Masamba okula amandiiwala

Nyama musaiwale-ine-osati mbewu yomwe, ngakhale dzina lake, ili yabwino kwambiri kukula pakhomo. Izi zouma, yaing'ono maluwa sizomwe zimapangidwira kwambiri kapangidwe ka wanu maluwa ensembles. Ikhoza kugwiritsidwanso ntchito pa mankhwala. Nkhaniyi ikudziwika kuti ndikuiwala ine, kulima ndi zozizwitsa za chisamaliro chake.

Malongosoledwe a zomera

Musaiwale nkhalango ndizitsamba zaka ziwiri kapena zitatu zomwe zimakhala za banja la Burachnik. Kutalika kwa duwa kumakhala masentimita 40. Tsinde ndi nthambi, yavy, yokutidwa ndi tsitsi.

Mukudziwa? M'chigiriki ndi Chijeremani, pali nthano yonena za m'busa wina dzina lake Likas, yemwe adapatsa mkwatibwi wake maluwa panthawi yopuma. Choncho dzina lake.

Masamba otsika ndi petiolate, oval-shaped, ndipo omwe ali pa zimayambira ndi oblong-lanceolate, yolembedwa ndi villi wambiri.

Maluwawo ali ndi mamita 1 cm, monga lamulo, la mthunzi wa buluu, amasonkhanitsidwa mu inflorescences-curls, zidutswa 4-5 aliyense. Chipatso ndi mtedza wakuda wakuda. Monga momwe dzina limasonyezera, duwa ili limakonda mitengo ya nkhuni kuti ikule. Nthawi zambiri amapezeka m'nkhalango za Central Europe ndi Carpathians.

Komabe, obereketsa amatha kusandutsa nkhalango ndikuiwala-osati kukulira kunyumba ndikupanga mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya zomera.

Kusankha malo m'munda

Posankha malo okula maluwa awa m'munda wanu, ndi bwino kukumbukira komwe ndikuiwala kuti sindikukula kuthengo. Kumbukirani nkhalango zomwe mumakumana nazo ndi maluwa awa, ndipo yesetsani kubzala pafupifupi mkhalidwe wonse wa maluwa amenewo.

Malo

Ndiiwale-sindimakonda malo osungira nthaka. Zili m'magawo ochezeka ndi othunzi omwe angathe kuphuka kuchokera kumayambiriro khumi a mwezi wa May kwa masiku 40-45. Inde, sikuletsedwa kuziyika m'malo opatulidwa bwino, koma nthawi yamaluwa idzachepetsedwa kufikira masiku makumi awiri. Maluwa amenewa amatha nyengo yamphepo chifukwa cha maonekedwe a morphological. Chifukwa chake, mukhoza, popanda mantha, chodzala m'malo ozunguliridwa ndi ma drafts.

Nthaka

Nthaka yoiwala ine-siyeneranso kukhala yosungunuka bwino. Chiwembu changwiro chomwe chili pafupi ndi gombe. Ndibwino kuti mukhale ndi mavitamini olemera, nthaka yabwino.

Zingakhale zothandiza kupereka madzi abwino pamalo odzala mmbuyo, chifukwa ndikuiwala-osati ngakhale kukonda madzi, koma kuwonjezera kwake kungachititse kuvunda kwa mizu ndi kukokera zimayambira.

Ndikofunikira! Nthaka yambiri yokhala ndi feteleza siyenerera bwino kukula kwa duwa, chifukwa chomera ichi chidzalimbikitsa mphamvu zonse ku kukula kwa masamba ndi kuchoka muyeso wa kukula kwa nyengo.

Dothi la Loamy ndi mchenga ndiloipa kwambiri polima chomera ichi. chifukwa mizu ya maluwa awa siyeneranso kukhalapo mu zikhalidwe zoterezi. Kuwonjezera apo, dothi ngatilo limakhala ndi chinyezi chosauka kwambiri, chomwe chiri chofunikira pa kukula ndi chitukuko chokwanira cha kundiiwala-osati.

Kudzala ine-osati mbewu

Kuiwala ine ndi maluwa omwe angakhoze kufalikira mwa zomera, koma alimi a maluwa amayenera kugwiritsa ntchito njira yoyesera. Ndikofunika kufesa mu kugwa, kotero kuti kuyambira masika ndikuiwala-ine sikuti ndatha kale.

Mbewu isanayambe kufesa imayikidwa muyeso ya madzi a saline. Amene amamira - amasankhidwa chifukwa chodzala.

Bzalani mbewu mwachindunji kumalo otseguka, mopepuka owazidwa pamwamba pa nthaka yachonde. Pamwamba pa nthaka, pepala imayikidwa nthawi isanayambe mphukira, yomwe imachitika kawirikawiri patatha sabata.

Mukudziwa? Musaiwale-osati-kwambiri kusagwira mudulidwe. Amatha kuima pamtsuko ndi madzi ozizira kwa mwezi umodzi, ngakhale kuti amapanga masamba atsopano pamalo ouma.
Pambuyo pa maonekedwe oyambirira a masamba enieni, mphukira zazing'ono zimatumizidwa ku zitsulo ndi nthaka. Mtunda pakati pawo suyenera kukhala pansi pa masentimita atatu. Zosungiramo zina ndi nthaka ziyenera kusamutsidwa kutentha kutentha kumayambiriro kwa nyengo.

Kuyambira kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa March, mbande zimasunthira ku chipinda chofunda kuti athe kuchoka pa nyengo yozizira ya dormancy.

Kufika pa malo owonjezereka kumapangidwa kumapeto kwa mwezi wa April, panthawi imeneyi masamba ang'onoang'ono akhoza kupanga kale pa zomera zazing'ono.

Kuwombera kumayenera kukhala limodzi ndi feteleza, zomwe zimaphatikizapo potaziyamu chloride, ammonium nitrate ndi superphosphate mu chiƔerengero cha 3: 2: 1, kapena, mwachitsanzo, 1:10 mullein njira.

Zosamalira

Kuiwala-ine sikutanthauza chisamaliro chapadera kwambiri. Kumbukirani kuti nthawi zambiri mumwa madzi okwanira, koma musadwale, chifukwa nthaka yowonjezereka imatha kuvulaza thanzi lanu. Pamene kuthirira kulimbikitsidwa kuti atsogolere mtsinjewo mochepa momwe ungathere pansi.

Chomeracho chimafuna kudyetsa mwadongosolo. Njira zosiyanasiyana za mchere feteleza ndi zabwino pazinthu izi, koma mankhwala akugwiritsidwa ntchito mofanana.

Kuvala koyamba kukuyenera kupangidwa masiku 14-15 mutabzala, makamaka nthawi isanakwane. M'katikatikatikati, mchere wa 3-5 cm wokhala ndi chisakanizo cha peat ndi kompositi imatsanulira pansi pazu wa chomera.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati nyengo yozizira ndi yopanda snowless, iwe wandiiwala-ine-sizingathe kuzizira. Choncho, tikulimbikitsidwa kuziphimba m'nyengo yozizira ndi filimu ya pulasitiki.
Nthawi zina, ngati bedi ndiiwala ine-sikunakula kwambiri, n'kotheka kuteteza kudula kwina kwa mbali zina za zimayambira. Izi zidzalola kuti mbeuyo iwonjezere nyengo ya maluwa ndipo idzakupatsani mpata wokulitsa zowonongeka.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Pakati pa matendazomwe zimakhudza maluwa amenewa, pali bulauni ndi bulamu, zabodza komanso powdery mildew.

Matendawa ayenera kuchiritsidwa ndi kuchotsedwa kwa masamba onse odwala, zimayambira, ndi maluwa, komanso mankhwala omwe ali ndi matenda a fungicides osiyanasiyana monga mwachitsanzo, 0,2% ya solution kapena 0,1% Topsin-M.

Ndibwino kuti sopo-copper solution, yomwe ili ndi 2% yothetsera sopo komanso 0,2% yothetsera - mkuwa wa sulfate.

Mwa tizirombokukhudza maluwa omwe wapatsidwa ndi ofunika kutsindika aphid, slugs ndi kukopera. Ngati muwona kuti mwandiiwala kuti sindinayesedwe ndi mtundu wina wa tizilombo, muyenera kuyamwa maluwa mwamsanga ndi njira zomwe tizilombo amakono timapereka.

Mankhwala

Kwa mankhwala, mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito nthaka yonse ya mbeu: zimayambira, maluwa ndi masamba. Ndikoyenera kuti musonkhanitse ine musaiwale nthawi ya maluwa.

Pambuyo kukolola, udzu umafalikira pamalo ofunda, owuma ndi owuma. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito, monga lamulo, monga ma teas, decoctions ndi tinctures.

Mankhwalawa amandiiwala kuti sindimathandiza kuti ndikhalenso ndi chifuwa, Dzino likundiwawa, kupweteka kwa matenda, matenda a m'mimba komanso chifuwa chachikulu cha m'mimba, komanso mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya kuchepa kwa magazi.

Kugwiritsiridwa ntchito kunja kwa zomera kumalimbikitsa khungu la khungu, chilonda chouma, matenda a maso, njoka ndi ziphuphu. Kulima nkhalango ndikuiwala ine-osati njira yokondweretsa yomwe imakhudzidwa kwambiri. Pakati pa maluwa, chomerachi chidzakupatsani zokondweretsa zambiri, zokondwera ndi maonekedwe ake okongola komanso fungo labwino kwambiri.