Magulu a Nymphs ndi mbali za morphological

Ndi zomera zingati zokongola padziko lapansi. Nthawi zina zimatengera mzimu wa kukongola ndi kukongola kwa mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndipo ndikufuna kukula kwa wowonjezera kutentha pafupi ndi ine kuti ndiwone chozizwitsa cha chilengedwe tsiku ndi tsiku. Ngati munayamba mwadzidzimangira nokha, ndiye kuti mudzakhala ndi chidwi chophunzira za mbeu ngati nymphea kapena dzina lodziwika bwino lomwe-madzi a kakombo, chifukwa ndi ofunika kwambiri.

Kulongosola kwa kugonana

Madzi a kakombo (nymphaea) ndi mtundu wa zomera zosatha m'madzi a Nymphaeaceae. Chomeracho chimakhala ndi masamba akulu ndi maluwa akuyandama pamwamba pa madzi.

Mukudziwa? Anali katswiri wa zachilengedwe kuchokera ku Sweden, Karl Linnaeus, yemwe anapeza chomera ichi cha m'madzi ndipo, chokongoletsedwa ndi maluwa okongola kwambiri, amatchedwa maluwa a madzi awa monga dzina la ndakatulo "Nymphaea".
Amamera padziko lonse lapansi, nthawi zambiri amapezeka m'madera otentha komanso otentha m'madzi okhala ndi madzi otsika. Ali ndi rhizomes yamphamvu kwambiri, yomwe mizu imakhala ikukula, yomwe imachititsa nymph m'nthaka, ndipo masamba ndi maluwa zimakula pamwamba. Chomerachi chimakonda kuwala, chimamasula kuchokera mu May kufikira kufika kwa chisanu choyamba. Maluwa ali ndi mithunzi yambiri: yoyera, buluu, buluu, pinki, kirimu, wachikasu.

Maluwa onse amadzi ndi amphibians: amakula zonse pamtunda ndi m'madzi. Kuberekera kumachitika palimodzi ndi chithandizo cha rhizomes, komanso njira ya mbewu. Pambuyo poyamitsa mungu, maluwawo amagwera mumadzi ndikusanduka zipatso za mabulosi.

Ngakhalenso nymphea, streptocarpus, plumeria, adenium, dieffenbachia, mimulus, imawonjezeka kwambiri mu njira ya mbewu.
Mbewu zing'onozing'ono zimabereka pamenepo, zomwe zitatha, chipatso chimakwera pamwamba ndipo chimatengedwa ndi kutuluka.

Fza ma morphological mbali ya mizu, madzi a kakombo amagawidwa m'magulu anayi:

  • rhizomatous;
  • chithandizo;
  • posakhalitsa rhizomatous;
  • mwambo wamadzi.

Rhizomatous

Gulu la Rhizoma liri ndi rhizome lamphamvu ndipo limapereka mphukira kutalika kwake.

Ndikofunikira! Gulu la rhizo ndi lozizira zosagwira mokwanira kuti likhale m'nyengo yozizira pamadziwe otseguka.
Chifukwa cha zinthu zimenezi, pali mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya zakunja yomwe imayambitsa nyengo yozizira. Iwo amagawidwa mu mitundu yaying'ono ndi yayikulu.

Small

Mitundu yaying'ono ikuphatikizapo maluwa a mitundu yosiyanasiyana:

  • Tetrahedral. Amakula kumpoto pakati pa Siberia. Ndizochepa kwambiri kuposa mitundu yapitayi. Masamba akhoza kufika kukula kwa masentimita 8, ndi maluwa - masentimita asanu.
  • Chipale chofewa. Amakula pakati pa Russia. Ili ndi mawonekedwe osiyana a masamba ndi maluwa ang'onoang'ono okhala ndi masentimita 12, ndi mafuta onunkhira.
  • Orange Water Lily (Aurora), kukhala ndi mapepala apamwamba. Poyamba maluwawo ndi achikasu, kenako amdima mpaka kufiira.
  • Kutuluka kwa dzuwa. Ndi imodzi mwa njira zabwino kwambiri zotsalira. Australian Moorei, yomwe siili pachimake kwambiri, imakhalanso ndi mitundu iyi.
  • Red Rose (Pygmaea Rubra) ndi Pale Pink (Marliacea Rosea)wokhala ndi maluwa okongola kwambiri.
  • Kokometsetsa, komwe kuli ndi fungo labwino kwambiri. Dzina limalankhula palokha. Maluwa amakula m'mimba mwake mpaka mamita masentimita 15, ndipo masamba ali ndi mtundu wobiriwira.

Zazikulu

Zomera zazikulu ndi maluwa okhala ndi masentimita osachepera 15 masentimita, ndipo masamba awo akhoza kufika pamtunda wa mamita awiri lalikulu.

Izi zikuphatikizapo:

  • Madzi a maluwa oyera.
Amamera m'madzi a Eurasia ndi kumpoto kwa Africa. Imakhala ndi masamba akuluakulu obiriwira (masentimita 30 mu kukula) ndi maluwa amake (masentimita 15) ndi fungo lokoma. Olima amaluwa amakonda kukula zachilengedwe zoyera, red rubra nymph ndi kuwala kofiira alba rozea.

  • Madzi Lily Golden Bowl. Maluwa amaluwa aakulu kwambiri, ochuluka kwambiri.
  • Nyerere Yofiira ndi maluwa okongola okwana masentimita 30.
  • Tuberiferous, omwe ali ndi maluwa akuluakulu owala ndi ozembera a rhizomes ndi tuberous kukula komwe kumakula pa iwo. Amakula m'madzi ndi kuya kwa mita imodzi.

Tuberous

Mitundu ya tuberous pa malo okula zomera zimapanga tubers.

Ndikofunikira! Tuberous, conditionally rhizomatous ndi conditionally stolon si chisanu chopinga, choncho ayenera kuchotsedwa panthaka m'nyengo yozizira.
Mtundu uwu wa nymph uli ndi mitundu yambiri:

  • Nymphaea buluu.
  • Mvula yofiira.
  • CapeMaluwawo ali ndi ubweya wofiirira.
  • Madzi a Tiger kapena lotto ya ku Egypt.
  • White, ali ndi masamba osamvetseka.

Malingana ndi mitundu ya pamwambayi ya hybrids inalengedwa:

  • White Water Lily Tigroides.
  • James Gurney wamadzi ozizira kwambiri.
  • Lilac Midnight.

Mwachikhalidwe rhizomatous

Ndikofunikira! Momwemonso mtundu wa rhizomatous uli ndi chinthu chimodzi: mu chilengedwe, amachulukitsa kokha ndi chithandizo cha mbewu.
Izi zikuphatikizapo mitundu yotsatirayi:

  • Nymphea yaying'ono.
  • Daubeniana Hort buluu ndi mfumu yofiirira Mfumu ya Blues.

Momwemo stolonny

Mitengo yotentha ndi ya mtundu umenewu, kuchokera kwa makolo awo omwe amakula ndi kukula, kumapeto kwa ma tubers atsopano. M'nyengo ya masika, timabowo timatuluka mwa iwo, ndikupanga zomera zatsopano.

Mudzakhala okondwa kuti mudziwe bwino zomera zotenthazi: Cordilina, Feijoa, Nepentes, Aglaonema, Alokaziya, Guzmaniya, Monstera.
Woimirayo ndi madzi a ku Mexico. Ali ndi hybrid Sulphurea, yomwe imakula mokhazikika m'madera otentha ndi nyengo.

Mukudziwa? Maluwa aakulu kwambiri ndi Victoria Amazoni kapena Victoria Regia madzi a kakombo ndi masamba akuluakulu omwe amakhala mamita atatu ndi maluwa akuluakulu a madzi omwe amakhala aakulu masentimita 35. Maluwawo amamasula kamodzi pachaka kwa masiku awiri, maluwa amangofika usiku masiku. Mfundo ina yosangalatsa ndi yakuti mtundu wa pakhosi umasintha nthawi zonse, kukhala ndi mithunzi yambiri.
Pomaliza, tiyenera kuzindikira kuti madzi kakombo kapena nymph ndi chomera chabwino kwambiri chokhala ndi maluwa okongola modabwitsa. Mukamayang'ana, zikuwoneka ngati frog ikudumpha maluwa ndikusanduka wokongola kapena kalonga wokongola. Chomera ichi chidzakhala chokongola kwambiri cha dziwe lililonse lokongoletsa.