12 mitundu yofanana ndi yovuta: chithunzi ndi dzina

Mitengo yonse yolima sitidziwika. Koma zimachitika kuti kwinakwake pamabedi a munthu wina mumakonda madengu a maluwa owala, monga a daisy, koma simukudziwa momwe mungayankhulire nawo mu shopu la mbewu.

Pofuna kufufuza, tikukupatsani mayina a maluwa otchuka kwambiri, ofanana ndi ma daisies, ndi mafotokozedwe ndi zithunzi.

Akuluakulu

Ngakhale kuti dzina lake limatchedwa "asilikali", zomera zoterezi za Compositae omwe amadziwika ndi maluwa osiyanasiyana okongola a kukula kwakukulu ndi chipiriro. Malingana ndi zosiyanasiyana, iwo akhoza kukhala amodzi osiyana, osavuta, ochepa kapena awiri. Chifukwa cha obereketsa, mitundu yochepa imayambira (mpaka 30 cm), sing'anga (mpaka theka la mita) ndipamwamba (mpaka mamita 1) imapezeka pamsika.

Mukudziwa? Amadziwika bwino ndi anthu akuluakulu mu Register Register amalembedwa monga "zinnia". Dzina limeneli maluwa amalandiridwa polemekeza wophunzira wawo Pulofesa Ivan Tsinna. Ndi iye yemwe kuchokera ku North America anabweretsa mbewu za chomera chokongola ku Ulaya.

Kumtchire, majors amapanga zitsamba zokhala ndi zitsamba zoyera, pinki, zofiira, zachikasu, zofiirira, maroon ndi zofiirira. M'mawunikizidwe amatha kukhala maluwa a pachaka omwe amakhala atsopano maluwa. M'munda adzakhala womasuka m'madera amvula, kumene kuli kutentha komanso kuwala. Chodabwitsa n'chakuti duwa ili likhoza kulimbana ndi kutentha kulikonse ndi chilala, popanda kutaya chidwi chake.

Gerberas

Ngati tsiku lina mudzakumana ndi maluwa osalimba omwe amawoneka ngati daisies amitundu yosiyanasiyana, musadzizunze nokha ndi funso la zomwe amachitcha. Zedi - awa ndi gerberas. Makhalidwe awo odalirika osati kokha maluwa okongola a mapesi omwe amatha pachimake kuchokera ku chilimwe kumapeto kwa autumn, popanda kutaya mwatsopano, komanso ku chilengedwe chawo chonse komanso kusowa kwa zizindikiro. Mwinamwake ichi ndi chomera chokha chimene mungapatse aliyense.

M'dzinja wanu flowerbed ndizokongoletsedwa ndi phloxes, goldenrod, saxifrage, autumn genium, dahlias, monard, rudbeckia, tricyrtis, stevie, marigolds.

Maluwawo ndi a mtundu wa Astrovykh, malo ake okhala ndi ofunda kwambiri ku South Africa ndi Asia. Choncho Chomeracho chimakonda malo abwino kwambiri ndipo chimakonda kutentha kwambiri.

Ndikofunikira! Mbali yapadera ya gerbera ndi kudalira kwa maluwa ake pa tsiku lowala. Chikhalidwe ndi chowala kwambiri, choncho, mukamalimidwa m'nyumba mvula m'nyengo yozizira, imafuna kuunikira kwina.
Mmaonekedwe, maluwa a maluwa a gerbera ali ndi kufanana kwakukulu ndi chamomile, koma akadali yotchuka chifukwa cha kukula kwake ndi maluwa mwake. Makhalidwe ake akhoza kukhala ozungulira, otupa kapena spiky. Masiku ano, pali mitundu ikuluikulu ya gerberas, yomwe ili ndi mitundu yambiri yamtundu komanso yosavuta, komanso mitundu yake ndi yodabwitsa. Zingakhale zilizonse kupatula buluu.

Echinacea

Kukumbukira dzina la "daisisi" yosatha yonseyo sikudzakhala yaitali, chifukwa iwo amadziwika chifukwa cha machiritso awo. Mizu yawo, zimayambira ndi maluwa zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mwachikhalidwe ndi mankhwala ovomerezeka. kuti ateteze chitetezo chokwanira, komanso kuti asamalire khansa ya m'magazi, mapulogalamu oyambirira a mitsempha ndi ziwalo zoberekera, matenda a tizilombo ndi mabakiteriya. Chomeracho chimakhala ndi tsinde lolunjika lomwe limapitirira mpaka 1.5 mamita, masamba ozungulira kapena a linear-lanceolate ndi mapeto a toothed ndi maluwa ofanana ndi chamomile. Chodziwika bwino cha chomeracho ndichinthu chosiyana kwambiri ndi zazing'ono: pa inflorescences zoopsa kwambiri ndizitali, osabereka, komanso kwa pafupi ndi tsinde, tubula, ndi amuna kapena akazi okhaokha.

Mukudziwa? Kuchokera ku munda wa mahekitala a maluwa echinacea, njuchi zimasonkhanitsa 130 makilogalamu uchi.
Chomera chimayamba kuphulika mu July ndipo chimakondweretsa ndi masamba atsopano mpaka October. Mwachilengedwe, pali mitundu 9 ya chikhalidwe ichi, koma kwa mankhwala okha Echinacea yophweka kwambiri, wofiirira ndi wotumbululuka amagwiritsidwa ntchito. Kwa mabedi a m'munda amagwiritsanso ntchito mitundu yambiri ya pinki ndi yachikasu.

Pyrethrum

Maluwa a herbaceous osatha alidi ofanana ndi daisies. Amakhalanso osokonezeka ndi cornflower. Mbali yapadera ya chomera ndi yobiriwira ndi yowala kwambiri ya masamba. Ziwombankhanga zimadziwika kuti zimatha kuopseza utitiri woopsa, nsikidzi ndi tizilombo tina. Choncho, amalima a maluwa amawakonda. Kaŵirikaŵiri mumaluwa a maluwa amakometsera mitundu yofiira. Chikhalidwecho chimakhala ndi sing'anga mpaka masentimita 60, wamtundu wobiriwira wobiriwira kwambiri ndi dengu laling'ono la maluwa, mpaka masentimita 6 m'mimba mwake. Pali khungu, lilac, zoyera, zachikasu ndi zithunzithunzi pinki. Posachedwapa, obereketsa akondwera okonda mitundu yambiri ya maluwa, mitundu yolemera ya terry.

Mukudziwa? Mafuta a pyrethrum amagwiritsidwa ntchito pakhomo popanga ufa wapadera kuchokera ku zipangizo zowuma, zomwe zimaperekedwa ndi ziweto kuchokera ku utitiri.
Chikhalidwe chimadziwika ndi nyengo yozizira hardiness ndi kudzichepetsa kuti ikule mkhalidwe, koma silingalekerere dothi lonyowa. Amakonda kuwala ndipo amasinthasintha bwino penumbra.

Chrysanthemums

Dzina la maluwa awa pachaka ndi osatha, mosiyanasiyana monga ofanana ndi daisies, amachokera ku Chigiriki chakale "mtundu wa golidi" ndipo sagwirizana ndi mtundu wachikasu. Koma lero, asayansi ali kutali kwambiri ndi kachitidwe ka classic of chryshemhemums ndipo amapereka alimi a maluwa atsopano atsopano, mitundu yambiri iwiri ndi mithunzi yosiyana. Kulima munda kumakhala mtundu wa zomerayi mpaka liti mwambo wadziko unalowa bwanji kuti botanist sitingadziwe kumene zinayambira zinyama zotchuka, mwachitsanzo, Dendranthema morifolium ndi Dendranthema indicum. Chokongoletsera cha minda yam'mbuyo ndi nyumba ndizokonda Bakaddi zosiyanasiyana, zomwe, monga chamomile, zili ndi mtima wachikasu ndi maluwa oyera. Lilac, kirimu, chofiira, mtundu wofiirira ndi wachikasu amagulitsanso. Chomeracho sichitha kwa nthawi yaitali, chikuwoneka bwino m'malemba. M'munda umakonda malo a dzuwa.

Ndikofunikira! Chrysanthemums amakonda kwambiri chinyezi. Koma amafunika kuthiriridwa mosamala, chifukwa madzi ochuluka amadzaza ndi mizu yovunda komanso imfa ya maluwa.

Amadabwa

Sindikukhulupirira kuti asters amakono angakhale ndi zofanana ndi daisies. Ndipotu, pogwiritsa ntchito oyesayesa, mitundu iyi ya gulu la Compositae yasintha kwambiri. Komabe, ngati mumapanga maluwa osiyanasiyana, ndiye kuti pali zokondweretsa okonda ma daisisi. Kawirikawiri, alimi amafesa mitundu yosiyanasiyana "Margarita", yomwe imadziwika ndi chikasu pakati komanso kumaphatikizidwe amkati a nsalu za buluu, pinki, zofiirira, zachikasu ndi zoyera.

Zinachititsa chidwi ndi zozizwitsa komanso mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya asters "Waldersee", "Pepito", "Edelweiss". Zomwe zimayambira pamwamba pa masentimita 30 sizimakula, ndipo maluwawo amatha kukula kwa mamita 3-5 masentimita. Kuphatikiza apo, inflorescences ali mu ndege yomweyo. Pogwiritsira ntchito zolimbitsa thupi, amakhudzidwa ndi kukula kwakukulu kwa mitundu ya Madeleine ndi Zonenstein. Chomera ndi chosavuta, chimakonda kutentha komanso kuchepa. Zokwanira chifukwa chokhala osakwatiwa ndi gulu. Malingana ndi msinkhu wa tsinde amagwiritsidwa ntchito kumalire, rabatok, rockeries ndi mixborders. Zikuwoneka bwino pamapangidwe ndi m'mapiri a chilimwe.

Ndikofunikira! Asters onse amamvetsera kwambiri fusarium ndi blackleg. Pofuna kuteteza matendawa kuti asasokoneze bedi lanu, tizilitseni mbeu yanu ndi mankhwala okwanira 1% a potaziyamu permanganate ndi kuwaza nthaka yozungulira maluwa ndi mchenga wa mtsinje.

Ursinia

Mwini aliyense yemwe ali ndi bedi laling'ono la maluwa la maloto a maluwa odzichepetsa kwambiri. Zili ngati zovuta zamakono, koma zimasiyana ndi zokongola za golidi zokongola ndipo zimagawidwa bwino masamba. Osatha amadziwika ndi kupirira kwa kuzizira ndi mavuto, amamasula mpaka chisanu. Chidziwikire cha Ursinia chili m'mabasiketi a maluwa, omwe amatsegulidwa mwaulere kapena mu inflorescences. Mtundu wa maluwa onunkhira ukhoza kukhala wachikondi chamtundu wa terracotta. Ndilo khalidwe lomwe mbali yawo yamkati imakhala yowala, ndipo kumbuyo kumadzaza ndi mthunzi wofiirira. Mapesi a maluwa amasonkhanitsidwa mu rosette, yomwe imamera m'lifupi, koma imayendetsedwa mosavuta.

Gatsania

Chomerachi chikhoza kukongoletsa gulu lonse la munda. Gatsania ndi yochepa yosawerengeka yomwe imakhala ndi masamba osungunuka a masamba obiriwira omwe amasuta fodya komanso masamba akuluakulu omwe ali ndi madengu amodzi. Sitima chikhalidwe sichoncho. Mdima wandiweyani kumbuyo kumakhala ndi mulu wakuda, womwe umateteza maluwa kuchokera ku chimfine ndipo umakhalabe ndi chinyezi, ndikupanga mphamvu yowonjezera nthawi ya chilala.

Ndikofunikira! Anabzala mbewu za gatsaniya, ngati dandelion, ntchentche kutali. Pofuna kuteteza izi kuti zisakwaniritsidwe, pezani mfundo pamwamba pazitsulo zingapo zolimba.

Kuchokera muzu umodzi ukhoza kutsegulira mpaka 35 inflorescences. Kuwonjezera apo, kutalika kwake kumafikira masentimita 10. Mafuta a gazania akhoza kukhala ofiirira, lalanje, kirimu, lilac, mandimu-mandimu ndi olemera achikasu, mzere, bicolor ndi monotone. Zikuwoneka mikhalidwe yabwino kwambiri momwe mtundu umodzi umatulukira pang'ono. Mbewu yoyamba ya gatsania imatsegulidwa mu June ndikugwira mpaka nthawi ya chisanu chisanu. Zina mwa makhalidwe abwino a zomera, amalima a maluwa amatcha nyengo yozizira ndi chilala kukana, undemanding ku nthaka makhalidwe.

Coreopsis

Olima amaluwa omwe ali kale ndi coriopsis amachitcha "dzuwa la munda", ndipo atsopano, atawawona kamodzi, afunseni anthu odziwa bwino momwe maluwa amenewa amadziwira, ndi aakulu komanso amitundu yambiri. Osatha mosavuta kulekerera yaitali kusowa kwa chinyezi ndi limamasula pamaso isanayambike ozizira nyengo. Mitengo yake imakhala yaikulu mpaka 50-90 masentimita, ndipo maluwa akuluakulu a maonekedwe achikasu akuphatikizapo khoma lolimba kwambiri.

Ndikofunikira! Pakuti zambiri pachimake cha Astrovykh mu nthawi, kuchotsa masamba.

Mitundu yotsitsa ndi yayikuluyi yakhala yosangalatsa kwa ma Compulsive fans. Mofanana ndi abale ena onse, amafuna malo awoawo, kotero pamene mukudzala coreopsis ndibwino kuchoka pakati pa tchire 50-60 masentimita. Chokhalitsa cha zomera ndi kusintha kwake kuti chikhale ndi chikhalidwe: chidzaphuka mowolowa manja m'deralo, chidzachepetsa kukula kwa penumbra, koma sichidzatayika. Ndipo amalima a maluwa ngati osasamala za maluwa ku nthaka ndi kukhala osasamala.

Arktotis

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya chikhalidwe imakuthandizani kupanga mapangidwe osiyana siyana: kuchokera kutalika kwa arctotis zimayambira kufika mamita 1.5, ndi osachepera - masentimita 20 okha. Maluwa a maluwa achikale amajambulidwa oyera, ndipo zokolola zimatha kukonda ndi lalanje, zofiira, zofiira ndi zonona. Chomeracho sichinthu chofunika kwambiri, chingathe kuchita popanda kuthirira nthawi zonse, pamene chimapatsa maluwa omveka m'nyengo yonse ya chilimwe. Chidziwitso chake chiri m'ma dzuwa. Arktotis ndi thermophilic yomwe imatsegula masamba ake masana ndipo pamakhala pafupi usiku.

Mukudziwa? "Erigeron" potembenuza kuchokera ku Greek amatanthawuza "munthu wokalamba." Dzinali limagwirizanitsidwa ndi kusamba koyambirira kwa nyemba zambewu, zokongoletsedwa ndi imvi yakufa.

Erigeron

Mwa anthu, duwa limeneli nthawi zambiri limatchedwa "" magnesia ", omwe amayamba chifukwa cha nthiti zambiri za singano ndi bango. Chomera ndi herbaceous osatha, chomwe chiri nthumwi ya banja la Astrov. Zimayambira ndi zolunjika, zovuta kukhudza, zopanda nthambi, zogona kukhala malo ogona. Masambawo amachotsedwa, amasonkhana mu rosette. Mitengo ya m'munsi imakhala ya masentimita 20 m'litali, ndi masentimita 10 mmwamba. Madengu a madanga, malingana ndi zosiyanasiyana, akhoza kukhala amodzi kapena paniculate. Mphuno ya erigeron nthawizonse imakhala yachikasu, ndipo pamphepete mwazitali zingakhale zofiirira, zofiirira, pinki, zoyera, zofiirira, zonona. Kawirikawiri amakula mu mizere 2-3. Mbalame za Eligeron speciosus ndi zam'mbali za Eligeron alpinus zimapezeka, ndipo zimakhala zosiyana kwambiri.

Venide

M'madera otentha, chikhalidwe cha thermophilic chimene chinabwera kwa ife kuchokera ku Africa, nyengo imodzi yokha ikhoza kukula. Koma izi zimaperekedwa kwathunthu ndi maluwa okongola okongola a lalanje, ofiira, oyera, ofiira, pinki, ofiira ndi achikasu maluwa. Pansi pambali ndi bulauni kapena burgundy peduncles ndi masamba ofiira owala, amawoneka akudabwitsa. Kuonjezera apo, phesi lililonse ndi tsamba la zomera zimaphimbidwa ndi mulu wolimba.

Ndikofunikira! Venidiums akulimbikitsidwa kuti abzalidwe pafupi ndi mipanda yokongoletsera kapena kukhazikitsa zothandizira zenizeni pansi pa zimayambira. Chowonadi ndi chakuti maluwa osalimba amayambira sangathe kupirira kulemera kwawo, chifukwa cha momwe iwo akukula, amagona pansi ndikutuluka mumphepo.

Mu ma hybrids ena, masambawa amakonzedwa mu mizere ingapo, mwa ena amakopeka ndi makina osakanikirana ndi owopsa. Maluwa ambiri a Venidium amatha kufika pa masentimita 12, ndipo muzilombo zina zimakhala masentimita 15.

M'munda, chomeracho chikuyenera kumbuyo kwa mabedi, pamene chimakula mpaka masentimita 80 mu msinkhu. Amakonda madera a dzuwa ndi kuwala, gawo lopanda chinyezi. Amakonda chinyezi chokhazikika ndipo salola kulephera madzi. Zitsanzo zapamwambazi ndizing'ono chabe za banja lalikulu la Compositae. Koma iwo ankakonda okonda maluwa chifukwa cha kukongola kwawo, kukhalitsa ndi kusasamala pamene akukula. Ndiponsotu, mwiniwake wa nyumba yamtunda kapena kumudzi akulota bwalo lamaluwa nthawi zonse ndi zomera, zomwe zimakhala zokongola komanso zosinthika ndi zikhalidwe zilizonse.