Sinyuha: mitundu, kufotokoza, chithunzi

Woimira zodabwitsa za zomera ndi dzina losazolowereka la cyanosis kapena polemonium sichikuwoneka ngati wokhala m'nyumba yamaluwa. Chomera ichi cha herbaceous ku banja la Sinyukhov chimaphatikizapo 40-50 mitundu yomwe ili yoyenera malo abwino ndi kumpoto kwa madera. Zingakhale zowonjezera pazinthu ziwiri: monga chomera chokongoletsera, komanso ngati mankhwala ochiritsa. Tiyeni tione mwatsatanetsatane zina mwa mitundu yake.

Buluu kapena kumveka

Sinyuha buluu (polemonium caeruleum)chomwe chimatchedwanso kuthamanga, chimapezeka kwambiri ku Russia, Siberia, komanso kumadzulo kwa Ulaya. Iwo umakhala umodzi wowongoka kuwombera ndi buluu maluwa ndi lalanje stamens.

Masamba amakhala ndi mdulidwe wokongola kwambiri ndipo amamera pamapeto pake, ndipo shrub imakula pamtunda wa masentimita 30 mpaka 120. Maluwa amapezeka mu June-Julayi, chomerachi chikhoza kuphanso kachiwiri kumapeto kwa August kapena kumayambiriro kwa September. M'munsimu mukhoza kuona chithunzi cha blue cyanus - zokongola zakumwamba.

Dziwitseni nokha ndi kulima mbewu zina zomwe zidzakongoletsa malo anu: welshkum, lofanta, mmbulu aconite, soapworm, gravilata, eremurus, acanthus, borage, mattiola, black cohosh, geyhery, zhiryanki, celesia, ulemerero, kamnelomki.

Brandegs

Ma Brandegs amapezeka kwambiri kumadzulo kwa United States of America (kuchokera ku Wyoming kupita ku Colorado). Zowonjezereka, maluwa okwera mosiyanasiyana kuyambira mtundu wa golide woyera, - kusiyana kwakukulu kwa mitundu iyi kuchokera kwa oimira ena a mtundu wake. Kukula kwakukulu chifukwa chovuta kupeza maziko odzala.

California

Kale California mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi North America Sierra Nevada mapiri, omwe mwina n'chifukwa chake amatchedwa choncho. Amasiyanitsa maluwa obirira bell, mtundu wa buluu. Mitundu yowonjezera yomwe imafalitsidwa ndi rhizomes, ilibe mavuto apadera pakufalitsa m'madera awo.

Mukudziwa? M'mayiko olankhula Chingerezi, mtundu wa cyanosis ndi mitundu yake yambiri imatchedwa "Ladder Jacob". Dzina likulongosola maloto, kamodzi analota za Mtumwi wa Baibulo Yakobo ponena za masitepe okhudzana ndi dziko lapansi ndi kumwamba.

Okhazikika

Mitunduyi imagawidwa m'mapiri a miyala komanso m'mapiri a United States, kuyambira kum'mawa kwa Washington State kupita ku Arizona ndi New Mexico. M'miyezi iwiri yoyambirira ya chilimwe, maluwa okongola omwe ali ndi chikasu amatha kuoneka pa zimayambira mpaka masentimita 15 m'litali ndi masamba oyera.

Wokongola

Sinyuha wokongola ndi chomera chomera chochepa chokhala ndi kutalika kwa 10-25 masentimita, zimayambira ndi zofooka. Inflorescences ali ndi zovuta (paniculture) ndipo ali pamwamba pa zimayambira. Malo amtundu wa polonium ndi mapiri a Altai, Siberia.

Ndikofunikira! Polemonium ndi woimira chinyontho cha zomera, mwakachetechete wokhudzana ndi kutentha, osalola chilala. Kuchuluka kwa acidity ya nthaka ndi koipa kwa moyo wa chomera. Malo abwino omwe kulima kwake ndi malo otsetsereka a dzuwa kapena ochepa omwe ali ndi malo osaya pansi.

Maluwa a maluwa

Chimera chosatha, chimakula m'nkhalango zovuta, m'mitsinje yamtsinje, m'mapiri a nkhalango ya Mongolia, Japan, China, Altai, kum'mawa kwa Siberia, ndi Far East. Pa zoonda, zowoneka zimayambira 35-75 masentimita pamwamba, amatha kuona zosamveka-pinnate masamba ndi otumbululuka buluu panicled inflorescences.

Maluwa aang'ono

Mdziko la polnerium ili ndi boma la Arizona. M'dera lathu, kukula monga osatha sikutheka, popeza mtundu uwu wa zomera ndi thermophilic. Zimayambira mpaka masentimita 40 mu msinkhu, maluwa achikasu akuphulika, chinthu chosiyana ndi chomwe chiri zochepa za mtundu wa lalanje.

Ngati mukufuna kupanga bedi la maluwa ndi maluu a buluu, mukhoza kulima anemone, brunner, asters, mabelu, delphinium, gladiolus, muscari, musaiwale-ine-ayi, petunia, phlox, lungwort, veronica, periwinkle.

Shaggy

Chomera chochepa kwambiri (masentimita 40-65) chokhala ndi masamba ambirimbiri, chokongoletsedwa ndi maluwa a buluu ali ndi stamens ya orange. Kufalikira ku gawo la East Asia continent (Sakhalin, Kamchatka, Commander Islands, Arctic, kum'mawa kwa Siberia). Maluwa amawonekera pachigawo choyamba cha chilimwe, ndipo polymonium imabereka zipatso mu August.

Ambiri-anasiya

Mitundu imeneyi imakula kutalika kwa masentimita 60 mpaka 80, ndipo imasiyanitsidwa ndi maluwa obiriwira a lavender omwe amatha pachilimwe. Chomera chikukula bwino, ngati kuli koyenera kulekerera chilala.

Mukudziwa? Mu mankhwala owerengeka, polémonium amatchedwa "buluu valerian": nthawi zambiri amatengedwa ngati chodetsa nkhawa chifukwa cha kugona, nkhawa, ndi neurasthenia.

Ostrolepestnaya

Ostrolepodnoe polmonium angapezeke ku Siberia, ku Far East, kumpoto kwa Ulaya ndi America, kumene kumayambira bwino m'mphepete mwa malo osungiramo zipilala, malo ogwirira ntchito, komanso m'mapiri a m'dera la Baikal. Pa mphukira imodzi yoongoka yomwe imakhala yaitali masentimita 30, maluwa ang'onoang'ono a buluu amapezeka mosavuta.

Kumpoto

Malo amtunduwu ndi malo a Norway, Canada ndi Siberia. Chomeracho chimakonda mchenga wouma, mitsinje yamchenga ya mitsinje, nyanja yamaluwa, miyala ya alpine. Mitunduyi imakula pansi (15-20 cm), ndipo nthambi zina zimayambira ndi masamba a basal amasiyana ndi maluwa okongola omwe ali ndi mthunzi wa violet.

Chartaseum

Chartaseum ndi chomera chomera, wamba m'mapiri okwera kumpoto kwa California. Chitsamba chimayamba pachimake kuposa mitundu ina (mu March), koma maluwa amathanso kuyamba pachilimwe. Pa mapesi afupi (mpaka masentimita 8 mu msinkhu), kuzungulira kuzungulira kumawoneka ndi maluwa a mthunzi wamdima wabuluu, omwe ali pafupi kwambiri ndi masamba a mawonekedwe omwe anawonekera.

Wokongola

Alaska ndi maile a mitundu iyi, ngakhale kuti ndi yofala kumadzulo kwa United States. Cyanusus yokongola imasintha kwambiri pamlingo wa msinkhu, womwe imatha kufika (kuyambira 8 mpaka 20 cm). Mtundu wa maluwa umasiyana ndi utoto wabuluu mpaka wofiira.

Ndikofunikira! Kwa mankhwala cholinga, rhizomes ndi zomera mizu amagwiritsidwa ntchito. Kuyeretsa kumachitika bwino kumapeto kwa nthawi yophukira kapena kumapeto kwa regrowth. Mungagwiritse ntchito komanso zipangizo zatsopano, ndi kuyanika pokonzekera kugwiritsira ntchito mankhwala osokoneza bongo.
Mtundu wotchuka wa polonium pa kontinenti yathu ndi ubweya wa buluundiye tiwona malamulo oyambirira kubzala ndi kusamalira kumbuyo kwa chomera ichi:

  • Malo obwera kumalo: malo amdima kapena penumbra, omwe amatetezedwa ku mphepo (pansi pa chinthu ichi, maluwa ambiri variegated cyanosis mumapereka.
  • Nthaka: mchenga ndi dongo ndi Kuwonjezera kwa kompositi ndi humus.
  • Kuthirira: kawirikawiri, ayenera kukhala chinyezi chakuda cha nthaka, mwinamwake chomera sichitha pachimake.
  • Kudulira: mutatha maluwa, inflorescences onse omwe asungunuka, atsekedwa.
Chomeracho chingakhale malo amodzi mpaka zaka zisanu, koma chimafunika konzekerani nyengo yozizira: Kumapeto kwa autumn n'kofunika kudula masamba onse. Shrubbery Yatsopano kawirikawiri wamkulu kuchokera ku mbewu: kudzidyera nokha kapena kubzala. Kufesa kuyenera kuchitidwa pa kuya kwa 2 cm kumayambiriro kwa masika. Kuwombera kumawonekera patapita pafupifupi masabata atatu. Koma kumbukirani: m'chaka choyamba polymonium sichidzaphuka.

Mmodzi wodabwitsa wa zomera akugwira ntchito osati kwa wokhala m'munda yekha, komanso mchiritsi wabwino. Mitundu ya machiritso ya mbewuyo imadziwonetsera yokha ngati expectorant, sedative (sedative), anti-inflammatory effects pa thupi laumunthu ngati matenda a mpweya wotentha, kuwonjezeka kwa mantha, chiwindi cha zilonda, ndi matenda opatsirana.