Chakudya cha mafupa: momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito feteleza

Momwe zinthu zilili pangozi yochepa chabe ya munda kapena maluwa opanda maluwa nthawi zonse, n'zotheka kukwaniritsa nyengo yowonjezereka yopita kumunda kapena kumunda. Akatswiri ambiri omwe amapanga nthaka yowonongeka amalimbikitsa, kuphatikizapo njira zamakono zomwe zimachokera ku mullein ndi nkhuku manyowa, apadera omwe amapanga ufa. Kodi chakudya cha fupa ndi chiyani, chomwe chimathandiza bwanji pakukula kwa zomera, malo ndi nthawi yomwe mankhwalawa ayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito molondola - tidzatha kunena za izi zonse mtsogolomu.

Kodi amachita chiyani?

Chakudya cha fupa ndi ufa wonyezimira, wonyezimira wambiri chifukwa cha mafuta a nyama. Thupi limachokera ku kukonza mafupa. Ogulitsa zopangira zipangizo zopangira mafupa ndi nyama zothandizira zomera. Komanso pakukonzekera kupita kuchipatala chinalandidwa ndi zinyama. Zida zonse ziyenera kukhala zatsopano komanso osatengeka.

Ndikofunikira! Chifukwa cha kupatulidwa kwapang'onopang'ono kwa zinthu zomwe zimapangidwa, zida za fupa zimalimbikitsidwa kupanga zonse ziwiri-3 zaka.
Poyambirira, imaphwanyidwa kukhala kabotila, kenaka youma ndi kuweranso pansi mothandizidwa ndi zipangizo zapadera. Malonda, gawo lapansi limapangidwa m'njira zitatu. Ambiri ndi ophweka - akupera kawirikawiri zowononga zinyama zakuda. Koma vuto lake ndilo phosphorous.

Njira ina yowonjezereka ndiyo kuyamba kwa zipangizo zoyamba. Izi zimakuthandizani kuti muwonjezere pang'ono kuchuluka kwa micronutrient. Koma mitengo yabwino kwambiri imatha kupezeka ndi mafupa oyambirira a mafupa. Zotsatira zamakono zamakono zimatengedwa kukhala apamwamba kwambiri.

Kunyumba, mutha kupanga feteleza ofanana, makamaka ngati pali nyanga, mafupa, ziboda za ziweto, nsomba ndi nkhuku. Kuti muchite izi, muyenera kutsuka zopangirazo ndikuzidula mu zidutswa zing'onozing'ono.

Ndikofunikira! Ganizirani kuti njirayi imatenga nthawi yochuluka ndipo imafuna mpweya wokwanira, kotero ndibwino kuti muzigwira ntchito mumsewu, pachithunzi chokonzedwa bwino.
Kenaka nkhaniyo iyenera kuikidwa mu pulasitiki, kutsanulira madzi ndi kuphika mpaka kuchepa. Zosakaniza zowonongeka zimatha kusweka.

Kumagwiritsidwa ntchito

Mu ulimi, nkhumbayi imakhala yovuta kwambiri. Amagwiritsiridwa ntchito kwambiri ngati chakudya chowonjezeka cha ulimi komanso ngati feteleza mu ulimi.

Mankhwalawa ndi abwino kwambiri kudyetsa munda, zokongoletsera, munda, maluwa, wowonjezera kutentha ndi mphika zomera.

Mudzakhala ndi chidwi chodziwa za feteleza monga feteleza, mazira, anyezi, mapepala a nthochi, ndi whey.
Kugwiritsira ntchito fupa chakudya mu horticulture, m'mabedi a maluwa ndi m'munda kumayesedwa ndi kukhalapo kwa zigawo zambiri za nayitrogeni ndi phosphorous. Patadutsa miyezi isanu ndi umodzi mutatha kuwonjezera mankhwalawa, nthaka pamalowa imakhala yowonjezera komanso yofewa.

Kuonjezera apo, sizimapangidwanso, ngakhale kugwiritsa ntchito mulch woyenera kuti izi zitheke. Ntchito yogwiritsira ntchito gawoli ili yoyenera nthawi yokonzekera nthaka yopangira mbewu. Mu zipatso ndi m'munda, akatswiri amalangiza kuti choyamba azibalalitsa feteleza ndipo pokhapokha azichita zakumba.

M'munda pamtunda wa mita imodzi ayenera kupanga mkati mwa 200 g wa ufa, mlingo ukhoza kusinthidwa malingana ndi maonekedwe a physico-chemical a nthaka.

Mukudziwa? Nyama ndi pfupa monga feteleza zinagwiritsidwa ntchito ngakhale ndi mafuko osauka. Amakhulupirira kuti ndi omwe adapeza malo opindulitsa mwa kupeza mwachangu kuti mbewu yabwino imakula m'malo mwa nyama yakugwa pambuyo pa kuwonongeka kwake.
Amayi ena amagwiritsa ntchito zomwe zimachititsa kuti fupa la udzu lisamalire. Zikatero, nthawi zonse amayamikira ndi chophimba chowala, chobiriwira ndi cholemera chobiriwira. Olima amaluwa ndi amalima amaluwa akulangizidwa kuti awonjezere ufa wothira zakudya zowonjezera zomera. Izi zimachitidwa pofuna kuti phosphorus ndi potaziyamu zikhale zowonjezera. Pofuna kubzala mbewu, ntchito yaikulu ya fupa la chakudya ndi kupititsa patsogolo chitukuko, zipatso zokolola mofulumira komanso kuonjezera zipatso.

Ubwino

Zikuwoneka kuti feteleza wochuluka wopangidwa kuchokera ku mafupa a nyama amangokhala ndi micronutrients ndipo sangathe kupikisana ndi zina za mchere. Izi ndizo zowonjezera pazowonjezerapo.

Ndikofunikira! Chakudya cha mafupa sichinthu chomwe chimayambitsa matenda. Chidziwitso chotsimikizika cha kuyang'anira zipangizo zamakono ndi kuyambitsidwa kwake koyamba kungakhale ngati chitsimikiziro cha chitetezo.
Koma zikhulupiriro zonse zolakwikazi zimachotsedwa ndi akatswiri. Malingana ndi agronomists, fupa ndi fupa ndi fupa zimakhala ngati feteleza wodziimira, monga opanga amasonyezera mu malangizo omwe angagwiritsidwe ntchito.

Poyerekeza ndi zinthu zina, gawo lapansi ndilofunika kwa:

  • Njira yochepetsera kugawidwa kwa mankhwala, zomwe zimatitsimikizira kuti zatha nthawi yaitali pa chomera ndi yunifolomu yodzaza ndi zakudya;
  • Zowonongeka - mankhwalawa angagwiritsidwe ntchito ngakhale masabata angapo asanakolole (Komanso, akatswiri amalangiza kuti apange ufa masiku 14 asanapatse zipatso kuti azikongoletsa makhalidwe awo);
  • Kukhoza kutulutsa dothi, kotero kuti phosphoazotin yochepa kwambiri imagwiritsidwa ntchito kumadera okhala ndi alangizi pH;
  • luso lokulitsa zomera za zomera pa magawo onse (intensive biomass buildup, maluwa, mapangidwe ndi kusasitsa zipatso).
Mukudziwa? A kilogalamu thumba la fupa chakudya mu Ukraine ndalama pafupifupi 10-20 hryvnia.

Mitundu ndi zolemba

Scientifically, chakudya cha fupa chimatchedwa "tricalcium phosphate", chomwe chimachokera ku zigawo zazikulu za ufa. Lili ndi kashiamu wochuluka ndi phosphorous. Zowonjezerapo zina ndi mafuta, guluu, phosphoric acid, nayitrogeni, sodium, klorini, sulufule, chiŵerengero cha chiwerengero chomwe chimasiyana pakati pa 1.5-10%.

Zingakhale zothandiza kuti mudziwe za dolomite ndi nsomba.
Malinga ndi luso la kukonzekera ndi kukonzanso mafupa zakuthupi ndi kupangidwa kwa fupa chakudya, pali mitundu ingapo ya izo:

  1. Nthawi zonse - ndi yotchipa kwambiri, chifukwa ndi yophweka kwambiri kupanga, sichifuna zina zothandizira zipangizo zisanayambe kusamba ndipo zili ndi phosphorous 15% yokha.
  2. Zowonongeka - chifukwa cha chithandizo choyambirira cha kutentha kwa zinthu, opanga amapanga kupeza 25% ya phosphorous kuchokera pamenepo.
  3. Mafuta ndi amtengo wapatali komanso ofunika kwambiri, chifukwa phosphorus muli 35%.

Momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito feteleza

Zomera za feteleza, mungagwiritse ntchito mizu ndi foliar njira. Nthaŵi zambiri, ufawo umangowonjezera pansi pamene ukukonzekera kubzala. Akatswiri amawalangizanso kuti asamalire munda, munda ndi mphika pa nthawi ya chitukuko.

Mukudziwa? Chakudya chathunthu cha fupa chimatha miyezi isanu ndi umodzi yokha.
Malingana ndi mtundu wa zomera ndi dothi, izo zimachitika motere:

  1. Pa udzu amwazika ufa wouma pamtunda wa 200 g pa 1 sq. Km. M malo (m'madera ozungulira, kuchuluka kwa feteleza ndi kofunika kuwirikiza).
  2. Kwa munda wam'munda ndi munda wamaluwa, tikulimbikitsidwa kuwonjezera zouma mu chiŵerengero cha 1: 100, ndipo madzi akuyankhidwa akukonzekera kuchokera ku 1 kg ya ufa ndi ndowa ziwiri za madzi otentha. Pachifukwa chomaliza, kuimitsidwa kumasiyidwa kwa sabata, kuyambitsa tsiku lililonse. Kenaka amadutsa mu fyuluta ndikukwera ndi madzi kuti apange okwana 380 l.
  3. Kwa mbande za masamba, masamba kapena supuni ziwiri za ufa zimayikidwa mwachindunji ku zitsime.
  4. Mukamabzala zitsanzo za mabulosi mu dzenje lililonse muyenera kupanga 70 g ya mankhwala m'chaka komanso 120 g kugwa.
  5. Pansi pa bulbous maluwa zikhalidwe (tulips, gladioli, daffodils, maluwa) tikulimbikitsidwa kuwonjezera 30 g wa zinthu kuti bwino.

Kusungirako zinthu

Ojambula akukulangizani kuti musunge mafupa m'zipinda zotetezedwa ndi dothi, kutentha ndi dzuwa. Kugula pulasitiki ndibwino kuti muyike podutsa mpweya wabwino, komwe mulibe makoswe kapena tizirombo tina. Kuti muchite izi, muyenera kupeza shelamu losatheka kwa ana ndi zinyama.

Ndikofunikira! Kwa cacti, azaleas, rhododendrons, ndi zomera zina zomwe zimakonda chilengedwe cha acidic, chakudya cha fupa chimatsutsana.
Ngati tilankhula za substrate yokhazikika, iyenera kuikidwa pamapepala kapena matumba. Onani kuti pothandizidwa ndi ultraviolet ufa amakhala poizoni.

Izi zimachokera ku zotsatira zamkati mkati mwa phosphozotine, zomwe zimachititsa kutentha kwakukulu. Mukafa, mafutawo amakhala oopsa. Ndibwino kuti nthawi zonse mufufuze mmene ufawo umasinthira, kusakanikirana ndi kuwuma. Kudziwa kuti bonemeal ndi chiyani komanso kuti mumakhala bwanji chitetezo, mungakhale otsimikiza kuti chitetezo chake chidzatha. Khalani omasuka kudyetsa maluwa, masamba, zipatso, zipatso ndi ufa uwu, ndipo adzakuthokozani chifukwa cha zipatso zabwino ndi zokongoletsera. Tikukhulupirira kuti malingaliro athu adzakuthandizani ndi izi.