Mezembryantemum (dorotheanthus): zizindikiro za kukula kwa pakhomo

Chamomile ndi maluwa okondedwa ndi ozoloƔera. Koma ngati mulibe mitundu yokwanira ndi yosiyana pa malo anu, muyenera kumvetsera chomera chomwecho ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana yamithunzi ndi mitundu. Maluwa amenewa ndi mesembryantemum (dorotheanthus).

Kufotokozera

Mesembryantemum (kuchokera ku Latin Mesembryanthemum - duwa la masana) - chivundikiro chosatha chomera kuchokera ku banja la Aizovs, ali ndi dzina lina - dorotheanthus (Dorotheanthus). Amatha kusamba patsiku masana, ndipo amatha madzulo.

Ma inflorescences amafanana ndi daisies, omwe ali oyera, ofiira, lilac, lalanje kapena kapezi. Pakati pa mayina otchuka - udzu wa crystal, dzuwa, African chamomile. Chomera cha Crystal chimatchedwa chifukwa masamba ndi glands ndi madzi, omwe amaoneka bwino ngati kristalo.

Chomeracho ndi cha anthu osangalala, komanso Rhodiola Rosa, stonecrop, achinyamata, Fatty, Aichrizone, Echeveria.
Maluwa amtunduwu amayamba kukula mpaka masentimita 15. Masamba amakhala ndi mawonekedwe okhwima kapena osongoka, mthunzi wamtambo. Ziphuphu zawo sizodzaza ndi chlorophyll, choncho cholinga chachikulu ndicho kusunga madzi. Pansi pa masamba amakula mosiyana, pamwamba pake - pambali pake. Pa masamba ndi kutupa "crystalline" idioblasts.

Dera la maluwa ndi 8 masentimita, lomwe ndilo zambiri pa zomera zonse. Mesembryantemum imagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati chophimba ndi mmphepete mmera ndipo imayikidwa pamwamba pa miyala ndi miyala. Mabokosi ndi zipatso za dorotheanthus.

Mukudziwa? Mbeu za Dorotheanthus ndizochepa kwambiri. Mu mbeu 1 g 3000.
Dziko la South Africa lili ndi zomera, koma limakhalanso m'mayiko ena otentha: Australia, Chile, New Zealand, Peru. Pachifukwa ichi, malo otsetsereka ndi bwino kusankha dzuwa lotentha, kumbali yakumwera kwa malo.

Mitundu yamba

Mezembryantemum ili ndi mitundu pafupifupi 50 yosiyana. Wotchuka kwambiri pakati pawo - kristalo, phala, daisy, mitambo.

Crystal

N'zotheka kukumana ndi mayina ena. crystal mezembryantemma, mwachitsanzo, crystallinum, udzu wa ayezi, udzu wa crystal, ice-caster (kuchokera ku Latin Mesembryanthemum crystallinum).

Ichi ndi chomera cha pachaka cha banja la aizovyh, chofala pamphepete mwa Nyanja ya Mediterranean, Canary Islands, Azores. Mtsinje wamchere, mchenga wa mchenga - malo okhala udzu wa kristalo. Mutabzala, imakula, imapanga "matabwa" mpaka 15 cm mu msinkhu. Kusamala kwenikweni sikofunikira.

Zimakhala ndi mchere wambiri, womwe umakhala wobiriwira, masamba ochepa okhala ndi mapepala. Maluwa ndi oyera, pinki kapena ofiira mu inflorescence, omwe ali ndi mawonekedwe a burashi.

Mukudziwa? Kale, mtundu wa mezembryanthum unagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati saladi. Tsopano izo zimangokhala ntchito yokongoletsa yokha.

Mallow

Mesembryantemum cereal (Mesembryanthemum tricolor) ndi chomera chaka ndi chaka ndi nthambi 12 cm pamwamba. Zili ndi mzere wofiira womwe umapanga "carpet" yonse. Malo ake ali ndi tsitsi. Masamba ndi ofanana, amphongo, 3-5 masentimita yaitali, ataphimbidwa ndi tsitsi. Maluwawo ali ndi mamita 3.6 masentimita, amajambula mu carmine-pinki mtundu wokhala ndi mdima wamdima.

Zimayambira pang'onopang'ono zikuphulika kuyambira July mpaka September. Dastardous duster amaimiridwa ndi mitundu yoyera, salimoni pinki maluwa. Mphungu ili ndi malo ofiira ofiira ndi ma chikasu kuzungulira.

Daisy

Mezembryantemum daisy (Mesembryanthemum criniflorum) kapena tsitsi la maluwa limaonedwa kuti ndilofunika. Maluwa ake okhala ndi masentimita 3.5 masentimita amabwera mu mitundu yosiyanasiyana (wofiira, wachikasu, apricot, pinki, lalanje, wofiirira). Maluwa amatseguka pamene nyengo imatha. Maluwa amapezeka nthawi yonse ya chilimwe ndipo nthawi zina kugwa (mpaka mwezi wa October).

Kutalika kwa zomera kumadutsa masentimita 10 mpaka 15, kutalika kwa mphukira zomwe zimafalikira pansi ndi masentimita 30. Masamba a mawonekedwe a obovate ali ndi kutalika kwa masentimita 7.5 ndi mapulopa a papillary.

Mvula

Mvula yambiri (Mesembryanthemum nubigenum) ndizomwe zimakhala zobiriwira, pansi pa shrub 6-10 masentimita wamtali ndi ofanana, oval, masamba 1-2 masentimita Dzina lina ndi Delosperm. Amalandira mtundu wa buloni pambuyo pa kuzizira. Ndiwopanda chisanu ndipo amadziwika ndi osakhala osatha maluwa.

Golide wachikasu, wofiira, lalanje, wofiirira ukhoza kudzaza maluwa osaoneka bwino ndi mamita 3.5 masentimita. Amayamba kubala maluwa kumapeto kwa masika.

Mukudziwa? Izi zosiyanasiyana zili ndi hallucinogenic katundu. Poyamba, chomera ichi chinagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi aborigines a ku Africa chifukwa cha mwambo. Pachifukwa ichi, kulima ndi kugawa kwawo kwaletsedwa ku United States.

Kukula kuchokera ku mbewu (sitepe ndi sitepe malangizo)

Kulima bwino kwa dorotheanthus kuchokera ku mbewu kumapezeka mu March. Kuti muchite izi, muyenera kuchita zinthu zotsatirazi kunyumba:

  1. Ikani mbewu mu mmera muli, kukonkha pansi ndi mopepuka calcined mchenga. Mukhoza kukopera filimuyi mabokosi kuti mutenge wowonjezera kutentha.
  2. Patapita sabata, zomera zidzayamba kuonekera. Koma imamera mosiyana, choncho mbande zambiri zidzawoneka masiku 20-28.
  3. Mbewu zazing'ono kuchokera ku mbewu za mesembryanthum zimakula pang'onopang'ono. Pamene mukukula zomera, ndibwino kuika zitsulo pamalo owala ndikuzithirira. Apo ayi, udzu wa "crystal" udzavunda ndikufa, ngakhale kuti unali m'nyumba yabwino.
  4. Mbande zomwe ziri kale zamphamvu ndipo zili ndi masamba, ndi nthawi yokwera mumadzimadzi. Izi ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito makapu kapena zida zina zazing'ono.
  5. Mungathe kubzala nthaka yotseguka pokhapokha ngati palibe kutentha kwapakati pa usiku komanso ngati nthaka yayamba kale. Izi kawirikawiri zimachitika mu Meyi. Ndibwino kuti tiyang'ane mtunda pakati pa mbande ndi kutalika kwa masentimita 15.
Ndikofunikira! Sikoyenera kudzala mesembryantemum pafupi ndi chinyezi-chikondi zomera. Kumwa mowa mopitirira muyeso kumayambitsa kuvunda.

Kuswana

Pali mitundu iwiri ya kubalana kwa doroteanthus: mbewu ndi cherenkovy. Choyamba chinakambidwa pamwamba, choncho mvetserani njira yachiwiri. Mu March, muyenera kutenga cuttings kuchokera ku uterine zomera ndi mizu m'miphika ndi nthaka. Mu Meyi, cuttings ndi okonzeka kusuntha. Choyamba muyenera kuphimba timadzi timeneti kuti tipeze chinyezi cha nthaka ndi mpweya. Pambuyo pa mbeuyo, mizuyo imayenera kuikidwa pamalo ena, malo okhazikika. Kumeneko amakula mwamsanga.

Kupanga chophimba masamba amamera alissum, pansi-kuphimba maluwa, siliva dichondra, zida zankhondo, saxifrage, zokwawa phlox, zokwawa za thyme.

Zapadera za chisamaliro

Chomera chakumwera chimalepheretsa chilala ndi kutentha, mosiyana ndi chinyezi chochuluka. Madzi ochulukirapo m'nthaka akhoza kuvulaza - pali mwayi kuti mizu idzavunda. Mukawona zomera zikufota, ndibwino kuti musamamwe madzi mpaka mutayang'ana bwino.

Komanso, osatha akhoza kumva kusamveka komanso kusowa kwa dzuwa. Kenaka imatuluka ndikuphulika kwambiri. Choncho, ngati chofunika kuunikira bwino chidzakwaniritsidwa, maluwa opanda ulemu angabzalidwe kumene mukufuna. Dorotheanthus amafuna kusamala kwambiri m'nyengo yozizira. Ndi bwino kudzala duwa mu wowonjezera kutentha kapena chipinda chokhala ndi kutentha kosachepera -5 ° C. Pa kutentha kwa zero, mesembryantemum ikhoza kufa.

Kukongoletsa pamwamba kwa duwa kumatanthauza kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza nthawi ziwiri kumtunda mwezi uliwonse m'nyengo yachilimwe.

Udzu wa Crystal umapulumuka bwino kuti utetezedwe ku chimphepo cha nthaka. Amamera bwino pamalo omwe masamba anali atakula kale, omwe feteleza ankagwiritsidwa ntchito. Musanabzala Mezembryanthum sali ndi umuna. Maluwawo amafunikira kusamalira, komwe kumaphatikizapo kukulitsa, kuyeza ndi kugwirizanitsa nthaka.

Muyeneranso kusunga chomera ichi kuchokera pazitsulo, koma musaiwale za kuvomerezedwa kwa mlengalenga mozungulira. Nthaka yabwino kwambiri ya mezembryantemum idzakhala mchenga kapena mwala, umene uli ndi dongosolo la ngalande.

Ndikofunikira! Chomeracho chimagonjetsedwa ndi chilala, koma m'nyengo yowonjezera yotentha ndi kofunika kupopera mpweya pafupi nawo kuti usunge madzi.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Zosatha sizimayambitsa matenda ndipo zimagonjetsedwa ndi tizirombo. Koma, mosiyana, kangaude wa kangaude akhoza kuukira. Pochiza chomera, muyenera kusamba masamba bwino ndi sopo kapena kutsuka. Kuweta kumayenera kubwerezedwa pambuyo pa masiku asanu ndi awiri. Ndipo ndi bwino kugwiritsira ntchito chida ichi kwa maola angapo pamagulu odwala a mesembryanthemma, ndikutsuka.

Njira ina yogonjetsera nkhuku ndi ethyl mowa 96%. Afunika kusakaniza thonje ndikupukuta masamba.

Chithandizo chothandiza ndi adyo tincture. Muyenera kutenga mitu iwiri ya adyo, kuwaza finely, kuyika mtsuko ndi kutsanulira madzi okwanira 1 litre, kutseka chivindikirocho ndikupita kwa masiku asanu kumdima. Tincture iyenera kuchepetsedwa 1: 1 ndi madzi ndi kupopera malo opweteka a chomera.

Kugwiritsa ntchito popanga malo

Udzu wa Crystal umagwiritsidwa ntchito palimodzi m'munda komanso m'mapangidwe okongoletsera zokongoletsera rabatok, curbs, mabalcony ndi miyala ya miyala. Monga lamulo, dorotheanthus imabzalidwa kuchokera kutsogolo. Mezembryantemum, yomwe idabzalidwa pafupi ndi miyalayi, idzawoneka yodabwitsa kwambiri. Chidebe chosatha chosungidwa pamapanga ndi masitepe.

Mezembryantem imayenda bwino ndi mitundu ina, monga mabelu ndi maluwa. Dorotheanthus ndi zogwirizana kwambiri ndi zojambula. Kuwala kwa mitundu kumagwiritsidwa ntchito mpaka malire pamzerewu.

Pamene maluwa a bulbous ayamba kale kufota, doroteanthus imakhalabe ikuphulika mpaka nthawi yophukira.

Chifukwa cha mtundu wowala kwambiri, mesembryantemum idzakhala yopambana kuwonjezera pa malo osungiramo zinthu kapena kubisa zolakwika za mpanda wosadziwika.

Mitundu yambiri ndi mitundu, kusowa kovuta mu chisamaliro, kukongoletsa kwa maluwa, kuyankhula kwabwino kwa nthawi yaitali za ubwino wa zomera. Mitundu yambiri ya mitundu idzakupatsani inu maluwa omwe mukuyenera. Alimi wamaluwa, alimi amaluwa ndi okonza mapulani angagwiritse ntchito mesembryantemum mu zolemba zilizonse zojambula.