Njuchi zam'madzi: Njira zowononga tizilombo

Kachilomboka kakang'ono ka tsamba Kuyenera kuganiziridwa moyenera ngati imodzi mwa insectoids yoopsa kwambiri yomwe imawononga kwambiri mbewu zosiyanasiyana za kabichi. M'nkhaniyi mupeza zambiri zokhudza momwe mungazindikire tizilombo toyambitsa matendawa komanso momwe mungaperekere njira zoyenera zotsutsa pamene tizilombo timayambitsa mabedi anu.

Malingaliro a tizilombo

Chikumbu ichi chimakhala ndi maonekedwe a 7-10mm, thupi lake limakhala lofiira kwambiri, mbali ina ya thupi imakhala yofiira ndi yakuda, imakhala ndi mbali zitatu zomwe zimakhalapo mbali imodzi - mbali imodzi ya msoko ndi ziwiri mbali zonse za pakati pa elytra. Mbali yapakati ya thupi imadutsa pamutu, yomwe ili ndi zigawo ziwiri zazithunzi zakuda, zigawo 11. Miyendo ndi yachisanu ndi chimodzi, zonsezi zimakhala ngati masharubu, ndizowonjezera komanso zimapangidwa ndi zigawo.

Mphutsi imakhala ndi thupi la 13-16 mm, kumbuyo kwake kuli mtundu wofiirira wofiira, ndipo mbali yapafupi imakhala yachikasu. Mphungu yonseyi imadzazidwa ndi maonekedwe a mdima ndi zofanana ndi zawotchi, pamwamba pake zomwe zimapangidwira. Ngati mumakhudzidwa ndi zilonda, fungo lofanana ndi gululi limatulutsidwa. Nkhupa imakhalanso ndi wakuda ndi wofiira, kukula kwake ndi pafupifupi 1 cm.

Mukudziwa? Zomera zowalidwa, osati zithunzithunzi za mitundu iyi komanso mbozi zawo zimatulutsa parasitize.

Kufalikira ndi kuvulaza

Pambuyo pa wintering ngati mazira kapena mphutsi, zomwe zimachitika kumtunda, nthaka zimakula. Kum'mwera, nthawi zambiri imapezeka pakatikati pa kasupe, ndipo kumpoto patapita nthawi pang'ono, m'mwezi woyamba wa May. Poyamba amawononga katsamba, koma pamene chiwerengero cha anthu chikukula, amasuntha ku zomera monga canola, radishes, kabichi, ndi zina zotero. kudya nyama ya masamba, kusiya zovuta zokhazokha, zomwe zimayambitsa imfa ya zomera.

Pambuyo pa nthawi ya chitukuko yomwe imatha masiku khumi ndi asanu ndi limodzi ndi asanu ndi limodzi mphambu khumi ndi zisanu ndi zinayi (28-28), mphutsi zimasanduka makoswe, monga malamulo, akugona pansi pamtunda wa masentimita asanu ndi asanu ndi asanu ndi asanu (8). Kenaka masiku 14-20, Mbozi zomwe zimapitiriza kudyetsa zikhalidwe zosiyanasiyana.

Mukudziwa? Tsamba lafadala la banja ndi limodzi mwa mabanja akuluakulu a tizilombo omwe amadziwika ndi anthu. Ali ndi mitundu 35,000 yosiyana, yomwe imakhala 2500 genera.

Poyamba kutentha kwa chilimwe, zimakhala m'kati mwa nthaka mozama masentimita 20 ndipo zimakhala mu mpumulo wa chilimwe mpaka kumayambiriro kwa autumn. Kumapeto kwa mwezi wa August kapena kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa September, malinga ndi mphamvu ya kutentha, ziphuphu zimatuluka pamwamba ndipo nthawi yomweyo zimakhala zogonana.

Mayi amaika mazira pamwamba pa nthaka, pamene fecundity ya munthu mmodzi imatha kufika mazira pafupifupi 250. Mu chaka chimodzi, mbadwo umodzi wokha wa tizilombowu ukuyamba, koma nthawi zina izi ndizokwanira kuti mbewuyo iwonongeke kwambiri.

Pali mitundu yambiri ya masamba a maluwa. Munda ndi munda wamaluwa zimayambitsidwa ndi horseradish, sitiroberi, katsitsumzukwa, peppermint, sorelo, msondodzi, viburnum tsamba, kachilomboka.

Mmene mungagwirire ndi kachilomboka kakang'ono kameneka

Njira zothandizira pa tizilombozi zikuphatikizapo kugwiritsa ntchito agrochemicals ndi njira zamagetsi. Zogwira mtima, mosakayikira, ndi zoyamba. Kumbukiraninso kuti pochedwa kuchepetsa kusintha kwa mankhwala osokoneza bongo, mumayesetsa kutaya mbeu yanu.

Popanda chemistry

Ndondomekoyi ikuphatikizapo zotsatirazi:

  • Kulima dothi m'dzinja. Zingakhale bwino kuti musamachite chochitikachi mwachindunji mukatha kuika mazira a kachilomboka ndi akazi, omwe ali m'gawo lachitatu la mwezi wa September.
  • Kuchetsa kabichi namsongole pa chiwembu chanu. Izi zidzatengera kuti mbozi imatengedwa kumayambiriro kwa mazira sungapeze mchere wokhala ndi zakudya zokha ndipo imasiya masamba anu.
  • Nthaŵi zowonjezera zowononga nthaka zimamasula, kuphatikizapo pakati pa mizere. Anapangidwira kuti awononge pupae zoipa.
  • Oyambirira kabichi kubzala.
  • Kugwira kachirombo kakang'ono ndi mphutsi pogwiritsa ntchito ukonde. Komabe, muyeso uwu ukhoza kugwira ntchito m'malo ochepa chabe.
  • Ngati mukufuna kuteteza ku tizirombo izi mbewu zina osati kuperekera, ndibwino kuti tizitsatira zomera zomwe zimafuna chitetezo. Chikumbu ichi chokhala ndi mwayi waukulu chikhoza kugwiriridwa ndi chikhalidwe china chilichonse.

Ndikofunikira! Musamawononge nthawi pazochitika izi ngati zoposa 10% za zomera zimakhudzidwa kapena ngati oposa 5-6 a tizilombo toyambitsa matenda akupezeka pa chomera chimodzi. Pankhaniyi, pitani ku tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala

Makampaniwa amapanga tizilombo toyambitsa matenda osiyanasiyana kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, kuphatikizapo tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Komabe, ndi bwino kukumbukira kuti kukonzekera kuli ndi njira imodzi yokonzekera, kulingalira ndi kusagwirizana kwa njira yothetsera ndi njira zogwiritsira ntchito.

Ndikofunikira! Nthaŵi yabwino ya tsiku lochiritsira ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda imaonedwa kuti ndi nthawi yamadzulo, kuyambira nthawi imeneyi tizilombo timakhala pamwamba pa mapepala.

Kumbukiraninso kuti ambiri mwa tizilombo ndi owopsa kwa anthu, kotero musanyalanyaze njira za chitetezo chanu. Phosbecid, Actellic ndi Zolone zimatengedwa kuti ndizopambana kwambiri zogwirira akazi.

Kemifos ndi Detsis ndi othandiza polimbana ndi kafadala kakang'ono ka zikhalidwe zosiyanasiyana.

Zina zowononga

Canola ndi chomera chomwe chimayambira kuchuluka kwa tizirombo ndi matenda. Pano pali mndandanda waufupi wa iwo:

  • Cruciferous utitiri. Kuphatikiza pa kugwiriridwa, zomera zonse zopweteka zimalinso: kabichi, radish, mpiru, ndi zina zotero.
  • Maphwando ophika ma cocktails wamba. Kuwonjezera pa onse operekera, amatha kudya pa walker, radish, mpiru.
  • Mbeu ya Skullcaper. N'zosangalatsa kuti zimadyetsa mbeu za mkati mkati, zitatha kudya zomwe zimakola pod ndi kumapita kumtunda.
  • Kabichi udzudzu wa pod. Kuwonongeka kwakukulu kumayambitsidwa ndi mphutsi, omwe njira zake zofunika zimasokoneza maluwa monga mbewu monga rapesed, kabichi ndi mpiru, kawirikawiri kutseguka.
  • Kubwezera sawfly. Kwa chaka, mibadwo iwiri ya tizilombo iyi ikuyamba. Zochita zowonongeka kwathunthu pansi gawo limodzi la chomera.
  • Mwamsanga maluwa owudya. Amadyetsa maluwa onunkhira. Kuwonongeka kwakukulu kumachitika ndi nyengo yozizira ndi kasupe rapeseed plantings mu kuwononga masamba.
Kugwiritsa ntchito mosamala zonse za agrotechnical kayendedwe ka mankhwala ndi mankhwala oyenera ndi mankhwala ophera tizirombo tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Tikukhulupirira kuti nkhaniyi ikuthandizani kusunga mbeu yanu ya rapese ndi zina zotere kuchokera ku zirombozi.