi mwa zofunikanso zomwe zimapangidwa mu composting. Zimathamanga ndondomeko ya composting. Komabe, pali vuto limodzi - bowa lachirombo lingakhalepo muzu wa mbewu, ndipo chifukwa chake, feteleza a nightshade ali ndi manyowa angapangitse kukula kwa matenda. Pofuna kupeĊµa mavuto ngati amenewa, zowonongeka zimangowonjezera kompositi kuchokera ku mbatata yophika.

Mukudziwa? Mbatata yoyamba idakula ndi Amwenye a ku Peru zaka 4,000 zapitazo. Panali kale mitundu yambiri ya ndiwo zamasamba 200.

Kuti muchite izi, muyenera kupukuta ndikuphika m'madzi (1 kg ya peel muyenera kumwa 2 malita a madzi). Madzi a mbatata amayeretsedwa ndi madzi 10 mpaka 1, kenako mankhwalawo amathiridwa mu kompositi. Ngakhale kuti mitundu yambiri yamagetsi imapezeka m'masitolo apadera, zowonongeka kwambiri zingagwiritsidwe ntchito monga feteleza. Kudyetsa zikhalidwe ndi mazira a mbatata, mudzatha kuonjezera kuchuluka kwa zokolola ndipo mudzatsimikiziranso za chilengedwe cha chipatso.