Zapadera za kukula kwa lilac ku Hungary

Lilac ndi chomera cha shrub chomwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga malo ndi malo okongoletsera malo, omwe amadziwika bwino chifukwa cha maluwa ake ochuluka komanso ochuluka. Amadziwika chifukwa cha kulekerera kwa chilala, kukonda kuwala ndi chisanu. Chiyembekezo cha moyo ndi pafupifupi zaka 90. Nkhaniyi, choyamba, ili ndi mauthenga okhudzana ndi milandu ya Hungary, mitundu yake, kubzala ndi kusamalira ndi njira zake zoberekera.

Malongosoledwe a zomera

Kutalika kwa chitsamba chachikulu kumakhala pafupifupi mamita asanu. Nthambi za anyamata obiriwira kapena zobiriwira, zimakhala ndi tsitsi lalifupi komanso zimawala dzuwa. Nthambi za lilac ya chaka chimodzi zimakhala zofiira, m'tsogolomu zimakhala zofiirira.

Masambawa amakhala opangidwa mozungulira kwambiri, nthawi zina amatsitsimula-ovate, ali ndi mthunzi wobiriwira kumtunda, wofewa mpaka kukhudza, ndi khungu kakang'ono kumbali. Mbali yapansi ya masamba ndi yotumbululuka, yamaliseche, imakhala ndi nsalu ya bluish ndi m'mphepete mwamphamvu. Kutalika kwa petioles kumakhala kwa dongosolo la 1-1.5 masentimita. Maluwawo ali ndi mawonekedwe a tetrahedron, owerengeka, kutalika kwake ndi dongosolo la masentimita 1.

Mukudziwa? Lilac analandira dzina lake lachibadwa pofuna kulemekeza mmodzi mwa anthu a kalembedwe ka Greek, the syadi naiad.

Poyankhula za lilac ya Hungary, n'kosatheka kuti asapereke maluwa ake, omwe alipo, monga lamulo, ali ndi phokoso lofiirira komanso fungo lonunkhira. Maluwa amapanga masamba, kutalika kwa nthawi zina kufika 10-22 masentimita.

Maluwa a maluwa ali ndi mawonekedwe ovoid, omwe amatsogoleredwa kumbali kapena kukwera mmwamba. Mbewu ili ndi mtundu wofiira-bulauni. Chipatsocho ndibokosi lopanda kanthu lomwe liri ndi utali wa masentimita 1. Nthawi yamaluwa imakhala masiku 20-25, kawirikawiri mu June. Lilac fruiting mu August.

Mafayi ndi mitundu

Lilac ali ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana:

  • Common lilac - medium shrub yomwe nthawi zina imatha kufika mamita 7. Maluwa aakulu (mpaka 25 masentimita) amakhala ndi fungo labwino, lilac kapena white.
  • Lilac meier - shrub yomwe kutalika kwake sikuposa 1.5 mamita. Zomwe zimapangidwira zimakhala ndi maluwa ang'onoang'ono, omwe amajambula pang'onopang'ono. Kutalika kwa inflorescences - mpaka masentimita 10
  • Shaggy lilac - shrub sing'anga kukula, ndi lalikulu (mpaka 15 masentimita) masamba a inflorescence mkati 20-25 masentimita, amakhala ndi zazikulu zazikulu za pinki-wofiirira maluwa.
  • Lilac wa Perisiya - kutalika kwa lilac iyi kuli pafupifupi mamita 3.5. Lili ndi maluwa a mthunzi wofiirira, kukula kwake. Ili ndi kukoma kosadabwitsa.
  • Kudumpha lilac - midzi shrub yomwe kutalika kwake sikupitirira mamita atatu. Maluwa a mitundu iyi ndi odabwitsa chifukwa ali a mitundu iwiri - kunja kwa pinki ndi nsalu yofiira ndi pafupifupi yoyera mkati.

Mukudziwa? Mu nyenyezi, lilac imagwirizanitsidwa ndi chizindikiro cha ng'ombe.

Koma lilac ya Hungary, ndiye m'munda pali mitundu iwiri yofala ya mtundu uwu:

  • Pale (Syringa josikaea palida), yomwe ili ndi maluwa okongola kwambiri.
  • Wofiira (Syringa josikaea rubra)omwe amasiyana ndi maluwa ofiira.

Zinthu zofunika pakukula

Kuphweka kwa shrub ili yoyenera kuyamikira. Momwemo, amatha kulekerera chilala ndi chinyezi, akhoza kuthana ndi kusowa kuwala komanso kutayika kwa mpweya kwa mpweya, akhoza kupirira kutentha mpaka 40 ° C.

Komabe, shrub yatsopano yatsopano, idzafuna njira yapadera posankha malo olima.

Mwinamwake mukukhala ndi chidwi chophunzira momwe mungamere bwino ndikukula malaki a Perisiya m'munda.

Malo ndi kuunikira

Malo abwino adzakhala malo okwanira okwanira, otsekedwa ndi mphepo yamphamvu. Malo otsetsereka, otsetsereka ndi osefukira m'dzinja ndi kumayambiriro kwa kasupe sizingakhale zoyenera kubzalala malaki aang'ono, chifukwa ngakhale kuchepa kwa madzi pang'ono kungayambitse mizu ya zitsamba zazing'ono.

Zosowa za nthaka

Nthaka iyenera kukhala yowonjezera yonyowa, ikhale ndi ndondomeko yowonjezera, yobwezeretsedwa ndi kukhala ndi zinthu zambiri zamtundu.

Kuphatikiza kwakukulu kudzakhala kubzala kwa shrub mu nthaka yazing'ono kapena yopanda ndale yomwe ili pansi pamtunda, yomwe idzalola kuti chomera chanu chikhale ndi ulemerero wonse.

Kubzala mbande

Kubzala lilac sikunali kosiyana kwambiri ndi kubzala chitsamba china chirichonse, koma pali zinthu zambiri zomwe ziyenera kulipira kwambiri.

Nthawi

Nthawi yabwino yobzala Hungary lilac idzakhala nthawi kuyambira theka lachiwiri la July mpaka kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa September. Izi zimayambira makamaka kuti zikhalidwe za chilengedwe zimasonyeza kukula kwa njira zowonjezera panthawiyi.

Ngati chodzala chachitika kumapeto kwa nthawi yophukira kapena kasupe, ndiye kuti, tchire sichidzawonjezeka konse chaka choyamba chifukwa chakuti adzakakamizika kulimbana ndi zovuta zachilengedwe.

Technology

Ndi bwino kudzala chomera ichi m'mitambo yamdima kapena masana pamene dzuwa likulowa. Posankha chodzala zakuthupi ayenera kulimbikitsa kwambiri mizu, yomwe iyenera kukhala ndi nthambi yabwino ndi miyeso ya dongosolo la 25-30 masentimita.

Chombo chokwera chiyenera kukhala 45x45x45 masentimita ngati chodzala mu nthaka yachonde, komanso mozama - 90x90x90 masentimita, ngati ndi nthaka yopanda mchenga. Pansi pake ayenera kukhala ndi chisakanizo cha kompositi ndi phulusa, ndizotheka kuwonjezera pang'ono za superphosphate.

Chotsatira ndicho kukhazikitsa chomera mkatikati mwa dzenje, mofanana ndikugawira mizu kuzungulira ponseponse ndikuyang'anitsitsa bwino ndi dziko lapansi. Pomalizira, nthaka iyenera kuyanjana.

Chisamaliro cha lilac cha Hungary

Mutabzala, ndi bwino kupanga madzi okwanira ambiri, ndipo nthaka yoyandikana nayo iyenera kugwiritsidwa ndi kuthandizidwa ndi masamba ogwa, peat kapena humus m'kati mwake. 6-10 masentimita

M'chaka choyamba, chomeracho sichidzafuna chakudya chofunikira, koma kuyambira pachiwiri, ziyenera kugwiritsa ntchito nitrogenous feteleza pa mlingo wa 55 g wa urea pa kubzala m'chaka chimodzi.

Kupaka feteleza ndi feteleza ndi kotheka. Zokwanira pa manyowa aliwonse - zidebe zingapo pa chitsamba chimodzi nthawi ya chilimwe ziyenera kukhala zokwanira. M'dzinja, ndizotheka kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza feteleza ovuta.

Ndikofunikira! Njira yabwino yoperekera chakudya ndi feteleza ndi phulusa. Pakukonzekera kwake ndikofunika kusakaniza 250 g wa phulusa ndi ndowa.

Pa nthawi ya maluwa, kuthirira kumachitika nthawi zonse, makamaka nthawi yotentha kwa chaka. Kukonza zaka zingapo mutatha kubzala ndizosankha. Koma, pakufunika kupanga "mafupa" a chitsamba cham'tsogolo - 5-10 mwa nthambi zabwino kwambiri. Zina zonse ziyenera kudulidwa.

Kudulira koyera ndi kupatulira makamaka kumachitika kumayambiriro kwa kasupe, koma ngati muwona izi ngati zofunikira, kusokoneza uku kumaloledwa m'nyengo yonse yokula.

Zimazizira

Monga tanenera kale, lilac ya Hungary - mbewuyi imakhala yozizira kwambiri ndipo imatha kusuntha kutentha kwa -40 ° C. Koma ngati ana aang'ono sakonzekera bwino nyengo yozizira, chaka chotsatira mukhoza kutaya tchire lanu.

Pamaso pa isanayambike chisanu ayenera kukhala yokutidwa ndi wosanjikiza wa peat kapena wagwa masamba mpaka 10 masentimita wandiweyani.

Ndikofunikira! Pogona akhoza kuchotsedwa nthawi yomwe kutentha kwa tsiku ndi tsiku kukuposa +5° ะก.

Njira zina zoberekera

Kuberekera kwa makola a ku Hungary ndi kotheka ndi kudula, kusonkhanitsa kapena kuthandizidwa ndi mbewu. Njira yomaliza imabweretsa lilac zakutchire. Kufesa mbewu nthawi zambiri kumachitika mu kugwa kapena kasupe mutatha kulumikiza mbewu pa kutentha kwa 2-5 ° C, mpaka mpaka miyezi iwiri.

Ponena za katemera, katemera wamba, wamba wamtundu uliwonse kapena mtundu wina wa lilac ukhoza kukhala chitsa kwa alamu a Hungary. Inoculation imagwiritsidwa ntchito mwa njira ya mphukira yamphongo kapena kudula.

Lilac ndi chomera chabwino kwambiri kwa aliyense amene akufuna kuyamba malo kapena kukhala ndi chidziwitso chokwanira mu bizinesi ili. Ngati mutabzala chitsamba ichi pakali pano, ndiye kuti chidzayamba kukukondetsani ndi mtundu woyamba. Ndipo musachedwetse nkhaniyi mpaka kalekale.