Pony: momwe mungasamalire mahatchi ang'onoang'ono

Ndi anthu ochepa chabe omwe samaoneka ngati akumwetulira posangalala ndi nyama izi zokongola. Mahatchi amakopa chidwi cha ana ndi akulu. Chifukwa chake, anthu ambiri amafuna kuwabala iwo okha, omwe ali a bizinesi, omwe ali okondweretsa. Ndipo izi zisanachitike, zidagwiritsidwanso ntchito ngati plodding force. Momwe mungasamalire ponyoni, komanso za momwe amasinthira, werengani pansipa.

Makhalidwe ndi zizindikiro

Pony - Awa ndiwo majeremusi a akavalo apakhomo, mbali ya khalidwe yomwe ndi kukula kochepa. Kukula kwakukulu kwa mahatchi ndi 80-140 masentimita. M'mayiko osiyanasiyana, mtundu uwu umaphatikizapo anthu omwe akukula mosiyana. Mwachitsanzo, ku Russia, izi zimaphatikizapo nyama kufika mamita 1-1.1. Koma ku England akavalo amawerengedwa ngati ma ponies ndi kukula kwa mamita 1.4.

Mukudziwa? Buku la Guinness la Records ndilo pony yaing'ono kwambiri. Iye anabadwa mu 2010, ndipo dzina lake ndi Einstein. Kutalika kwake ndi 50 cm, ndipo pa kubadwa kunali 36 cm. Ng'ombe yoberekera inkalemera 2.7 kg. Lero akulemera makilogalamu 28.

Pamaonekedwe, ponyoni ikufanana ndi kavalo wokhazikika, koma wina ayenera kumvetsera momwe zimasiyanirana ndi kavalo. Kusiyana kwakukulu ndi kapangidwe ka thupi kosasamalidwa: ali ndi miyendo yochepa, mutu wake si wotambasula, mphuno yake yaikulu ndi khosi lamphamvu. Kuwonjezera pamenepo, ponyoni imakhala yochuluka komanso yaitali, komanso mchira. Iwo amasiyana moganiza ndi kuumitsa. Omwe amadziŵa zambiri amatsutsa kuti amadzikuza komanso amatsutsa. Mosiyana ndi zazing'ono zawo, akavalo odumphadabwitsa ali ndi mphamvu ndi chipiriro chapadera. Koma pa nthawi yomweyi, chakudya chimadetsedwa kawiri kuposa kavalo wokhazikika. Mano awo ali amphamvu, amatha kutchera mosavuta ngakhale chakudya chamoto.

Zokwanira zambiri ndizo Bay ndi wakuda, pang'ono pokha pali bedi-piebald ndi piven-piebald. Kawirikawiri ndi akavalo ofiira, a imvi, a akavalovu.

Moyo wa kavalo wa mini ndi zaka 40-50. Koma achibale awo aatali amakhala zaka 25-30 okha.

Werenganinso za kavalo kakang'ono Falabella.

Kugwiritsa ntchito mahatchi aang'ono

Masiku ano, akavalo a mini-maka amagwiritsa ntchito zosangalatsa: akukwera ana ang'onoang'ono, amasonyeza m'mabwalo, zoos. Iwo akhoza kunyamula pafupifupi 20% ya thupi lawo lonse. Pa nthawi yomweyi, amatha kukopa kwambiri - nthawi zina ngakhale kuposa mahatchi wamba. Makolo ena amagulira ana awo ma poni kuti awaphunzitse kuyendetsa kavalo kuyambira ali mwana. Panthawi imodzimodziyo, pali mayiko omwe mpikisano wokhala ndi ana okwera pamahatchi amawongolera. Koma kwa hippotherapy (chithandizo cha matenda osiyanasiyana pogwiritsa ntchito kulankhulana ndi kukwera) iwo si abwino.

Mukudziwa? Ngakhale kuti ukulu wake ndi wotani, sikuti mahatchi akale ankagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati ntchito. Izi, choyamba, zimakhudza mtundu wa mahatchi a Shetland - ku England iwo anakakamizidwa kuchita ntchito yapansi: m'migodi ndi migodi.

M'mayiko ena, mwachitsanzo ku Holland, ziweto zazing'ono zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mu ulimi - m'minda yaing'ono.

Mitundu Yotchuka ya Pony

Padziko lapansi pali mitundu yambiri ya maasoni. Tikukupatsani inu ndemanga ya anthu 10 otchuka kwambiri mwa iwo:

Chibadwidwe. Kwathu - North Wales. Zizindikiro zosiyana: kutalika kwake - 123-137 masentimita, mutu wawung'ono ndi makutu ang'onoang'ono ndi maso akulu, kumbuyo komwe, miyendo yopindika, kumapeto kwa ziboda zolimba. Zovala zazikulu: zofiira, usikuingale, imvi, bay. Mahatchi a ku Welsh ndi okongola komanso okongola kwambiri. Anayambanso kupanga mitundu yatsopano komanso masewera olimbitsa thupi. Ziweto za Shetland. Kwawo - United Kingdom. Zizindikiro zosiyana: kutalika - 102-107 masentimita, kumanga kwamphamvu, kumbuyo kochepa, kochepa, miyendo yolimba, ziboda zolimba. Msuti wamkulu-bay, wakuda, pinto. "Shetland" imagwiritsidwa ntchito m'mapaki odyetserako zachilengedwe komanso mumzinda, zigawo zofanana. Kuchokera mu 1890 buku la kubereka kwa ponyatoni la shetland lasungidwa. Highland pony. Kwathu - Scotland. Pali mitundu itatu: kukula kochepa 122-132 cm, kukwera - 132-140 cm, Meyland-pony - 142-147 masentimita. Zosiyana: thupi lamphamvu, miyendo yamphamvu kwambiri. Wodziwika ndi kuwonjezeka kupirira ndi moyo wautali. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati phukusi ndi kukwera, poyenda, mu masewera othamanga. Mitundu yambiri. Kumudzi kwawo - kumpoto chakumadzulo kwa England. Zizindikiro zosiyana: kutalika kwake - masentimita 125-128, mutu waung'ono, "maso" (ndi mapiko akuluakulu), milomo yolimba kwambiri, khosi lamphamvu, chifuwa chachikulu, miyendo yochepa, miyezi isanu ndi iwiri (mosiyana ndi ena, omwe ali ndi zisanu ndi chimodzi ). Suti-bulauni, bay, Savrasaya ndi zilonda zamoto. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito popeta ntchito kuti apange mtundu wa mitundu ina ya mahatchi. Chikhalidwe cha Icelandic. Kumudzi kwawo - Iceland. Zizindikiro zosiyana: kutalika kwake - 120-140 masentimita, mutu wolemera, maso ochititsa chidwi, mphuno zazikulu, makutu ang'onoang'ono, atachepetsedwera khosi, minofu, minofu ya m'mimba, mimba yozama, yochepa, nsonga zolimba, ziboda zolimba. Mtundu wawo ukhoza kukhala mtundu uliwonse. Kupeza bwino kwambiri chimfine ndi mchira. Ili ndilo mtundu wokha womwe omemeza awo amadya nsomba ndi kuyenda ndi mateleti. Kuswana kwa ma ponyoniwa kumapangidwira cholinga cha ntchito zokopa alendo ndi masewera opambana. Mahatchi a ku France. Kumudzi kwawo - France. Zizindikiro zosiyana: kutalika - 125-145 masentimita, mutu wamphongo, maso akuluakulu, makutu ang'onoang'ono okhala ndi mapeto akuthwa, khosi lalitali, bwalo lalitali, chifuwa chachikulu, miyendo yamphamvu, ziboda zolimba. Ma suti ali osiyanasiyana. Oyenerera ntchito iliyonse, nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito pamaseŵera a ana olingana nawo, chifukwa, monga lamulo, ndi abwino, oleza mtima ndi amtendere.

Mukudziwa? Zotsalira za kavalo wakale zinapezeka kum'mwera kwa France - solutre Asayansi amakhulupirira kuti iye ndi kholo lakale lakavalo, lomwe ndilo kholo la makosoni amasiku ano.

Manipuri pony. Chiyambi chenicheni sichidziwika. Zosiyana: mutu wokongola, wammimba, makutu ang'onoting'onoting'onoting'ono, maso akuluakulu, maso, mapewa, chifuwa chachikulu, mitsempha yambiri, miyendo yofanana ndi ziboda zolimba. Anagwiritsa ntchito kusewera polo, atakwera. Connemara. Mdziko - Ireland. Zinthu zosiyana: zimafika kutalika mpaka kufika masentimita 144, bwino kwambiri ndipo zimasungidwa bwino, zimakhala ndi khosi lalitali, lopindika, thupi lopangidwa ndi miyendo yamphamvu. Iwo ali ndi khalidwe labwino, ali oyenerera, motero amakula makamaka kuti akwere ana ndi kuphunzira kukwera hatchi. Panthawi imodzimodziyo amatha kudumpha modabwitsa, kupikisana pazochitika zina. Fjord Kumudzi kwathu - mwachionekere Norway. Zinthu zosiyana: kutalika kwake - masentimita 130-145, mutu waukulu, khosi lamphamvu, zowonongeka, thupi lophatikizana, miyendo yamphamvu ndi ziboda zolimba. Kujambula: Kudula ndi zosalala zosiyanasiyana, imvi ndi mzere wakuda kumbuyo. Mahatchi awa ndi onse: oyenerera ntchito zaulimi, ndi maulendo a akavalo, ndi masewera a ana. American ping pony. Kwawo - dziko la America la Iowa. Mukhoza kuphunzira mtundu umenewu ndi msinkhu wake - masentimita 114-137 ndi suti yoyambirira - kambuku, chophimba chophimba, snowball, marble, etc. Zozizwitsa: mitu yaing'ono, mapiko, mchira wapamwamba. Monga dzina limatanthawuzira, izi zowonjezera zimagwiritsidwa ntchito makamaka pa kukwera pa akavalo, kukwera mahatchi.

Tikukulangizani kuti muwerenge za mtundu wa mahatchi: zolemera (Vladimir heavy, feryze, tinker) ndi kukwera (Arabic, Akhal-Teke, appaloosa).

Mfundo yokhutira

Mitundu yapadera yosungiramo ma ponies si yosiyana kwambiri ndi kuswana kwa achibale awo wamtali. Musanapeze nyama izi, muyenera kuzigwiritsa ntchito mapazi otsatira:

  • Konzani malo okhala mogwirizana ndi zofunikira ndi zofunikira;
  • kugula kapena kupanga zipangizo zofunika zomwe zingasamalire kusamalira kavalo;
  • sankhani mtundu wa zokonda zanu ndi thumba;
  • kuti aphunzire zambiri zokhudza zikhalidwe za mtundu, zakudya zake;
  • gula chakudya chofunikira.

Mahatchi ndi akavalo olimba kwambiri ndipo amatsutsana ndi zikhalidwe zilizonse. Choncho, nyumba yabwino kwambiri kwa iwo idzakhala peni poyera. M'nyengo yozizira, nthawi ya chisanu kapena mvula, ma poni amafunika kubweretsedwa ku khola ndi miyala yokonzeka.

Ngati mukufuna kupanga mahatchi angapo, mazira ndi mabiliyoni ambiri pakatha chaka chimodzi ayenera kusungidwa mosiyana.

Ndikofunikira! Katundu wambiri pamaponi akhoza kuchitika pokhapokha atakwanitsa zaka zinayi.

Palibe zosowa zapadera pa malo otsekedwa. Chinthu chachikulu ndi chakuti palibe ma drafts ndipo palibe dampness. Dampness imayambitsa matenda ambiri osasangalatsa a nyama omwe amakhudza khungu ndi ziboda. Zojambulajambula ndizo zimayambitsa chimfine, zomwe zingasanduke matenda aakulu kapena kumwalira kwa pony. Pansi ayenera kupeza zinyalala zapamwamba, zomwe zingachepetse chiopsezo cha kuvulaza zero ndipo zinali zogwirizana ndi zinyama zonse. Khola ikhoza kukhala popanda chakudya, chifukwa akavalo amadya udzu ndi udzu kuchokera pansi. Koma mu corral ya modyera bwino ndi bwino kukonzekera, chifukwa, pamene akusewera, chinyama chikhoza kupondereza chakudya, ndipo icho sichiyenera kuti anthu azidya.

Pofuna kumwa mowa, mungagwiritse ntchito mowa mwachangu kapena zida zazing'ono, zomwe zili bwino kulimbitsa chinachake, kuti nyamayo isasinthe.

Malangizo Othandizira

Mosiyana ndi achibale awo wamtali, ma poni samafuna kuphwanya kawirikawiri. Njirayi idzafunika kasupe, pamene ayamba kuthira ndi kuthira m'nyengo yozizira.

Koma amafunika kuyeretsa dothi tsiku ndi tsiku. Kamodzi pa masiku 30, kuchotsa ziboda kumafunika.

Inventory, zomwe ndi zofunika kuti musamalire ponyoni, mukufunikira chimodzimodzi ndi kavalo wamba. Nazi chochepa chofunika:

  • ziboda kutsuka chidebe;
  • burashi wolimba kuchotsa dothi;
  • broshi pofuna kuyeretsa konyowa;
  • chikopa chakhumba choyeretsa ziboda kuchokera ku dothi;
  • masiponji ochapa maso, makutu;
  • scraper yokonzera chinyezi ku ubweya;
  • brush chifukwa choika mafuta pa ziboda kuti asatengeke.

Koma mahatchi pa pony ndi okwera mtengo kwambiri kusiyana ndi kavalo wokhazikika. Ngati pali zotheka komanso katswiri wabwino, ndiye kuti mtengo wake ndi wotsika mtengo.

Kudyetsa chakudya

Zomwe zikuluzikulu za tsiku ndi tsiku za kavalo kakang'ono ziyenera kukhala udzu ndi udzu. Zimaphatikizapo kufunika koyenera kuchitidwa mosamala, chifukwa kudya kwambiri kumadza ndi vuto la m'mimba.

Hayi iyenera kuperekedwa kawiri pa tsiku. Mbali imodzi (pafupifupi 1.5 makilogalamu) m'mawa imatsanuliridwa ku anazale m'khola. Gawo lachiwiri laikidwa mu khola usiku. Mukhoza kuwonjezera masamba m'zigawo zing'onozing'ono: mbatata, beets, kabichi, kaloti. Zigawo pakati pa feedings ziyenera kukhala. Ndi bwino kudyetsa zinyama tsiku ndi tsiku nthawi yomweyo.

Ndikofunikira! Chifukwa cha kukula kwa chifuwa, ndikofunika kuonetsetsa kuti ma poni amadyetsedwa ndipo palibe oat komanso karoti yochulukira pazamasamba awo. Kaloti sangadye chimodzi kapena ziwiri patsiku..

Pa tsiku la chinyama ayenera kumwa madzi okwanira - pafupifupi 10-20 malita. M'nyengo yozizira ayenera kuthiriridwa katatu patsiku, m'nyengo yozizira - kawiri.

Mlandu

Nthaŵi yobereketsa ya pony nthawi zambiri imawerengedwa kutha kwa kasupe. Nthawi ya msana ndi mai ndi miyezi 11. Choncho, ana amabadwira kumapeto kwa chaka chamawa, pomwe udzu ndi wokoma kwambiri. Bwato limodzi, monga mwachizolowezi, limabereka mwana mmodzi. Pansi pa chisamaliro cha amayi, mwana wakhanda amakhala mpaka mwana wotsatira atabadwa, kapena mpaka atagawanika. Izi ziyenera kuchitika pasanapite nthawi yomwe mbidzi imatha miyezi isanu ndi itatu.

M'makonzedwe amtunduwu, kuyamika kwachimake kumayamikiridwa kwambiri, koma sikofunika kusakaniza achibale a mtundu wa mahatchi kotero kuti mtunduwo usawonongeke.

Zimakhulupirira kuti kubereka kwa pony kumakhala kopindulitsa pachaka, chifukwa kufunikira kwa iwo sikugwa ndipo kumakula ngakhale. Musanayambe bizinesi yopindulitsa, muyenera kuphunzira maonekedwe onse a kuswana kwawo ndi maphunziro ndi kuwerengera nthawi yobwezera, komanso kufufuza msika wa ntchito. Malingana ndi obereketsa odziwa bwino, ma poni ayenera kusungidwa mosamalitsa kuyambira ali aang'ono kuti apitirize kulandira mzanga wokhulupirika, wodalirika ndi wochezeka yemwe saopa kuloledwa kukachezera ana awo.