Mahatchi abambo Orlov trotter

Oryol rysistaya mahatchi ndi mtundu weniweni wa dziko, umene ulibe zofanana ndi kuswana kavalo padziko lapansi. Kavalo la Oryol ndi kavalo wokongola kwambiri, wopambana kwambiri komanso wonyada kwambiri.

Chiyambi

Mbiri ya kulengedwa kwa mtundu wa Oryol imaphatikizapo nthawi yayitali kwambiri yotembenuza zaka mazana awiri - XVIII ndi XIX. Mtundu uwu unatchulidwa pambuyo poyambitsa ndi kulenga, wolemba wa lingaliro ndi mwini wake woyamba wa Count Alexei Orlov.

Nkhani ya lingaliro loti ikhale ndi kavalo ngati Orlov trotter ndi yosangalatsa komanso yokhazikika. Mfumukazi Catherine Catherine Wamkulu ndi wokondedwa wake Alexei Orlov anali pamsewu panthawi imene boma linagonjetsa Peter III. Mwadzidzidzi, iwo adawona momwe kavalo wokhala ndi Neapolitan, atatopa kwambiri, adaima ndi kukana mwamphamvu kuti apite. Ndinafunika kuyang'ana nthawi yomweyo m'midzi yoyandikana nayo.

Koma chifukwa cha ichi, graph mwadzidzidzi anali ndi lingaliro la kuswana mwamphamvu, okongola, olimba ndi odalirika. Asanafike pozindikira za lingaliro limeneli, zoposa khumi zokha zidzadutsa.

Earl anayamba kuchita mahatchi kumayambiriro kwa zaka za 1760 ndipo nthawi zonse ankalota za famu ya pulasitiki, koma choyamba chowonetsera talente yake m'dera lino ndi chakuti mu 1762 mfumuyo inamupatsa mahekitala 120 a malo m'dera la Voronezh ndi a Serfs.

Muyenera kukhala ndi chidwi chowerenga za mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mahatchi monga: heavy (frieze, Vladimir heavy, tinker) ndi kukwera (Akhal-Teke, appaloosa).

Apa anayamba ntchito yomanga zomera. Mu 1774, paulendo, Count Orlov adagula kuchokera ku Turkey Sultan kuti apeze ndalama zambirimbiri za ruble zikwi makumi asanu ndi limodzi za siliva kwa masiku amenewo ndi akavalo okongola kwambiri a Arabia, omwe amadziwika ndi dzina lakuti "Smetanka" ndikupanga mtundu wotchuka wa Orel.

Mu 1775, Count Orlov adapuma pantchito ndikudzipereka yekha kuntchito yake yokondedwa. Pokhapokha mu 1776, kavalo wa Smetanka pamtunda anafikira chuma cha Russia. Smetanka (chithunzi cha serf wojambula)

Imeneyi inali bulu lalikulu komanso lokongola kwambiri. Iye anali ndi nthiti imodzi kuposa momwe ankachitira mahatchi, ndipo dzina lake lotchedwa dzina lake linali loyera.

Iye ankakhala mu graph yake pang'ono, koma anatha kusiya ana 5, omwe amalonjeza kwambiri kuti apange mtundu wodabwitsa wa maulendo anali Polkan I wochokera ku mare a chi Danish chinachokera.

Chirichonse chokhudza iye chinali chabwino, koma chombo chokhazikika chinali chosadziwika kwa iye - chinthu chachikulu chomwe Count Orlov ankafuna kuwona. Chifukwa chake, Polkan ndinadutsitsidwa ndi mare a Friesian ochokera ku Holland ndi mbali iyi.

Kotero mu 1784 mbadwa ya Smetanka inabadwa - Leopard I. mkuntho. Dzina lake linali lofanana ndi nyalugwe chifukwa cha kukhalapo kwa maapulo owala pa ubweya wofiira. Hatchi iyi inali pafupi kwambiri ndi zomwe Count Orlov ankafuna.

Pamene Barca ndinali ndi zaka zisanu ndi ziwiri, iye anapangidwa kukhala wobala, ndipo zaka 17 anapatsa ana ambiri, opambana kuposa akavalo ena mu makhalidwe awo. Anadziwika ngati kholo la Orlov trotter. Obadwa bwino a Barca I amaonedwa kuti ndi ma stallions Cygnus I ndi Amiable I, ndipo anapitirizabe mtundu wa Oryol.

Ndikofunikira! Pali mitundu pafupifupi 800 yokhala ndi mazira omwe amatha kubzala m'dzikolo, ndipo malinga ndi miyezo yobereketsa, mtundu wocheperapo ma 1000 ndi "mantha". Chifukwa chake, zambiri zimayenera kuchitidwa kwa oryol yowonongeka.

Makhalidwe ndi kufotokoza za mtundu

Mahatchi a mtundu wa Orlovskaya ndi otsika kwambiri, omwe amasiyana ndi mahatchi ena onse ndi kutchuka kwa kupatsa kwa ana okha makhalidwe awo abwino, potero amachepetsa ndikukweza ma genetiki nthawi iliyonse.

Maonekedwe ofanana ndi chisomo cha kayendetsedwe ka nyama - chinthu chodabwitsa chophatikizapo nyama izi.

Mukudziwa? Mu 1812, akavalo okwana 500 ochokera ku Oryol anadzuka ndikupereka moni kwa Tsar Alexander I ndikuthokoza mowonjezereka chifukwa cha mtsogoleri wawo wa fakitale atamwalira ndi Count Orlov - serish Shishkin Vasily Ivanovich. Pambuyo pake, mfumuyo inamulemekeza ndi mphete ya diamondi ndipo inalamula mwana wamkazi wa Orlov Anna kuti apatse Shishkin ufulu.

Kutalika ndi kulemera

Mapiri a Orlov ndi aakulu, aatali, ndi akavalo okongola. Pakufota, kutalika kwake kumakhala pakati pa 162 mpaka 170 masentimita, ndipo kulemera kwake kungakhale kochepa kuposa theka la tani. Kutalika kwa thupi kutalika ndi mzere wa oblique kumachokera ku 160 cm, chifuwa girth - 180 cm.

Ndikofunikira! Nkhumba zapamwamba ndi oats ndizo zigawo zikuluzikulu za zakudya za mahatchi, zomwe chakudya chawo chiyenera kukhala choyenera komanso chokhala ndi masamba ndi udzu watsopano. Kutha mokwanira kumwa madzi oyera ndi chinthu chofunikira chokhazikitsa moyo wabwino wa zinyama.

Kunja

Nkhono za Oryol zimakhala zamphamvu kwambiri, koma nthawi yomweyo zimawoneka mwachangu, zokongola, zokongola chifukwa cha kukula kwake kwa mutu ndi utsi wotambasula, ndi chingwe chokongoletsera chomwe chimakhala ndi nsomba zokha.

Maso awo ali ndi chidwi, ali ndi chidwi, amatsitsimodzinso ndi zodabwitsa. Thupi limapangidwira ndipo, panthawi imodzimodzi, lonse, koma kwambiri, lolimba. Ili ndi miyendo yokongola, yoonda, koma yodalirika, yamphamvu ndi yamphamvu, yowona, mchira wanzeru.

Oryol racers ndi kuwala kosalekeza, akudabwitsa kwambiri.

Mtundu

Oryol trotters amavomerezedwa ndi suti yoyera: mu maapulo, oviira, oviira komanso ofiira. Koma, panthawi imodzimodziyo, akhoza kukhala ndi suti ina iliyonse: wakuda, bay, buckthorn, mchere, wouma, ndi wofiira. Mbalame ya bulan yomwe imachokera kwa mayi wa Polkan I.

Makhalidwe

Oryol racers, mwa chikhalidwe chawo, akupirira mofulumira, mofulumira, ndi frisky, chifukwa ali ndi majini a makolo ndi magazi a Arabia otentha. Pa nthawi yomweyo iwo ali okoma mtima, okondana, osinthasintha komanso otchuka kwambiri. Koma osayika - Awa ndi akavalo onyada, olemekezeka ndi kuyima kwawo ndi bata.

Mukudziwa? Kuchokera panthawi yomwe oyang'anira oyambirira a mtundu wa Oryol akuonekera, mayesero onse a mahatchi ankachita nthawi zonse: kuyambira ali ndi zaka zitatu, anakakamizika kuyenda mtunda wa makilomita 18.

Zosiyana

Chinthu chachikulu cha akavalo a Orlov, kuwasiyanitsa ndi ena, ndipamwamba kwambiri ya trotting. Uwu unali khalidwe limene Mlengi, Count Orlov, ankafuna pa akavalo choyamba.

Mtundu wa Frisky ndi mbali yomwe idaperekedwa kuchokera ku mibadwomibadwo kupita kwa anthu onse a mtundu uwu. Mbali imeneyi imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri popititsa patsogolo chikhalidwe cha akavalo a mitundu ina. Mahatchi a oryol ndiwo oyimira oyamba a otukuka omwe amamera ku Russia, omwe ali ndi zinthu zosiyana ndi mahatchi ena.

Tiyeneranso kukumbukira kuti Amayendera bwino nyengo iliyonse, osadzichepetsa pa zakudya. Mtundu umenewu mwa iwo unayamba kubala ngakhale Count Orlov, kuyesera kuti asunge anthu othawa kwawo movutikira komanso kuwadyetsa oats.

Zonsezi zinachitidwa kuti atenge kavalo wokometsetsa nkhondo, wokhoza kupirira mosavuta zovuta za moyo wankhondo.

Ndikofunikira! Kuti apitirize kukhala ndi thanzi labwino pa akavalo, ayenera kusungidwa m'chipinda choyera ndi mpweya wokhala ndi malo apamwamba, chifukwa ming'alu ndi maenje amatha kuvulaza kavalo. Masiku ano, pofuna kuchepetsa katundu pa chinyama, chophimba cha raba chimapangidwa. Akufunikabe kufalitsa utuchi kapena udzu. Tsiku lililonse, tsitsi lavalo limayenera kuyeretsa. Pofuna kuteteza chimfine chotheka, mutatha katundu wolemetsa hatchi iyenera kuwonongedwa. Nsomba zitatha kuzungulira zimafuna kuyang'anitsitsa ndi kuyeretsa nthawi zonse, zimakhala ndi mafuta odzola.

Ntchito yobereka

Mahatchi a oryol ndiwo mahatchi apadziko lonse: iwo ndi antchito apamwamba, ndipo muzochitika za nkhondo panali othandizira ofunikira; Zinali zosavuta kulima, zinali zotetezeka kumenyana nazo.

Masiku ano, mahatchi ang'onoang'ono, omwe ndi mahatchi ndi mahatchi ang'onoang'ono a mtundu wa Falabella, ndi otchuka kwambiri.

Hatchi ya mtundu uwu imamva bwino kwambiri, imakhalanso bwino kukwera kavalo. Oimira bwino a Orlov trotters amatha kuwonetseratu pakati pa ogonjetsa masewera osiyanasiyana a masewera, masewera amtunda, akuyimira msasa wawo ku mawonetsero osiyanasiyana, kumene ayenera kupambana mphoto.

Amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri m'munda wa zokopa alendo. Komanso, oimira mtundu uwu - chinthu chabwino kwambiri pa kuswana ndi kusintha kwa mitundu. Masiku ano, pambuyo pa vuto linalake popanga mahatchi a Orlov kuthamanga mahatchi, amakhalanso atsitsimutso ndipo amafunikira kwambiri chifukwa chokhala ndi katundu wapadera.

Mukudziwa? Wolemba Orlov anakhala kholo la "Mafuko a Moscow" odziwika kwambiri, ndipo oimira mtundu wa Orlovka ndi amene anayambitsa masewera otchedwa trotting.
Hatchi ya mtundu wa Oryol inakhala chenicheni chifukwa cha kulimbika mtima ndi kuleza mtima, kudzipatulira komanso njira yoyenera ya kusankha mlengi wake.