Indokury: zofunikira ndi zofunikira za kuberekanso nkhuku ndi khosi lopanda kanthu

Posachedwapa, mbalame zoterezi zimakonda kwambiri.

Kodi ndi ndani, zomwe zimawoneka bwanji, zomwe amadya komanso zomwe amapereka ku famu, tidzayang'ana nkhaniyi.

Kufotokozera ndi zinthu

Goloshike ndi mtundu wapadera, chifukwa mbali zambiri zimakhudzana ndi maonekedwe ake. Makhalidwewa ndi amphumphu, kuphatikizapo chisamaliro choyenera cha nkhuku, zakudya ndi malo okhala zimakondweretsa anthu omwe akhala akuganiza za kulandira.

Chiyambi

Zomwe amakhulupirira zokhudza kumene mafuko a misomali anaonekera, misa. Komabe, palibe m'modzi mwa iwo omwe atha kuvomerezedwa, ndipo amangoganiza kuti ndi dziko liti lomwe lakhala Indokur. Popeza kuti Indokury inabwera ku Ukraine ndi ku Russia kuchokera ku Semigradia (dzina lina la Transylvania, kumadzulo, kumpoto chakumadzulo ndi pakati pa dziko lino la Romania), wina angapeze dzina la mtundu ngati Grad kapena Transylvanian nkhuku.

Pali lingaliro lakuti mayiko anabwera ku Spain kuchokera ku Spain, ndipo malo omwe amawonekera si Transylvania konse, ndipo Andalusia ndi chigawo cha Spain. Choncho, nthawi zambiri nkhukuzi zingagulidwe pansi pa dzina la "Spaniard mouth".

Mukudziwa? Kwa nthawi yoyamba, alimi anakumana ndi mtundu uwu mu 1875 pa chiwonetsero ku Vienna. Patapita zaka 55, golosheiki inayamba kutchuka ku Ulaya konse ndipo mbali ina ku USSR.

Ndi chifukwa cha mtundu wa nkhuku zomwe zimapezeka ku Romania kuti dziko lakhala likulimbana ndi dzina la golosheek. Amakhalanso otchuka m'mayiko ena a ku Ulaya - France, Germany, Hungary, Austria. Koma m'mayiko ena a United States, Ukraine ndi Russia, mbalameyi imapezeka nthawi zambiri.

Zizindikiro za kunja

Gobwheels akadali alendo osadziwika m'madera otsekemera a Ukraine ndi Russia, motero ndizomveka kudziŵa kufotokoza kwa mtundu uwu wokondweretsa.

Hulk - zotsatira za kudutsa nkhuku ndi turkeys, kotero zimakhala zovuta kunena kuti ndi imodzi mwa mitundu iyi. Dzinalo la mtunduwu limasonyeza bwino lomwe mbali yaikulu ya mbalameyi: Mapuloteni a nthenga pamtunda, pakhosi, pansi pa mapiko, komanso mkati mwa miyendo, iwo alibe bwino. Mawebusaitiwa amatchedwa apterias, ndipo alibe chivundikiro cha nthenga.

Tikufuna kuti tidziwe bwino mtundu wa nkhuku: Hisex, Hubbard, Maran, Amroks, Master Gray.

Khungu pa khosi la akuluakulu ndi lofiira mwachizolowezi. M'kupita kwa nthawi, imawombetsa, imakhala yokhoma. Nape ya mbalameyo imakongoletsedwa ndi "nthenga ya nthenga", ndipo pali "uta" wozungulira khosi.

Nthenga ku thupi la mbalame zimagwirizana molakwika, chifukwa cha zomwe mungaganize kuti zimatsitsidwa pansi. Mchira wa khosi, mosiyana, umaukitsidwa. Mapazi amphamvu.

Nthendayi imakhala yozungulira m'khosi, pamene minofu ya pectoral imakula mokwanira, ndipo m'mimba muli pang'ono. Mutu ndi waukulu, mlomo ndi wokhotakhota pang'ono, maso ndi a lalanje kapena ofiira, chisa ndi chaching'ono, chofiira chodzaza. Makutu a mbalame zazing'ono.

Mukudziwa? Kubudula khosi n'kosavuta kuposa nkhuku yamba, popeza nthenga za mbalame zimakhala zochepa kawiri

Mtundu wa nthenga mu mtundu uwu ukhoza kupezeka pa kukoma ndi mtundu uliwonse: kuchokera ku Colombia mpaka wakuda.

Kukonzekera

Kuyambira kumayambiriro kwa zaka za m'ma 1900, nkhuku za nkhuku sizinkafunidwa m'madera a USSR - chifukwa cha zooneka zachilendo nkhuku zimawoneka ngati zodwala, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti sizikanakhoza kubweretsa phindu, ndipo panalibe chifukwa chozisunga.

Zinthuzo zinasintha kwambiri pamene zinadziwika za momwe golosheyka imabala zipatso. Mbalameyi ndi nkhuku yabwino. Kwa chaka, nkhuku imodzi ikhoza kunyamula Mazira 160aliyense wolemera magalamu 55 mpaka 60. Ndipo akuyamba kuthamanga, akufika zaka zisanu kapena zisanu ndi chimodzi.

Phunzirani momwe mungakonzekeretse chisa chokongoletsa ndi chisa cha kugona nkhuku.

Kudya nyama sikunali kocheperapo - kuli ndi makhalidwe abwino, amalingalira zakudya, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti sizili zolemetsa m'mimba, ndipo zimatha kudyedwa ndi akulu ndi ana. Popeza kulemera kwa munthu wamkulu kumakhala pafupifupi 2.5-3 makilogalamu ndipo nkhukuyi ikukula bwino, mtunduwu sungaganizidwe kokha ndi mtundu wokha, koma ndi mtundu wa nyama.

Malamulo ogulira nkhuku

Pogula nkhuku za poloseyka zochokera ku Spaniard zimayenera kumvetsera zinthu zotsatirazi:

  • Thupilo - siliyenera kukhala lofooka, lingakhale chizindikiro cha matenda.
  • Maso - iris wakuya ndi mdima wamdima siulandiridwa.
  • Zilonda - monga thupi, siziyenera kukhala zofooka.
  • Malo osangalatsa - nthenga zomwe zikupezeka pa iwo sizovomerezeka kwa mtunduwo. Mtundu wa khungu wamtundu sulandiridwa.

Zomwe amangidwa

Pali lingaliro lomwe mbalame yowoneka yosasangalatsa kwambiri, ndizovuta kwambiri kusamalira izo ndipo mochuluka zimakhala zofunikanso kukhala ndi moyo. Mosiyana ndi nthano iyi, kulima nandolo m'nyumba sikutanthauza mtengo wapadera kapena chidziwitso: indokury mwamtheradi wodzichepetsa. Komanso, iwo ndi olimba kwambiri, chifukwa chake amalandira ndemanga zowonjezera osati kwa alimi omwe akudziwa bwino ntchito, komanso kuchokera kwa alimi oyima ndi eni ake. Komabe, nkofunikirabe kutsatira malamulo ena a mbalame.

Kwa moyo wabwino wa nkhuku, kutentha kwa mpweya kumafunika kukhala pamwamba pa 0 °. Kuperewera kwa ntchentche pa khosi ndi malo ena okhudzidwa sikuthana ndi kukana kwa mbalame ku chisanu. Monga tafotokozera pamwambapa, khosi ndi mtundu wolimba womwe ukhoza kusinthasintha ndi nyengo yozizira.

Ndikofunikira! Ngakhale kuti chisanu chimatsutsa golosheek, ndizofunikira kusunga mpweya kutentha kwa nkhuku pafupifupi 10-15 ° C ndi chizindikiro "kuphatikiza".

Kuyika mu nkhuku nkhu, ndi zofunika kusankha peat. Iyo imapha mabakiteriya owopsa ndipo imasunga mlingo woyenera wa chinyezi.

M'mayiko otentha, mbalame zikhoza kusungidwa pomwe pamsewu, komwe kuli kozizira, ndi kofunika kuti pakhale nkhuku nkhuku - sizingakhale zovuta kupulumuka m'chilimwe osati m'miyambo yowonjezereka (mtunduwo ulibe Chisipanishi, wozoloŵera kutentha), koma nyengo yozizira siidzakhala yosangalatsa kwambiri, kotero muyenera kusamalira kuti panthawiyi nkhuku zinali mu chipinda chokhala ndi chivomezi chovomerezeka kwa iwo - kuyambira +5 mpaka +15 ° C. Pazifukwa zochepa, nkofunika kuonetsetsa kuti kutentha kwa nyumba nkhuku sikugwera pansi pa zero. Chifukwa chakuti magazi amathamangira khosi lopanda kanthu la mbalame, ilo lingathe kusintha kwa nyengo iyi, koma padzakhala pali kawiri kuposa.

Tikukulangizani kuti muwerenge za mitundu ya nkhuku: Loman Brown, Cochinhin, Sussex, Orpington, Minorca, Wamkulu, Black Bearded, White White, Faverol, Andalusian, Wyandot.

Bwalo la kuyenda

Zikuyenda - mbalame zimakhala bata, koma sizingatheke. Pofuna kuti iwo akhale ofanana, ayenera nthawi ndi nthawi kuti ayende kuzungulira pabwalo, ngakhale m'nyengo yozizira. Kuyenda golosehek nyengo yozizira iyenera kuyima ngati kutentha kunatsika pansipa -15 ° C. Ngakhale kuti mbalame zimatsutsana ndi nyengo, kuzizira kumazivulaza.

Dzuwa la mbalame ndilofunikira, komanso chakudya chobiriwira musati muike bwalo mumthunzi. Koma kukhalapo kwa herbaceous zomera kumapindulitsa mbalame basi - chakudya chobiriwira chidzalowe m'malo mwachizolowezi, tirigu, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti mlimi amatha kuchepetsa mtengo wa kudyetsa. Zotayira zotentha sizidzasintha kwambiri m'chilimwe.

Zimene mungadye

Amayiwo, atangoyamba kumene kudziwa golosheykami, sangathe kudandaula za zomwe angadyetse mbalame yodabwitsa. Chakudya, ndi kudzichepetsa, ndipo kudyetsa kungakhale kofanana ndi nkhuku zamba: tirigu, masamba, mkaka, clover. Ndi bwino kudyetsa nkhuku ndi tirigu wambiri. Ndibwino kuti mukhale ndi zakudya komanso ndiwo zamasamba. Motero, mbalame idzalandira zakudya zofunikira.

Mukudziwa? Kugwedeza golosheek kuli ndi makhalidwe ake enieni. Mchenga ndiwopatsa thanzi labwino kwambiri kwa iwo.

Komanso mu zakudya za mbalame, ndi zofunika kupanga chimanga, yisiti, mazira a dzira (ali ndi calcium yofunikira) ndi choko. Zakudya za nkhuku sizinanyalanyazedwe, koma mwiniwakeyo ayenera kumvetsa kuti chakudya chokha chokha chingapereke nkhuku zonse zofunika ndi kufufuza zinthu.

Chakudya cha tsiku ndi tsiku kwa munthu wamkulu wamkulu wolemera makilogalamu awiri ndi 130 g Pa chilichonse chotsatira 250 g kulemera kwa shank, pali 10 g yowonjezerapo ku chakudya.

Kukhalapo kwa madzi mu chakudya kumakhala nthawi zonse.

Ŵerenganiponso za miyala ya Brahma, Leggorn, Poltava, Jubile Kuchinsky, siliva ya Adler, Zagorsk salimoni, Rhode Island, Redbro.

Kulera

Indokur yopindulitsa kwambiri, kotero kuswana kwawo sikukhala kopanda tanthauzo. Monga momwe mwadziwira kale, golosheyki sichikuoneka ngati yachilendo, ndipo kuwasamalira sikunali kosiyana ndi kusamalira nkhuku wamba. N'chimodzimodzinso ndi kuswana kwa nyama zinyama. Komabe, pali mfundo zingapo zofunika zofunika kuziganizira.

Kusamalira ndi kusamalira

Golosheika anatha kudzikhazikitsa yekha makolo aakulu - samakwiyitsa nkhuku, mwa njira iliyonse yowasamalira ndi kusamalira. Koma zimakhudza nkhuku zokha. Mbalame sizikhala ndi chizoloŵezi chokhalitsa ana awo mwakhama, chifukwa chake ziyenera kukhala ndi chofungatira kuti nkhuku zibadwebe.

M'masabata oyambirira a moyo, nkhuku zimakhala zovuta kwambiri, choncho nkofunika kuonetsetsa kuti ali m'chipinda chouma komanso chotentha (25-30 ° C) popanda ma drafts. Pa nthawi yomweyi kuwomba sikuyenera kupewa. Kutentha kwa mlengalenga kumatha kuchepetsedwa ngati mapiko akukula. Kumapeto kwa mwezi wawo woyamba, nkhuku zikhoza kutentha nthawi 18-20 ° C.

Kudyetsa

Kodi goshofes amadyetsa bwanji nkhuku, momwe angadyetse ndi funso lina limene eni ake sakudziwa, omwe sadziwa bwino mtunduwu. Komanso kwa anthu akuluakulu, nthata za nandolo ziyenera kukhala ndi zakudya zokwanira, chifukwa ndizo zomwe zikupitilira chitukuko chawo.

Kudyetsa nkhuku ndi ndiwo zamasamba, tirigu wosweka, mazira owiritsa. Kuwonjezera mkaka wa tirigu kumakhala kuwonjezera pa kudya kwa anapiye. Komanso kuchokera miyezi iwiri mukhoza kuwonjezera mafuta ndi chimanga ku nkhuku - zimateteza nkhuku kunenepa kwambiri.

Dyetsani nkhuku zofunika maola awiri aliwonse. Odyetsa, motsogoleredwa, kuti akhale oyera komanso osasiya chakudya chosafunika - izi zidzakuthandizani kukhala ndi thanzi la goshosykam.

Pokambirana za khosi mwatsatanetsatane, tingathe kufotokoza mwachidule. Ngakhale kuoneka kosazolowereka, nkhuku iyi si yosiyana ndi yachizolowezi. Sipangidwe zofunikira zenizeni za kusamalira, kudyetsa, kulera nkhuku zazikulu ndi nkhuku. Pa nthawi yomweyi, amadabwa ndi zokolola zake, komanso kukhala ndi khalidwe lokhazika mtima pansi.