Zina zosiyanasiyana mitundu ya blueberries "Patriot": kubzala ndi kusamalira m'dziko

Poyamba, ma blueberries ankaonedwa kuti ndi mbewu zakutchire zomwe zimamera mumadambo kapena m'nkhalango. Tsopano alimi ambiri amadziwa kuti ndi shrub ya nyumba, wodzichepetsa pokonza, koma panthawi yomweyi akupereka zokolola zabwino. Kuti mukwaniritse maluwa ambiri, muyenera kutsatira malamulo angapo osavuta omwe tawalemba pansipa.

Kufotokozera

Mitundu yautali yamabuluu "Patriot" inakhazikitsidwa mu 1976 ku United States. Idapangidwira malo osungirako malo. Ntchito yaikulu ya chomeracho inali yokongoletsera, kenako inayamba kukula komanso kuti ikolole zipatso zokoma.

Shrub

Chitsamba chabuluuchi chimafikira mamita 1 mu msinkhu. Chizindikiro chake ndi makhalidwe okongola kwambiri.

Mukudziwa? Blueberries ikhoza kubala chipatso kwa zaka 100, koma ndi chisamaliro choyenera.

Zomera zobiriwira zimabala mu July - pakati pa mwezi kapena theka lachiwiri. Zikuoneka kuti pang'ono kuposa mwezi ukupita pakati pa maluwa a mphukira ndi kucha kwa mbewu - pafupi masiku 40.

Chitsamba chimodzi cha buluu chimapereka pafupifupi 6 makilogalamu a zipatso pa nyengo ya munda. Zomera zazikulu zomwe zakhala pa webusaiti kwa zaka zoposa 4 zingathe kubweretsa makilogalamu 9 a mtedza.

Masamba a chomera ndi ochepa kwambiri, amakhala ndi mawonekedwe ofewa. Masamba aang'ono ali a mtundu wofiira, mwa njira, zipatso zosapsa zabuluu zimakhala ndi mtundu womwewo. M'kupita kwa nthawi, ngati buluu limakula, masamba amamasintha mtundu wake mpaka kawirikawiri. Chitsamba chimatchulidwa ngati kudzipitsa mungu. Ngakhale zili choncho, wamaluwa amanena kuti pollination ndi zomera zomwe zili pafupi, zimapangitsa kuti mbewuzo zikhale zochuluka kwambiri.

Chomeracho n'chosavutikira matenda osiyanasiyana, kuphatikizapo mizu yovunda - matenda omwe amadziwika ndi zomera.

Muyenera kukhala ndi chidwi chowerenga za mtundu wa buluu ngati "Bluecrop", "Wodabwitsa", "Northland".

Berry

Zipatso zimawoneka pang'onopang'ono pambali. Zipatso ndi zazikulu kukula, kufika pamtunda wa mamita 20. Zipatso zimakula pa masango, ndipo pa chitsamba chimodzi pali chiwerengero chachikulu.

Chokolola choyamba ndi chopambana kwambiri - zipatso za nthawiyi ndizokulu kwambiri. Ndicho chifukwa chake ndi zophweka kuti muziwasonkhanitsa pamanja. Zokonzekera zina zimadza ndi zipatso zing'onozing'ono, zimakhala zovuta kuzichotsa. Choncho, njira yokonzetsera ntchito imagwiritsidwa ntchito pa mbewu.

Zipatso zili ndi mtundu wa mtundu wa bluish. Mafuta osabzalidwa bwino adzakhala ndi ubweya wofiira. Tsinde laling'ono, simungathe kuzizindikira nthawi yomweyo. Mtunduwo ndi wobiriwira.

Malangizo Otsatira ndi Malangizo

Mabulosi a mabulosi a buluu "Achibale" ndi osiyana ndi ena pobzala ndi kumusamalira. Nthaka yobzala imayenera kukonzekera mwamsanga. Ndibwino kuti chomeracho chikhale pamalo okongola, chifukwa chimakonda dzuwa ndipo chimakula bwino ndi zotsatira zake.

Kusankhidwa kwa mbande

Kuti nthawi yokolola ikhale yabwino, muyenera kuyamba kupeza sapling yoyenera. Musagule mphukira zokha zokhazikika mu chidebe. Onetsetsani kuti mizu ikuwoneka mumabowo.

Ndikofunikira! Pa makungwa a chomeracho musakhale malo amodzi, kukhalapo kwawo kudzasonyeza kuti pali matenda alionse.

Mtundu wa makungwawo uyenera kukhala wamdima pamunsi pa chomeracho ndi kuunika pafupi ndi pamwamba. Mukapeza kuti masamba ali achikasu, izi zikutanthauza kuti chomeracho chili ndi potassium kapena calcium.

Pankhaniyi, padzakhala kuchepetsa kugawa kwa zinthu izi ku mizu. Komabe, ndibwino kuyamba poyamba kugula mbande zabwino.

Malo abwino kwambiri

Kotero, ife tikudziwa kale kuti kubzala blueberries kuli bwino mu malo omwe akuwoneka bwino ndi dzuwa. Komanso, onetsetsani kuti dera limene chitsamba chimakula, sichimawombera mphepo kapena mphepo yamphamvu. Zonsezi zingayambitse kuwonongeka kwa mbewu.

Bzalani blueberries bwino pamalo apamwamba. Izi zidzateteza kutuluka kwa chinyezi chochuluka kuchokera ku chomera, chomwe sichimamukonda. Zotsatira zotere zingathekekanso pomanga ngalande, yomwe ingakumbidwe pamalo abwino.

Mukudziwa? Mabala a Buluu amathandiza thupi kumenyana ndi zotupa, komanso kulimbikitsa mitsempha ya mitsempha.

Kukonzekera kwa dothi

Nchifukwa chiyani mukufunikira kukonzekera dothi la blueberries? Chowonadi ndi chakuti nthaka yamba yakuda sikuli yoyenera moyo wathanzi wa "Patriot". Musanadzalemo, onetsetsani kuti nthaka yayamba.

Analimbikitsa pH level: kuchokera 3.2 mpaka 5.2. Ngati malire apitirira mlingo wapamwamba, ndiye kuti akhoza kuchepetsedwa mwa kuwonjezera sulfa (koma izi ziyenera kuchitika mu nyengo yapitayi). Choncho nthaka imapangidwanso ndi mabakiteriya a nthaka.

Ndi bwino ngati ma blueberries adzakula mu loam kapena mikate ya mchenga. Kulinganiza kwa nthaka koteroko ndibwino kwambiri; chomera cholemera sichidzavomerezedwa.

Ndikofunikira! Madzi a pansi pano sayenera kukhala oposa 50 cm kuchokera padothi.

Ndikofunika kupanga zinthu zabwino kwambiri pa kukula kwa chitsamba, ndiko kukonzekera nthaka yovunda. Mungathe kupanga peat ndi mchenga. Komanso anawonjezera nthaka, yomwe ndi yofunika kuchotsa pansi pa pine.

Chomera chikukula bwino pa nthaka yomwe ili ndi zinthu zambiri zakuthupi. Choncho, akatswiri nthawi zambiri amalimbikitsa kubzala mbewu zobiriwira m'madera omwe mabomba a blueberries adzakulira chaka chamawa.

Tikufika

Muyenera kudzala chomera msanga, koma pamene ndendende - masika kapena autumn - zimadalira inu. Ngati mumakhala kumadera ozizira kapena ozizira, ndibwino kuti mukhale mchenga.

Nthaka nthawi yobzala iyenera kukhala yochuluka kwambiri. Kuti muchite izi, mukhoza kupanga sulfure panthaka yolima kwa miyezi isanu ndi umodzi (osati patapita), kapena kuthirani nthaka ndi madzi acidic.

Mbande za kubzala ziyenera kukhala ziri m'mitsuko pafupi ndi inu. Achotseni kumeneko ndi kuwongolera mizu. Samalani: musang'ambe kapena kusokoneza mizu.

Maenje omwe ma blueberries ayenera kubzalidwa ayenera kukhala 60 masentimita akuya, ndipo m'lifupi ndi kutalika ziyenera kukhala masentimita 80. Mukhoza kupanga kukula kwake (koma osati kozama), ngati gawo la sitelo likuloleza. Sungani mtunda wa mamita awiri pakati pa mizera. Ndibwino kuti muzitha kuwaza sing'anga pansi mutabzala kuti mukhale ndi zakudya zabwino komanso chinyezi.

Zosamalira

Kusamalira mbewu iliyonse, lamulo lalikulu ndi nthawi yake. Chimodzimodzinso ndi blueberries: musaiwale kumwa madzi nthawi kuti nthaka isadutse.

Ndikofunikira! Blueberries sangalekerere mchere waukulu wa feteleza.

Kubalalitsa tizilombo tosonga pa mizu kumakuthandizeninso kuti mukhale ndi tizilombo ngati udzu umene umalepheretsa kukula kwa blueberries. Ndipo kuti muwonjezere mlingo wa zokolola, mungagwiritse ntchito njira yosavuta kumva: patapita zaka 5 maluwa oyambirira, mutenge chitsamba.

Chomeracho chiyenera kuyamwa bwino. Kawirikawiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito pulogalamuyi. Izi ndizovuta, chifukwa, ngati kuli kotheka, mothandizidwa ndi izo mukhoza kukonzekera chitetezo ku tizirombo pansi.

Njirayi imapulumutsanso ku frosts, yomwe imatha kugwira mwadzidzidzi ndi blueberries kumapeto kwa nyengo, ndipo ndi yabwino kuthirira chilimwe. Zofuna za kuthirira madzi - kumwa madzi okwanira ndi kutayika kwa maonekedwe abwino. Kulima zomera bwino kumayambiriro kwa masika. Pankhaniyi, mukhoza kuona mbali zina za mphukira zowonongeka pambuyo pa nyengo yozizira, ndi kuzichotsa. Chotsani zowonjezera zimayambira. Kukhalapo kwawo kudzasokoneza kukula kwa zipatso, ndipo chifukwa chake zipatso zimakula pang'ono.

Kukula mavuto

Mabala a Blueberries ndi osavuta kusamalira, mavuto okha omwe angakhale pa njira yakulima bwino ndi matenda ndi tizirombo zomwe zimakhudza thupi la mbeu. Komabe, ngakhale tizilombo tochepa kwambiri.

Pakati pa iwo omwe angawononge blueberries ndi hares, mbewa, mitundu ina ya mbalame, ndi mphutsi za kachilomboka ka May. Imodzi mwa matenda ochepa omwe angakhudze chomera ndi imvi ya nkhungu.

Mukudziwa? Blueberries amachepetsa thanzi ndi chimfine ndipo amachepetsa pakhosi.

Kuwona kuti ndi zophweka: bowa la mtundu womwewo umawonekera pa mphukira. Zitha kuyamba kumayambiriro kwa kasupe pamene kutentha sikokwanira kapena pakakhala chinyezi chokwanira.

Mphamvu ndi zofooka

Mitundu yamaluwa a buluu "Patriot" amasankhidwa ndi kukondedwa makamaka chifukwa ali ndi ubwino wambiri pa mitundu ina ya zomera. Zina mwa ubwino waukulu ndi izi:

  • kubereka kwakukulu;
  • nthawi yosungirako;
  • mkulu wa chisanu kukana.

Izi ndi zina zambiri zabwino zomwe mungatsegule m'munda wanu, ngati mutasamalira bwino chikhalidwe chanu.

Ngati ali ndi udindo wokwaniritsa magawo onse, kuphatikizapo kusankhidwa kwa mbande, ndiye kuti blueberries ikhoza kupanga 9-10 makilogalamu a zipatso pa nyengo. Kutchuka kotereku ndipamwamba kwambiri mndandanda wa mitundu yonse.

Yotsatira yotsatira ndi kukana kwa chisanu. Ndipotu, si mbeu iliyonse yomwe ingakulire m'madera ozizira, kumene nyengo sizingapangidwe kuti ikakhale ndi maluwa. Ngakhalenso kutentha, zipatsozo zimakhala zokoma komanso zimakhala ndi moyo wautali. Zokoma zimayesedwa kuti ndizo zomwe zinafotokozera zosiyanasiyana mosiyana ndi matenda osiyanasiyana pa siteji yawo.

Ngati palibe malo okwanira pa tsamba lanu, koma mukufuna kupeza zokolola zabwino, ndiye kukula kwa blueberries ndi njira yabwino yopulumutsira malo. Izi zimatheka chifukwa cha kukula kwa chitsamba sichikulira, monga momwe zimakhalira, koma m'litali.

Kawirikawiri wamaluwa amakumana ndi vuto pamene mbeu imamwalira chifukwa cha chisanu. Kuwonjezera apo buluu wamtali "Patriot" ndikuti imayamba kuphulika pambuyo pa zochitika zotere, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti sizidzatha chifukwa chake.

Ndipo potsirizira pake: zipatso zonse za mbewuzo zimakhala zolimba kwambiri kwa gulu, ndi gulu - ku nthambi. Choncho, zokolola sizimagwa kuchokera ku tchire kwa nthawi yaitali, ndipo izi zimakupatsani nthawi yowonjezera.

Inde, palibe chomera chomwe chingakhoze kuchita popanda zopinga zake: buluu sizingathamange mwamsanga. Kukolola koyamba mumapeza kokha pambuyo pa zisanu, ndipo mwinamwake ngakhale zaka zisanu ndi chimodzi. Inde, izi zisanachitike chipatso chidzabala chipatso, koma osati mochuluka. Tsopano kuti mudziwe momwe mafilimu akuyendera a blueberries, mbali zake zazikulu ndi njira zothandizira, mukhoza kuzigwiritsa ntchito ndikupeza zipatso zochuluka za zipatso zazikulu popanda kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zambiri.